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티오페놀

티오페놀
티오페놀 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
108-98-5
한글명:
티오페놀
동의어(한글):
싸이오페놀;티오페놀;페닐머캡탄(페닐메르캅탄);페닐멀캡탄;페닐메르캅탄;벤젠티올;페닐멀캡탄
상품명:
Thiophenol
동의어(영문):
FEMA 3616;Thiofenol;usafxr-19;Thiohenol;thio-pheno;USAF XR-19;THIOPHENOL;Phenylthiol;Benzolthiol;BENZENETHIOL
CBNumber:
CB3852774
분자식:
C6H6S
포뮬러 무게:
110.18
MOL 파일:
108-98-5.mol

티오페놀 속성

녹는점
-15 °C
끓는 점
169 °C(lit.)
밀도
1.078
증기 밀도
3.8 (vs air)
증기압
1.4 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
굴절률
n20/D 1.588(lit.)
FEMA
3616 | BENZENETHIOL
인화점
123 °F
저장 조건
Store at RT.
산도 계수 (pKa)
6.6(at 25℃)
물리적 상태
Liquid
색상
Clear colorless to slightly yellow
수용성
insoluble
감도
Stench
Merck
14,9355
JECFA Number
525
BRN
506523
노출 한도
TLV-TWA 0.5 ppm (~2.5 mg/m3 ) (ACGIH).
안정성
Stable. Flammable. May form explosive mixtures with air. Stench. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents.
CAS 데이터베이스
108-98-5(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST
Benzenethiol(108-98-5)
EPA
Benzenethiol(108-98-5)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 T+,T
위험 카페고리 넘버 10-24/25-26-41-36/37/38
안전지침서 23-26-28-36/37/39-45-28A-16
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 2337 6.1/PG 1
WGK 독일 3
RTECS 번호 DC0525000
F 고인화성물질 10-13-23
위험 참고 사항 Toxic/Stench
TSCA Yes
위험 등급 6.1
포장분류 I
HS 번호 29309099
유해 물질 데이터 108-98-5(Hazardous Substances Data)
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H226 인화성 액체 및 증기 인화성 액체 구분 3 경고
H300 삼키면 치명적임 급성 독성 물질 - 경구 구분 1,2 위험 P264, P270, P301+P310, P321, P330,P405, P501
H310 피부와 접촉하면 치명적임 급성 독성 물질 - 경피 구분 1,2 위험 P262, P264, P270, P280, P302+P350,P310, P322, P361, P363, P405, P501
H315 피부에 자극을 일으킴 피부부식성 또는 자극성물질 구분 2 경고 P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H318 눈에 심한 손상을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 1 위험 P280, P305+P351+P338, P310
H330 흡입하면 치명적임 급성 독성 물질 흡입 구분 1, 2 위험 P260, P271, P284, P304+P340, P310,P320, P403+P233, P405, P501
H335 호흡 자극성을 일으킬 수 있음 특정 표적장기 독성 - 1회 노출;호흡기계 자극 구분 3 경고
H361 태아 또는 생식능력에 손상을 일으킬 것으로 의심됨 생식독성 물질 구분 2 경고 P201, P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
예방조치문구:
P260 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이를 흡입하지 마시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P309 노출되었거나 몸이 편치 않은 경우
P310 즉시 의료기관(의사)의 진찰을 받으시오. 삼켰다면 즉시 의료기관(의사)의 도움을 받으시오.
P302+P352 피부에 묻으면 다량의 물로 씻으시오.
P305+P351+P338 눈에 묻으면 몇 분간 물로 조심해서 씻으시오. 가능하면 콘택트렌즈를 제거하시오. 계속 씻으시오.

티오페놀 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

개요

분자량110.2, 녹는점-14.8℃, 끓는점168.7℃, 비중1.078(측정온도 14℃), 굴절률=1.5893이다.무색의 액체로 메르캅탄 특유의 악취가 있다.

용도

공기 속에서 산화되면 디페닐디술피드(CHSSCH)를 생성하며, 수소를 내보내고 이황화페닐(CHS)이 되기 쉬우므로 환원제로도 사용된다.

화학적 성질

colorless liquid

화학적 성질

Phenyl mercaptan is a water white liquid. Repulsive, penetrating, rotten cabbage, garlic-like odor.

화학적 성질

Benzenethiol has a repulsive, penetrating, garlic-like odor.

출처

Reported found in cooked/boiled beef.

용도

Thiophenol is used as a mosquito larvicideand as an intermediate in organic synthesis.It is effective in reducing peroxide formationin jet fuels (Watkins et al. 1989).

용도

Pharmaceutical synthesis.

정의

ChEBI: A thiol in which the sulfanyl group is attached to a phenyl group.

제조 방법

By reduction of benzenesulfonyl chloride with zinc dust in sulfuric acid.

Aroma threshold values

Detection: 10 to 50 ppb

일반 설명

A clear liquid with a repulsive odor. Boiling point 168.3°C. Insoluble in water and denser than water. Very toxic by ingestion, skin absorption, and by inhalation. Used as a chemical intermediate and in mosquito control.

공기와 물의 반응

Flammable. Oxidizes upon exposure to air, especially when dissolved in alcoholic ammonia, to form diphenyl disulfide, C6H5SSC6H5 [Merck 11th ed. 1989]. Is supplied under an atmosphere of nitrogen. Insoluble in water.

반응 프로필

Thiophenol reacts with acids to generate toxic fumes of oxides of sulfur. [Lewis, 3rd ed., 1993, p. 1021]. Reacts exothermically with strong oxidizing agents.

위험도

Skin irritant.

건강위험

Animal toxicity data show thiophenol to behighly toxic; the oral LD50 value in testanimals is <100 mg/kg. Its irritant actionon rabbits’ eyes and skin is severe. Thiophenol can enter the body by ingestion,absorption of the liquid through the skin,and inhalation of vapors. In humans, thetoxic symptoms include restlessness, incoordination, muscle weakness, headache, dizziness, cyanosis, lethargy, sedation, respiratorydepression, and coma. Death may result fromhigh doses. Repeated exposure to thiophenol vapors caused injury to the lung, liver,and kidneys in mice. Thiophenol did notadversely affect the growth, viability or morphological development of the offspring at adose of 40 mg/kg/day in rabbits (NTP 2005).
LC50 value, inhalation (mice): 28 ppm/4 h
LD50 value, oral (rats): 46 mg/kg
LD50 value, skin (rats): 300 mg/kg.

건강위험

Marked potential for causing eye changes. May cause death

화재위험

When heated to decomposition or on contact with acids, Thiophenol emits toxic fumes of sulfur oxides. May be ignited by heat, sparks or flames. Container may explode in heat of fire. Vapor explosion and poison hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers. Unstable, oxidizes in air. Avoid contact with acids.

Safety Profile

Poison by ingestion, inhalation, skin contact, and intraperitoneal routes. A severe eye irritant. Can cause severe dermatitis. Exposure may cause headache and dminess. When heated to decomposition or on contact with acids it emits toxic fumes of SOx. See also MERCAPTANS

잠재적 노출

Phenyl mercaptan is used as a chemical intermediate in pesticide manufacture; as a mosquito larvicide. It is used in solvent formulations for the removal of polysulfide sealants.

운송 방법

UN2337 Phenyl mercaptan, Hazard class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials, 3-Flammable liquid, Inhalation zone B.

비 호환성

At normal room temperature may vaporize forming explosive mixture with air. Violent reaction with strong oxidizers (chlorates, nitrates, peroxides, permanganates, perchlorates, chlorine, bromine, fluorine, etc.); contact may cause fires or explosions. Keep away from alkaline materials, strong bases, strong acids, oxoacids, epoxides, calcium hypochlorite, alkali metals. Oxidizes on exposure to air; supplied under nitrogen.

폐기물 처리

Consult with environmental regulatory agencies for guidance on acceptable disposal practices. Generators of waste containing this contaminant (Consult with environmental regulatory agencies for guidance on acceptable disposal practices. Generators of waste containing this contaminant (≥100 kg/mo) must conform with EPA regulations governing storage, transportation, treatment, and waste disposal. Dissolve in flammable solvent and burn in furnace equipped with afterburner and alkaline scrubber. 100 kg/mo) must conform with EPA regulations governing storage, transportation, treatment, and waste disposal. Dissolve in flammable solvent and burn in furnace equipped with afterburner and alkaline scrubber.

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