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다이엘드린(디엘드린)

다이엘드린(디엘드린)
다이엘드린(디엘드린) 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
60-57-1
한글명:
다이엘드린(디엘드린)
동의어(한글):
다이엘드린(디엘드린);디엘드린
상품명:
DIELDRIN
동의어(영문):
HEOD;Alvit;sd3417;alvit55;Dildrin;Dorytox;Illoxol;Murdiel;Octalox;Quintox
CBNumber:
CB6108911
분자식:
C12H8Cl6O
포뮬러 무게:
380.91
MOL 파일:
60-57-1.mol

다이엘드린(디엘드린) 속성

녹는점
143-144 °C(lit.)
끓는 점
496.11°C (rough estimate)
밀도
1.75 g/cm3
증기 밀도
13.2 (vs air)
증기압
30.7 and 58.5 at 20 and 25 °C, respectively (gas saturation-GC, Grayson and Fosbraey, 1982)
굴절률
1.5550 (estimate)
인화점
2 °C
저장 조건
APPROX 4°C
용해도
Soluble in ethanol and benzene (Weast, 1986)
물리적 상태
neat
Merck
3103
BRN
91396
Henry's Law Constant
27.6 at 5 °C, 63.2 at 15 °C, 82.9 at 20 °C, 97.7 at 25 °C, 217 at 35 °C:in 3% NaCl solution: 66.1 at 5 °C, 158 at 15 °C, 395 at 25 °C, 507 at 35 °C (gas stripping-GC, Cetin et al., 2006)
노출 한도
NIOSH REL: TWA 0.25 mg/m3, IDLH 50 mg/m3; OSHA PEL: TWA 0.25 mg/m3; ACGIH TLV: TWA 0.25 mg/m3.
안정성
Stable. Breakdown product of aldrin in the environment. Incompatible with acids, active metals and strong oxidizing agents.
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 T+,N,Xn,F,T,Xi
위험 카페고리 넘버 25-27-40-48/25-50/53-36-20/21/22-11-39/23/24/25-23/24/25-67-65-38-51/53-52/53
안전지침서 22-36/37-45-60-61-36-26-16-62-7
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 2811 6.1/PG 1
WGK 독일 3
RTECS 번호 IO1750000
위험 등급 6.1(a)
포장분류 II
HS 번호 29104000
독성 LD50 orally in rats: 46 mg/kg (Gaines)
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H225 고인화성 액체 및 증기 인화성 액체 구분 2 위험 P210,P233, P240, P241, P242, P243,P280, P303+ P361+P353, P370+P378,P403+P235, P501
H301 삼키면 유독함 급성 독성 물질 - 경구 구분 3 위험 P264, P270, P301+P310, P321, P330,P405, P501
H310 피부와 접촉하면 치명적임 급성 독성 물질 - 경피 구분 1,2 위험 P262, P264, P270, P280, P302+P350,P310, P322, P361, P363, P405, P501
H319 눈에 심한 자극을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 2A 경고 P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H351 암을 일으킬 것으로 의심됨 (노출되어도 암을 일으키지 않는다는 결정적인 증거가 있는 노출경로가 있다면 노출경로 기재) 발암성 물질 구분 2 경고 P201, P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
H370 장기(또는, 영향을 받은 알려진 모든 장기를 명시)에 손상을 일으킴(노출되어도 특정 표적장기 독성을 일으키지 않는다는 결정적인 노출경로가 있다면 노출경로를 기재) 특정 표적장기 독성 - 1회 노출 구분 1 위험 P260, P264, P270, P307+P311, P321,P405, P501
H372 장기간 또는 반복 노출되면 장기(또는, 영향을 받은 알려진 모든 장기를 명시)에 손상을 일으킴 특정 표적장기 독성 - 반복 노출 구분 1 위험 P260, P264, P270, P314, P501
H410 장기적 영향에 의해 수생생물에 매우 유독함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 만성 구분 1 경고 P273, P391, P501
H411 장기적 영향에 의해 수생생물에 유독함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 만성 구분 2
H412 장기적 영향에 의해 수생생물에 유해함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 만성 구분 3 P273, P501
예방조치문구:
P210 열·스파크·화염·고열로부터 멀리하시오 - 금연 하시오.
P260 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이를 흡입하지 마시오.
P273 환경으로 배출하지 마시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P310 즉시 의료기관(의사)의 진찰을 받으시오. 삼켰다면 즉시 의료기관(의사)의 도움을 받으시오.
P311 의료기관(의사)의 진찰을 받으시오.
P301+P310 삼켰다면 즉시 의료기관(의사)의 진찰을 받으시오.
P302+P350 피부에 묻은 경우,비눗물로 부드럽게 씻기
P305+P351+P338 눈에 묻으면 몇 분간 물로 조심해서 씻으시오. 가능하면 콘택트렌즈를 제거하시오. 계속 씻으시오.
P501 ...에 내용물 / 용기를 폐기 하시오.

다이엘드린(디엘드린) C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

화학적 성질

white or light brown powder or crystals

화학적 성질

Dieldrin is a colorless to light tan solid with a mild chemical odor. The Odor Threshold in water is 0.04 mg/L

물리적 성질

White crystals to pale tan flakes with an odorless to mild chemical odor. Odor threshold concentration is 41 μg/L (quoted, Keith and Walters, 1992).

용도

Stereoisomer of Endrin. Used as an insecticide. Potential occupational carcinogen.

용도

Formerly as insecticide.

일반 설명

DIELDRIN is a light-tan flaked solid. DIELDRIN is insoluble in water. DIELDRIN is toxic by inhalation, skin absorption and ingestion. DIELDRIN can penetrate intact skin. DIELDRIN is used as an insecticide.

공기와 물의 반응

Insoluble in water.

반응 프로필

DIELDRIN is sensitive to mineral acids, acid catalysts, acid oxidizing agents and active metals. DIELDRIN reacts with phenols. DIELDRIN is also slightly corrosive to metals. DIELDRIN may react vigorously with strong oxidizers such as chlorine and permanganates and strong acids such as sulfuric or nitric.

건강위험

Inhalation, ingestion, or skin contact causes irritability, convulsions and/or coma, nausea, vomiting, headache, fainting, tremors. Contact with eyes causes irritation.

건강위험

Highly toxic; toxic symptoms similar to theseof aldrin; affects central nervous system,liver, kidneys, and skin; causes headache,dizziness, nausea, vomiting, tremor, ataxia,clonic and tonic convulsions, and respiratoryfailure; oral LD50 value (mice): 38 mg/kg;causes liver cancers in animals; inadequateevidence in humans; RCRA Waste Number P037.
Exposure to many organochlorine pesticides has been linked to an increasedrisk of Parkinson’s disease. In this context,dieldrin has been the most implicated ofall. Dieldrin has been found, during postmortem, in the brain tissues of humanswith Parkinson’s disease, indicating that itpromotes dopaminergic degeneration. Various neurotoxic studies following exposure todieldrin have been conducted in both cellcultures and animal models. Such studiesindicated that dieldrin-induced neurotoxicity via mechanisms associated with dopaminergic degeneration including oxidative stress,mitochondrial dysfunction, protein aggregation, and apoptosis. Such effects cancause neuronal cell death and neurodegenerative diseases including Parkinson’s disease.Kanthasamy et al. (2005) have revieweddieldrin-induced neurotoxicity..

화재위험

Special Hazards of Combustion Products: Toxic and irritating hydrogen chloride fumes may form in fire.

농업용

Insecticide: Manufacture in the United States prohibited since 1974. In 1987, EPA banned all uses. Banned for use in EU (also for export) All uses of dieldrin (and Aldrin) were canceled in 1974, except for subsurface ground insertion for termite control, dipping of non-food roots and tops, and moth-proofing by manufacturing processes in a closed system (EPA 1974). In 1987, these final three uses were voluntarily canceled by the sole manufacturer. Currently there are more than 25 global suppliers

상품명

ALVIT®; BELCO®[C]; COMPOUND 497®; D-31®; DIELDREX®; DIELDRITE®; ILLOXOL®; KILLGERM DETHLAC INSECTICIDAL LAQUER®; OCTALOX®; OXRALOX®; PANORAM®; PANORAM D-31®; PRENTOX®[C]; QUINTOX®; ROYAL BRAND®[C]; SD 3417®

Safety Profile

A human poison by ingestion and possibly other routes. Poison experimentally by inhalation, ingestion, skin contact, intravenous, and intraperitoneal routes. Experimental teratogenic and reproductive data. Absorbed readily through the skin and by other routes. It is a central nervous system stimulant. Questionable carcinogen with experimental carcinogenic, neoplastigenic, and tumorigenic data. Human mutation data reported. An insecticide. Dieldrin is considerably more toxic than DDT by ingestion and skin contact. Dieldrin or its derivatives may accumulate in the body from chronic low dosages. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of Cl-. See also ALDRIN.

잠재적 노출

Aldrin belongs to the group of cyclodiene insecticides. They are a subgroup of the chlorinated cyclic hydrocarbon insecticides which include DDT, BHC, etc. They were manufactured in the United States by Shell Chemical Co. until the United States Environmental Protection Agency prohibited their manufacture in 1974 under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act. The primary use of the chemicals in the past was for control of corn pests, although they were also used by the citrus industry. Dieldrin’s persistence in the environment is due to its extremely low volatility (i.e., a vapor pressure of 1.78 3 1027 mmHg @ 20°C), and low solubility in water (186 μg/L @ 25°C29°C). In addition, dieldrin is extremely apolar, resulting in a high affinity for fat which accounts for its retention in animal fats, plant waxes; andother such organic matter in the environment. The fat solubility of dieldrin results in the progressive accumulation in the food chain which may result in a concentration in an organism which would exceed the lethal limit for a consumer.

환경귀착

Biological. Identified metabolites of dieldrin from solution cultures containing Pseudomonas sp. in soils include aldrin and dihydroxydihydroaldrin. Other unidentified byproducts included a ketone, an aldehyde and an acid (Matsumura et al., 1968; Kearney and Kaufman, 1976). A pure culture of the marine alga, namely Dunaliella sp., degraded dieldrin to photodieldrin and an unknown metabolite at yields of 8.5 and 3.2%, respectively.
Photodieldrin and the diol were also identified as metabolites in field-collected samples of marine water, sediments and associated biological materials (Patil et al., 1972). At least 10 different types of bacteria comprising a mixed anaerobic population
Chacko et al. (1966) reported that cultures of six actinomycetes (Norcardia sp., Streptomyces albus, Streptomyces antibioticus, Streptomyces auerofaciens, Streptomyces cinnamoneus, Streptomyces viridochromogenes) and 8 fungi had no effect on the degradati
The percentage of dieldrin remaining in a Congaree sandy loam soil after 7 years was 50% (Nash and Woolson, 1967). Soil. Dieldrin is very persistent in soil under both aerobic and anaerobic conditions (Castro and Yoshida, 1971; Sanborn and Yu, 1973). Reported half-lives in soil ranged from 175 days to 3 years (Howard et al., 1991).75 days to 3 years (Howard et al., 1991). Groundwater. According to the U.S. EPA (1986) dieldrin has a high potential to leach to groundwater.
Photolytic. Photolysis of an aqueous solution by sunlight for 3 months resulted in a 70% yield of photodieldrin (Henderson and Crosby, 1968). A solid ?lm of dieldrin exposed to sunlight for 2 months resulted in a 25% yield of photodieldrin (Benso

운송 방법

UN2761 Organochlorine pesticides, solid, toxic, Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials.

비 호환성

Incompatible with strong acids: concentrated mineral acids; acid catalysts; phenols, strong oxidizers, active metals; like sodium, potassium, magnesium, and zinc. Keep away from copper, iron, and their salts.

폐기물 처리

Incineration (816C, 0.5 second minimum for primary combustion; 1760C, 1.0 second for secondary combustion) with adequate scrubbing and ash disposal facilities. In accordance with 40CFR165, follow recommendations for the disposal of pesticides and pesticide containers. Must be disposed properly by following package label directions or by contacting your local or federal environmental control agency, or by contacting your regional EPA office. Consult with environmental regulatory agencies for guidance on acceptable disposal practices. Generators of waste containing this contaminant (≧100 kg/mo) must conform with EPA regulations governing storage, transportation, treatment, and waste disposal

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