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황산 코발트

황산 코발트
황산 코발트 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
10124-43-3
한글명:
황산 코발트
동의어(한글):
황산코발트;황산코발트(COBALTSULFATE);코발트설페이트
상품명:
Cobalt sulfate
동의어(영문):
CoSO4;C026305;cobaltbrown;Cobalt sulfate;Cobalt Sulphate;COBATOUSSULPHATE;Kobalt(II)-sulfat;cobalt(2+)sulfate;cobaltmonosulfate;cobaltsulfate(1:1)
CBNumber:
CB8497482
분자식:
CoO4S
포뮬러 무게:
155
MOL 파일:
10124-43-3.mol

황산 코발트 속성

녹는점
decomposes at 1140℃ [JAN85]
밀도
d425 3.71
용해도
H2O: soluble
물리적 상태
red orthorhombic crystals
수용성
dissolves slowly in boiling H2O [MER06]; g/100g solution H2O: 19.7 ± 0.1 (0°C), 27.2 ± 0.1 (25°C), 27.8 (100°C); solid phase, CoSO4 · 7H2O (0°C, 25°C), CoSO4 ·H2O (100°C) [KRU93]
Merck
13,2473
CAS 데이터베이스
10124-43-3(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST
Cobalt sulfate(10124-43-3)
EPA
Cobalt(II) sulfate (10124-43-3)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 T,N
위험 카페고리 넘버 49-42/43-51/53-50/53-22-68-60
안전지침서 53-23-36/37-45-61-60-22
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 3082 9/PG 3
WGK 독일 2
유해 물질 데이터 10124-43-3(Hazardous Substances Data)
기존화학 물질 KE-06128
중점관리물질 필터링 별표1-149
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H290 금속을 부식시킬 수 있음 금속 부식성물질 구분 1 경고 P234, P390, P404
H317 알레르기성 피부 반응을 일으킬 수 있음 피부 과민성 물질 구분 1 경고 P261, P272, P280, P302+P352,P333+P313, P321, P363, P501
H319 눈에 심한 자극을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 2A 경고 P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H334 흡입 시 알레르기성 반응, 천식 또는 호흡 곤란 등을 일으킬 수 있음 호흡기 과민성 물질 구분 1 위험 P261, P285, P304+P341, P342+P311,P501
H341 유전적인 결함을 일으킬 것으로 의심됨 (노출되어도 생식세포 유전독성을 일으키지 않는다는 결정적인 증거가 있는 노출경로가 있다면 노출경로 기재) 생식세포 변이원성 물질 구분 2 경고 P201,P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
H410 장기적 영향에 의해 수생생물에 매우 유독함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 만성 구분 1 경고 P273, P391, P501
예방조치문구:
P201 사용 전 취급 설명서를 확보하시오.
P261 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이의 흡입을 피하시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P284 호흡 보호구를 착용하시오.
P304+P340 흡입하면 신선한 공기가 있는 곳으로 옮기고 호흡하기 쉬운 자세로 안정을 취하시오.
P308+P313 노출 또는 접촉이 우려되면 의학적인 조치· 조언를 구하시오.

황산 코발트 MSDS


Cobalt sulfate

황산 코발트 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

개요

The blue, crystalline hydrate Co2(SO4)3.18H2O is prepared by the oxidation of cobalt(II) sulphate in 8N sulphuric acid either electrolytically or chemically with ozone or fluorine. It is stable in the dry state, but is decomposed by water with evolution of oxygen; it is fairly stable in solution in dilute sulphuric acid. Cobalt(III) alums MCo(SO4)2.12H2O (M = K, Rb, Cs or NH4) can be isolated as blue crystals from the mixed cooler solutions of the two sulphates in dilute sulphuric acid. The potassium alum is diamagnetic, the rubidium salt has a magnetic moment less than 1 B.M. and the ammonium alum has a moment of 2.1 B.M. at 304°K. The hydrated sulphate also has a small positive magnetic susceptibility. The sulphate is believed like the alums to contain the [Co(H2O)6]3+ ion.

화학적 성질

Red powder or rose pink crystalline solid. Odorless.

용도

Cobalt(II) Sulphate is used in batteries and fuel cells that display long-term stability.

용도

Ceramics, pigments, glazes, in plating baths for cobalt, additive to soils, catalyst, paint and ink drier, storage batteries.

일반 설명

Odorless rose-pink solid. Sinks and mixes with water.

공기와 물의 반응

Water soluble.

반응 프로필

Acidic salts, such as Cobalt sulfate , are generally soluble in water. The resulting solutions contain moderate concentrations of hydrogen ions and have pH's of less than 7.0. They react as acids to neutralize bases. These neutralizations generate heat, but less or far less than is generated by neutralization of inorganic acids, inorganic oxoacids, and carboxylic acid. They usually do not react as either oxidizing agents or reducing agents but such behavior is not impossible. Many of these compounds catalyze organic reactions.

위험도

May not be used in food products (FDA). Possible carcinogen.

건강위험

Inhalation causes shortness of breath and coughing; permanent disability may occur. Ingestion causes pain and vomiting. Contact with eyes or skin causes irritation.

화재위험

Special Hazards of Combustion Products: Toxic cobalt oxide fumes may form in fire.

Safety Profile

Poison by intravenous and intraperitoneal routes. Moderately toxic by ingestion. Questionable carcinogen. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of SOx See also COBALT COMPOUNDS.

잠재적 노출

Many be used to catalyze organic reactions.

Carcinogenicity

Cobalt sulfate is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogenbased on sufficient evidence of carcinogenicity from studies in experimental animals.

운송 방법

UN3288 Toxic solids, inorganic, n.o.s., Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials, Technical Name Required.

Purification Methods

Crystallise it three times from conductivity water (1.3mL/g) between 100o and 0o depending on which hydrate is required. The heptahydrate crystallises below 44o and is efflorescent with m 97o . Between 44o and 70o the monoclinic hexahydrate CoSO4.6H2O m 41.5o is formed, and above 70o the monohydrate CoSO4.H2O m 71o is obtained. The pale reddish or lavender-coloured anhydrous salt is obtained by heating the hydrate above 250o, boiling with conc H2SO4 or heating with (NH4)2SO4).

비 호환성

Aqueous solution reacts with bases, generating some heat. May react as either oxidizing agents or reducing agents

폐기물 처리

Use a licensed professional waste disposal service to dispose of this material. All federal, state, and local environmental regulations must be observed.

황산 코발트 준비 용품 및 원자재

원자재

준비 용품


황산 코발트 공급 업체

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