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황산암모늄 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
Ammonium sulfate
Liase;dolamin;nsc77671;mascagnite;(NH4)2 SO4;actamaster;Wasfcaguite ;caswellno.048;Ammoniumsulfat;Coaltrol LPA-40
포뮬러 무게:
MOL 파일:

황산암모늄 속성

280 °C
1.77 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
<1 Pa (25 °C)
n20/D 1.396
26 °C
저장 조건
H2O: 1 M at 20 °C, clear, colorless
물리적 상태
Yellow to orange
Specific Gravity
5.0-6.0 (25℃, 1M in H2O)
77 g/100 mL (25 ºC)
최대 파장(λmax)
λ: 260 nm Amax: ≤0.037
λ: 280 nm Amax: ≤0.030
Stable. Contact with strong oxidizers may cause fire or explosion. Incompatible with strong bases.
CAS 데이터베이스
7783-20-2(CAS DataBase Reference)
Sulfuric acid diammonium salt(7783-20-2)
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 Xi,Xn
위험 카페고리 넘버 10-36/37/38-22
안전지침서 37/39-26-36-24/25
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 1170 3/PG 3
WGK 독일 1
RTECS 번호 BS4500000
HS 번호 31022100
유해 물질 데이터 7783-20-2(Hazardous Substances Data)
독성 LD50 orally in Rabbit: 2840 mg/kg
신호 어:
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H303 삼키면 유해할 수 있음 급성 독성 물질 - 경구 구분 5 P312
H412 장기적 영향에 의해 수생생물에 유해함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 만성 구분 3 P273, P501
P273 환경으로 배출하지 마시오.

황산암모늄 MSDS

Ammonium sulfate

황산암모늄 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산


황산 암모늄(黃酸-, ammonium sulfate)은 화학식 (NH4)2SO4을 지닌 흰 결정의 하나이다. 물에 잘 녹으며 일반적으로 토양 비료로 사용된다. 암모늄 이온 21%로서 질소, 황산염 이온 24%를 포함한다.



화학적 성질

White crystalline powder


May be used for the precipitation or fractionation of proteins or for purification of antibodies. Useful for crystallographic analysis of nucleic acids and proteins.


manufacture of ammonia alum; in the manufacture of H2SO4 to free it from nitrogen oxides; analytical uses; freezing mixtures, flameproofing fabrics and paper; manufacture of viscose silk; tanning, galvanizing iron; in fractionation of proteins. The commercial grade is used as fertilizer.


Ammonium Sulfate is a dough conditioner, firming agent, and pro- cessing aid which is readily soluble in water with a solubility of approximately 70 g in 100 g of water at 0°c. the ph of a 0.1 molar solution in water is approximately 5.5. it is used in caramel produc- tion and as a source of nitrogen for yeast fermentation. in bakery products, up to 0.25 part per 100 parts by weight of flour is used.


ammonium sulphate: A whiterhombic solid, (NH4)2SO4; r.d. 1.77;decomposes at 235°C. It is very solublein water and insoluble in ethanol.It occurs naturally as the mineralmascagnite. Ammonium sulphatewas formerly manufactured from the‘ammoniacal liquors’ produced duringcoal-gas manufacture but is nowproduced by the direct reaction betweenammonia gas and sulphuricacid. It is decomposed by heating torelease ammonia (and ammoniumhydrogensulphate) and eventuallywater, sulphur dioxide, and ammonia.Vast quantities of ammoniumsulphate are used as fertilizers.

일반 설명

White odorless solid. Sinks and dissolves in water.

공기와 물의 반응

Dissolves in water with evolution of some heat.

반응 프로필

Ammonium sulfate is acidic in aqueous solution. When a little Ammonium sulfate is added to fused potassium nitrite, a vigorous reaction occurs attended by flame [Mellor 2:702 1946-47].


Ammonium sulphate, (NH4)2SO4, a water-soluble crystalline salt is a nitrogenous fertilizer containing about 2 1 % nitrogen and 24 % sulphur. It occurs naturally as the mineral mascagnite and offers many advantages as a fertilizer, such as low hygroscopicity, good physical properties, excellent chemical stability, good agronomic effectiveness and long shelf life.
Ammoniacal nitrogen is fned in the soil in an exchangeable form until nitrated by nitrifying bacteria. The ammoniacal nitrogen of ammonium sulphate does not leach out easily. Ammonium sulphate is an acid forming fertilizer, and hence used in neutral or alkaline soils. In its free flowing form, it is directly applied to the soil or blended with other granular materials. Ammonium sulphate also supplies sulphur, which is an essential nutrient for plants.
Ammonium sulphate is a quick-acting fertilizer. It is resistant to leaching as it gets adsorbed on the soil colloids, clay and humus, and replaces calcium. This adsorbed ammonium salt is converted to nitrate by nitrifying bacteria for use by growing plants. Ammonium sulphate is produced in different ways, The major ones are: (i) Production from synthesized ammonia and sulphuric acid.
(ii) Production of ammonium sulphate fertilizer by the gypsum process is widely used in many developing countries. In this process, ammonia is used along with pulverized calcium sulphate, carbon dioxide and water. Here ammonia made from nitrogen and hydrogen, reacts with carbon dioxide gas to produce ammonium carbonate. Ground gypsum reacts with ammonium carbonate solution to form ammonium sulphate and calcium carbonate.
Ammonium sulphate is commonly transported in polythene or paper bags. It is adsorbed on soil colloids, clay and humus, replacing calcium. It is more beneficial than nitrate fertilizers at planting time. This adsorbed portion is slowly released and in about a month most of the ammonium sulphate is converted into the nitrate form, which is used by growing plants.
Since rice crops absorb nitrogen even in the ammoniacal form, ammonium sulphate fertilizer is used as a source of nitrogen for rice in the USA and Southeast Asia. In the USA, ammonium sulphate is also used for potato scab control.
The main disadvantages of ammonium sulphate are its acid forming nature, low nitrogen percentage (21%) and high costs for packaging, storage and transportation.

Safety Profile

Moderately toxic by several routes. Human systemic effects by ingestion: hypermotility, diarrhea, nausea or vomiting. See also SULFATES. Incandescent reaction on heating with potassium chlorate. Reaction with sodmm hypochlorite gves the unstable explosive nitrogen trichloride. Incompatible with (K + NH4NO3), KNO2, (NaK + NH4NO3). When heated to decomposition it emits very toxic fumes of NOx, NH3, and SOx.

Purification Methods

Crystallise it twice from hot water containing 0.2% EDTA to remove metal ions, then finally from distilled water. Dry it in a desiccator for 2 weeks over Mg(ClO4)2. After 3 recrystallisations, ACS grade had Ti, K, Fe, Na at 11, 4.4, 4.4, 3.2 ppm respectively.

황산암모늄 준비 용품 및 원자재


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