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시안아미드

시안아미드
시안아미드 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
420-04-2
한글명:
시안아미드
동의어(한글):
사이안아마이드;시아나미드;시안아미드
상품명:
Cyanamide
동의어(영문):
tsaks;H2NCN;alzogur;CYANAMID;CYANAMIDE;cianamida;Cyanoamine;usafek-1995;USAF ek-1995;N-Cyanoamine
CBNumber:
CB9256093
분자식:
CH2N2
포뮬러 무게:
42.04
MOL 파일:
420-04-2.mol

시안아미드 속성

녹는점
45-46 °C(lit.)
끓는 점
83 °C0.5 mm Hg(lit.)
밀도
1,282 g/cm3
굴절률
1.405
인화점
>230 °F
저장 조건
2-8°C
용해도
ethanol: soluble10%, clear to hazy, colorless to faintly yellow
산도 계수 (pKa)
1.1(at 29℃)
Specific Gravity
1.282
수용성
775 g/L
감도
Hygroscopic
Merck
14,2684
BRN
1732569
안정성
Unstable - heat sensitive. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, strong reducing agents, bases, acids, iron and its salts, steel, brass, lead, moisture. Reacts with acids to produce very toxic gas.
InChIKey
XZMCDFZZKTWFGF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS 데이터베이스
420-04-2(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST
Cyanamide(420-04-2)
EPA
Cyanamide(420-04-2)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 T
위험 카페고리 넘버 21-25-36/38-43
안전지침서 3-22-36/37-45-26
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 2811 6.1/PG 3
WGK 독일 2
RTECS 번호 GS5950000
TSCA Yes
위험 등급 8
포장분류 III
HS 번호 29269090
유해 물질 데이터 420-04-2(Hazardous Substances Data)
독성 LD50 i.p. in male mice: 200-300 mg/kg (Doull)
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H301 삼키면 유독함 급성 독성 물질 - 경구 구분 3 위험 P264, P270, P301+P310, P321, P330,P405, P501
H312 피부와 접촉하면 유해함 급성 독성 물질 - 경피 구분 4 경고 P280,P302+P352, P312, P322, P363,P501
H314 피부에 심한 화상과 눈에 손상을 일으킴 피부부식성 또는 자극성물질 구분 1A, B, C 위험 P260,P264, P280, P301+P330+ P331,P303+P361+P353, P363, P304+P340,P310, P321, P305+ P351+P338, P405,P501
H317 알레르기성 피부 반응을 일으킬 수 있음 피부 과민성 물질 구분 1 경고 P261, P272, P280, P302+P352,P333+P313, P321, P363, P501
H318 눈에 심한 손상을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 1 위험 P280, P305+P351+P338, P310
H319 눈에 심한 자극을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 2A 경고 P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H361 태아 또는 생식능력에 손상을 일으킬 것으로 의심됨 생식독성 물질 구분 2 경고 P201, P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
H373 장기간 또는 반복 노출되면 장기(또는, 영향을 받은 알려진 모든 장기를 명시)에 손상을 일으킬 수 있음 특정 표적장기 독성 - 반복 노출 구분 2 경고 P260, P314, P501
H412 장기적 영향에 의해 수생생물에 유해함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 만성 구분 3 P273, P501
예방조치문구:
P201 사용 전 취급 설명서를 확보하시오.
P235 저온으로 유지하시오.
P261 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이의 흡입을 피하시오.
P273 환경으로 배출하지 마시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P309 노출되었거나 몸이 편치 않은 경우
P310 즉시 의료기관(의사)의 진찰을 받으시오. 삼켰다면 즉시 의료기관(의사)의 도움을 받으시오.
P303+P361+P353 피부(또는 머리카락)에 묻으면 오염된 모든 의복은 벗거나 제거하시오 피부를 물로 씻으시오/샤워하시오.
P305+P351+P338 눈에 묻으면 몇 분간 물로 조심해서 씻으시오. 가능하면 콘택트렌즈를 제거하시오. 계속 씻으시오.
P405 밀봉하여 저장하시오.

시안아미드 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

화학적 성질

white crystalline solid

화학적 성질

Cyanamide is a combustible crystalline solid, but it is usually found as a 25% liquid solution.

정의

cyanamide: 1. An inorganic saltcontaining the ion CN22-. See calciumcyanamide. 2. A colourless crystallinesolid, H2NCN, made by the actionof carbon dioxide on hotsodamide. It is a weakly acidic compound(the parent acid of cyanamidesalts) that is soluble in water andethanol. It is hydrolysed to urea inacidic solutions.

일반 설명

Colorless deliquescent crystals. Mp: 45°C; bp: 260°C. Density: 1.282 g cm-3. Quite soluble in water (77 g / 100 g solution at 15°C). Soluble in butanol, methyl ethyl ketone, ethyl acetate, alcohols, phenols, amines, ethers. Note: The term "Cyanamide" is also used to refer to the important compound calcium Cyanamide, which is a different chemical.

반응 프로필

Cyanamide is the amide of cyanic acid. Non-flammable but combustible (flash point: 140°C). Decomposes on warming above 49°C. Emits toxic fumes of CN- and NOx when heated to decomposition or on contact with acids or acid fumes (Hazardous Chemicals Desk Reference, p. 353 (1987)). Contact with moisture, acids or bases may cause a violent reaction at temperatures above about 40°C. Dry solid may polymerize at temperatures above 122°C. Rapid or explosive polymerization may occur during the evaporation of aqueous solutions. Reacts explosively with strong oxidizing agents and strong reducing agents. Attacks various metals (International Chemical Safety Card).

위험도

Strong irritant to skin and mucous membranes; avoid inhalation or ingestion.

농업용

Cyanamide, the trade name for calcium cyanamide, contains calcium hydroxide and carbon in small quantities as impurities. It is used as a fertilizer, the powdered form of which contains about 22% nitrogen.

농업용

Herbicide, Plant growth regulator: A U.S. EPA restricted Use Pesticide (RUP). Not currently approved for use in EU countries (re-submitted). Used primarily as a plant growth regulator. Cyanamide may be melted to give a dimer, dicyandiamide or cyanoguanidine. At higher temperatures it gives the trimer, melamine, a raw material for melamine-formaldehyde resins.

상품명

DORMEX®; SKW 83010®

색상 색인 번호

Cyanamide and its salts are used in various occasions such as in chemistry, in antirust solutions, or in a drug (Come?) for treating alcoholism (inhibition of alcohol deshydrogenase).

Safety Profile

Poison by ingestion, inhalation, and intraperitoneal routes. Moderately toxic by skin contact. Experimental reproductive effects. Combustible when exposed to heat or flame. To fight fire, use CO2, dry chemical. Thermally unstable. Contact with moisture (water), acids, or alkalies may cause a violent reaction above 40'. Concentrated aqueous solutions may undergo explosive polymerization. Mixture with 1,2 phenylenediamine salts may cause explosive polymerization. When heated to decomposition or on contact with acid or acid fumes, it emits toxic fumes of CNand NOx. See also CYANIDE and AMIDES.

잠재적 노출

Cyanamide may be melted to give a dimer, dicyandiamide or cyanoguanidine. At higher tem- peratures it gives the trimer, melamine; a raw material for melamine-form aldehyde resins.

운송 방법

UN3276 Nitriles, liquid, toxic, n.o.s., Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials, Technical Name Required, Potential Inhalation Hazard (Special Provision 5).

Purification Methods

Purify it by placing ca 15g in a Soxhlet thimble and extracting exhaustively (2-3hours) with two successive portions of Et2O (400mL, saturated with H2O by shaking before use) containing two drops of 1N acetic acid. Two successive portions of Et2O are used so that the NH2CN is not heated for too long. Each extract is dried over Na2SO4 (30g), then combined and evaporated under reduced pressure. The NH2CN may be stored unchanged at 0o in Et2O solution in the presence of a trace of AcOH. Extracts from several runs may be combined and evaporated together. The residue from evaporation of an Et2O solution is a colourless viscous oil which sets to a solid and can be recrystallised from a mixture of 2 parts of *C6H6 and 1 part of Et2O. Concentrating an aqueous solution of NH2CN at high temperatures causes EXPLOSIVE polymerisation. [Kurzer & Lawson Org Synth Coll Vol IV 645 1963, Pinck & Salissbury Inorg Synth III 39 1950, Soloway & Lipschitz J Org Chem 23 613 1958.] Hygroscopic.[Beilstein 3 IV 145.]

비 호환성

Cyanamide may polymerize at tempera- tures above 122℃ , or on evaporation of aqueous solutions. Reacts with acids, strong oxidants, strong reducing agents such as hydrides and water, causing explosion and toxic hazard. Attacks various metals. Decomposes when heated above 49℃ C, on contact with acids, bases, 1,2-phenylene diamine salts; and moisture; producing toxic fumes includ- ing nitrogen oxides and cyanides. Nitriles may polymerize in the presence of metals and some metal compounds. They are incompatible with acids; mixing nitriles with strong oxidizing acids can lead to extremely violent reac- tions. Nitriles are generally incompatible with other oxi- dizing agents such as peroxides and epoxides. The combination of bases and nitriles can produce hydrogen cyanide. Nitriles are hydrolyzed in both aqueous acid and base to give carboxylic acids (or salts of carboxylic acids). These reactions generate heat. Peroxides convert nitriles to amides. Nitriles can react vigorously with reducing agents. Acetonitrile and propionitrile are soluble in water, but nitriles higher than propionitrile have low aqueous solubility. They are also insoluble in aqueous acids .

폐기물 처리

Add excess alkaline calcium hypochlorite with agitation. Flush to sewer after 24 hours. Cyanamide can also be destroyed in an incinerator equipped with afterburner and scrubber.

시안아미드 준비 용품 및 원자재

원자재

준비 용품


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