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Cyanamide

Physicochemical property Main application Excellent flame retardant materials Fixing material Toxicity Chemical property Uses Methods of production

CAS No. 420-04-2
Chemical Name: Cyanamide
Synonyms: tsaks;H2NCN;alzogur;CYANAMID;CYANAMIDE;Cyanoamine;usafek-1995;USAF ek-1995;N-Cyanoamine;CARBODIIMIDE
CBNumber: CB9256093
Molecular Formula: CH2N2
Formula Weight: 42.04
MOL File: 420-04-2.mol
Cyanamide Property
Melting point : 45-46 °C(lit.)
Boiling point : 83 °C0.5 mm Hg(lit.)
density : 1,282 g/cm3
refractive index : 1.405
Fp : >230 °F
storage temp. : 2-8°C
solubility : ethanol: soluble10%, clear to hazy, colorless to faintly yellow
pka: 1.1(at 29℃)
Water Solubility : 775 g/L
Sensitive : Hygroscopic
Merck : 14,2684
BRN : 1732569
Stability:: Unstable - heat sensitive. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, strong reducing agents, bases, acids, iron and its salts, steel, brass, lead, moisture. Reacts with acids to produce very toxic gas.
CAS DataBase Reference: 420-04-2(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference: Cyanamide(420-04-2)
EPA Substance Registry System: Cyanamide(420-04-2)
SAFETY
  • Risk and Safety Statements
  • Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)
Hazard Codes : T
Risk Statements : 21-25-36/38-43
Safety Statements : 3-22-36/37-45-26
RIDADR : UN 2811 6.1/PG 3
WGK Germany : 2
RTECS : GS5950000
TSCA : Yes
HazardClass : 8
PackingGroup : III
Hazardous Substances Data: 420-04-2(Hazardous Substances Data)
Symbol(GHS):
Signal word: Danger
Hazard statements:
Code Hazard statements Hazard class Category Signal word Pictogram P-Codes
H301 Toxic if swalloed Acute toxicity,oral Category 3 Danger P264, P270, P301+P310, P321, P330,P405, P501
H312 Harmful in contact with skin Acute toxicity,dermal Category 4 Warning P280,P302+P352, P312, P322, P363,P501
H314 Causes severe skin burns and eye damage Skin corrosion/irritation Category 1A, B, C Danger P260,P264, P280, P301+P330+ P331,P303+P361+P353, P363, P304+P340,P310, P321, P305+ P351+P338, P405,P501
H317 May cause an allergic skin reaction Sensitisation, Skin Category 1 Warning P261, P272, P280, P302+P352,P333+P313, P321, P363, P501
H318 Causes serious eye damage Serious eye damage/eye irritation Category 1 Danger P280, P305+P351+P338, P310
H319 Causes serious eye irritation Serious eye damage/eye irritation Category 2A Warning P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H361 Suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child Reproductive toxicity Category 2 Warning P201, P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
H373 May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure Specific target organ toxicity, repeated exposure Category 2 Warning P260, P314, P501
H412 Harmful to aquatic life with long lasting effects Hazardous to the aquatic environment, long-term hazard Category 3 P273, P501
Precautionary statements:
P201 Obtain special instructions before use.
P235 Keep cool.
P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P273 Avoid release to the environment.
P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P309 IF exposed or if you feel unwell:
P310 Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
P303+P361+P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off Immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse SKIN with water/shower.
P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continuerinsing.
P405 Store locked up.

Cyanamide Chemical Properties,Usage,Production

Physicochemical property
Cyanamide is also called hydrogen cyanamide,urine anhydride, its scientific name is amino nitrile. It is white orthogonal series crystals, in a diamond shaped, colorless, easy moisture. Melting point is 42℃, boiling point is 83℃ (50.66kPa), vapor pressure is (20℃) is 500MPa. Cyanamide is high solubility in water and weak acid, and completely miscible in water of 43℃. It is soluble in benzene and phenol, alcohols, amines, ethers, ketones, slightly soluble in benzene, halogenated hydrocarbons, but insoluble in epoxy ethane, cyclohexane. Solubility (20℃ ): water 4.59kg/L, methyl ethyl ketone 505g/kg, acetic acid ethyl ester 424g/kg, octanol 288g/kg, chloroform 2.4 g/kg. It can volatilize with water vapor, so it can dissolve in a series of solvents. In polar organic solvent, solubility is large, and in non-polar solvents is smaller. Crystal cyanamide is not stable, large polarity. Due to the cyanamide molecular structure containing the cyano and amino, both of which are active groups, it has the functional groups of the multiple reaction performance, prone to addition, substitution, condensation reaction. It is stable to light. It decomposites to dicyandiamide and polymers in alkali, and decomposites to urea in acid. It decompose when heated to 180℃. Product has four kinds of crystal of 25%, 40%, 50% and 90%. 25% of cyanamide solution is mainly used for creatine production, 50% and 90% of cyanamide solutions are mainly used for producing methylene urea pharmaceutical intermediates.
Three-dimensional structure of cyanamide
Figure 1 Three-dimensional structure of cyanamide
Main application
1. Important pharmaceutical raw material
Cyanamide is mainly used for the production of hydrochloric acid cytarabine, dye intermediate 3-amino-5-hydroxy-1,2,4-nitrogen azole, cyanide urea amine, melamine methyl carbamate, cyanide urine amide, thiourea, carbendazim. It is also raw material for preparation of organic guanidine, then the product pharmaceutical barbituric acid, sulfa drugs and guanidine salt, etc. It can also be used for production anticancer drugs of fluorouracil in medicine. Cyanamide calcium salt can be used for clinical treatment of alcoholism and anthelmintic action.
2. Raw materials for chemical pesticides
2.1 Cyanamide can be used as chemical raw materials of no residue, low toxicity, broad-spectrum pesticide, and can also be used for production of antibacterial agent such as carbendazim, benzene benomyl, methyl mepanipyrim and mepanipyrim, Pirimicarb, pyrimidinoxy phosphorus, herbicide Chlorsulfuron, Metsulfuron methyl, Metsulfuron methyl ethyl, long ether tribenuron methyl and bensulfuron methyl and pyrazole ethyl, hexazinone, etc. It has the significance of technological innovation for pesticide production, solves the environmental pollution while the general pesticide production enterprises can be difficult to solve the problem using calcium cyanamide in the production of pesticide. So using cyanamide can save equipment investment, reduce production costs.
2.2 In recent years, cyanamide is used as off leaf agents, herbicides and pesticides in abroad, but also can be used as pesticide, and cyanamide has a certain of nitrogen application effect. Cyanamide solution was used as a defoliant, non-toxic pesticides for fruit trees in abroad.
2.3 The cyanamide in agriculture can be used as plant growth regulators, with both pesticidal and bactericidal effects. Directly sprayed on crops, can effectively inhibit the activity of catalase in plants, accelerate plant oxidative pentose phosphate (PPP) circulation, thus speeding up the generation of basic substances in plants, play a role in the regulation of growth. The field efficacy trials showed that It can regulate the growth and increase production of cherries and grapes. Before 15 to 20 days in grape germination, it sprayed evenly on the branches, uniform of a drug on bud eye, can advance germination of 7 to 10 days. For early flowering, full flowering stage, coloring period and mature period, using it can aslo advance early. At the same time it is good dormancy terminating agent in the production of kiwi, cherries, grapes. it sprayed evenly on bud eye in the dormant period, it can break the dormancy period, can be early germination, early flowering, early mature and early on the market. It can significantly improve the yield, change fruit fleshy and improve the quality of varieties.
Excellent flame retardant materials
The cyanamide is mainly used for production of flame retardant agent such as o-methyl isourea, creatine, guanidine phosphate. At the same time, as a kind of flame retardant material with excellent performance, cyanamide polyols and polyether solution are used for production of polyurethane, can significantly improve the flame retardancy of polyurethane material, which is a new type of fine chemical new materials.
Fixing material
The materials from the two polymer fixing agent melamine dicyandiamide can be used in the production of fixing agent Y, fixing agent G, fixing agent M and fixing agent B. Reaction product of cyanamide, poly formaldehyde and acid copper is fixing agent B, which is gray powder, can be used for direct dyes and staining after treatment. 30.9 copies of diethylenetriamine and 24.8 dicyandiamide react under 100℃, then reaction again in 155 ℃, after 5h cooling, crushing to obtain colorless powder. It is a kind of formaldehyde-free fixing agent, low cost, having a development promising as green products.
Toxicity
1. It has the skin irritation and corrosive, can lead to severe dermatitis, the person suction can cause mucosal irritation, transient flushing, headache, dizziness, shortness of breath, tachycardia and hypertension and other symptoms.
2. Mutagenicity test: mild irritation to rabbit skin and eye severe stimulation, the drug of guinea pig skin allergic reaction test is attenuated sensitive drugs.
3.The effect maximum dose is 0.2mg/kg/d in rats with 90d sub chronic feeding experiment. Cyanamide drug and 50% aqueous solution are medium toxicity. Please use it to Caution!
Chemical property
Pure cyanamide is a transparent liquid, m.p.-115℃, b.p.-8.5℃, soluble in alcohols, phenols, amines, ethers, easily soluble in benzene, alkyl halides, 77.5% of it is soluble in water of 15℃. The high concentration of cyanamide is not stable, easy polymerization, often adding stabilizer. General merchandise for 50% of cyanamide solution, n20D 1.4050, the relative density is 1.082.
Uses
1.Cyanamide is an important intermediate of pesticide. It can also be used for production of antibacterial agent such as carbendazim, benzene benomyl, methyl mepanipyrim and mepanipyrim, Pirimicarb, pyrimidinoxy phosphorus, herbicide Chlorsulfuron, Metsulfuron methyl, Metsulfuron methyl ethyl, long ether tribenuron methyl and bensulfuron methyl and pyrazole ethyl, hexazinone, etc.
2. In the pharmaceutical industry, it is used as a raw material for the production of hydrochloric acid. It is also used for the production intermediates of 3-amino-5-hydroxyl-1,2,4-triazol in the dye industry. In addition, for organic synthesis and plastic raw materials, it can be used for production of cyanuric amide, dicyandiamide, cyanide methyl carbamate etc.
3.Cyanamide liquid is used for industrial raw materials, pharmaceutical intermediates, agricultural pesticides, fertilizer, plant growth regulator, food additives etc.
4. Used in the production of materials such as urine.
Methods of production
1.It is gotten by the reaction of lime nitrogen with sulphuric acid。
The preparation method is based on the lime nitrogen as raw material, reaction with sulfuric acid is made. In the reactor, the water is putted, with ice water cooling, lime nitrogen input, the temperature was kept between 0 to 15℃, dropping 5% of sulfuric acid solution, adjusting the pH = 6 and holding 20 min. Then filtration, washing, and then return to a reaction kettle, added lime nitrogen, repeat the above operation 2 times, the obtained filtrate is through membrane thickening, keeping a certain temperature, concentrated content reached 50%~55%, Cyanamide solution of 50% is obtained.
Reaction equation: CaCN2+H2O+H2SO4-> NH2CN+CaSO4
2. Urea process。
Chemical Properties
white crystalline solid
General Description
Colorless deliquescent crystals. Mp: 45°C; bp: 260°C. Density: 1.282 g cm-3. Quite soluble in water (77 g / 100 g solution at 15°C). Soluble in butanol, methyl ethyl ketone, ethyl acetate, alcohols, phenols, amines, ethers. Note: The term "Cyanamide" is also used to refer to the important compound calcium Cyanamide, which is a different chemical.
Reactivity Profile
Cyanamide is the amide of cyanic acid. Non-flammable but combustible (flash point: 140°C). Decomposes on warming above 49°C. Emits toxic fumes of CN- and NOx when heated to decomposition or on contact with acids or acid fumes (Hazardous Chemicals Desk Reference, p. 353 (1987)). Contact with moisture, acids or bases may cause a violent reaction at temperatures above about 40°C. Dry solid may polymerize at temperatures above 122°C. Rapid or explosive polymerization may occur during the evaporation of aqueous solutions. Reacts explosively with strong oxidizing agents and strong reducing agents. Attacks various metals (International Chemical Safety Card).
Cyanamide Preparation Products And Raw materials
Raw materials
Calcium cyanamide SULFURIC ACID
Preparation Products
2-AMINO-4-METHYLOXAZOLE 1-Methyl-3-nitro-1-nitrosoguanidine 1H-1,2,4-TRIAZOLE-1-CARBOXAMIDINE MONOHYDROCHLORIDE Dicyandiamide N-Cyanoimido-S,S-dimethyl-dithiocarbonate Bensulfuron methyl Aminoguanidine bicarbonate CHLOROFORMAMIDINE HYDROCHLORIDE L-Alanine 2,4-DIAMINO-1,3,5-TRIAZINE 2,2'-Anhydro-1-beta-D-arabinofuranosylcytosine hydrochloride 2,5-Diaminopyrimidine 4-AMINO-2-CHLOROPYRIMIDINE-5-CARBONITRILE FORMAMIDINE HYDROCHLORIDE Triazol-3-amine Diphenyl N-cyanocarbonimidate Oxazole-2-amine IMINOCTADINE TRIACETATE DL-Alanine
Cyanamide Suppliers      Global( 180)Suppliers     
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
Capot Chemical Co.,Ltd. +86 (0)571-855 867 18
+86 (0)571-858 647 95 sales@capotchem.com China 19953 60
Alfa Aesar 400-610-6006; 021-67582000
021-67582001/03/05 saleschina@alfa-asia.com China 30314 84
Credit-Chem Co., Ltd. 400-821-5857 021-64326257
021-64393586 QQ;2798200800 credit-chem@foxmail.com China 5277 58
Shanghai Rolead Chemical Technology Co., Ltd. 021-69992230 / 69992220
021-69992237 roleadchem@163.com China 4641 50
J & K SCIENTIFIC LTD. 400-666-7788 +86-10-82848833
+86-10-82849933 jkinfo@jkchemical.com;market6@jkchemical.com China 96831 76
Meryer (Shanghai) Chemical Technology Co., Ltd. +86-(0)21-61259100(Shanghai) +86-(0)755-86170099(ShenZhen) +86-(0)10-62670440(Beijing)
+86-(0)21-61259102(Shanghai) +86-(0)755-86170066(ShenZhen) +86-(0)10-88580358(Beijing) sh@meryer.com China 40403 62
Beijing dtftchem Technology Co., Ltd. 13651141086; 86(10)60275028、60275820
86 (10) 60270825 dtftchem@sina.com China 1443 62
BeiJing Hwrk Chemicals Limted 4006990298;010-57411839;0757-86311057;021-51691807
010-87653215;0757-86311057;021-55236763 sales@hwrkchemical.com China 15554 55
Energy Chemical 021-58432009 / 400-005-6266
021-58436166-800 info@energy-chemical.com China 44197 61
Beijing Ouhe Technology Co., Ltd +86-10-4006331231;+86-10-51280831;+86-10-82967028
+86-10-82967029 sales@ouhechem.com China 10816 60
 
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