Natural spices

The earliest application of spices in history started from natural spices. The so-called natural flavors, refers to the direct purified substance isolated from natural aromatic plant or animal raw materials via different physical approaches. They are generally considered as being safe. Typical natural species include essential oils, tinctures, extract; spices oil resin and absolutes oil.

Natural spices are important parts of the spices industry. Currently it has discovered of more than 3,000 species of aromatic plants in the world with however, only over 200 species being subject to industrialized production; wherein the natural essentials oil such as citronella oil, cedar oil, litsea cubeba oil, lemongrass oil, lemon eucalyptus oil, sassafras oil, are used as semi-synthetic raw material in large usage amount. Other kinds of essential oils that used in large amount also include citrus oils such as orange oil, lemon oil, lime oil, bergamot oil, red orange oil, grapefruit oil; mint genus essential oils such as peppermint, spearmint oil.

Although the international production of the natural spices had achieved doubled growth in the mid-1980s to the mid-1990s, but the growth rate is significantly lower than the synthetic spices, mainly due to that the cultivation and processing of natural spices is affected by climate, environment, transport and many other factors, causing the fluctuations in the production quantity, quality and price of the natural spices. Moreover, with the development of the analysis and synthetic technology, many of the key components contained in the natural spices can be more and more artificially synthesized, resulting in the decrease of the ratio of the natural spices, but the increase of the ratio of the synthetic spices used in the spices formulation of the daily chemicals. But in terms of food spices, people still advocate natural version, realizing that it can give people a feeling of security, so that the value of the natural food spices has been multiplied.

Even in daily chemical fragrance, the natural spices still have its own irreplaceable role. Natural spices has harmonious aroma. They have unique structurally aromatic components with some of them having not yet been recognized. They can make the formulated spices be more abundant, harmonious and rounded as well as endowing the spices of a natural feeling. Without the natural spice, today's blending technology has great difficulty to reach this realm. In recent years, the idea of "return to nature" has been spread all around the world, further energizing the natural spices. Development of natural spices is in line with the human realm of coexisting with nature and it is the age that gives a fantastic opportunity for the development of natural spices.

With the continuous development of technology, the range of natural spices has also gradually expanded. In addition of extracting of aromatic plants via distillation, extraction, grinding and other processes, it also comprises the chemical mixtures produced from the non-enzymatic reactions between amino acids and carbohydrates under certain conditions, which is called Maillard reaction. It also includes various types of enzyme chemically synthesized biological species.

The sugars used in Maillard reaction include glucose, sucrose, xylitol, rhamnose and polyhydric alcohols such as propylene glycol, glycerol, and sorbitol. There are a lot of types of amino acids. People have also used animal (plants) hydrolyzed protein, animal grease or bone powder as well as yeast with the reaction producing a mixture of different fragrances of chicken flavor, meat flavor, bread flavor as and chocolate flavor. The mixture is recognized internationally as being "natural" and therefore has been widely applied in the preparation of various food spices and tobacco spices. Another kind of biological spice is the organic acid and alcohols produced through natural biological fermentation as well as the ester produced through dehydration under the action of esterase. This is also known as "natural"; people has also used dairy products as the raw material, going through yeast, Lactobacillus or carrying out enzyme reaction to generate butanedione and allylic lactones, these biotechnology produced spices are also considered as being "natural". These kinds of high-technology products are also under active research and development in the international community

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Structure Chemical Name CAS MF
Spearmint oil Spearmint oil 8008-79-5 C6H14O6
BERGAMOT OIL BERGAMOT OIL 8007-75-8
Peppermint oil Peppermint oil 8006-90-4
Agnuside Agnuside 11027-63-7 C22H26O11
Origanum oil Origanum oil 8007-11-2
Citronella oil Citronella oil 8000-29-1
Lavander oil Lavander oil 8000-28-0
Anise oil Anise oil 8007-70-3 W99
Litsea cubeba oil Litsea cubeba oil 68855-99-2
Fennel Oil Fennel Oil 8006-84-6
Rose Oil Rose Oil 8007-01-0
Vetivert oil Vetivert oil 8016-96-4
Mandarin oil Mandarin oil 8008-31-9
Geranium oil Geranium oil 8000-46-2 C15H24O2
Clove oil Clove oil 8000-34-8 C7H12ClN3O2
Rosemary oil Rosemary oil 8000-25-7
Ginger oil Ginger oil 8007-08-7
White camphor oil White camphor oil 8008-51-3
Sandalwood oil Sandalwood oil 8006-87-9 C30H48O2
Sassafras oil Sassafras oil 8006-80-2
Parsley Seed Oil Parsley Seed Oil 8000-68-8
Basil oil Basil oil 8015-73-4
Celery Seed Oil Celery Seed Oil 8015-90-5
Capsicum oleoresin Capsicum oleoresin 8023-77-6 W-99
Costus oil Costus oil 8023-88-9
1,1,3,3,5-PENTAMETHYL-4,6-DINITROINDANE 1,1,3,3,5-PENTAMETHYL-4,6-DINITROINDANE 116-66-5 C14H18N2O4
Patchouli oil Patchouli oil 84238-39-1
BENZOIN BENZOIN 9000-05-9 C14H12O2
Vanilla tincture Vanilla tincture 8047-24-3
Cornmint oil Cornmint oil 68917-18-0
Cardamom Oil Cardamom Oil 8000-66-6
JasMine Oil JasMine Oil 8022-96-6 C10H16
BOIS DE ROSE OIL BOIS DE ROSE OIL 8015-77-8
Pineneedle Oil Pineneedle Oil 8021-29-2
Ylang Ylang Oil Ylang Ylang Oil 8006-81-3
MYRISTICA OIL MYRISTICA OIL 8008-45-5
Citrus Oil Citrus Oil 8008-56-8
Thyme Oil Thyme Oil 8007-46-3 Null
LAUREL LEAF OIL LAUREL LEAF OIL 8006-78-8
Petitgrain Oil Petitgrain Oil 8014-17-3
CORIANDER OIL CORIANDER OIL 8008-52-4
Chamomile Oil Chamomile Oil 8015-92-7
AMBRAIN AMBRAIN 8016-26-0
MARJORAM OIL,SPANISH MARJORAM OIL,SPANISH 8016-33-9
Neroli oil Neroli oil 8016-38-4
Palmarosa Oil Palmarosa Oil 8014-19-5
Cumin Oil Cumin Oil 8014-13-9
Valerian root oil Valerian root oil 8008-88-6 C15H26O
Clary sage oil Clary sage oil 8016-63-5
ORANGE OIL ORANGE OIL 8028-48-6 C15H22O
3-OCTEN-2-ONE 3-OCTEN-2-ONE 1669-44-9 C8H14O
Cinnamon oil Cinnamon oil 8007-80-5
LEMONGRASS OIL, WEST INDIAN TYPE LEMONGRASS OIL, WEST INDIAN TYPE 8007-02-1 W99
Gentonorone acetate Gentonorone acetate
FEMA 2817 FEMA 2817 8002-72-0 C8H12S2
PINE NEEDLES OIL DWARF PINE NEEDLES OIL DWARF 8000-26-8
Pimenta Oil Pimenta Oil 8006-77-7
Birch Oil Birch Oil 8001-88-5
Carrot Seed Oil Carrot Seed Oil 8015-88-1
COGNAC OIL COGNAC OIL 8016-21-5
Ho oil Ho oil 8022-91-1
SAGE OIL, SPANISH SAGE OIL, SPANISH 8022-56-8 Null
Marjoram Oil Marjoram Oil 8015-01-8
EUGENIA CARYOPHYLLUS (CLOVE) LEAF OIL EUGENIA CARYOPHYLLUS (CLOVE) LEAF OIL 8015-97-2
Angelica oil Angelica oil 8015-64-3
Bitter almond oil Bitter almond oil 8013-76-1 C7H6O
LIME OIL LIME OIL 8008-26-2
CEDAR LEAF OIL CEDAR LEAF OIL 8007-20-3
ANISE OIL ANISE OIL 68952-43-2
Orange sweet oil Orange sweet oil 8008-57-9 C15H24O
PENNYROYAL OIL PENNYROYAL OIL 8013-99-8
Black Pepper Oil Black Pepper Oil 8006-82-4
Guaiacwood oil Guaiacwood oil 8016-23-7
FEMA 2618 FEMA 2618 8022-15-9
Osmanthus Absolute Osmanthus Absolute 68917-05-5
Curcuma oil Curcuma oil 8024-37-1 W99
Orris oil Orris oil 8002-73-1
FIR NEEDLE OIL, CANADIAN FIR NEEDLE OIL, CANADIAN 8021-28-1
Perilla oil Perilla oil 68132-21-8 C24H38O4
CANANGA OIL CANANGA OIL 68606-83-7
LOVAGE OIL LOVAGE OIL 8016-31-7
Matricaria Oil Matricaria Oil 8002-66-2
Grapefruit Oil Grapefruit Oil 8016-20-4
Olibanum oil Olibanum oil 8016-36-2 C63H98O6
BUCHU EXTRACT BUCHU EXTRACT 68650-46-4
COPAIBA OIL COPAIBA OIL 8013-97-6
Spikenard extract Spikenard extract 8022-22-8
Mustardseed Oil Mustardseed Oil 8007-40-7 C4H5NS
PINE OIL PINE OIL 8023-99-2
Ambrette seed oil Ambrette seed oil 8015-62-1
AMYRIS OIL AMYRIS OIL 8015-65-4
STYRAX ESSENCE OLIFFAC STYRAX ESSENCE OLIFFAC 8046-19-3
LEMON OIL LEMON OIL 84929-31-7
RUE OIL RUE OIL 8014-29-7
Dill Oil Dill Oil 8006-75-5
Mace oil Mace oil 8007-12-3 C8H7ClO
FEMA 2795 FEMA 2795 9000-50-4
FEMA 3040 FEMA 3040 8016-84-0
BITTER ORANGE BITTER ORANGE 72968-50-4
VANILLA EXTRACT VANILLA EXTRACT 8024-06-4
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