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Etanol

Etanol
Etanol
CAS No.
64-17-5
Chemical Name:
Etanol
Synonyms
RGA;etha;Spirt;C2H5OH;Jaysol;Tecsol;Thanol;Etanol;Algrain;Alkohol
CBNumber:
CB2362508
Molecular Formula:
C2H6O
Formula Weight:
46.06844
MOL File:
64-17-5.mol

Etanol Properties

Melting point:
-114°C
Boiling point:
78°C
Density 
0.789 g/mL at 20 °C
vapor density 
1.59 (vs air)
refractive index 
1.3614
FEMA 
2419 | ETHYL ALCOHOL
Flash point:
12°C
storage temp. 
Store at RT.
solubility 
water: soluble (completely)
pka
16(at 25℃)
form 
Liquid. Colorless liquid / invisible vapor.
color 
APHA: ≤10
Relative polarity
0.654
PH
7.0 (10g/l, H2O, 20℃)
explosive limit
3.1-27.7%(V)(ethanol)
Water Solubility 
miscible
Sensitive 
Hygroscopic
Merck 
14,3760
BRN 
1718733
Stability:
Stable. Substances to be avoided include strong oxidizing agents, peroxides, acids, acid chlorides, acid anhydrides, alkali metals, ammonia, moisture. Forms explosive mixtures with air. Hygroscopic.
CAS DataBase Reference
64-17-5(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Ethanol(64-17-5)
EPA Substance Registry System
Ethanol(64-17-5)
SAFETY
  • Risk and Safety Statements
  • Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)
Hazard Codes  F,T,Xn,N
Risk Statements  11-10-36/37/38-39/23/24/25-23/24/25-68/20/21/22-20/21/22-52/53-51/53
Safety Statements  16-7-36-26-45-36/37-61-24/25-2017/7/16
RIDADR  1170
RTECS  KQ6300000
TSCA  Yes
HazardClass  3
PackingGroup  II
HS Code  22071000
Hazardous Substances Data 64-17-5(Hazardous Substances Data)
Symbol(GHS):
Signal word: Danger
Hazard statements:
Code Hazard statements Hazard class Category Signal word Pictogram P-Codes
H225 Highly Flammable liquid and vapour Flammable liquids Category 2 Danger P210,P233, P240, P241, P242, P243,P280, P303+ P361+P353, P370+P378,P403+P235, P501
H226 Flammable liquid and vapour Flammable liquids Category 3 Warning
H302 Harmful if swallowed Acute toxicity,oral Category 4 Warning P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H313 May be harmful in contact with skin Acute toxicity,dermal Category 5 P312
H319 Causes serious eye irritation Serious eye damage/eye irritation Category 2A Warning P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H333 May be harmful if inhaled Acute toxicity,inhalation Category 5 P304+P312
H370 Causes damage to organs Specific target organ toxicity, single exposure Category 1 Danger P260, P264, P270, P307+P311, P321,P405, P501
H371 May cause damage to organs Specific target organ toxicity, single exposure Category 2 Warning P260, P264, P270, P309+P311, P405,P501
H402 Harmful to aquatic life Hazardous to the aquatic environment, acute hazard Category 3
H412 Harmful to aquatic life with long lasting effects Hazardous to the aquatic environment, long-term hazard Category 3 P273, P501
Precautionary statements:
P210 Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking.
P260 Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P311 Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
P301+P310 IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
P303+P361+P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off Immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse SKIN with water/shower.
P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continuerinsing.
P337+P313 IF eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention.
P370+P378 In case of fire: Use … for extinction.
P405 Store locked up.
P403+P235 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.

Etanol price More Price(215)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 1.00974 Ethanol 64-17-5 1EA $71 2017-11-08 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 1.00971 Ethanol 96% suitable for use as excipient EMPROVE exp Ph Eur,BP 64-17-5 1EA $194 2017-11-08 Buy
Alfa Aesar 22930 Ethanol, anhydrous, denatured, HPLC Grade, 90%, 5% methanol, 5% isopropanol 64-17-5 1L $43.1 2017-11-08 Buy
Alfa Aesar 22931 Ethanol, anhydrous, denatured, Spectrophotometric Grade, 90%, 5% methanol, 5% isopropanol 64-17-5 *4x4L $312 2017-11-08 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 270741 Reagent Alcohol for HPLC 64-17-5 4x2l $314 2017-11-08 Buy

Etanol Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Chemical Properties

Clear colorless liquid

Uses

Suitable for use in the precipitation of nucleic acids.

Definition

ChEBI: A primary alcohol that is ethane in which one of the hydrogens is substituted by a hydroxy group.

Uses

Most ethyl alcohol is used in alcoholic beverages in suitable dilutions. Other uses are as solvent in laboratory and industry, in the manufacture of denatured alcohol, pharmaceuticals (rubbing Compounds, lotions, tonics, colognes), in perfumery, in organic synthesis. Octane booster in gasoline. Pharmaceutic aid (solvent).

General Description

A clear colorless liquid with a characteristic vinous odor and pungent taste. Flash point 55°F. Density 6.5 lb / gal. Vapors are heavier than air.

Air & Water Reactions

Highly flammable. Soluble in water in all proportions.

Reactivity Profile

Etanol reacts violently with acetyl chloride and acetyl bromide [Rose, (1961); Merck 11th ed., 1989]. Mixtures with concentrated sulfuric acid and strong hydrogen peroxide can cause explosions. Mixtures with concentrated hydrogen peroxide form powerful explosives. Reacts readily with hypochlorous acid and with chlorine to give ethyl hypochlorite, which decomposes in the cold and explodes on exposure to sunlight or heat. Base-catalysed reactions with isocyanates should be carried out in inert solvents. Such reactions in the absence of solvents often occur with explosive violence [Wischmeyer(1969)]. Highly oxidized potassium metal was dropped into a dish of ethyl alcohol, an immediate explosion shattered the dish. Potassium superoxide was considered the cause of the reaction [Health and Safety Inf. 251(1967)]. Etanol or mEtanol can ignite on contact with a platinum-black catalyst. (Urben 1794).

Health Hazard

VAPOR: Irritating to eyes, nose and throat. LIQUID: Not harmful.

Fire Hazard

FLAMMABLE. Flashback along vapor trail may occur. Vapor may explode if ignited in an enclosed area.

Etanol Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products


Etanol Suppliers

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