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Toluene

Toluene
Toluene
CAS No.
108-88-3
Chemical Name:
Toluene
Synonyms
TOL;cp25;HOXC6;Dracyl;Toluen;TOLUNE;HHO.C8;Hox-3C;TOLUOL;Tolueen
CBNumber:
CB4233905
Molecular Formula:
C7H8
Formula Weight:
92.14
MOL File:
108-88-3.mol

Toluene Properties

Melting point:
-95 °C
Boiling point:
111 °C
Density 
0.866
vapor density 
3.2 (vs air)
vapor pressure 
22 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
refractive index 
n/D 1.496(lit.)
Flash point:
40 °F
storage temp. 
0-6°C
pka
40(at 25℃)
form 
Liquid
color 
Colorless
Relative polarity
0.099
Water Solubility 
0.5 g/L (20 ºC)
Merck 
14,9529
BRN 
635760
CAS DataBase Reference
108-88-3(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Toluene(108-88-3)
EPA Substance Registry System
Benzene, methyl-(108-88-3)
SAFETY
  • Risk and Safety Statements
  • Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)
Hazard Codes  F,Xn,T
Risk Statements  11-38-48/20-63-65-67-39/23/24/25-23/24/25
Safety Statements  36/37-46-62-45-16-7
RIDADR  UN 1294 3/PG 2
WGK Germany  2
RTECS  XS5250000
3-10
TSCA  Yes
HazardClass  3
PackingGroup  II
HS Code  29023000
Hazardous Substances Data 108-88-3(Hazardous Substances Data)
Symbol(GHS):
Signal word:
Hazard statements:
Code Hazard statements Hazard class Category Signal word Pictogram P-Codes
H225 Highly Flammable liquid and vapour Flammable liquids Category 2 Danger P210,P233, P240, P241, P242, P243,P280, P303+ P361+P353, P370+P378,P403+P235, P501
H302 Harmful if swallowed Acute toxicity,oral Category 4 Warning P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H304 May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways Aspiration hazard Category 1 Danger
H315 Causes skin irritation Skin corrosion/irritation Category 2 Warning P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H333 May be harmful if inhaled Acute toxicity,inhalation Category 5 P304+P312
H336 May cause drowsiness or dizziness Specific target organ toxicity,single exposure; Narcotic effects Category 3 Warning P261, P271, P304+P340, P312,P403+P233, P405, P501
H361 Suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child Reproductive toxicity Category 2 Warning P201, P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
H373 May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure Specific target organ toxicity, repeated exposure Category 2 Warning P260, P314, P501
Precautionary statements:
P210 Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking.
P260 Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P303+P361+P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off Immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse SKIN with water/shower.
P405 Store locked up.

Toluene price More Price(5)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
TCI Chemical T0260 Toluene [for Spectrophotometry] >99.5%(GC) 108-88-3 100mL $38 2017-12-01 Buy
Alfa Aesar 31755 Toluene, ACS, 99.5% 108-88-3 1L $29.8 2017-11-08 Buy
Alfa Aesar 31755 Toluene, ACS, 99.5% 108-88-3 *4x1L $98.6 2017-11-08 Buy
Alfa Aesar 31755 Toluene, ACS, 99.5% 108-88-3 500ml $23.3 2017-11-08 Buy
Alfa Aesar 31755 Toluene, ACS, 99.5% 108-88-3 4L $75.3 2017-11-08 Buy

Toluene Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Chemical Properties

Colorless liquid

Definition

ChEBI: The simplest member of the class toluenes consisting of a benzene core which bears a single methyl substituent.

Uses

In manufacture of benzoic acid, benzaldehyde, explosives, dyes, and many other organic Compounds; as a solvent for paints, lacquers, gums, resins; thinner for inks, perfumes, dyes; in the extraction of various principles from plants; as gasoline additive.

General Description

A clear colorless liquid with a characteristic aromatic odor. Flash point 40°F. Less dense than water (7.2 lb / gal) and insoluble in water. Hence floats on water. Vapors heavier than air. May be toxic by inhalation, ingestion or skin contact. Used in aviation and automotive fuels, as a solvent, and to make other chemicals.

Air & Water Reactions

Highly flammable. Insoluble in water.

Reactivity Profile

Toluene reacts vigorously with allyl chloride or other alkyl halides even at minus 70° C in the presence of ethyl aluminum dichloride or ethyl aluminum sesquichloride. Explosions have been reported [NFPA 491M 1991]. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents. When added to a tank of sulfur dichloride, the tank over pressurized and ruptured in a reaction thought to be catalyzed by iron or iron(III) chloride [Chem. Eng. News, 1988, 66(32), 2].

Health Hazard

Vapors irritate eyes and upper respiratory tract; cause dizziness, headache, anesthesia, respiratory arrest. Liquid irritates eyes and causes drying of skin. If aspirated, causes coughing, gagging, distress, and rapidly developing pulmonary edema. If ingested causes vomiting, griping, diarrhea, depressed respiration.

Fire Hazard

Behavior in Fire: Vapor is heavier than air and may travel a considerable distance to a source of ignition and flash back.

Toluene Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products


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