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100-44-7

100-44-7 Structure

100-44-7 Structure
IdentificationMore
[Name]

Benzyl chloride
[CAS]

100-44-7
[Synonyms]

A-CHLOROTOLUENE
AKOS BBS-00003953
ALPHA-CHLOROTOLUENE
BENZYL CHLORIDE
(chloromethyl)-benzen
(Chloromethyl)benzene
(chloromethyl)-Benzene
1-Chloromethylbenzene
1-Chlorome-thylbenzene
ai3-15518
alpha-chloro-toluen
alpha-Chlortoluol
alpha-tolylchloride
Benzene, (chloromethyl)-
benzene,(chloromethyl)-
benzene,chloromethyl-
Benzile
Benzile(cloruro di)
benzile(clorurodi)
Benzylchlorid
[EINECS(EC#)]

202-853-6
[Molecular Formula]

C7H7Cl
[MDL Number]

MFCD00000889
[Molecular Weight]

126.58
[MOL File]

100-44-7.mol
Chemical PropertiesBack Directory
[Appearance]

Benzyl chloride is a colorless to s lightly yellow liquid with a strong, unpleasant, irritating odor. The Odor Threshold is 0.05 ppm.
[Appearance]

Colorless to yellow liquid
[mp ]

-39 °C
[bp ]

179 °C
[density ]

1.1 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
[vapor density ]

4.36 (vs air)
[vapor pressure ]

10.3 mm Hg ( 60 °C)
[refractive index ]

n20/D 1.538(lit.)
[Fp ]

165 °F
[storage temp. ]

0-6°C
[Stability:]

Unstable-inhibitors such as propylene oxide or trimethylamine are usually added to prevent polymerization. Combustible. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, water, acids, most common metals, dimethyl sulfoxide. Above flash point vapour-air mixtures are explosive within the limits noted above. Contact with water produces toxic fumes.
[Water Solubility ]

0.3 g/L (20 ºC)
[Merck ]

14,1129
[BRN ]

471308
[CAS DataBase Reference]

100-44-7(CAS DataBase Reference)
[NIST Chemistry Reference]

Benzyl chloride(100-44-7)
[EPA Substance Registry System]

100-44-7(EPA Substance)
Safety DataBack Directory
[Hazard Codes ]

T
[Risk Statements ]

R45:May cause cancer.
R22:Harmful if swallowed.
R23:Toxic by inhalation.
R37/38:Irritating to respiratory system and skin .
R41:Risk of serious damage to eyes.
R48/22:Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure if swallowed .
[Safety Statements ]

S53:Avoid exposure-obtain special instruction before use .
S45:In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately (show label where possible) .
[RIDADR ]

UN 1738 6.1/PG 2
[WGK Germany ]

3
[RTECS ]

XS8925000
[F ]

8-19
[HazardClass ]

6.1
[PackingGroup ]

II
[HS Code ]

29039900
[Hazardous Substances Data]

100-44-7(Hazardous Substances Data)
Raw materials And Preparation ProductsBack Directory
[Raw materials]

Zinc chloride-->2,6-DICHLOROTOLUENE
[Preparation Products]

Meclozine-->softener DOD-->6-BENZYLAMINOPURINE-->4-(Acetamidomethyl)benzenesulfonylchloride -->Benzyltrimethylammonium chloride-->N-Benzyl-N-ethylaniline-->N-Benzylcinchonidinium chloride-->AMMONIUM O,O-DIISOPROPYLTHIOPHOSPHATE-->Benzyl salicylate-->sodium dibenzyl amine enzene sulfonate-->Benzyl cinnamate-->Benzyl propionate-->4-BENZYLOXY-2-NITROTOLUENE-->Benzyl ether-->4-METHYL-1-PHENYL-2-PENTANOL-->2,3-DIPHENYLPROPIONIC ACID-->ETHYL 5-BENZYLOXYINDOLE-2-CARBOXYLATE-->leucotrope O-->Fast Scarlet Base LG-->Benzyl butyrate-->1-Benzyl-3-hydroxy-1H-indazole-->softener BCH-->2-Benzyl-2-thiopseudourea hydrochloride-->Tetradecyldimethylbenzylammonium chloride-->3-Benzyloxyphenol-->Butyl benzyl phthalate-->pesticide emulsifier BCH-->S-Benzyl-L-cysteine-->4-Benzylpyridine-->azelaic acid, compound with morpholine -->1-Benzyloxy-2-methoxy-4-propenylbenzene -->DIBENZYL PHTHALATE-->Alkyldimethylbenzylammonium chloride-->1,2-Diphenylethane-->Dibenzyl disulfide-->N-BENZYLANTHRANILIC ACID-->Stearyldimethylbenzylammonium chloride-->benzyltrimeehyl ammonium chloride-->Levelling agent S
Hazard InformationBack Directory
[General Description]

A colorless liquid with an irritating odor. Toxic by inhalation and skin absorption. Flash point 153°F. Slightly soluble in water. Corrosive to metals and tissue. A lachrymator. Density 9.2 lb /gal.
[Reactivity Profile]

Halogenated aliphatic compounds, such as BENZYL CHLORIDE(100-44-7), are moderately or very reactive. Reactivity generally decreases with increased degree of substitution of halogen for hydrogen atoms. Materials in this group are incompatible with strong oxidizing and reducing agents. Also, they are incompatible with many amines, nitrides, azo/diazo compounds, alkali metals, and epoxides.
[Air & Water Reactions]

A lachrymator. Slightly soluble in water.
[Hazard]

Highly toxic, intense eye and skin irritant. A lachrymator. Upper respiratory tract irritant. Prob- able carcinogen.
[Health Hazard]

Intensely irritating to skin, eyes, and mucous membranes. Highly toxic; may cause death or permanent injury after very short exposure to small quantities. Has been listed as a direct-acting or primary carcinogen. Large doses cause central nervous system depression.
[Potential Exposure]

Used as an intermediate and as an irritant gas in chemical warfare. In contrast to phenyl halides, benzyl halides are very reactive. Benzyl chloride is used in production of benzal chloride, benzyl alcohol, and benzaldehyde. Industrial usage includes the manufacture of plastics, dyes, synthetic tannins, perfumes and resins. It is used in the manufacture of many pharmaceuticals. Suggested uses of benzyl chloride include: the vulcanization of fluororubbers and the benzylation of phenol and its derivatives for the production of possible disinfectants.
[Fire Hazard]

BENZYL CHLORIDE burns but does not ignite readily. BENZYL CHLORIDE may ignite combustibles. When heated to decomposition, BENZYL CHLORIDE emits toxic and corrosive fumes. Some organic chlorides decompose to yield phosgene. Incompatible with active metals such as copper, aluminum, magnesium, iron, zinc, and tin and keep from strong oxidizing agents. Avoid contact with acids or acid fumes. Keep separate from oxidizing materials. May become unstable at elevated temperatures and pressures; may react with water resulting in some nonviolent release of energy. Polymerizes with evolution of heat and hydrogen chloride when in contact with all common metals except nickel and lead.
[First aid]

If this chemical gets into the eyes, remove any contact lenses at once and irrigate immediately for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting upper and lower lids. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical contacts the skin, remove contaminated clothing and wash immediately with soap and water. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical has been inhaled, remove from exposure, begin rescue breathing (using universal precautions, including resuscitation mask) if breathing has stopped and CPR if heart action has stopped. Transfer promptly to a medical facility. When this chemical has been swallowed, get medical attention. If victim is conscious, administer water or milk. Do not induce vomiting. Medical observation is recommended for 24 to 48 hours after breathing overexposure, as pulmonary edema may be delayed. As first aid for pulmonary edema, a doctor or authorized paramedic may consider administering a drug or other inhalation therapy.
[Shipping]

UN1738 Benzyl chloride, Hazard class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1—Poisonous materials, 8—Corrosive material.
[Incompatibilities]

May form explosive mixture with air. Contact with water forms hydrogen chloride fumes. Strong oxidizers may cause fire and explosions. Unstabilized benzyl chloride undergoes polymerization with copper, aluminum, iron, zinc, magnesium, tin, and other common metals except lead and nickel, with the liberation of heat and hydrogen chloride gas. May accumulate static electrical charges, and may cause ignition of its vapors. Attacks some plastics and rubber. Thermal decomposition and polymerization reactions are inhibited, to a limited extent, by addition of triethylamine, propylene oxide, or sodium carbonate.
[Waste Disposal]

Incineration @ 816 C for 0.5 second minimum for primary combustion and 1204 C for 12.0 second for secondary combustion. Elemental chlorine formation may be alleviated by injection of steam or methane into the combustion process.
Material Safety Data Sheet(MSDS)Back Directory
[msds information]

benzyl chloride(100-44-7).msds
Spectrum DetailBack Directory
[Spectrum Detail]

Benzyl chloride(100-44-7)IR1
Benzyl chloride(100-44-7)1HNMR
Benzyl chloride(100-44-7)Raman
Benzyl chloride(100-44-7)13CNMR
Benzyl chloride(100-44-7)IR2
Benzyl chloride(100-44-7)MS
Benzyl chloride(100-44-7)ESR
Well-known Reagent Company Product InformationBack Directory
[Acros Organics]

Benzyl chloride, stabilized, extra pure, 99.5+%(100-44-7)
[Alfa Aesar]

Benzyl chloride, 99%, stab.(100-44-7)
[Sigma Aldrich]

100-44-7(sigmaaldrich)
[TCI AMERICA]

Benzyl Chloride,>99.0%(GC)(100-44-7)
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