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111-42-2

111-42-2 Structure

111-42-2 Structure
IdentificationMore
[Name]

2,2'-Iminodiethanol
[CAS]

111-42-2
[Synonyms]

2,2'-DIHYDROXYDIETHYLAMINE
2,2'-IMINODIETHANOL
2,2-IMINODIETHANOL
2,2'-IMINODIETHANOL,BIS(BETA-HYDROXYETHYL)AMINE
BIS(2-HYDROXYETHYL)AMINE
BIS(2-HYDROXYETHYL)AMINE IMINODIETHANOL
DI(2-HYDROXYETHYL)AMINE
DI-BETA-HYDROXYETHYLAMINE
DIETHANOLAMINE
DIETHANOLAMINE SUBSTRATE BUFFER
DIETHYLOLAMINE
LABOTEST-BB LTBB000446
2-((2-hydroxyethyl)amino)ethanol
2-(2-hydroxyethylamino)ethanol
2-(2-hydroxy-ethylamino)-ethanol
2-(2-hydroxyethylamino)-ethanol
2,2’-dihydroxy-diethylamin
2,2’-iminobis-ethano
2,2’-iminobisethanol
2,2’-iminobis-Ethanol
[EINECS(EC#)]

203-868-0
[Molecular Formula]

C4H11NO2
[MDL Number]

MFCD00002843
[Molecular Weight]

105.14
[MOL File]

111-42-2.mol
Chemical PropertiesBack Directory
[Appearance]

Ethanolamines can be detected by odor as low as 23 ppm. Monoethanolamine is a colorless, viscous liquid or solid (below 111C) with an unpleasant, ammonialike odor
[Appearance]

solid or viscous liquid with an amine odour
[Melting point ]

28 °C(lit.)
[mp ]

28 °C(lit.)
[Boiling point ]

268 °C
[bp ]

268 °C
[density ]

1.097 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
[vapor density ]

3.6 (vs air)
[vapor pressure ]

<0.98 atm ( 100 °C)
[refractive index ]

n20/D 1.477(lit.)
[Fp ]

280 °F
[storage temp. ]

Store at RT
[solubility ]

H2O: 1 M at 20 °C, clear, colorless
[form ]

Viscous Liquid or Low Melting Solid
[color ]

APHA: ≤15
[pka]

8.88(at 25℃)
[PH]

11.0-12.0 (25℃, 1M in H2O)
[Stability:]

Stable. Incompatible with carbon dioxide, strong acids, strong oxidizing agents. Deliquescent.
[explosive limit]

2.1-10.6%(V)
[Water Solubility ]

MISCIBLE
[Sensitive ]

Hygroscopic
[Merck ]

14,3107
[BRN ]

605315
[Contact allergens]

Diethanolamine is contained in many products, as a metalworking fuid. Traces may exist in other etha- nolamine-containing fuids.
[Uses]

daisy extract (Bellis perennis) is said to be tonic, astringent, and skin conditioning. Daisy was a component in a popular fourteenthcentury wound ointment. This application continued through the centuries, using daisy alone or in combination with oxeye daisy. The flowers and leaves are found to have a certain amount of oil and ammoniacal salts.
[CAS DataBase Reference]

111-42-2(CAS DataBase Reference)
[NIST Chemistry Reference]

Diethanolamine(111-42-2)
[EPA Substance Registry System]

111-42-2(EPA Substance)
Hazard InformationBack Directory
[Chemical Properties]

solid or viscous liquid with an amine odour
[Uses]

Diethanolamine similar to triethanolamine (T775580) is used as a surfactant. It also has the potential to be a corrosion inhibitor by means of chemisorption.
[Definition]

ChEBI: A member of the class of ethanolamines that is ethanolamine having a N-hydroxyethyl substituent.
[Uses]

To scrub gases as indicated under ethanolamine. Diethanolamine can be used with cracking gases and coal or oil gases which contain carbonyl sulfide that would react with monoethanolamine. As rubber chemicals intermediate. In the manufacture of surface active agents used in textile specialties, herbicides, petroleum demulsifiers. As emulsifier and dispersing agent in various agricultural chemicals, cosmetics, and pharmaceuticals. In the production of lubricants for the textile industry. As humectant and softening agent. In organic syntheses.
[General Description]

Oily colorless liquid or solid white crystals. Slight rotten fish or ammonia odor. Denser than water.
[Reactivity Profile]

DIETHANOLAMINE(111-42-2) is an aminoalcohol. Amines are chemical bases. They neutralize acids to form salts plus water. These acid-base reactions are exothermic. The amount of heat that is evolved per mole of amine in a neutralization is largely independent of the strength of the amine as a base. Amines may be incompatible with isocyanates, halogenated organics, peroxides, phenols (acidic), epoxides, anhydrides, and acid halides. Flammable gaseous hydrogen is generated by amines in combination with strong reducing agents, such as hydrides. This compound is hygroscopic. DIETHANOLAMINE(111-42-2) may be sensitive to exposure to air and light. This compound can react with oxidizing materials, acids, CO2, copper alloys, aluminum, zinc, galvanized iron and copper.
[Air & Water Reactions]

Water soluble.
[Health Hazard]

Irritation of eyes and skin. Breathing vapors may cause coughing, a smothering sensation, nausea, headache.
[Potential Exposure]

Monoethanolamine is widely used in industry for scrubbing acid gases and in production of detergents and alkanolamide surfactants; to remove carbon dioxide and hydrogen from natural gas, to remove hydrogen sulfide and carbonyl sulfide; as an alkaline conditioning agent; as an intermediate for soaps, detergents, dyes, and textile agents. Diethanolamine is an absorbent for gases; a solubilizer for 2,4- dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D); and a softener and emulsifier intermediate for detergents. It also finds use in the dye and textile industry. Triethanolamine is used as plasticizers, neutralizer for alkaline dispersions; lubricant additive; corrosion inhibitor; and in the manufacture of soaps, detergents, shampoos, shaving preparations; face and hand creams; cements, cutting oils, insecticides, surface active agents; waxes, polishes, and herbicides.
[Fire Hazard]

Special Hazards of Combustion Products: Irritating vapors are generated when heated.
[First aid]

If this chemical gets into the eyes, remove any contact lenses at once and irrigate immediately for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting upper and lower lids. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical contacts the skin, remove contaminated clothing and wash immediately with soap and water. Speed in removing material from skin is of extreme importance. Shampoo hair promptly if contaminated. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical has been inhaled, remove from exposure, begin rescue breathing (using universal precautions, including resuscitation mask) if breathing has stopped and CPR if heart action has stopped. Transfer promptly to a medical facility. When this chemical has been swallowed, get medical attention. Give large quantities of water and induce vomiting. Do not make an unconscious person vomit
[Shipping]

UN2491 Ethanol amine or Ethanolamine solutions, Hazard class: 8; Labels: 8-Corrosive material.
[Incompatibilities]

Monoethanolamine: This chemical is a medium-strong base. Reacts violently with strong oxidizers, acetic acid; acetic anhydride; acrolein, acrylic acid; acrylonitrile, cellulose nitrate; chlorosulfonic acid; epichlorohydrin, hydrochloric acid; hydrogen fluoride; mesityl oxide; nitric acid; oleum, sulfuric acid; β-propiolactone; and vinyl acetate. Reacts with iron. May attack copper, aluminum, and their alloys, and rubber. Di-isomer: Oxidizers, strong acids; acid anhydrides; halides. Reacts with CO2 in the air. Hygroscopic (i.e., absorbs moisture from the air). Corrosive to copper, zinc, and galvanized iron (di-). The aqueous solution is a medium strong base. Attacks copper, zinc, aluminum, and their alloys.
[Waste Disposal]

Controlled incineration; incinerator equipped with a scrubber or thermal unit to reduce nitrogen oxides emissions
Safety DataBack Directory
[Hazard Codes ]

Xn
[Risk Statements ]

R22:Harmful if swallowed.
R38:Irritating to the skin.
R41:Risk of serious damage to eyes.
R48/22:Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure if swallowed .
[Safety Statements ]

S26:In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice .
S36/37/39:Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye/face protection .
S46:If swallowed, seek medical advice immediately and show this container or label .
[RIDADR ]

3267
[WGK Germany ]

1
[RTECS ]

KL2975000
[F ]

3
[TSCA ]

Yes
[PackingGroup ]

II
[HS Code ]

29221990
[Safety Profile]

Poison by intraperitoneal route. Moderately toxic by ingestion and subcutaneous routes. Mildly toxic by skin contact. A severe eye and mild skin irritant. Experimental reproductive effects. Combustible when exposed to heat or flame; can react with oxidizing materials. To fight fire, use alcohol foam, water, Co2, dry chemical. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes such as NOx. See also AMINES.
[Hazardous Substances Data]

111-42-2(Hazardous Substances Data)
[Toxicity]

LD50 orally in rats: 12.76 g/kg (Smyth)
Raw materials And Preparation ProductsBack Directory
[Raw materials]

Ammonia-->ETHYLENE OXIDE-->Ethanolamine-->Triethanolamine-->Crystal Violet
[Preparation Products]

Glyphosate-->Bis(2-chloroethyl)amine hydrochloride-->Casein-->2-Methoxyethanol -->N-(2-[4-(4-CHLOROPHENYL)PIPERAZIN-1-YL]ETHYL)-3-METHOXYBENZAMIDE-->Dropropizine-->4-(PYRROLIDIN-1-YLMETHYL)BENZENEBORONIC ACID, PINACOL ESTER 97%1-[4-(4,4,5,5-TETRAMETHYL-1,3,2-DIOXABOROLAN-2-YL)BENZYL]PYRROLIDINE-->PIPERAZINE HEXAHYDRATE-->4-(2-CYANOETHYLAMINOCARBONYL)PHENYLBORONIC ACID-->3-(2-CYANOETHYLAMINOCARBONYL)PHENYLBORONIC ACID-->4-(PIPERIDINE-1-CARBONYL)PHENYLBORONIC ACID-->Iminodiacetic acid-->4-CYANO-4-PHENYLPIPERIDINE HYDROCHLORIDE-->Cyclen-->fatliquor RCF I/II-->1-(3,5-DICHLOROPHENYL)PIPERAZINE-->Ketoconazole-->Desulfurizer,high efficiency-->1-(3-Chlorophenyl)piperazine dihydrochloride-->NORMEPERIDINE-->softener 101-->antistatic Agent P-->1-(3-Chlorophenyl)-4-(3-chloropropyl)piperazine hydrochloride-->4-phenyl-1-(p-tolylsulphonyl)piperidine-4-carboxylic acid -->1-(2,6-DIMETHYLPHENYL)PIPERAZINE-->MORPHOLINEFATTYACIDSALT-->2-[[4-[[4-[bis(2-hydroxyethyl)amino]-6-chloro-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl]amino]phenyl]azo]-p-cresol -->Chlormethine-->Fluorescent Brightener 220-->N-Methyldiethanolamine-->coconut oil alcohol acylamide-->BIS-(2-CHLOROETHYL)AMINOPHOSPHONIC DICHLORIDE-->N,N-BIS(2-CHLOROETHYL)-P-TOLUENESULFONAMIDE-->dodecay diethanol amine sulfate-->dodecylyl diethanol amide 1︰2 type-->coconut oil biethyl alcohol acylamine 1︰1 type-->Chlormethine hydrochloride-->lauroyl bi-ethyl alcohol acylamine 1︰1 type-->Cyclophosphamide monohydrate-->2-Bromo-N-(2-bromoethyl)ethanamine
Material Safety Data Sheet(MSDS)Back Directory
[msds information]

diethanolamine(111-42-2).msds
Spectrum DetailBack Directory
[Spectrum Detail]

2,2'-Iminodiethanol(111-42-2)MS
2,2'-Iminodiethanol(111-42-2)1HNMR
2,2'-Iminodiethanol(111-42-2)Raman
2,2'-Iminodiethanol(111-42-2)IR1
2,2'-Iminodiethanol(111-42-2)13CNMR
Well-known Reagent Company Product InformationBack Directory
[Acros Organics]

Diethanolamine, 99%(111-42-2)
[Alfa Aesar]

Diethanolamine, 99%(111-42-2)
[Sigma Aldrich]

111-42-2(sigmaaldrich)
[TCI AMERICA]

Diethanolamine,>99.0%(GC)(T)(111-42-2)
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