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Ruxolitinib

Pharmacological effects Biological Activity Indications Dosage Side effects Other clinical research
Ruxolitinib
Ruxolitinib structure
CAS No.
941678-49-5
Chemical Name:
Ruxolitinib
Synonyms
Jakafi;Roxolitinib;Ruxolitinib;(R)-Ruxolitinib;Ruxolitinib, >=98%;Ruxolitinib free base;(R)-Ruxolitinib (>90%);INCB018424 (Ruxolitinib);Ruxolitinib(INCB-018424);R-Ruxolitinib (R-INCB018424)
CBNumber:
CB02499581
Molecular Formula:
C17H18N6
Formula Weight:
306.371
MOL File:
941678-49-5.mol

Ruxolitinib Properties

Density 
1.40
form 
White powder.
CAS DataBase Reference
941678-49-5
SAFETY
  • Risk and Safety Statements
HS Code  29335990

Ruxolitinib price More Price(4)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Cayman Chemical 11609 Ruxolitinib ≥98% 941678-49-5 1mg $25 2018-11-13 Buy
Cayman Chemical 11609 Ruxolitinib ≥98% 941678-49-5 5mg $113 2018-11-13 Buy
Cayman Chemical 11609 Ruxolitinib ≥98% 941678-49-5 10mg $213 2018-11-13 Buy
Cayman Chemical 11609 Ruxolitinib ≥98% 941678-49-5 25mg $344 2018-11-13 Buy

Ruxolitinib Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Pharmacological effects

Myelofibrosis (MF) is a rarely-occurring disease of myelodysplastic disorders. It is caused by the replacement of in vivo bone marrow by scar tissue, leading to the production of blood cells in the liver and spleen and other organs, which is characterized by splenomegaly, anemia, leukopenia, and thrombocytopenia, and different degrees of bone sclerosis. Symptoms include fatigue, abdominal discomfort, pain under the ribs, muscle and bone pain, itching and night sweats.
Ruxolitinib is the first oral medication approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of myelofibrosis. It is a small-molecule inhibitor of the tyrosine kinase (namely, JAK1 and JAK2) and is suitable for the treatment of intermediate or high-risk myelofibrosis, including primary myelofibrosis, post-polycythemia Vera myelofibrosis and post essential thrombocythemia myelofibrosis.
August 29, 2012, the EU has approved the first drug for the treatment of myelofibrosis, ruxolitinib. Ruxolitinib can be used for the treatment of intermediate or high-risk myelofibrosis, including primary myelofibrosis, post-polycythemia Vera myelofibrosis and post essential thrombocythemia myelofibrosis. Currently, ruxolitinib has been approved by more than 50 countries around the world, including the EU, Canada and some Asian, Latin American and South American countries.
US Novartis has obtained authorization from Incyte Company of the development and commercialization right of Ruxolitinib outside the United States. The European Commission and the FDA have both granted the status of Ruxolitinib as the orphan drug in the treatment of myelofibrosis. Currently, Incyte has sold it under the trade name Jakafi in the United States for the treatment of intermediate or high-risk myelofibrosis.

Figure 1 is the ruxolitinib tablet produced by the US Novartis Company (trade name: Jakafi)

Biological Activity

Ruxolitinib, INCB18424 is a potent and selective JAK1 and JAK2 inhibitor (IC50 were 2.7 and 4.5nM, respectively). It has potent anti-tumor and immunomodulatory activity. Ruxolitinib can inhibit IL-6 signal (IC50 = 281nM) and the proliferation of JAK2V617F + Ba/F3 cell. Ruxolitinib can also inhibit the STA3 phosphorylation of wild-type JAK2 and JAK2 V617F mutant inside the body of patients. Clinical application of it can significantly cause reduction in the circulating levels of inflammatory cytokines. Ruxolitinib also has an effective role in model of the adjuvant arthritis and the multiple-cause murine arthritis.
This information is edited by Xiongfeng Dai from Chemicalbook.

Indications

Ruxolitinib is a kind of kinase inhibitor which is suitable for the treatment of intermediate or high-risk myelofibrosis, including primary myelofibrosis, post-polycythemia Vera myelofibrosis and post essential thrombocythemia myelofibrosis.

Dosage

1. For patients with platelet counts being greater than 200/μl, ruxolitinib should be applied at a start dose of 20 mg with being administered orally twice per day while for patients with platelet counts between 100/μl and 200/μl, they should apply a dose of 15mg twice a day.
2. Before starting to apply ruxolitinib treatment, you should perform complete blood count. Monitor the complete blood count in every 2-4 weeks and lower the adjusted dose for platelet count.
3. According to the result of the reaction, the patients can increase the dose to the maximum recommended dose of 25 mg twice per day. The patient should discontinue if the spleen gets no reduction or the symptoms are not improved, the patients should discontinue after 6 months.

Side effects

The most common hematological adverse reactions (incidence> 20%) is lower platelet counts and anemia. The most common non-hematologic adverse reactions (incidence> 10%) are bruising, dizziness and headache.

Other clinical research

Columbia University Medical Center has conducted a test of a drug designed to treat bone marrow diseases to investigate whether it can help people get rid of alopecia areata. The study found that, for human participating in human body test, including seven women and five men, after they have administrated a drug called Ruxolitinib, the symptoms of most people has been greatly alleviated. Part of their research has been published in the "Nature Medicine" magazine.

Description

In November 2011, the U.S. FDA approved ruxolitinib (INCB018424) for the treatment of patients with intermediate or high-risk myelofibrosis. Ruxolitinib is an ATP-competitive inhibitor of JAK1 and JAK2 (IC50's of 3.3±1.2 nM and 2.8±1.2 nM, respectively) and inhibition occurs regardless of the JAK2V617F mutational status. Ruxolitinib is a moderately potent inhibitor of the related JAK, TYK2 (IC50=19±3.2 nM) but is selective versus JAK3 (IC50=428±243 nM). It was also selective versus a panel of 26 other kinases at concentrations approximately 100-fold the IC50 of JAK1 and JAK2. Inhibition of JAK1 and JAK2 downregulates the JAK-signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) pathway, inhibiting myeloproliferation, inducing apoptosis, and reducing numerous cytokine plasma levels.

Originator

Incyte Corporation (United States)

Uses

Janus-associated kinases (JAKs) are cytoplasmic tyrosine kinases that are required for activating the signaling of certain cytokines and growth factor receptors. A JAK2 gene fusion mutation, JAK2V617F, that causes unchecked activation of various growth factors and cytokines, has been linked to myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs), including polycythemia vera, essential thrombocythemia, and primary myelofibrosis. Ruxolitinib is a potent ATP mimetic that inhibits both JAK1 and JAK2 with IC50 values of 2.7 and 4.5 nM, respectively and is relatively less selective for JAK3 (IC50 = 322 nM). It can block interleukin-6 (IL-6) signaling (IC50 = 281 nM) and proliferation of JAK2V617F+ Ba/F3 cells (IC50 = 127 nM). In primary cultures, ruxolitinib preferentially suppresses erythroid progenitor colony formation from JAK2V617F+ polycythemia vera patients (IC50 = 67 nM) versus healthy donors (IC50 > 400 nM). In a mouse model of JAK2V617F+ MPN, 90 mg/kg ruxolitinib reduced splenomegaly, decreased circulating levels of IL-6 and TNF-α, eliminated neoplastic cells, and prolonged survival of the treated animals.[Cayman Chemical]

Uses

A JAK family kinase inhibitor of JAK1, JAK2 and JAK3 with IC50s of 2.7 nM, 4.5 nM and 322 nM, respectively

Uses

Ruxolitinib is a selective Janus tyrosine kinase (JAK1 and JAK2) inhibitor used in the treatment of myeloproliferative neoplasms and psoriasis.

Uses

INCB018424 is the first potent, selective, JAK1/2 inhibitor to enter the clinic with IC50 of 3.3 nM/2.8 nM, >130-fold selectivity for JAK1/2 versus JAK3. Phase 3

Definition

ChEBI: A pyrazole substituted at position 1 by a 2-cyano-1-cyclopentylethyl group and at position 3 by a pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl group. Used as the phosphate salt for the treatment of patients with intermediate or high-risk myelofibrosis, includ ng primary myelofibrosis, post-polycythemia vera myelofibrosis and post-essential thrombocythemia myelofibrosis.

Indications

The JAK family includes four isoforms, JAK1, JAK2, JAK3, and tyrosine kinase (TYK2). Ruxolitinib (Jakafi(R), Incyte Corp.) was the first approved JAK inhibitor, which inhibits both JAK1 and JAK2, used for the treatment of different types of myelofibrosis. Tofacitinib (Xeljanz(R), Pfizer) was approved by FDA as a JAK3-selective inhibitor for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and is one of the only two FDA-approved kinase inhibitors for non-oncological indications.

brand name

Jakafi

Ruxolitinib Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products


Ruxolitinib Suppliers

Global( 168)Suppliers
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Capot Chemical Co.,Ltd.
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View Lastest Price from Ruxolitinib manufacturers

Image Release date Product Price Min. Order Purity Supply Ability Manufacturer
2018-07-24 Ruxolitinib
941678-49-5
US $105.00 / G 1G 99% customise career henan chemical co

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