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CYCLOPROPANE

CYCLOPROPANE
CYCLOPROPANE
CAS No.
75-19-4
Chemical Name:
CYCLOPROPANE
Synonyms
TRIMETHYLENE;CYCLOPROPANE;Cyclopropnane;CYCLOPROPANE, 99+%;trimethylene(cyclic);Trimethylene (cyclic);cyclopropane,liquefied
CBNumber:
CB0368506
Molecular Formula:
C3H6
Formula Weight:
42.08
MOL File:
75-19-4.mol

CYCLOPROPANE Properties

Melting point:
−128 °C(lit.)
Boiling point:
−33 °C(lit.)
Density 
0.6190
vapor density 
1.45 (vs air)
refractive index 
1.3799
pka
46(at 25℃)
explosive limit
10.4%
Merck 
13,2777
InChIKey
LVZWSLJZHVFIQJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS DataBase Reference
75-19-4
SAFETY
  • Risk and Safety Statements
  • Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)
Hazard Codes  F+
Risk Statements  12
Safety Statements  9-16-33
RIDADR  UN 1027 2.1
WGK Germany  1
RTECS  GZ0690000
HazardClass  2.1
Symbol(GHS):
Signal word: Danger
Hazard statements:
Code Hazard statements Hazard class Category Signal word Pictogram P-Codes
H220 Extremely flammable gas Flammable gases Category 1 Danger P210, P377, P381, P403
H280 Contains gas under pressure; may explode if heated Gases under pressure Compressed gas
Liquefied gas
Dissolved gas
Warning P410+P403
Precautionary statements:
P210 Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking.
P377 Leaking gas fire: Do not extinguish, unless leak can be stopped safely.
P381 Eliminate all ignition sources if safe to do so.
P410+P403 Protect from sunlight. Store in a well-ventilated place.

CYCLOPROPANE price More Price(1)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 295183 Cyclopropane ≥99% 75-19-4 25g $457 2018-11-20 Buy

CYCLOPROPANE Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Description

Cyclopropane (molecular formula: C3H6) is a kind of cycloalkane molecule. Cyclopropane and propene are isomers of each other. It can be used as a kind of anaesthetic. However, due to its side effect of causing a sudden decrease in blood pressure and potentially causing cardiac dysrhythmia, it has not been available for clinical use since mid-1980 as more. Its mechanism of action is through acting as the NMDA receptor antagonist as well as inhibiting the AMPA receptor, inhibiting the nicotine acetylcholine receptor, and activates certain K2P channels.  

Uses

Anesthetic (inhalation).

Definition

ChEBI: A cycloalkane composed of three carbon atoms to form a ring.

General Description

CYCLOPROPANE is a colorless gas with a petroleum-like odor. CYCLOPROPANE is shipped as a liquid at 4-6 atms. CYCLOPROPANE is easily ignited. The vapors are heavier than air. Contact with the liquid may cause frostbite. CYCLOPROPANE can asphyxiate by the displacement of air and has a narcotic effect in high concentration (formerly used as an anesthetic gas). Under prolonged exposure to fire or intense heat the containers may rupture violently and rocket.

Air & Water Reactions

Highly flammable. Insoluble in water.

Reactivity Profile

CYCLOPROPANE is incompatible with strong oxidizing agents such as nitric acid. Boiling of the liquid and charring may occur followed by ignition of remaining material and other nearby combustibles. Adsorbed readily by concentrated sulfuric acid [Merck]. In other settings, mostly unreactive. Not affected by aqueous solutions of acids, alkalis, most oxidizing agents, and most reducing agents. When heated sufficiently or when ignited in the presence of air, oxygen or strong oxidizing agents, burns exothermically to produce carbon dioxide and water. Mixtures with oxygen or air may explode [Merck]. Contact of the cold liquefied gas with water may result in vigorous or violent boiling and extremely rapid vaporization due to the large temperature differences involved. If the water is hot, a liquid "superheat" explosion may occur. Pressures may build to dangerous levels if the liquid contacts water in a closed container, [Handling Chemicals Safely, 1980. p. 250].

Health Hazard

Inhalation causes some analgesia, anesthesia, pupil dilation, shallow depth of respirations, decreasing muscle tone. Contact with liquid may cause frostbite.

Fire Hazard

EXTREMELY FLAMMABLE. Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flames. Will form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors from liquefied gas are initially heavier than air and spread along ground. CAUTION: Hydrogen (UN1049), Deuterium (UN1957), Hydrogen, refrigerated liquid (UN1966) and Methane (UN1971) are lighter than air and will rise. Hydrogen and Deuterium fires are difficult to detect since they burn with an invisible flame. Use an alternate method of detection (thermal camera, broom handle, etc.) Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Cylinders exposed to fire may vent and release flammable gas through pressure relief devices. Containers may explode when heated. Ruptured cylinders may rocket.

Purification Methods

Wash cyclopropane with a solution of HgSO4 and dry it with CaCl2, then Mg(ClO4)2. It is an anaesthetic FLAMMABLE gas and is packaged in steel cylinders. [Rifi Org Synth Coll 52 22 1972, Simmons & Smith J Am Chem Soc 80 5323 1958, Beilstein 5 H 15.]

References

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyclopropane

CYCLOPROPANE Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products


CYCLOPROPANE Suppliers

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Mainchem Co., Ltd.
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Syntechem Co.,Ltd Please Email
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Shanghai Meishui Chemical Technology Co., Ltd 021-60549325 18616193163
021-33250306 mail@meishuichem.com China 4584 56
JinJinLe Chemical 10106090
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