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Chemical Name:
Molecular Formula:
Formula Weight:
MOL File:
Mol file


Boiling point:
90-100 °C
0.77 g/mL at 20 °C
vapor density 
2.5 (vs air)
vapor pressure 
25.8 psi ( 55 °C)
refractive index 
n20/D 1.428
Flash point:
−57 °F
Clear colorless to yellow liquid; petroleum distillate containing C5 to C11 hydrocarbons; a typical composition is paraffins 55.4%, naphthenes 30.3%, alkyl benzene 11.7%, dichloroparaffins 2.4%, and benzene less than 0.1%.
Specific Gravity
0.671 (20/4℃)
Stable. Highly flammable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents.
Substances Added to Food (formerly EAFUS)
EPA Substance Registry System
Naphtha (8030-30-6)
  • Risk and Safety Statements
Hazard Codes  Xn,T,N
Risk Statements  12-65-45-67-66-51/53-10
Safety Statements  62-45-53-61
RIDADR  UN 3295 3/PG 2
WGK Germany  3
RTECS  OI6180000
HazardClass  3.1
PackingGroup  II
Toxicity LD50 oral in rat: > 5gm/kg
NFPA 704

PETROLEUM ETHER Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Chemical Properties

reddish-brown mobile liquid with aromatic odour

Chemical Properties

Naphthas derived from both petroleum and coal tar are included in this group. Petroleum naphthas are colorless liquids. Gasoline or kerosene-like odor. A mixture of paraffins (C5-C13) that may contain a small amount of aromatic hydrocarbons, and are termed “close-cut” fractions. “Medium-range” and “wide-range” fractions are made up of 40-80% aliphatic hydrocarbons; 25-50% naphthenic hydrocarbons; 0-10% benzene, and 0-20% other aromatic hydrocarbons.


Diluent for paints, coatings, resins, printing inks, rubbers, and cements; solvent.


Pharmaceutic aid (solvent).


A general term applied to refined, partly refined, or unrefined petroleum products and liquid products of natural gas, not less than 10% of which distill below 347F (175C) and not less than 95% of which distill below 464F (240C) when subjected to distillation in accordance with the Standard Method of Test for Distillation of Gasoline, Naphtha, Kerosene, and Similar Petroleum Products

Production Methods

High flash naphtha C19 aromatic hydrocarbon components are obtained by dehydrogenating naphthenes and are primarily ethyltoluene and trimethylbenzene.

General Description

A clear colorless to dark brownish colored liquid with an aromatic odor. Less volatile fraction separated from coal tar by distillation. Contains naphthalene, acenaphthene, methylnaphthalenes, fluorene, phenol, cresols, pyridine, picolines, among other substances. Flash point greater than 100 °F. Toxic by inhalation and skin absorption. Less dense than water and insoluble in water. Vapors heavier than air.

Air & Water Reactions

Highly flammable. Insoluble in water.

Reactivity Profile

Saturated aliphatic hydrocarbons, which are contained in NAPHTHA, may be incompatible with strong oxidizing agents like nitric acid. Charring of the hydrocarbon may occur followed by ignition of unreacted hydrocarbon and other nearby combustibles. In other settings, aliphatic saturated hydrocarbons are mostly unreactive. They are not affected by aqueous solutions of acids, alkalis, most oxidizing agents, and most reducing agents. When heated sufficiently or when ignited in the presence of air, oxygen or strong oxidizing agents, they burn exothermically to produce carbon dioxide and water. May be ignited by strong oxidizers. Incompatible with strong oxidizers .


Flammable, dangerous fire risk, explosive limits in air 1–6%.

Health Hazard

Primarily a narcotic, causing unconsciousness in high concentrations. The symptoms of acute benzene poisoning are not likely, since the compound has components other than benzene.

Safety Profile

A human poison via intravenous route. Experimental carcinogenic effects reported by skin contact. Human systemic effects by intravenous route: dyspnea, respiratory stimulation, and other unspecified respiratory effects. Mildly toxic by inhalation. Can cause unconsciousness, which may be followed by coma, stentorious breathing, and bluish tint to the skin. Recovery follows removal from exposure. In mild form, intoxication resembles drunkenness. On a chronic basis, no true poisoning; sometimes headache, lack of appetite, dizziness, sleeplessness, indigestion, and nausea. A common air contaminant. Flammable liquid when exposed to heat or flame; can react with oxidzing materials. Keep containers tightly closed. Slight explosion hazard. To fight fire, use foam, CO2, dry chemical.

Potential Exposure

Naphthas are used as organic solvents for dissolving or softening rubber, oils, greases, bituminous paints, varnishes, and plastics. The less flammable fractions are used in dry cleaning. The heavy naphthas are used as a vehicle for various pesticides. Coal tar naphthas are used as quick-drying paint solvent; in the manufacture of floor coverings; resin solution; varnish; VM&P naphtha is used as a solvent for lacquers and varnishes and as a rapid-dry paint thinner.


UN1136 Coal tar distillates, flammable, Hazard Class: 3; Labels: 3-Flammable liquid.


Incompatible with oxidizers (chlorates, nitrates, peroxides, permanganates, perchlorates, chlorine, bromine, fluorine, etc.); contact may cause fires or explosions. Keep away from alkaline materials, strong bases, strong acids, oxoacids, epoxides.

Waste Disposal

Dissolve or mix the material with a combustible solvent and burn in a chemical incinerator equipped with an afterburner and scrubber. All federal, state, and local environmental regulations must be observed.

PETROLEUM ETHER Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products


Global( 110)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
Hubei xin bonus chemical co. LTD
027-59338440 CHINA 23035 58
career henan chemical co
13203830695 0086-371-86658258
0086-371-86658258 CHINA 29865 58
Mainchem Co., Ltd. +86-0592-6210733
+86-0592-6210733 CHINA 32439 55
Shandong Weijin Chemical Technology Co., Ltd. 15169266669 0533-8757687- China 18 58
J & K SCIENTIFIC LTD. 400-666-7788 010-82848833-
86-10-82849933; China 96815 76
Beijing Ouhe Technology Co., Ltd 13552068683 010-82967028-
+86-10-82967029 China 12356 60
Spectrum Chemical Manufacturing Corp. 18616765336
021-57711696; China 9686 60
Shanghai T&W Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. +86 21 61551611
+86 21 50676805 China 9914 58
Mei Lan Industrial (Shanghai) Co., Ltd. 021-61500788
021-58957967 China 2680 55
Shanghai ideal Industrial Co., Ltd. 021-60899019
021-60899437 China 2882 58

View Lastest Price from PETROLEUM ETHER manufacturers

Image Release date Product Price Min. Order Purity Supply Ability Manufacturer
US $9.80 / KG 1KG ≥98% 20 tons Career Henan Chemical Co

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