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Chemical Properties Uses Identifying Procedures Warnings and precautions Category Explosivity characteristics Flammability characertistics Storage Extinguisher
n-Butyllithium structure
Chemical Name:
N-BULI;ithium;LITHIUMBUTYL;butyl-lithiu;BUTYLLITHIUM;n-utyllithium;N-BUTYLLITHIUM;Lithiumn-butyl;Hexanes, Reagent;LITHIUM-1-BUTANIDE
Molecular Formula:
Formula Weight:
MOL File:

n-Butyllithium Properties

Melting point:
-95 °C
Boiling point:
80 °C
0.68 g/mL at 20 °C
Flash point:
10 °F
storage temp. 
Miscible with diethyl ether and cyclohexane.
Specific Gravity
Odor of the solvent
Water Solubility 
vigorous reaction
Air & Moisture Sensitive
Hydrolytic Sensitivity
8: reacts rapidly with moisture, water, protic solvents
CAS DataBase Reference
109-72-8(CAS DataBase Reference)
Indirect Additives used in Food Contact Substances
NIST Chemistry Reference
Butyl lithium(109-72-8)
EPA Substance Registry System
Lithium, butyl- (109-72-8)
  • Risk and Safety Statements
Signal word  Danger
Hazard statements  H225-H250-H261-H304-H314-H336-H361f-H373-H411-H260-H361d-H410-H252-H318-H332-H401-H361
Precautionary statements  P210-P222-P231+P232-P261-P273-P422-P223-P370+P378-P280-P301+P310-P302+P334-P303+P361+P353-P304+P340+P310-P305+P351+P338-P331-P201-P301+P310a-P405-P422a-P501a-P262
Hazard Codes  F,C,N
Risk Statements  14/15-17-34-48/20-51/53-62-65-67-63-35-11-15-50/53-66
Safety Statements  6-9-16-26-36/37/39-45-61-62-6A-46-43B-43-60-33-29-5
RIDADR  UN 3399 4.3/PG 1
WGK Germany  3
HazardClass  4.3
PackingGroup  I
HS Code  29319090
Toxicity There is little toxicity data available for the butyllithiums; for data on ether and hydrocarbon solvents, see the appropriate LCSSs.
NFPA 704
3 2

n-Butyllithium price More Price(35)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 20159 n-Butyllithium solution 2.7?M in heptane 109-72-8 100 mL $77.4 2021-03-22 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 20159 n-Butyllithium solution 2.7?M in heptane 109-72-8 500 mL $201 2021-03-22 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 186171 n-Butyllithium solution 1.6M in hexanes 109-72-8 8l $753 2021-03-22 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 186171 n-Butyllithium solution 1.6M in hexanes 109-72-8 8l-kl $764 2020-08-18 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 186171 n-Butyllithium solution 1.6?M in hexanes 109-72-8 18 L $1360 2021-03-22 Buy

n-Butyllithium Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Chemical Properties

n-Butyllithium is a Colorless or slightly yellow transparent liquid at room temperature, also comes in powder form. Boiling point is 80-90℃(0.013Pa), relative density is 0.68-0.70. Soluble in many organic solvents. Stable in room temperature, lithium hydride removable by heating. Disintegrates in water, soluble in hydrocarbons and ethers, forms complex compounds with ethers, amines, and sulfides, and uses N-hexane as a solvent.


N-Butyllithium solution is mostly used as a pharmaceutical intermediate to synthesize anionic polymerization initiator. It is also used to produce rubber (such as integral rubber SIBR, which is the most versatile diene rubber to date), fragrance, liquid crystal materials, and other industries. It is a chemical product intermediate, linking agent, alkylating agent, and polymerization catalyst. As a catalyst, N-Butyllithium is widely used as a pharmaceutical intermediate, liquid crystal monomer, and pesticide production catalyst.
N-Butyllithium is also widely used in organic syntheses, especially in growing carbon chains, and it is a staple laboratory product in reactions such as:
1) Metallization reaction: R-H + n-Butyl-Li → R-Li + Butane, in which the produced lithium alkyl can react with many substances.
2) Direct metallization: the aromatic compound that connects the substitute reacts with N-Butyllithium, and lithium metal can be attached to the aromatic compound.
3) Nucleophilic addition and substitution reaction.
4) Halogen-metal replacement.

Identifying Procedures

N-Butyllithium must be calibrated through single titration as follows:
1) Titration solution: 1mol/L SEC butanol/dimethylbenzene solution (butanol and dimethylbenzene must be dried with an activated 5A molecular sieve)
2) Indicator: 2,2’-dipyridine
3) Solvent: dimethylbenzene (must be dried with an activated 5A molecular sieve).
4) Operation method: Under the protection of argon, add magneton, 20ml dimethylbenzene and a small amount of indicator into a 100ml 3-lipped bottle with a tipping plug. Then use a precisely marked 2ml injector to swiftly transfer 2ml N-Butyllithium into the bottle (the air in the injector must be replaced with argon, which must then be expelled when collecting the N-Butyllithium; fill and drain the injector in the N-Butyllithium multiple times to prevent any water or air from remaining in the injector). The system should turn a purplish red. Then, wash, dry, and rinse the same injector with titration solution 2-3 times (to prevent any change in the amount added) and titrate the solution until the system turns yellow, and cease titration.
5) Repeat titration once; if the percent error between the two times is within 2%, the result can be regarded as correct.
6) Titration result: titration solution (ml)/2 to obtain N-Butyllithium concentration.

Warnings and precautions

1) N-Butyllithium is extremely combustible when in contact with air; when measuring, the needle of the injector will eject sparks.
2) The entire process must be protected by argon for safety precaution.
3) If N-Butyllithium catches fire, it must be extinguished with sand, which must be placed within arm’s reach at all times.
When preparing and using N-Butyllithium, do not operate alone in case of emergency


Spontaneously combustible when in contact with water

Explosivity characteristics

May explode in combination with phenylethylene

Flammability characertistics

Combusts in air at a concentration abover 20%; combusts upon contact with water and carbon dioxide; flammable when in contact with heat and open flame.


Store in ventilated, cool and dry spaces; must be waterproof and carbon dioxide-proof.


Dry powder

Chemical Properties

n-Butyllithium is a colorless crystalline solid or clear yellow solution. Due to its high reactivity and extreme solubility, even in its impurities, it is commonly thought to be a viscous liquid.


Industrially, n-butyllithium is produced by the reaction of n-butyl chloride with lithium metal dispersion in various hydrocarbon solvents. Hexane is the most commonly used solvent. Up to one-half of the lithium is replaced with sodium in order to lower the cost of the butyllithium and increase the reactivity of the dispersion. The reaction is carried out below the boiling point of the solvent.
The laboratory procedure is essentially the same except that pentane and diethyl ether are two of the more popular solvents. The preparation runs smoothly in ether at lower temperatures but the product must either be used immediately or kept refrigerated due to the rapid cleavage of ether by n-butyllithium.

Flammability and Explosibility

The risk of fire or explosion on exposure of butyllithium solutions to the atmosphere depends on the identity of the organolithium compound, the nature of the solvent, the concentration of the solution, and the humidity. t-Butyllithium solutions are the most pyrophoric and may ignite spontaneously on exposure to air. Dilute solutions (1.6 M, 15% or less) of n-butyllithium in hydrocarbon solvents, although highly flammable, have a low degree of pyrophoricity and do not spontaneously ignite. Under normal laboratory conditions (25 °C, relative humidity of 70% or less), solutions of -20% concentration will usually not ignite spontaneously on exposure to air. More concentrated solutions of n-butyllithium (50 to 80%) are most dangerous and will immediately ignite on exposure to air. Contact with water or moist materials can lead to fires and explosions, and the butyllithiums also react violently with oxygen.


In particular, butyllithium should be stored and handled in areas free of ignition sources, and containers of butyllithium should be stored under an inert atmosphere. Work with butyllithium should be conducted in a fume hood under an inert gas such as nitrogen or argon. Safety glasses, impermeable gloves, and a fire-retardant laboratory coat are required.


The butyllithiums are extremely reactive organometallic compounds. Violent explosions occur on contact with water with ignition of the solvent and of the butane produced. t-Butyllithium will ignite spontaneously in air. The butyllithiums ignite on contact with water, carbon dioxide, and halogenated hydrocarbons. The butyllithiums are incompatible with acids, halogenated hydrocarbons, alcohols, and many other classes of organic compounds.

Waste Disposal

Excess butyllithium solution can be destroyed by dilution with hydrocarbon solvent to a concentration of approximately 5 wt %, followed by gradual addition to water with vigorous stirring under an inert atmosphere. Alternatively, the butyllithium solution can be slowly poured (transfer by cannula for s- or tbutyllithium) into a plastic tub or other container of powdered dry ice.
The residues from the above procedures and excess butyllithium should be placed in an appropriate container, clearly labeled, and handled according to your institution's waste disposal guidelines.

n-Butyllithium Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products

n-Butyllithium Suppliers

Global( 313)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
Beijing Cooperate Pharmaceutical Co.,Ltd
010-60279497 CHINA 1817 55
Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
0371-55170693 CHINA 22607 55
Hangzhou FandaChem Co.,Ltd.
+86-571-56059825 CHINA 8909 55
Hefei TNJ Chemical Industry Co.,Ltd.
86-0551-65418697 China 3000 55
career henan chemical co
+86-371-86658258 CHINA 29954 58
+86 18953170293
+86 0531-67809011 CHINA 2941 58
Hubei Jusheng Technology Co.,Ltd.
027-59599243 CHINA 28229 58
Hebei Guanlang Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
+8619930503282 China 5892 58
Chongqing Chemdad Co.,Ltd
+86-19923101450 CHINA 4000 58
Xiamen AmoyChem Co., Ltd
+86 592-605 1114 CHINA 6369 58

Related articles

View Lastest Price from n-Butyllithium manufacturers

Image Release date Product Price Min. Order Purity Supply Ability Manufacturer
2021-11-08 n-Butyllithium
US $5.00 / KG 1KG 99% 30 Tons Wuhan wingroup Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd
2021-08-31 Lithium, butyl-
US $50.00 / KG 1Kg/Bag 99.99% 20 tons/month Wuhan Monad Medicine Tech Co.,LTD
2021-08-26 N-Butyllithium
US $9.00 / ASSAYS 1ASSAYS 99% 10000kg Hebei Crovell Biotech Co Ltd

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