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Formic acid

CAS No. 64-18-6
Chemical Name: Formic acid
Synonyms: Add-F;HCOOH;FORMOL;Amasil;formic;Bilorin;Formira;Myrmicyl;MORBICID;METHANONE
CBNumber: CB4854063
Molecular Formula: CH2O2
Formula Weight: 46.03
MOL File: 64-18-6.mol
Formic acid Property
Melting point : 8.2-8.4 °C(lit.)
Boiling point : 101 °C
density : 1.22
vapor density : 1.03 (vs air)
vapor pressure : 52 mm Hg ( 37 °C)
refractive index : n20/D 1.377
FEMA : 2487
Fp : 133 °F
storage temp. : 2-8°C
solubility : H2O: soluble1g/10 mL, clear, colorless
pka: 3.75(at 20℃)
color : APHA: ≤15
PH: 2.2 (10g/l, H2O, 20℃)
explosive limit: 12-38%(V)
Water Solubility : MISCIBLE
Sensitive : Hygroscopic
Merck : 14,4241
BRN : 1209246
Stability:: Stable. Substances to be avoided include strong bases, strong oxidizing agents and powdered metals, furfuryl alcohol. Combustible. Hygroscopic. Pressure may build up in tightly closed bottles, so bottles should be opened carefully and vented periodically.
CAS DataBase Reference: 64-18-6(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference: Formic acid(64-18-6)
EPA Substance Registry System: Formic acid(64-18-6)
SAFETY
  • Risk and Safety Statements
  • Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)
Hazard Codes : T,C,Xi
Risk Statements : 23/24/25-34-40-43-35-36/38-10
Safety Statements : 36/37-45-26-23-36/37/39
RIDADR : UN 1198 3/PG 3
WGK Germany : 2
RTECS : LP8925000
F : 10
TSCA : Yes
HazardClass : 8
PackingGroup : II
Hazardous Substances Data: 64-18-6(Hazardous Substances Data)
Symbol(GHS):
Signal word: Danger
Hazard statements:
Code Hazard statements Hazard class Category Signal word Pictogram P-Codes
H226 Flammable liquid and vapour Flammable liquids Category 3 Warning
H302 Harmful if swallowed Acute toxicity,oral Category 4 Warning P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H314 Causes severe skin burns and eye damage Skin corrosion/irritation Category 1A, B, C Danger P260,P264, P280, P301+P330+ P331,P303+P361+P353, P363, P304+P340,P310, P321, P305+ P351+P338, P405,P501
H315 Causes skin irritation Skin corrosion/irritation Category 2 Warning P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H318 Causes serious eye damage Serious eye damage/eye irritation Category 1 Danger P280, P305+P351+P338, P310
H319 Causes serious eye irritation Serious eye damage/eye irritation Category 2A Warning P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H331 Toxic if inhaled Acute toxicity,inhalation Category 3 Danger P261, P271, P304+P340, P311, P321,P403+P233, P405, P501
Precautionary statements:
P210 Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking.
P260 Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P303+P361+P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off Immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse SKIN with water/shower.
P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continuerinsing.
P337+P313 IF eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention.
P370+P378 In case of fire: Use … for extinction.
P405 Store locked up.
P403+P233 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.

Formic acid Chemical Properties,Usage,Production

Chemical Properties
Clear, colorless liquid
General Description
A colorless liquid with a pungent odor. Flash point 156°F. Density 10.2 lb / gal. Corrosive to metals and tissue.
Air & Water Reactions
Fumes in air. Soluble in water with release of heat.
Reactivity Profile
Formic acid reacts exothmerically with all bases, both organic (for example, the amines) and inorganic. Reacts with active metals to form gaseous hydrogen and a metal salt. Reacts with cyanide salts to generate gaseous hydrogen cyanide. Reacts with diazo compounds, dithiocarbamates, isocyanates, mercaptans, nitrides, and sulfides to generate flammable or toxic gases. Reacts with sulfites, nitrites, thiosulfates (to give H2S and SO3), dithionites (SO2), to generate flammable and/or toxic gases and heat. Reacts with carbonates and bicarbonates to generate carbon dioxide but still heat. Can be oxidized by strong oxidizing agents and reduced by strong reducing agents. These reactions generate heat. May initiate polymerization reactions or catalyze other chemical reactions. A mixture with furfuryl alcohol exploded [Chem. Eng. News 18:72(1940)].
Health Hazard
Liquid causes skin and eye burns. Vapors are irritating and painful to breath. Vapor exposure may cause nausea and vomiting.
Fire Hazard
Special Hazards of Combustion Products: Toxic vapor generated in fires
Formic acid Preparation Products And Raw materials
Raw materials
CARBON MONOXIDE Phosphorous acid Ethylamine water solution Triethylamine METALLURGICAL COKE PETROLEUM ETHER Sodium methanolate Sodium formate Methanol Sodium hydroxide Methyl formate Sulfuric acid Ammonia
Preparation Products
5,7-dichlorooxazolo[5,4-d]pyrimidine Pigment Yellow 83 2-OXO-2,3-DIHYDRO-BENZOOXAZOLE-5-CARBOXYLIC ACID 3-FLUORO-N-METHYLANILINE 5-AMINO-6-CHLORO-PYRIMIDIN-4-OL METHYL PENT-4-YN-2-YLCARBAMATE ETHYL 2,4-DICHLOROBENZOATE 7-Hydroxy-6-methoxy-3,4-dihydroisoquinoline 2-METHANESULFONYL-4-METHYL-PYRIMIDINE 2-Hydroxy-N-(4-methoxyphenyl)-11H-benzo[a]carbazole-3-carboxamide [4-AMINO-2-(TRIFLUOROMETHYL)PYRIMIDIN-5-YL]METHANOL 4-AMINO-2-(TRIFLUOROMETHYL)PYRIMIDINE-5-CARBALDEHYDE Sulfur Yellow GC dimethyl dodecyl thioic propylene betaine 4,4'-Methylenebis(N,N-dimethylaniline) 5-Ethyl-2-pyridineethanol 8-BROMO-3-METHYL-3,7-DIHYDRO-PURINE-2,6-DIONE Sulfur Red Brown B3R 3-METHYLTHIOPHENE-2-CARBONITRILE C.I.BASICBLUE22 CINNAMYL FORMATE 3,7-DIMETHYL-7-OCTEN-1-OL 1-METHYLPIPERIDINE-4-CARBOXYLIC ACID HYDROCHLORIDE 1H-Benzimidazole-5-carboxylic acid (1H-INDAZOL-3-YL)-ACETIC ACID Geranyl formate 1-FORMYL-4-METHYLPIPERAZINE Epoxidized soya bean oil GUANINE SULFATE Benzyl formate 1,3,5-TRIMETHYL-1,3,5-TRIPHENYLCYCLOTRISILOXANE 4-Azabenzimidazole 1-(2-Hydroxyethyl)-4-methylpiperazine 2-AMINO-4,4'-DICHLORODIPHENYL ETHER 5-Methyl-2-(methylsulfonyl)pyrimidine ,97% 2-Ethylbutyric acid 3,4-DIHYDROISOQUINOLINE N-Methylformamide Diethoxymethyl acetate 1-METHYL-1-CYCLOHEXANECARBOXYLIC ACID
Formic acid Suppliers      Global( 346)Suppliers     
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
Shenzhen Sendi Biotechnology Co.Ltd. 0755-23311925 18102838259
0755-23311925 Abel@chembj.com CHINA 3230 55
VOT INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS CO.,LTD 0536-2456718
0536-8231856 market@votchemical.com China 236 55
Chengdu RunZeBenTu Chemical Co., Ltd 13096311329 028-88469284 qq:616445927
028-88469284 616445927@qq.com China 2987 50
Jiangsu Guotai International Group Co., Ltd 0512-58696190
0512-58696220 david3659@foxmail.com China 62 55
Shanghai Macklin Biochemical Co.,Ltd. 15221275939
021-51821727 shenlinxing@macklin.cn China 13254 55
Shanghai Aladdin Bio-Chem Technology Co.,LTD 021-20337333/400-620-6333
021-50323701 sale@aladdin-e.com China 29137 65
J & K SCIENTIFIC LTD. 400-666-7788 +86-10-82848833
+86-10-82849933 jkinfo@jkchemical.com;market6@jkchemical.com China 96831 76
Meryer (Shanghai) Chemical Technology Co., Ltd. +86-(0)21-61259100(Shanghai) +86-(0)755-86170099(ShenZhen) +86-(0)10-62670440(Beijing)
+86-(0)21-61259102(Shanghai) +86-(0)755-86170066(ShenZhen) +86-(0)10-88580358(Beijing) sh@meryer.com China 40403 62
Alfa Aesar 400-610-6006; 021-67582000
021-67582001/03/05 saleschina@alfa-asia.com China 30314 84
TCI (Shanghai) Development Co., Ltd. 800-988-0390
021-67121385 sales@tcishanghai.com.cn China 22833 81
 
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