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Luteolin

Natural Flavonoids Solubility Extraction Method Pharmacological activity Pharmacological effects Pharmacokinetics Indications Side effects
Luteolin
Luteolin structure
CAS No.
491-70-3
Chemical Name:
Luteolin
Synonyms
uteoL;LUTEOLIN;LUTEOLOL;weldlake;Luteloin;FLACITRAN;c.i.75590;luteoline;cyanidenon;Salifazide
CBNumber:
CB7282616
Molecular Formula:
C15H10O6
Formula Weight:
286.24
MOL File:
491-70-3.mol

Luteolin Properties

Melting point:
~330 °C(lit.)
Boiling point:
348.61°C (rough estimate)
Density 
1.2981 (rough estimate)
refractive index 
1.4413 (estimate)
storage temp. 
2-8°C
pka
6.50±0.40(Predicted)
form 
powder
color 
yellow
Water Solubility 
Soluble in aqueous alkaline solutions (1.4 mg/ml), ethanol (~5 mg/ml), dimethyl sulfoxide (7 mg/ml), 1eq. Sodium hydroxide (5 mM), dimethylformamide (~20 mg/ml), water (1 mg/ml) at 25°C and methanol.
Merck 
14,5614
BRN 
292084
InChIKey
IQPNAANSBPBGFQ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS DataBase Reference
491-70-3(CAS DataBase Reference)
EWG's Food Scores
4
FDA UNII
KUX1ZNC9J2
NCI Drug Dictionary
luteolin
EPA Substance Registry System
Luteolin (491-70-3)
SAFETY
  • Risk and Safety Statements
Symbol(GHS) 
GHS07
Hazard statements  H315-H319-H335
Precautionary statements  P261-P280a-P304+P340-P305+P351+P338-P405-P501a
Hazard Codes  Xi
Risk Statements  36/37/38
Safety Statements  26-36-36/37/39
WGK Germany  3
RTECS  LK9275210
HS Code  29329990

Luteolin price More Price(13)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 440025 Luteolin An antioxidant flavonoid and a free radical scavenger. 491-70-3 5mg $74.92 2021-03-22 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 03880590 Luteolin primary reference standard 491-70-3 25mg $376 2021-03-22 Buy
TCI Chemical T2682 3',4',5,7-Tetrahydroxyflavone >98.0%(HPLC) 491-70-3 1g $34 2021-03-22 Buy
TCI Chemical T2682 3',4',5,7-Tetrahydroxyflavone >98.0%(HPLC) 491-70-3 5g $167 2021-03-22 Buy
Alfa Aesar L14186 3',4',5,7-Tetrahydroxyflavone, 97% 491-70-3 500mg $230 2021-03-22 Buy

Luteolin Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Natural Flavonoids

Luteolin is a very typical kind of natural flavonoid and belongs to weak acidic tetrahydroxy flavonoids. It is widely distributed in the plant kingdom and is mainly presented in honeysuckle, chrysanthemum, Nepeta, Herba Ajuga and some other drugs as well as many kinds of vegetables such as thyme, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, beets, broccoli and carrots. Moreover, it is also distributed in the form of glycosides in celery, green pepper, and basil leaves as well as the fruit shell of the legume plant Arachis hypogaea, Ajuga decumbus, Lonicera japonica Thunb, Gentianaceae plant Gentianopsis paludosa, and Valerianaceae plant Valeriana amurensis Smir. The pure product of Luteolin appears as yellow crystalline powder.
the pale yellow powder of luteolin and its sources of plant
Figure 1 the pale yellow powder of luteolin and its sources of plant.

Solubility

Luteolin is a golden needles product containing a crystal water molecule that is precipitated from ethanol. It is soluble in alcohol and diethyl ether; slightly soluble in hot water, and insoluble in cold water. Its aqueous solution exhibits pleasing yellow and can be dissolved in 10% aqueous solution of sodium hydroxide and appears as dark yellow color. It is stable under normal conditions.

Extraction Method

According to the report of the literature, method for extracting the active ingredient luteolin from the peanut shell includes solvent method, ultrasonic method, microwave method and supercritical CO2 method, wherein the solvent extraction method is the most widely used with the major extraction solvents used being methanol, acetone and ethyl acetate.
The above information is edited by the Chemicalbook of Dai Xiongfeng.

Pharmacological activity

1. Luteolin has various kinds of pharmacological activities. Plants rich in luteolin content are often used as a traditional Chinese medicine for treatment of disease. With the deepening of the study on luteolin, researchers have found that it have anti-cancer activities including inhibiting the proliferation of tumor cell, inducing the apoptosis of tumor cells as well as sensitizing anti-cancer drugs. Moreover, it also has anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant as well as protein effect on the nervous system.
2. Luteolin is a kind of PDE4 inhibitors, phosphodiesterase inhibitors (2) and interleukin-6 inhibitor (3). It can significantly reverse the induction effect of anesthesia of mice xylazine/ ketamine induction of anesthesia. 4 Preclinical studies have shown that the pharmacological effects of luteolin might include anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and anti-cancer. Preliminary studies have found that luteolin can inhibit the apoptosis of the angiogenesis induced cell, affect the tumor growth in animal models, reduce the tumor growth and also improve the cytotoxicity of certain anti-cancer drugs on the tumor cell, indicating that luteolin could be potential cancer chemo-preventive drugs and chemotherapy drugs.
3. The mechanism of biological activity of luteolin may be regulating the level of ROS, inhibition of topoisomerase I and topoisomerase II, reducing the transcription factor NF-κB and AP-1, and stabilizing p53 and inhibition of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, signal transduction and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF1R) and human epidermal growth factor receptor II activity.

Pharmacological effects

1, anti-tumor: the inhibitory effect of luteolin on tumor cell proliferation is mainly through inhibiting certain intracellular kinase activity and causing cell cycle arrest.
2. Antioxidant: the antioxidant effect of luteolin itself mainly exhibits as a reducing agent involved in the oxidation reaction as well as enhancing the activity of the biological antioxidant system.
3, Anti-inflammatory: the anti-inflammatory activity of luteolin is mainly manifested that it can reduce the activity of inflammatory cytokine transcription factor and production of the pro-inflammatory cytokines and inflammatory mediators.
4, the neuro-protective effect: luteolin has protective effect on the learning and memory ability of the nervous system.
5, anti-fibrosis: luteolin can reduce the extent of liver fibrosis, reduce the hydroxyproline (HYP) in the liver tissue, the content of malondialdehyde (MDA) and the mRNA expression of type I pro-collagen mRNA. In vitro, it can inhibit the proliferation of hepatic star like cells (HSC) and collagen synthesis. It can also alleviate the bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis and histopathological changes, reduce the lung weight index, significantly suppress the increase of MDA, HYP and inhibit the expression of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) mRNA in the lung tissue. In vitro, it can inhibit the proliferation of human embryo lung fibroblasts, induce the apoptosis.
6, anti-fertility and hormonal effects: luteolin has a significant dose-dependent anti-implantation activity. After oral administration, it can significantly increase the weight, diameter of uterine, the thickness of endometrium and the height of epithelial cells. Single administration has estrogenic effect while its combination with ethinyloestradiol exhibits anti-estrogenic effect.
7, other functions: luteolin can inhibit various kinds of bacteria and viruses, such as Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, herpes simplex virus, polio virus, Coxsackie B3 virus. It can inhibit the activity of integrase of AIDS virus HIV-1 and therefore has potential anti-HIV effect. Luteolin is able to bind to the s2 protein of the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) corona virus, thus inhibiting viral for entry into host cells. Luteolin also has inhibitory effect on the Leishmania donovani. Through inhibiting the action of the topoisomerase I and topoisomerase II of Leishmania donovani and inhibit their growth. Additionally, luteolin also has immunomodulatory effects and so on.

Pharmacokinetics

The pharmacokinetic experiment of rat has shown that after the oral administration of luteolin by rats, the in vivo plasma concentration is significantly higher than that after acid hydrolysis which demonstrating it is mostly presented in the glucuronic acid-bound form. The biliary study have found that the level of luteolin in the biliary sample is undetectable using HPLC method at each time after the administration if without the hydrolysis treatment, demonstrating that luteolin is mainly presented in the bound form in the bile.

Indications

This product has antitussive, expectorant effect. The antitussive effect is through suppressing the cough center; the expectorant effect of this product is related to its ability of promoting the secretion of the respiratory tract gland and dissolving the acidic mucopolysaccharides in the sputum. It also has anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic and immune enhancement effect. It also has inhibitory effect on Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. It can also be used for the treatment of chronic bronchitis and other respiratory diseases sputum.

Side effects

Some patients may get dry mouth, upset stomach, dizziness, nausea and other side effects. After prolonged administration, the symptom may gradually disappear.

Description

Luteolin is a flavone derived from Honeysuckle(Lonicera japonica Thunb). Luteolin is widely distributed in nature. It can be isolated from a variety of natural herbs, vegetables, and fruits. At present, luteolin is found mainly in honeysuckle, chrysanthemum, Schizonepeta, Ajuga, artichokes, Scutellaria, and Callicarpa nudiflora natural herbs. Dietary sources include celery, broccoli, green pepper, parsley, thyme, dandelion, perilla, chamomile tea, carrots, olive oil, peppermint, rosemary, navel oranges, and oregano. It can also be found in the seeds of the palm Aiphanes aculeata.

Chemical Properties

Yellow Needles

Physical properties

Appearance: yellow needle crystal. Solubility: slightly soluble in water and soluble in alkaline solution (monohydrate). Density, 1.654 g/cm3. Melting point, 330 °C. Boiling point, 616.1 °C (760 mmHg). Flash point, 239.5 °C. Vapor pressure, 9.03E-16 mmHg (25 °C). Acidity, weak acid.

History

At present, luteolin does not have the application of the proprietary medicine, but as one of the main active ingredients of medicinal plants, there is a long history of application. In northern and southern dynasties, honeysuckle with sweet taste, nontoxic, can treat swelling, lose weight, and prolong life under long-term use. In Tang dynasty, honeysuckle was used for treatment of abdominal distension, hot toxic blood dysentery, and water dysentery. It was showed that the clinical application of honeysuckle had made significant progress.
During the Song and Yuan dynasties, honeysuckle was widely used for the treatment of diseases such as sore and ulcer. To the Ming dynasty, there were many treatises about honeysuckle. For example, it is said in Compendium of Materia Medica: honeysuckle cure all rheumatism QI and all sorts of swollen poison, ulcer,scab, and heat dissipation detoxify. The prescription has also expanded its scope of application. Up to the Qing dynasty, the application of honeysuckle can not only inherit the theory of the predecessors but also put forward some original ideas and innovation in some respects.
In recent years, through the in-depth study of pharmacological effects, it is found that luteolin has significant effects on antitumor, cardioprotection, neuroprotection,respiratory system, immune regulation, anti-inflammatory, spasmolysis, expectorant, anti-allergic, enzyme activities, antioxidant, diuretic, and other aspects.

Uses

Expectorant

Uses

Hydroxylated flavone derivative with strong anti-oxidant and radical scavenging properties. Suggested to play a role in cancer prevention

Indications

Luteolin compound prescription is mainly used for relieving cough, eliminating phlegm, diminishing inflammation, treating cardiovascular diseases, and treating amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), hepatitis, etc.

Biological Activity

Anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and free radical scavenger. Inhibits LPS-induced TNF- α , IL-6 and inducible nitric oxide production and blocks NF- κ B and AP-1 activation. Antiproliferative; inhibits proliferation of Lewis lung carcinoma cells in vivo .

Pharmacology

Luteolin can selectively inhibit the fatty acid synthase activity in prostate cancer and breast cancer cells, which is related to the inhibitory effect of luteolin on tumor cell growth and apoptosis. Luteolin can significantly reduce the incidence of colon cancer and the size of tumor caused by dimethylhydrazine, which may be related to the regulation of lipid peroxidation, antioxidation, and antiproliferative effect.
The anti-inflammatory activity of luteolin is related to the inhibition of nitric oxide (NO) and other inflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) generation and inhibition of protein tyrosine phosphorylation and nuclear transcription factor KB (NF-KB)-mediated gene expression.
Luteolin can enhance the transfer of synapses in the hippocampus dentate gyrus, causing long-term potentiation. Moreover, in chronic hypoperfusion injury caused by vascular occlusion, luteolin can still protect synapses, causing long-term potentiation, and reduce the escape latency in the Morris water maze test in rats.
Luteolin can reduce the degree of hepatic fibrosis, hydroxyproline level in liver tissues (HYP), malondialdehyde (MDA) content, and mRNA expression of procollagen type I and inhibit hepatic stellate cell (HSC) proliferation and collagen synthesis in vitro. Luteolin can also improve the histological changes of pulmonary fibrosis induced by bleomycin, reduce the lung weight index, significantly reduce the increase in MDA and HYP, and inhibit the level of mRNA of transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1) in lung tissue. Luteolin in vitro can inhibit the proliferation of human embryonic lung fibroblast cells and promote apoptosis .

Anticancer Research

It is a flavone with yellow crystalline appearance. Dietary sources of luteolin includeoregano, celery, orange, broccoli, rosemary, green pepper, peppermint, parsley,olive oil, thyme, carrot, dandelion, chamomile tea, and perilla. It is found to obstructepithelial-mesenchymal transition (Singh et al. 2016b). It is inhibiting the cancercell proliferation, angiogenesis, and metastasis. In addition, it suppresses thepathways like PI3K/AKT, NF-κB, and X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein(XIAP) which enhances the cell growth and function. It also induces apoptosis andtumor suppressor p53. Hence, luteolin can be used as a potential antineoplasticagent in different cancers (Lin et al. 2008).

Clinical Use

The natural extract containing luteolin has been used in clinical treatment of many diseases. Lamiophlomis rotata Kudo capsule is made from traditional Chinese medicine Lamiophlomis rotata Kudo, which consists of the medicinal components such as flavonoids, saponins, sterols, amino acids, and many trace elements. Among these components, luteolin content is not less than 0.80 mg/g. This capsule is mainly used for a variety of surgical incision pain, postoperative bleeding, fracture, sprain of muscles, rheumatic pain, dysmenorrhea, uterine bleeding, gingival swelling, and bleeding.

Luteolin Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products


Luteolin Suppliers

Global( 466)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
Shaanxi Yikanglong Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
17791478691
yklbiotech@163.com CHINA 297 58
NanJing Spring & Autumn Biological Engineering CO., LTD.
0086 13815430202 0086 13815430202
sale02@cqherb.com CHINA 372 58
Capot Chemical Co.,Ltd.
+86(0)13336195806 +86-571-85586718
+86-571-85864795 sales@capotchem.com China 20010 60
Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
0371-55170693
0371-55170693 info@tianfuchem.com CHINA 22607 55
Hangzhou FandaChem Co.,Ltd.
008615858145714
+86-571-56059825 fandachem@gmail.com CHINA 8882 55
Nanjing Finetech Chemical Co., Ltd.
025-85710122 17714198479
025-85710122 sales@fine-chemtech.com CHINA 890 55
Shanxi Naipu Import and Export Co.,Ltd
+8613734021967
kaia@neputrading.com CHINA 1011 58
Shanghai Zheyan Biotech Co., Ltd.
18017610038
zheyansh@163.com CHINA 3623 58
career henan chemical co
+86-371-86658258
sales@coreychem.com CHINA 29961 58
Chengdu Biopurify Phytochemicals Ltd.
18482058008 18080483897
maggie@biopurify.com CHINA 2712 58

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View Lastest Price from Luteolin manufacturers

Image Release date Product Price Min. Order Purity Supply Ability Manufacturer
2021-10-20 Luteolin
491-70-3
US $15.00 / KG 100g 99% 1000MT/Month Wuhan wingroup Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd
2021-09-26 Luteolin 491-70-3
491-70-3
US $39.24 / g 10mg ≥98% 100.00 kgs NanJing Spring & Autumn Biological Engineering CO., LTD.
2021-09-26 Luteolin 491-70-3
491-70-3
US $35.00 / g 1g ≥98% 1000.00 kgs NanJing Spring & Autumn Biological Engineering CO., LTD.

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