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二酸化窒素

二酸化窒素 化学構造式
10102-44-0
CAS番号.
10102-44-0
化学名:
二酸化窒素
别名:
二酸化窒素
英語化学名:
NITROGEN DIOXIDE
英語别名:
Azote;Nitro;Nitrito;NA 1067;NITRICDIOXIDE;Nitrogen oxide;Oxoazane oxide;Stikstofdioxyde;NITROGEN DIOXIDE;NITROGEN DIOXIDE
CBNumber:
CB2283784
化学式:
NO2 *
分子量:
46.01
MOL File:
10102-44-0.mol

二酸化窒素 物理性質

融点 :
−11 °C(lit.)
沸点 :
21 °C(lit.)
比重(密度) :
2.62 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
蒸気密度:
1.58 (21 °C, vs air)
蒸気圧:
14.33 psi ( 20 °C)
外見 :
brown gas
臭い (Odor):
Pungent, acrid odor detectable at 0.12 ppm
水溶解度 :
decomposes in H2O to HNO3 and releases NO; soluble conc H2SO4, HNO3 [MER06]
暴露限界値:
TLV-TWA 3 ppm (~6 mg/m3) (ACGIH), ceiling in air 5 ppm (MSHA and OSHA); STEL 5 ppm (ACGIH); IDLH 50 ppm (NIOSH).
CAS データベース:
10102-44-0(CAS DataBase Reference)
安全性情報
  • リスクと安全性に関する声明
  • 危険有害性情報のコード(GHS)
主な危険性  T+,O
Rフレーズ  26-34-8
Sフレーズ  9-26-28-36/37/39-45
RIDADR  UN 1067 2.3
WGK Germany  1
RTECS 番号 QX1575000
国連危険物分類  2.3
HSコード  28112900
毒性 LC50 inhal (rat)
88 ppm (4 h)
PEL (OSHA)
5 ppm (9 mg/m3; ceiling)
TLV-TWA (ACGIH)
3 ppm (5.6 mg/m3)
STEL (ACGIH)
5 ppm (9.4 mg/m3)
化審法 1-486
絵表示(GHS)
注意喚起語 Danger
危険有害性情報
コード 危険有害性情報 危険有害性クラス 区分 注意喚起語 シンボル P コード
H270 発火または火災助長のおそれ;酸化性物質 支燃性/酸化性ガス 1 危険 P220, P244, P370+P376, P403
H314 重篤な皮膚の薬傷?眼の損傷 皮膚腐食性/刺激性 1A, B, C 危険 P260,P264, P280, P301+P330+ P331,P303+P361+P353, P363, P304+P340,P310, P321, P305+ P351+P338, P405,P501
H330 吸入すると生命に危険 急性毒性、吸入 1, 2 危険 P260, P271, P284, P304+P340, P310,P320, P403+P233, P405, P501
H412 長期的影響により水生生物に有害 水生環境有害性、慢性毒性 3 P273, P501
注意書き
P220 衣類/.../可燃物から遠ざけること。
P244 減圧バルブにはグリースおよび油を使用しないこと。
P260 粉じん/煙/ガス/ミスト/蒸気/スプレーを吸入しないこ と。
P280 保護手袋/保護衣/保護眼鏡/保護面を着用するこ と。
P305+P351+P338 眼に入った場合:水で数分間注意深く洗うこと。次にコ ンタクトレンズを着用していて容易に外せる場合は外す こと。その後も洗浄を続けること。

二酸化窒素 価格

メーカー 製品番号 製品説明 CAS番号 包装 価格 更新時間 購入

二酸化窒素 化学特性,用途語,生産方法

用途

合成中間体、酸化剤、硝酸の原料

説明

nitrogen dioxide is a reddish-brown gas (or yellow liquid) with a strong, acrid odor. Nitrogen dioxide readily dimerizes to produce N2O4.nitrogen dioxide are nonfl ammable, toxic gases.The federal government has established air quality standards for nitrogen dioxide at 0.053 partsper million (ppm), which equals 100μg (micrograms) per cubic meter.Nitrogen dioxide is highly soluble in water and forms nitric acid (HNO3), and nitric oxide is slightly soluble and forms nitrous acid (HNO2).
Nitrogen dioxide is a strong oxidizing agent and causes corrosion.Nitrogen dioxide is used as an oxidizing agent, a catalyst in oxidation reactions, an inhibitor, as a nitrating agent for organic reactions, as a flour bleaching agent, and in increasing the wet strength of paper.

化学的特性

Red to brown gas above 21.1C, brown liquid below 21.1C; colorless solid approximately ?11C.The pressurized liquid is nitrogen tetroxide (dinitrogen tetroxide) because of admixture of N 2O4 with NO2,Noncombustible but supports combustion.

化学的特性

Nitrogen dioxide (and nitrogen tetroxide, the solid dimer) is a dark brown gas (above 21 C) or a yellow, fuming liquid or colorless solid with a pungent, acrid odor. The solid form is colorless below about 11 C; it is found structurally as N2O4.

来歴

nitrogen dioxide was prepared in 1772 by Joseph Priestley (1733–1804) and described in his volumes Experiments and Observations of Different Kinds of Air published between 1774 and 1786. Priestley called nitric oxide nitrous air, nitrogen dioxide nitrous acid vapor, and nitrous oxide phlogisticated nitrous air, but also referred to the dioxide. Priestley prepared nitric oxide by reacting nitric acid with a metal such as copper: 3Cu(s) + 8HNO3(aq) → 2NO(g) + 3Cu(NO3)2(aq) + 4H2O(l).

使用

Nitrogen dioxide is produced by the reactionof nitric acid with metals or other reducingagents; decomposition of nitrates; when airis heated to high temperatures; and duringfire. It occurs in the exhausts of internalcombustion engines and in cigarette smoke.It is used as an intermediate in the productionof nitric and sulfuric acids, in rocket fuels,as a nitrating and oxidizing agent, and inbleaching flour.

使用

Nitrogen dioxide is an intermediate in producing nitric acid. It also is used in the lead chamber process for making sulfuric acid. It is used as a nitrating and oxidizing agent, in rocket fuels, in the manufacture of hemostatic cotton and other oxidized cellulose compounds, and in bleaching flour. Nitrogen dioxide occurs in trace concentrations in the atmosphere due to oxidation of nitric oxide in air. It also is found in exhaust gases of internal combustion engines, in industrial waste gases from plants using nitric acid, and in cigarette smoke. Brown color of smog in many industrial urban areas is attributed to nitrogen dioxide.

定義

A brown gas produced by the dissociation of dinitrogen tetroxide (with which it is in equilibrium), the dissociation being complete at 140°C. Further heating causes dissociation to colorless nitrogen monoxide and oxygen:
2NO2(g) = 2NO(g) + O2(g)
Nitrogen dioxide can also be made by the action of heat on metal nitrates (not the nitrates of the alkali metals or some of the alkaline-earth metals).

一般的な説明

A reddish brown gas or yellowish-brown liquid when cooled or compressed. Shipped as a liquefied gas under own vapor pressure. Vapors are heavier than air. Toxic by inhalation (vapor) and skin absorption. Noncombustible, but accelerates the burning of combustible materials. Cylinders and ton containers may not be equipped with a safety relief device.

空気と水の反応

Combines with oxygen to form NITROGEN DIOXIDE, a brown gas that is deadly poisonous [Merck 11th ed. (1989]. Decomposes in water to form nitric acid and nitric oxide, reacts with alkalis to form nitrate and nitrites [Merck 11th ed. 1989]. The liquid nitrogen oxide is very sensitive to detonation, in the presence of water.

反応プロフィール

NITROGEN DIOXIDE (nitrogen peroxide) is a strong oxidizing agent. Powdered aluminum burns in the vapor of carbon disulfide, sulfur dioxide, sulfur dichloride, nitrous oxide, nitric oxide, or nitrogen peroxide [Mellor 5:209-212. 1946-47]. Boron trichloride reacts energetically with nitrogen peroxide, phosphine, or fat and grease [Mellor 5:132. 1946-47]. Nitrogen peroxide and acetic anhydride reacted to form tetranitromethane, but resulted in an explosion [Van Dolah 1967]. Nitrogen peroxide forms explosive mixtures with incompletely halogenated hydrocarbons [Chem. Eng. News 42(47):53. 1964]. During an experiment to produce lactic acid by oxidizing propylene with nitrogen peroxide, a violent explosion occurred. These mixtures (olefins and nitrogen peroxide) form extremely unstable nitrosates or nitrosites [Comp. Rend. 116:756. 1893]. Contact of very cold liquefied gas with water may result in vigorous or violent boiling of the product and extremely rapid vaporization due to the large temperature differences involved. If the water is hot, there is the possibility that a liquid "superheat" explosion may occur. Pressures may build to dangerous levels if liquid gas contacts water in a closed container [Handling Chemicals Safely 1980]. Corrosive to steel when wet, but may be stored in steel cylinders when moisture content is 0.1% or less.

危険性

Inhalation may be fatal. Can react strongly with reducing materials. Lower respiratory tract irritant. Questionable carcinogen.

健康ハザード

Severe exposures may be fatal. Contact may cause burns to skin and eyes. Contact with liquid may cause frostbite. NITROGEN DIOXIDE was reported to react with blood to form methemoglobin. The lowest lethal human inhalation dose has been reported at 200 ppm/1 min.

健康ハザード

The acute toxicity of nitrogen dioxide by inhalation is high. Inhalation may cause shortness of breath and pulmonary edema progressing to respiratory illness, reduction in the blood's oxygen carrying capacity, chronic lung disorders and death; symptoms may be delayed for hours and may recur after several weeks. Toxic effects may occur after exposure to concentrations of 10 ppm for 10 min and include coughing, chest pain, frothy sputum, and difficulty in breathing. Brief exposure to 200 ppm can cause severe lung damage and delayed pulmonary edema, which may be fatal. Nitrogen dioxide at concentrations of 10 to 20 ppm is mildly irritating to the eyes; higher concentrations of the gas and liquid NO2-N2O4 are highly corrosive to the skin, eyes, and mucous membranes. Nitrogen dioxide can be detected below the permissible exposure limit by its odor and irritant effects and is regarded as a substance with adequate warning properties. Animal testing indicates that nitrogen dioxide does not have carcinogenic or reproductive effects. It does produce genetic damage in bacterial and mammalian cell cultures; however, most studies in animals indicate that it does not produce heritable genetic damage.

健康ハザード

Nitrogen dioxide is a highly toxic gas. It is anirritant to the eyes, nose, and throat and to therespiratory system. The toxic symptoms arecough, frothy sputum, chest pain, dyspnea,congestion, and inflammation of lungs andcyanosis. Even a short exposure can causehemorrhage and lung injury. Death mayresult within a few days after exposure. Toxicsymptoms may be noted in humans followinga 10-minute exposure to a 10 ppm concentration in air. One or two minutes of exposureto 200 ppm can be lethal to humans.

火災危険

Nitrogen dioxide is not combustible (NFPA rating = 0) but is a strong oxidizing agent and will support combustion. Cylinders of NO2 gas exposed to fire or intense heat may vent rapidly or explode.

燃焼性と爆発性

Nitrogen dioxide is not combustible (NFPA rating = 0) but is a strong oxidizing agent and will support combustion. Cylinders of NO2 gas exposed to fire or intense heat may vent rapidly or explode.

安全性プロファイル

Experimental poison by inhalation. Moderately toxic to humans by inhalation. An experimental teratogen. Other experimental reproductive effects. Human systemic effects by inhalation: pulmonary vascular resistance changes, cough, dpspnea, and other pulmonary changes. Mutation data reported. Violent reaction with cyclohexane, F2, formaldehyde, alcohols, nitrobenzene, petroleum, toluene. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of NOx. See also NITRIC OXIDE.

職業ばく露

Nitrogen dioxide is found in automotive and diesel emissions. Nitrogen dioxide is an industrial chemical used as an intermediate in nitric and sulfuric acid manufacture; it is used in the nitration of organic compounds; it is used as an oxidizer in liquid propellant rocket fuel combinations. It is also used in firefighting, welding and brazing.

貯蔵

Cylinders of nitrogen dioxide should be stored and used in a continuously ventilated gas cabinet or fume hood.

輸送方法

UN1067/124 Dinitrogen tetroxide, Hazard Class: 2.3; Labels: 2.3-Poisonous gas, 5.1-Oxidizer, 8-Corrosive material, Inhalation Hazard Zone A. UN1975 Nitric oxide and dinitrogen tetroxide mixtures or Nitric oxide and nitrogen dioxide mixtures, Hazard Class: 2.3; Labels: 2.3-Poisonous gas, 5.1-Oxidizer, 8-Corrosive material, Inhalation Hazard Zone A. Cylinders must be transported in a secure upright position, in a well-ventilated truck. Protect cylinder and labels from physical damage. The owner of the compressed gas cylinder is the only entity allowed by federal law (49CFR) to transport and refill them. It is a violation of transportation regulations to refill compressed gas cylinders without the express written permission of the owner.

不和合性

A strong oxidizer. Reacts violently with combustible matter, chlorinated hydrocarbons; ammonia, carbon disulfide; reducing materials. Reacts with water, forming nitric acid and nitric oxide. Attacks steel in the presence of moisture.

廃棄物の処理

Destroy by incineration with the addition of hydrocarbon fuel, controlled in such a way that combustion products are elemental nitrogen, CO2, and water. Consult with environmental regulatory agencies for guidance on acceptable disposal practices. Generators of waste containing this contaminant (≥100 kg/mo) must conform with EPA regulations governing storage, transportation, treatment, and waste disposal.

二酸化窒素 上流と下流の製品情報

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10102-44-0(二酸化窒素)キーワード:


  • 10102-44-0
  • NITROGEN DIOXIDE
  • NITROGEN DIOXIDE
  • Azote
  • NA 1067
  • Nitrito
  • Nitro
  • Nitrogen oxide
  • Nitrous gas or air
  • Oxoazane oxide
  • Rcra waste number P078
  • Stickstoffdioxid
  • Stikstofdioxyde
  • NITROGEN DIOXIDE, >=99.5%
  • Nitrogen oxide (NO2)
  • NITRICDIOXIDE
  • Dinitrogen tetroxide, Nitrogen peroxide, Nitrogen tetroxide
  • 二酸化窒素
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