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D(+)-ぶどう糖一水和物

D(+)-ぶどう糖一水和物 化学構造式
5996-10-1
CAS番号.
5996-10-1
化学名:
D(+)-ぶどう糖一水和物
别名:
D(+)-グルコース一水和物;D(+)-ぶどう糖一水和物;D(+)‐グルコース一水和物
英語化学名:
D-Glucose monohydrate
英語别名:
Glucose;Corn sugar;C6H12O6.H2O;DEXTROSE 1HYD PWD;Dextrose, granular;Dextrose monohydrate;D-Glucose monohydrate;DextroseMonohydrateIp;DEXTROSE USP MONOHYDRATE;Dextrose, Hydrous, Powder, USP
CBNumber:
CB3211706
化学式:
C6H14O7
分子量:
198.17
MOL File:
5996-10-1.mol

D(+)-ぶどう糖一水和物 物理性質

溶解性:
Freely soluble in water, sparingly soluble in ethanol (96 per cent).
CAS データベース:
5996-10-1(CAS DataBase Reference)

安全性情報

HSコード  17023051

D(+)-ぶどう糖一水和物 価格 もっと(1)

メーカー 製品番号 製品説明 CAS番号 包装 価格 更新時間 購入
関東化学株式会社(KANTO) 8342-2M D(+)‐グルコース一水和物
D(+)‐Glucose monohydrate
5996-10-1 1kg ¥7700 2018-12-13 購入

D(+)-ぶどう糖一水和物 化学特性,用途語,生産方法

定義

本品は、デンプンを加水分解して得られる糖であり、次の化学式で表される。

化粧品の成分用途

保湿.湿潤剤、保水剤、皮膚コンディショニング剤、香味剤

化学的特性

D-Glucose monohydrate is white or almost white, crystalline powder.

化学的特性

Dextrose occurs as odorless, sweet-tasting, colorless crystals or as a white crystalline or granular powder. The JP XV describes dextrose as dextrose anhydrous; the PhEur 6.3 specifies dextrose as either dextrose anhydrous or dextrose monohydrate; and the USP 32 specifies dextrose as dextrose monohydrate.

使用

Replenisher (fluid and nutrient).

調製方法

Dextrose, a monosaccharide sugar, occurs widely in plants and is manufactured on a large scale by the acid or enzymatic hydrolysis of starch, usually maize (corn) starch. Below 50°C a-D-dextrose monohydrate is the stable crystalline form produced; above 50°C the anhydrous form is obtained; and at still higher temperatures b-D-dextrose is formed, which has a melting point of 148–155°C.

定義

A monosaccharide occurring widely in nature as D-glucose. It occurs as glucose units in sucrose, starch, and cellulose. It is important to metabolism because it participates in energy-storage and energy-release systems.

brand name

Cartose (Sterling Winthrop) Dextrose.

农业用途

Glucose is a monosaccharide sugar found in honey and fruits. It is the primary product of plant photosynthesis, which is optically active and dextrorotatory.
Glucose and its derivatives are critically important in the energy metabolism of living organisms. It is transported around the animal body through blood, and by lymph and cerebrospinal fluid, to cells where the energy is released during glycolysis.
Fructose, the stereoisomer of glucose, occurs in green plants, fruits and honey. It is sweeter than sucrose.
Yeasts readily ferment glucose to produce ethyl alcohol and carbon dioxide. It is also metabolized by bacteria into acetic and butyric acids, lactic acid, butyl alcohol, acetone, hydrogen, carbon dioxide and many other compounds.
Plants and animals convert complex carbohydrates (like starch and glycogen) into glucose to meet their energy needs. Glucose is produced commercially by hydrolysing corn starch with dilute mineral acid. Commercial glucose is mostly used in the manufacture of confections and in the canning industry.

応用例(製薬)

Dextrose is widely used in solutions to adjust tonicity and as a sweetening agent.Dextrose is also used as a wet granulation diluent and binder, primarily in chewable tablets.Although dextrose is comparable as a tablet diluent to lactose, tablets produced with dextrose monohydrate require more lubrication, are less friable, and have a tendency to harden. The mildly reducing properties of dextrose may be used when tableting to improve the stability of active materials that are sensitive to oxidation.
Dextrose is also used therapeutically and is the preferred source of carbohydrate in parenteral nutrition regimens.

安全性

D-Glucose monohydrate is rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. It is metabolized to carbondioxide and water with therelease ofenergy.
Concentrated D-Glucose monohydrate solutions given by mouth may cause nausea and vomiting. D-Glucose monohydrate solutions of concentration greater than 5% w/v are hyperosmotic and are liable to cause local vein irritation following intravenous administration. Thrombophlebitis has been observed following the intravenous infusion of isoosmotic D-Glucose monohydrate solution with low pH, probably owing to the presence of degradation products formed by overheating during sterilization. The incidence of phlebitis may be reduced by adding sufficient sodium bicarbonate to raise the pH of the infusion above pH 7.
LD50 (mouse, IV): 9g/kg
LD50 (rat, oral): 25.8g/kg

貯蔵

D-Glucose monohydrate has good stability under dry storage conditions. Aqueous solutions may be sterilized by autoclaving. However, excessive heating can cause a reduction in pH and caramelization of solutions.
Thebulkmaterialshouldbestoredinawell-closedcontainerina cool, dry place.

不和合性

Dextrose solutions are incompatible with a number of drugs such as cyanocobalamin, kanamycin sulfate, novobiocin sodium, and warfarin sodium. Erythromycin gluceptate isunstable indextrose solutions at a pH less than 5.05. Decomposition of B-complex vitamins may occur if they are warmed with dextrose.
In the aldehyde form, dextrose can react with amines, amides, amino acids, peptides, and proteins. Brown coloration and decomposition occur with strong alkalis.
Dextrose may cause browning of tablets containing amines (Maillard reaction).

規制状況(Regulatory Status)

Included in the FDA Inactive Ingredients Database (capsules; inhalations; IM, IV, and SC injections; tablets, oral solutions, and syrups). Included in nonparenteral and parenteral medicines licensed in the UK. Included in the Canadian List of Acceptable Non-medicinal Ingredients.

D(+)-ぶどう糖一水和物 上流と下流の製品情報

原材料

準備製品


D(+)-ぶどう糖一水和物 生産企業

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5996-10-1(D(+)-ぶどう糖一水和物)キーワード:


  • 5996-10-1
  • DextroseMonohydrateIp
  • C6H12O6.H2O
  • Corn sugar
  • Dextrose monohydrate
  • D-Glucose monohydrate
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  • D(+)-GLUCOSE MONOHYDRATE MOLECULAR BIOLOGY GRADE
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  • Glucose Monohydrate analytical grade
  • DEXTROSE 1HYD PWD
  • Top quality CAS:5996-10-1 Dextrose Monohydrate
  • D(+)-グルコース一水和物
  • D(+)-ぶどう糖一水和物
  • D(+)‐グルコース一水和物
  • グルコース
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