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過塩素酸塩

過塩素酸塩 化学構造式
7601-90-3
CAS番号.
7601-90-3
化学名:
過塩素酸塩
别名:
過塩素酸;過塩素酸塩;過塩素酸(60%);過塩素酸(70%);過塩素酸 (濃度が50質量%を超え72質量%以下のもの);0.1MOL/L(N/10) 過塩素酸水溶液;0.5MOL/L(N/2) 過塩素酸水溶液;10% 過塩素酸;過塩素酸 67-72%,TRACESELECT ULTRA,FOR ULTRATRACE ANALYSIS;過塩素酸 67-72%,TRACESELECT,FOR TRACE ANALYSIS;過塩素酸 ACS REAGENT,60%;過塩素酸 PURISS. P.A.,ACS REAGENT,PACKED IN COATED,SHOCK- AND LEAK-PROTECTED GLASS BOTTLE,≥60% (T);過塩素酸 PURISS. P.A.,ACS REAGENT,REAG. ISO,REAG. PH. EUR.,70.0-72.0%;過塩素酸 SOLUTION VOLUMETRIC,0.01 M HCLO4 IN 酢酸 (0.01N),FOR TITRATION IN NON-AQUEOUS LIQUIDS;過塩素酸 SOLUTION VOLUMETRIC,0.1 M HCLO4 IN GLACIAL 酢酸 (0.1N),FOR TITRATION IN NON-AQUEOUS MEDIUM;過塩素酸 SOLUTION VOLUMETRIC,1.0 M HCLO4 (1.0N);過塩素酸濃縮溶液 FOR 1L STANDARD SOLUTION,0.1 M HCLO4 (0.1N),FOR TITRATION IN NON-AQUEOUS MEDIUM;過塩素酸60%;過塩素酸70%;0.1MOL/L 過塩素酸?酢酸溶液(N/10)
英語化学名:
PERCHLORIC ACID
英語别名:
Perchlorsure;NEOPRENE RUBBER;PERCHLORIC ACID;Fraude's reagent;acideperchlorique;Hyperchloric acid;PerchloricAcid0.1N;PerchloricAcidGr70%;PerchloricAcid60%Gr;Perchloric acid,PCA
CBNumber:
CB4348487
化学式:
ClHO4
分子量:
100.46
MOL File:
7601-90-3.mol

過塩素酸塩 物理性質

融点 :
-18 °C
沸点 :
203 °C
比重(密度) :
1.664 g/mL at 25 °C
蒸気密度:
~2.1 (vs air)
蒸気圧:
6.8 mm Hg ( 25 °C)
屈折率 :
1.419
闪点 :
104 °F
貯蔵温度 :
Flammables area
外見 :
Solution
色:
APHA: ≤10
比重:
approximate 1.54
臭い (Odor):
Odorless
PH:
0.1 (H2O, 20°C)
水溶解度 :
Miscible with water.
Merck :
14,7153
安定性::
Stable. Avoid heat. May form explosive peroxides. Incompatible with a wide variety of substances, including organic materials, alcohols, amines, strong acids, strong bases, acid anhydrides, finely powdered metals, strong reducing agents. Contact with wood, paper and other celullose products may lead to explosion, as may contact with a vari
InChIKey:
VLTRZXGMWDSKGL-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS データベース:
7601-90-3(CAS DataBase Reference)
NISTの化学物質情報:
Perchloric acid(7601-90-3)
EPAの化学物質情報:
Perchloric acid (7601-90-3)
安全性情報
  • リスクと安全性に関する声明
  • 危険有害性情報のコード(GHS)
主な危険性  C,O,Xi
Rフレーズ  5-8-35-10-34-36/38
Sフレーズ  23-26-36-45-36/37/39
RIDADR  UN 2920 8/PG 2
WGK Germany  1
RTECS 番号 SC7500000
3
自然発火温度 485 °C
TSCA  Yes
HSコード  3822 00 00
国連危険物分類  8
容器等級  II
有毒物質データの 7601-90-3(Hazardous Substances Data)
毒性 LD50 oral (rat) 1100 mg/kg
LD50 oral (dog) 400 mg/kg
消防法 危険物第6類
絵表示(GHS)
注意喚起語 Danger
危険有害性情報
コード 危険有害性情報 危険有害性クラス 区分 注意喚起語 シンボル P コード
H226 引火性の液体および蒸気 引火性液体 3 警告
H271 火災または爆発のおそれ;強酸化性物質 酸化性液体; 酸化性固体 1 危険 P210, P220, P221, P280, P283,P306+P360, P371+P380+P375,P370+P378, P501
H272 火災助長のおそれ;酸化性物質 酸化性液体; 酸化性固体 2
3
危険
警告
P210, P220, P221P280, P370+P378,P501
H290 金属腐食のおそれ 金属腐食性物質 1 警告 P234, P390, P404
H302 飲み込むと有害 急性毒性、経口 4 警告 P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H303 飲み込むと有害のおそれ 急性毒性、経口 5 P312
H312 皮膚に接触すると有害 急性毒性、経皮 4 警告 P280,P302+P352, P312, P322, P363,P501
H314 重篤な皮膚の薬傷?眼の損傷 皮膚腐食性/刺激性 1A, B, C 危険 P260,P264, P280, P301+P330+ P331,P303+P361+P353, P363, P304+P340,P310, P321, P305+ P351+P338, P405,P501
H318 重篤な眼の損傷 眼に対する重篤な損傷性/眼刺激 性 1 危険 P280, P305+P351+P338, P310
H373 長期にわたる、または反復暴露により臓器の障 害のおそれ 特定標的臓器有害性、単回暴露 2 警告 P260, P314, P501
注意書き
P210 熱/火花/裸火/高温のもののような着火源から遠ざ けること。-禁煙。
P260 粉じん/煙/ガス/ミスト/蒸気/スプレーを吸入しないこ と。
P280 保護手袋/保護衣/保護眼鏡/保護面を着用するこ と。
P303+P361+P353 皮膚(または髪)に付着した場合:直ちに汚染された衣 類をすべて脱ぐこと/取り除くこと。皮膚を流水/シャワー で洗うこと。
P305+P351+P338 眼に入った場合:水で数分間注意深く洗うこと。次にコ ンタクトレンズを着用していて容易に外せる場合は外す こと。その後も洗浄を続けること。
P370+P378 火災の場合:消火に...を使用すること。
P371+P380+P375 大火災の場合で大量にある場合:区域より退避さ せ、爆発の危険性に応じ、離れた距離から消火する こと。

過塩素酸塩 価格 もっと(68)

メーカー 製品番号 製品説明 CAS番号 包装 価格 更新時間 購入
富士フイルム和光純薬株式会社(wako) W01W0116-0071 過塩素酸
Perchloric Acid
7601-90-3 100g ¥3000 2018-12-26 購入
富士フイルム和光純薬株式会社(wako) W01W0116-0069 過塩素酸
Perchloric Acid
7601-90-3 500g ¥4300 2018-12-26 購入
関東化学株式会社(KANTO) 32059-00 過塩素酸(60%) 60.0%~62.0%(T)
Perchloric acid, 60% 60.0%~62.0%(T)
7601-90-3 500mL ¥4600 2018-12-13 購入
関東化学株式会社(KANTO) 32059-01 過塩素酸(60%) 60.0%~62.0%(T)
Perchloric acid, 60% 60.0%~62.0%(T)
7601-90-3 500mL ¥4300 2018-12-13 購入
Sigma-Aldrich Japan 150695 過塩素酸 溶液 0.1?M in glacial acetic acid, for 3S adapter technology
Perchloric acid solution 0.1?M in glacial acetic acid, for 3S adapter technology
7601-90-3 1506951000 ¥22300 2018-12-25 購入

過塩素酸塩 化学特性,用途語,生産方法

外観

無色澄明の液体

溶解性

水に溶けやすい。

用途

火薬、爆薬、燃料、酸化剤

用途

大量の酸を用いる試料の前処理、高感度比色分析、高感度機器分析等。

用途

有害金属測定用試料の前処理。

用途

有機合成用触媒、メッキ用

用途

汎用試薬、有機及び無機合成用原料、過塩素酸塩の製造原料。

使用上の注意

70%水溶液である本品の酸化力はそれほど強くないが、加熱により濃縮されると強い酸化力が生じ、有機物等の還元剤と反応して爆発することがある。したがって有機物等の本品による加熱分解は特に注意を要する。

化学的特性

Perchloric acid, HCIO4, also known as Fraude's reagent,is a colorless, fuming,hygroscopic liquid that boils at 16°C(61OF). It is a strong oxidizer and is soluble in water. Cold dilute perchloric acid reacts with metals such as zinc and iron to yield hydrogen gas and the metallic perchlorate. Perchloric acid is used in electrolytic baths, electropolishing, explosives, analytical chemistry, and medicine.

化学的特性

Perchloric Acid is a colorless, fuming, oily liquid, miscible with H2O, volatile under diminished pressure. A maximum constant-boiling solution (203 °C, 760 millimeters Hg) results when the concentration of HClO4 reaches 73% in H2O. Cold dilute perchloric acid reacts with such metals as zinc and iron, yielding hydrogen gas and the corresponding perchlorate in solution. It is stable from the point of view of oxidation and reduction (except that iodine is oxidized to periodic acid, with liberation of chlorine, ferrous salt solutions to ferric, titanous salt solutions to titanic). Concentrated hot perchloric acid, on the other hand, is a powerful oxidizing agent, exploding violently in contact with charcoal, paper, or alcohol; causes serious wounds in contact with the skin. Prepared by distilling ammonium perchlorate with HNO3 and HCl.

物理的性質

Perchloric acid, HClO4, is a colorless liquid soluble in water. It is a strong acid comparable in strength to sulfuric and nitric acids. It is useful for preparing perchlorate salts, but it is also dangerously corrosive and readily forms explosive mixtures. Perchloric acid is produced by the treatment of sodium perchlorate with sulfuric acid and by the electrochemical oxidation of aqueous chlorine.

使用

Perchloric acid salts are used as explosivesand in metal plating. They are also used as anoxidizer and as a reagent in chemical analysis. These salts are produced by distillingpotassium chlorate with concentrated H2SO4under reduced pressure..

使用

The acid in analytical chemistry as an oxidizer and for separation of potassium from sodium. Its salts for explosives and for plating of metals.

一般的な説明

A clear colorless odorless aqueous solution. Corrosive to metals and tissue. Closed containers may rupture violently under prolonged exposure to heat.

空気と水の反応

Water soluble with heat generation.

反応プロフィール

PERCHLORIC ACID is a solution of a strong oxidizing acid. May react vigorously or deflagrate when mixed with oxidizable material [Merck]. This includes (but is not limited to) alcohols, amines, boranes, dicyanogen, hydrazines, hydrocarbons, hydrogen, nitroalkanes, powdered metals, silanes, or thiols [Bretherick 1979. p.174]. Perchloric acid ignites on contact with sulfinyl chloride. (Bailar, 1973, Vol. 2, 1442).

健康ハザード

Inhalation, ingestion or contact (skin, eyes) with vapors or substance may cause severe injury, burns or death. Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution.

健康ハザード

Concentrated perchloric acid is a highly corrosive substance that can produce burns on skin contact. It is also a severe irritant tothe eyes and mucous membranes. The toxicity of this compound is moderate. The toxicsymptoms from ingestion include excitement, decrease in body temperature, and distress in breathing. An oral LD50 value in dogsis reported as 400 mg/kg (NIOSH 1986)..

健康ハザード

Perchloric acid is a highly corrosive substance that causes severe burns on contact with the eyes, skin, and mucous membranes. The acute toxicity of perchloric acid is moderate. This substance is a severe irritant to the eyes, mucous membranes, and upper respiratory tract. Perchlorates are irritants to the body wherever they contact it. Perchloric acid has not been shown to be carcinogenic or to show reproductive or developmental toxicity in humans

火災危険

Perchloric acid is noncombustible. The anhydrous (dehydrated) acid presents a serious explosion hazard. It is unstable and can decompose explosively at ordinary temperatures or in contact with many organic compounds.
Many heavy metal perchlorates and organic perchlorate salts are extremely sensitive explosives; the ammonium, alkali metal, and alkali earth perchlorates are somewhat less hazardous. Mixtures of perchlorates with many oxidizable substances are explosive.

火災危険

These substances will accelerate burning when involved in a fire. Some may decompose explosively when heated or involved in a fire. May explode from heat or contamination. Some will react explosively with hydrocarbons (fuels). May ignite combustibles (wood, paper, oil, clothing, etc.). Containers may explode when heated. Runoff may create fire or explosion hazard.

燃焼性と爆発性

Perchloric acid is noncombustible. The anhydrous (dehydrated) acid presents a serious explosion hazard. It is unstable and can decompose explosively at ordinary temperatures or in contact with many organic compounds.
Many heavy metal perchlorates and organic perchlorate salts are extremely sensitive explosives; the ammonium, alkali metal, and alkali earth perchlorates are somewhat less hazardous. Mixtures of perchlorates with many oxidizable substances are explosive.

安全性プロファイル

Poison by ingestion and subcutaneous routes. A severe irritant to the eyes, skin, and mucous membranes. A powerful oxidlzer. A severe explosion hazard; the anhydrous form can explode spontaneously. Potentially explosive reaction with acetic anhydride + acetic acid + organic materials, acetic anhydride + organic materials + transition metals (e.g., chromium, iron, nickel), acetonitrile, alcohols, azo dyes + orthoperiodic acid, bis (2-hydroxyethyl) terephthalate + ethanol + ethylene glycol, bismuth (above 1 10°C), antimony (above llO°C), carbon, charcoal + chromium trioxide + heat, cellulose and derivatives + heat, combustible materials, dehydrating agents, dichloromethane + dimethylsulfoxide, dethyl ether, dimethyl ether, dloxane + nitric acid + heat, fecal material + nitric acid, graphitic carbon + nitric acid, hydrofluoric acid + structural materials, ironQI) sulfate, nitric acid + organic matter + heat, nitric acid + pyridme + sulfuric acid, nitrogenous epoxides, organic materials + sodmm hydrogen carbonate (above 2OO0C), phenyl acetylene (at -78OC), sodmm phosphinate + heat, sulfuric acid + organic materials, sulfur trioxide. Reacts to form explosive products with anline + formaldehyde, ethylbenzene + thallium triacetate (at 65℃), fluorine (forms fluorine perchlorate), glycerol + lead oxide, hydrogen + heat, hydrogen halides, phosphine, pyridme, sulfoxides. Violent reaction or igmtion with acetic acid, acetic acid + acetic anhydride, acetic anhydride, acetic anhydride + carbon tetrachloride + 2-methyl cyclohexanone, antimony compounds, azo pigments, bis1,2-diaminopropane-cis-dichlorochromium(ⅡI) perchlorate, carbon, 1,3-bis(di-ncyclopentadtenyl iron) -2-propen1 -one, CH3OH, CC4, copper dichromium tetraoxide (at 120℃), DNA, dibutyl sulfoxide, dunethyl sulfoxide, ethylbenzene, glycol ethers, glycols, HNO3, HCl, H2SO4, hypophosphttes, iron sulfate, iodides, ketones, PbO + glycerin, methanol + triglycerides, 2-methylpropene + metal oxides, 2-methyl cyclohexanone, NI3, nitrogenous epoxides, nitrosophenol, operiodlc acid, oleic acid, organophosphorus compounds, paper, PzOj + CHCl3, PzOj, PzZns, sodium iodde + hydroiodic acid, solum phosphtnate, steel, sulfinyl chloride, so3, trichloroethylene, vegetable matter, wood, zinc phosphide. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of Cl-. See also PERCHLORATES.

貯蔵

Splash goggles and rubber gloves should be worn when handling perchloric acid, and containers of the acid should be stored in a well-ventilated location separated from organic substances and other combustible materials. Work with >85% perchloric acid requires special precautions and should be carried out only by specially trained personnel.

純化方法

The 72% acid is been purified by double distillation from silver oxide under vacuum: this frees the acid from metal contamination. Distillation at atmospheric pressure is dangerous and explosive. The anhydrous acid is obtained by adding gradually 400-500mL of oleum (20% fuming H2SO4) to 100-120mL of 72% HClO4 in a reaction flask cooled in an ice-bath. The pressure is reduced to 1mm (or less), with the reaction mixture at 20-25o. The temperature is gradually raised during 2hours to 85o; the distillate is collected in a receiver cooled in Dry-ice. For further details of the distillation apparatus see Smith [J Am Chem Soc 75 184 1953]. It is HIGHLY EXPLOSIVE; a strong protective screen should be used at all times. [Schmeisser in Handbook of Preparative Inorganic Chemistry (Ed. Brauer) Academic Press Vol I pp 318-320 1963.]

不和合性

Cold 70% perchloric acid is a strong acid but is not considered to be a strong oxidizing agent; however, more concentrated solutions are good oxidizers. Temperature increases the oxidizing power of perchloric acid, and hot concentrated solutions are very dangerous. Evaporation of a spill of the 70% solution may lead to the formation of more dangerous concentrations. Reaction of 70% perchloric acid with cellulose materials such as wood, paper, and cotton can produce fires and explosions. Oxidizable organic compounds including alcohols, ketones, aldehydes, ethers, and dialkyl sulfoxides can react violently with concentrated perchloric acid. All perchlorates are potentially hazardous when in contact with reducing agents.

廃棄物の処理

Excess perchloric acid and waste material containing this substance should be placed in an appropriate container, clearly labeled, and handled according to your institution's waste disposal guidelines.

過塩素酸塩 上流と下流の製品情報

原材料

準備製品


過塩素酸塩 生産企業

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7601-90-3(過塩素酸塩)キーワード:


  • 7601-90-3
  • PROTEIN MW MARK. MIDLOW RANGE
  • 0.1mol/l-Perchloric Acid-Acetic Acid Solution
  • Perchloric acid, Puriss. p.a., ACS Reagent, 70% (Hg ?0.0000005%), packed in coated, shock- and leak-protected glass bottle
  • Perchloric acid solution, Volumetric, 0.01 M HClO4 in acetic acid (0.01N), for titration in non-aqueous liquids
  • Perchloric acid, ca. 70% Solution in Water
  • Perchloric acid, p.a.
  • Perchloric Acid Solution, N/10 (0.1N)
  • Perchloric Acid, Normality about 12
  • Perchloric acid, 0.1 M Solution in Acetic Acid
  • Perchloric Acid, 0.10 Normal (in Glacial Acetic Acid) Volumetric Solution
  • Perchloric Acid, 0.1N in Glacial Acetic Acid Volumetric Solution
  • Perchloric Acid, Reag. Ph. Eur. reag. ISO
  • PERCHLORIC ACID-ACETIC ACID
  • acideperchlorique
  • Fraude's reagent
  • PERCHLORIC AC 0.1N IN ACETC AC
  • PERCHLORIC ACID SOLUTION, 0.1 N IN ACETIC ACIDPERCHLORIC ACID SOLUTION, 0.1 N IN ACETIC ACIDPERCHLORIC ACID SOLUTION, 0.1 N IN ACETIC ACIDPERCHLORIC ACID SOLUTION, 0.1 N IN ACETIC ACID
  • PERCHLORIC ACID SOLUTION, 0.1 N, AQUEOUSPERCHLORIC ACID SOLUTION, 0.1 N, AQUEOUSPERCHLORIC ACID SOLUTION, 0.1 N, AQUEOUS
  • PERCHLORIC ACID, 10% W/WPERCHLORIC ACID, 10% W/WPERCHLORIC ACID, 10% W/W
  • PERCHLORIC ACID, 40% REAGENTPERCHLORIC ACID, 40% REAGENTPERCHLORIC ACID, 40% REAGENTPERCHLORIC ACID, 40% REAGENT
  • PERCHLORIC ACID, 50%, REAGENT (ACS)PERCHLORIC ACID, 50%, REAGENT (ACS)PERCHLORIC ACID, 50%, REAGENT (ACS)PERCHLORIC ACID, 50%, REAGENT (ACS)
  • PERCHLORIC ACID, 60% SUPERIOR REAGENT (ACS)PERCHLORIC ACID, 60% SUPERIOR REAGENT (ACS)PERCHLORIC ACID, 60% SUPERIOR REAGENT (ACS)PERCHLORIC ACID, 60% SUPERIOR REAGENT (ACS)
  • PERCHLORIC ACID, 60%, REAGENT (ACS)PERCHLORIC ACID, 60%, REAGENT (ACS)PERCHLORIC ACID, 60%, REAGENT (ACS)PERCHLORIC ACID, 60%, REAGENT (ACS)
  • PERCHLORIC ACID, 68-72%, TECHNICALPERCHLORIC ACID, 68-72%, TECHNICALPERCHLORIC ACID, 68-72%, TECHNICALPERCHLORIC ACID, 68-72%, TECHNICAL
  • PERCHLORIC ACID, 70% SUPERIOR REAGENT (ACS)PERCHLORIC ACID, 70% SUPERIOR REAGENT (ACS)PERCHLORIC ACID, 70% SUPERIOR REAGENT (ACS)PERCHLORIC ACID, 70% SUPERIOR REAGENT (ACS)
  • PERCHLORIC ACID, 70%, ENVIRONMENTAL GRADEPERCHLORIC ACID, 70%, ENVIRONMENTAL GRADEPERCHLORIC ACID, 70%, ENVIRONMENTAL GRADEPERCHLORIC ACID, 70%, ENVIRONMENTAL GRADE
  • PERCHLORIC ACID, 70%, REAGENT (ACS)PERCHLORIC ACID, 70%, REAGENT (ACS)PERCHLORIC ACID, 70%, REAGENT (ACS)PERCHLORIC ACID, 70%, REAGENT (ACS)
  • PERCHLORIC ACID 70% SUPRA PURE
  • PERCHLORIC ACID 1 MOL L (N) SOLUTION IN ACETIC ACID
  • PERCHLORIC ACID 70% FOR ANALYTICAL PURPOSE
  • 過塩素酸
  • 過塩素酸塩
  • 過塩素酸(60%)
  • 過塩素酸(70%)
  • 過塩素酸 (濃度が50質量%を超え72質量%以下のもの)
  • 0.1MOL/L(N/10) 過塩素酸水溶液
  • 0.5MOL/L(N/2) 過塩素酸水溶液
  • 10% 過塩素酸
  • 過塩素酸 67-72%,TRACESELECT ULTRA,FOR ULTRATRACE ANALYSIS
  • 過塩素酸 67-72%,TRACESELECT,FOR TRACE ANALYSIS
  • 過塩素酸 ACS REAGENT,60%
  • 過塩素酸 PURISS. P.A.,ACS REAGENT,PACKED IN COATED,SHOCK- AND LEAK-PROTECTED GLASS BOTTLE,≥60% (T)
  • 過塩素酸 PURISS. P.A.,ACS REAGENT,REAG. ISO,REAG. PH. EUR.,70.0-72.0%
  • 過塩素酸 SOLUTION VOLUMETRIC,0.01 M HCLO4 IN 酢酸 (0.01N),FOR TITRATION IN NON-AQUEOUS LIQUIDS
  • 過塩素酸 SOLUTION VOLUMETRIC,0.1 M HCLO4 IN GLACIAL 酢酸 (0.1N),FOR TITRATION IN NON-AQUEOUS MEDIUM
  • 過塩素酸 SOLUTION VOLUMETRIC,1.0 M HCLO4 (1.0N)
  • 過塩素酸濃縮溶液 FOR 1L STANDARD SOLUTION,0.1 M HCLO4 (0.1N),FOR TITRATION IN NON-AQUEOUS MEDIUM
  • 過塩素酸60%
  • 過塩素酸70%
  • 0.1MOL/L 過塩素酸?酢酸溶液(N/10)
  • 0.1MOL/L(N/10)過塩素酸(酢酸溶液)
  • 0.1MOL/L 過塩素酸, 酢酸溶媒
  • 過塩素酸 (60%)
  • 過塩素酸 溶液
  • 過塩素酸濃縮溶液
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