ChemicalBook
Chinese english Germany Korea

塩酸 (1mol/L)

塩酸 (1mol/L) 化学構造式
7647-01-0
CAS番号.
7647-01-0
化学名:
塩酸 (1mol/L)
别名:
塩化水素 (約1mol/Lエチルエーテル溶液);塩化水素 (約1mol/L酢酸エチル溶液);塩化水素 (約4mol/L 1,4-ジオキサン溶液);塩酸 - ブタノール 試薬 (5-10%);塩酸 - メタノール 試薬 (5-10%);塩酸 (1mol/L);塩酸 (2mol/L);塩酸塩;塩酸塩-;ムリアチン酸;ヒドリド塩素;塩化水素;塩酸;無水塩酸;化水素;HCl;1N(1mol/l)塩酸(エタノール溶液);N/10(0.1mol/l)塩酸(2-プロパノール溶液);N/10(0.1mol/l)塩酸(エタノール溶液);塩化水素 (約16%シクロペンチルメチルエーテル溶液, 約4mol/L)
英語化学名:
Hydrochloric acid
英語别名:
HCL;en chL;Basilin;NA 1789;Zoutzuur;Itaconic;7647-01-0;Salzsaeure;bowlcleaner;Chlorowodor
CBNumber:
CB7421538
化学式:
ClH
分子量:
36.46
MOL File:
7647-01-0.mol

塩酸 (1mol/L) 物理性質

融点 :
-35 °C
沸点 :
57 °C
比重(密度) :
1.2 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
蒸気密度:
1.3 (vs air)
蒸気圧:
613 psi ( 21.1 °C)
闪点 :
10℃ (tag closed test)
屈折率 :
1.3535
貯蔵温度 :
2-8°C
溶解性:
H2O: soluble
外見 :
liquid
酸解離定数(Pka):
-7(at 25℃)
色:
Light Yellow
比重:
1.19
臭い (Odor):
Sharp, irritating odor detectable at 0.25 to 10 ppm
PH:
1.2 (H2O, 20°C)
水溶解度 :
miscible
Sensitive :
Air & Light Sensitive
Merck :
14,4780
暴露限界値:
Ceiling limit 5 ppm (~ 7 mg/m3).
安定性::
Stable. Incompatible with alkalies, most metals. Avoid contact with water.
CAS データベース:
7647-01-0(CAS DataBase Reference)
NISTの化学物質情報:
Hydrogen chloride(7647-01-0)
EPAの化学物質情報:
Hydrochloric acid (7647-01-0)
安全性情報
  • リスクと安全性に関する声明
  • 危険有害性情報のコード(GHS)
主な危険性  T,C,F,Xi,F+,Xn
Rフレーズ  36/37/38-37-34-35-23-20-11-67-66-22-19-12-10-40-20/22-39/23/24/25-23/24/25-41-37/38
Sフレーズ  26-45-36/37/39-9-33-29-16-46-36/37-39
RIDADR  UN 2924 3/PG 2
WGK Germany  2
RTECS 番号 MW4025000
3
TSCA  Yes
HSコード  2806 10 00
国連危険物分類  3
容器等級  I
有毒物質データの 7647-01-0(Hazardous Substances Data)
毒性 LC50 (30 min) in mice, rats: 2142, 5666 ppm (Darmer)
化審法 一般化学物質
安衛法 特定化学物質障害予防規則:第3類物質,57,57-2
毒劇物取締法 III
絵表示(GHS)
注意喚起語 Warning
危険有害性情報
コード 危険有害性情報 危険有害性クラス 区分 注意喚起語 シンボル P コード
H225 引火性の高い液体および蒸気 引火性液体 2 危険 P210,P233, P240, P241, P242, P243,P280, P303+ P361+P353, P370+P378,P403+P235, P501
H226 引火性の液体および蒸気 引火性液体 3 警告
H302 飲み込むと有害 急性毒性、経口 4 警告 P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H303 飲み込むと有害のおそれ 急性毒性、経口 5 P312
H311 皮膚に接触すると有毒 急性毒性、経皮 3 危険 P280, P302+P352, P312, P322, P361,P363, P405, P501
H312 皮膚に接触すると有害 急性毒性、経皮 4 警告 P280,P302+P352, P312, P322, P363,P501
H314 重篤な皮膚の薬傷?眼の損傷 皮膚腐食性/刺激性 1A, B, C 危険 P260,P264, P280, P301+P330+ P331,P303+P361+P353, P363, P304+P340,P310, P321, P305+ P351+P338, P405,P501
H315 皮膚刺激 皮膚腐食性/刺激性 2 警告 P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H318 重篤な眼の損傷 眼に対する重篤な損傷性/眼刺激 性 1 危険 P280, P305+P351+P338, P310
H319 強い眼刺激 眼に対する重篤な損傷性/眼刺激 性 2A 警告 P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H331 吸入すると有毒 急性毒性、吸入 3 危険 P261, P271, P304+P340, P311, P321,P403+P233, P405, P501
H332 吸入すると有害 急性毒性、吸入 4 警告 P261, P271, P304+P340, P312
H335 呼吸器への刺激のおそれ 特定標的臓器毒性、単回暴露; 気道刺激性 3 警告
H336 眠気やめまいのおそれ 特定標的臓器毒性、単回暴露; 麻酔作用 3 警告 P261, P271, P304+P340, P312,P403+P233, P405, P501
H351 発がんのおそれの疑い 発がん性 2 警告 P201, P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
H370 臓器の障害 特定標的臓器有害性、単回暴露 1 危険 P260, P264, P270, P307+P311, P321,P405, P501
注意書き
P210 熱/火花/裸火/高温のもののような着火源から遠ざ けること。-禁煙。
P260 粉じん/煙/ガス/ミスト/蒸気/スプレーを吸入しないこ と。
P261 粉じん/煙/ガス/ミスト/蒸気/スプレーの吸入を避ける こと。
P280 保護手袋/保護衣/保護眼鏡/保護面を着用するこ と。
P301+P330+P331 飲み込んだ場合:口をすすぐこと。無理に吐かせ ないこと。
P303+P361+P353 皮膚(または髪)に付着した場合:直ちに汚染された衣 類をすべて脱ぐこと/取り除くこと。皮膚を流水/シャワー で洗うこと。
P304+P340 吸入した場合:空気の新鮮な場所に移し、呼吸しやすい 姿勢で休息させること。
P305+P351+P338 眼に入った場合:水で数分間注意深く洗うこと。次にコ ンタクトレンズを着用していて容易に外せる場合は外す こと。その後も洗浄を続けること。
P405 施錠して保管すること。

塩酸 (1mol/L) 価格

メーカー 製品番号 製品説明 CAS番号 包装 価格 更新時間 購入

塩酸 (1mol/L) MSDS


Hydrochloric acid

塩酸 (1mol/L) 化学特性,用途語,生産方法

外観

無色澄明の液体無色透明の液体

定義

HClは、塩酸の表示名称である。本品は次の化学式で表される鉱酸である。

溶解性

水、エタノール等水と混和する有機溶媒と任意の割合で混和する。

用途

ほう素定量用試料の分解及び前処理、pH調整等。

用途

グートツァイト法、原子吸光分析法によるひ素分析用。

用途

汎用試薬、調製液原料。

用途

分析試液、試液調製原料

用途

汎用試薬、調製液原料、有機及び無機合成原料、アルカリ性物質の中和剤。

用途

エッチング用,分析用試薬,医薬?農薬?染料?香料?などの原料,食品製造用,排水処理用 、ジクロロエタン原料,染料?香料?医薬?農薬?無機薬品製造原料,食品製造用,排水処理

用途

有害金属定量試料の分解及び前処理、pH調製等。

用途

アミノ酸分析用試料の分解及び前処理、試液調製、pH調整等。

用途

塩基性物質の定量(容量分析)

用途

ICP-MSによる超微量無機物分析用試料の分解、前処理及びpH調整。

用途

一般分析用試液

用途

大量の酸を用いる試料の前処理、高感度比色分析、臨床試薬、高感度機器分析等。

化粧品の成分用途

pH調整剤

効能

酸性化剤

主な用途/役割

ユリア樹脂系接着剤、メラミン樹脂系接着剤、フェノール樹脂系接着剤の触媒として使用される。

商品名

塩酸 (司生堂製薬); 塩酸 (大成薬品工業); 塩酸 (小堺製薬); 塩酸 (山善製薬)

使用上の注意

空気中で発煙する。

説明

A water solution of hydrogen chloride of varied concentrations. It is a clear, colorless or slightly yellowish, corrosive liquid having a pungent odor. It is miscible with water and with alcohol. Concentrations of hydrochloric acid are expressed in percent by weight, or may be expressed in Baume degrees (Be0) from which percentages of hydrochloric acid and specific gravities may readily be derived. The usually available concentrations are 18°, 20°, 22°, and 23° Be. Concentrations above 13° Be (19.6%) fume in moist air, lose hydrogen chloride, and create a corrosive atmosphere. Because of these characteristics, suitable precautions must be observed during sampling and analysis to prevent losses. Note: Hydrochloric acid is produced by various methods that might impart trace amounts of organic compounds as impurities. The manufacturer, vendor, or user is responsible for identifying the specific organic compounds that are present and for meeting the requirements for organic compounds. Methods are provided for their determination. In applying the procedures any necessary standards should be used to quantitate the organic compounds present in each specific product.

化学的特性

Hydrochloric acid, or hydrogen chloride, is either a colorless liquid with a pungent odor, or a colorless to slightly yellow gas that can be shipped as a liquefi ed compressed gas. The acid is used in the production of fertilizers, dyes, dyestuffs, artifi cial silk, and paint pig- ments, and in refi ning edible oils and fats. Hydrochloric acid is also used in electroplating, leather tanning, ore refi ning, soap refi ning, petroleum extraction, and pickling of metals, and is used in the photographic, textile, and rubber industries. In addition, hydrochloric acid is used as an antiseptic in toilet bowls against animal pathogenic bacteria, and in food processing as a starch modifi er.

化学的特性

Hydrochloric acid occurs as a clear, colorless, fuming aqueous solution of hydrogen chloride, with a pungent odor.
The JP XV specifies that hydrochloric acid contains 35.0–38.0% w/w of HCl; the PhEur 6.0 specifies that hydrochloric acid contains 35.0–39.0% w/w of HCl; and the USP32–NF27 specifies that hydrochloric acid contains 36.5–38.0% w/w of HCl.

化学的特性

Hydrogen chloride, HCl, is a colorless, fuming, highly toxic gas that is soluble in water, alcohol, and ether. It is used in polymerization, isomerization, and the synthesis of vinyl chloride and alkyl chloride.

来歴

Hydrochloric acid is a strong, corrosive acid that results when the gas hydrogen chloride dissolves in water.Ancient alchemists prepared hydrochloric acid and Jabbar ibn Hayyan, known in Latin as Geber (721–815), is credited with its discovery around the year 800. The original method of preparation involved reacting salt with sulfuric acid, producing sodium hydrogen sulfate and hydrogen chloride gas. The hydrogen chloride gas is captured and dissolved in water to produce hydrochloric acid. Hydrochloric acid was formerly called muriatic acid. Terms such as muriatic and muriate were used in association with chloride substances before the discovery and nature of chlorine were fully understood. The Latin term muriaticus means pickled from muri, which is the Latin term for brine. Chlorides were naturally associated with seawater salt solutions, as chloride is the principal ion in seawater.

使用

Hydrochloric acid is one of the most widely used acids and a common laboratory reagent. It is used in the manufacture of chlorides, in the pickling and cleaning of metal products, as a processing agent for manufacturing various food products, as a cleaning agent, in organic synthesis, and for neutralizing alkalies.
Hydrogen chloride is a fire-effluent gas.Firefighters are frequently exposed to significant concentrations of HCl (Brandt-Raufet al. 1988). Large amounts of HCl arereleased from the oxidative thermal degradation of polyvinyl chloride (PVC)-derivedfiberglass, cotton, and jute brattices in mines.At 250°C (482°F) its concentration is foundto be >5 ppm (De Rosa and Litton 1986).The gas is absorbed by water droplets,entrapped in soot particles, causing risk ofexposure of the acid to the eyes, throat,and lungs of mine workers. Stack emissionsof HCl can result from burning plastic-richwastes (e.g., hospital wastes) (Powell 1987).Emissions of 1.0–1.6 g HCl/kg waste havebeen reported (Allen et al. 1986)..

使用

Pickling is a metal treatment process used to prepare metal surfaces for subsequent processing such as galvanizing or extrusion. In the iron industry, pickling involves immersing iron and steel products in vats of diluted hydrochloric acid. This removes oxides, dirt, and grease. Oil well acidizing involves injecting hydrochloric acid down well holes to dissolve limestone and carbonate formations. This expands existing fissures and creates new fissures to open channels for oil extraction.
Hydrochloric acid is also used extensively in pharmaceuticals and the food industry. When it is listed after a drug name, the drug was produced by combining a free base and hydrochloric acid to produce a hydrochloride salt. Drugs delivered as hydrochloride salts rather than free bases are more soluble in water than free forms of the drugs, tend to be more stable, are solids, and are often more compatible with the chemistry of the digestive system. In the food industry it is used in the production of gelatin and sodium glutamate, to convert cornstarch to syrup, to refine sugar, and as an acidulant.

使用

Hydrochloric Acid is an acid that is the aqueous solution of hydro- gen chloride of varying concentrations. it is miscible with water and with alcohol. it is used as an acidulant and neutralizing agent.

使用

In the production of chlorides; refining ore in the production of tin and tantalum; for the neutralization of basic systems; as laboratory reagent; hydrolyzing of starch and proteins in the preparation of various food products; pickling and cleaning of metal products; as catalyst and solvent in organic syntheses. Also used for oil- and gas-well treament and in removing scale from boilers and heat-exchange equipment. Pharmaceutic aid (acidifier).

定義

ChEBI: A mononuclear parent hydride consisting of covalently bonded hydrogen and chlorine atoms.

調製方法

The traditional method of preparation of hydrochloric acid is the reaction of metal chlorides, especially sodium chloride with sulfuric acid (see the first reaction described). Hydrochloric acid is also produced by direct synthesis from its elements. In the chlorine-alkali industry, electrochemical reactions produce elemental chlorine and hydrogen, which can then be combined to give hydrogen chloride: Cl2(g) + H2(g) 2HCl(g). Hydrogen chloride is then dissolved in water to produce hydrochloric acid. By far, the most common method of producing hydrochloric acid involves its production as a by-product in chlorination reactions. This has curtailed this source of hydrochloric acid. The production of other common industrial organic chemicals such as Teflon, perchloroethylene, and polyvinyl chloride result in the production of hydrogen chloride. The production of hydrochloric acid in polyvinyl chloride production takes place when ethylene is chlorinated: C2H4(g) + Cl2(g) C2H4Cl2(g) C2H4Cl2(g)(g) C2H3Cl(g) + HCl(g).

調製方法

Hydrochloric acid is an aqueous solution of hydrogen chloride gas produced by a number of methods including: the reaction of sodium chloride and sulfuric acid; the constituent elements; as a by-product from the electrolysis of sodium hydroxide; and as a by-product during the chlorination of hydrocarbons.

定義

A colorless fuming liquid made by adding hydrogen chloride to water:
HCl(g) + H2O1. → H3O+(aq) + Cl-(aq)
Dissociation into ions is extensive and hydrochloric acid shows the typical properties of a strong acid. It reacts with carbonates to give carbon dioxide and yields hydrogen when reacted with all but the most unreactive metals. Hydrochloric acid is used in the manufacture of dyes, drugs, and photographic materials. It is also used to pickle metals, i.e. clean the surface prior to electroplating. Hydrochloric acid donates protons with ease and is the strongest of the hydrohalic acids. The concentrated acid is oxidized to chlorine by such agents as potassium manganate(VII) and manganese( IV) oxide.

定義

hydrogen chloride: A colourlessfuming gas, HCl; m.p. –114.8°C; b.p.–85°C. It can be prepared in the laboratoryby heating sodium chloridewith concentrated sulphuric acid(hence the former name spirits ofsalt). Industrially it is made directlyfrom the elements at high temperatureand used in the manufacture ofPVC and other chloro compounds. Itis a strong acid and dissociates fullyin solution (hydrochloric acid).

空気と水の反応

Fumes strongly in moist air. Soluble in water with evolution of heat.

反応プロフィール

ANHYDROUS HYDROGEN CHLORIDE is an anhydrous (no water) strong acid. Reacts rapidly and exothermically with bases of all kinds (including amines and amides). Reacts exothermically with carbonates (including limestone and building materials containing limestone) and hydrogen carbonates to generate carbon dioxide. Reacts with sulfides, carbides, borides, and phosphides to generate toxic or flammable gases. Reacts with many metals (including aluminum, zinc, calcium, magnesium, iron, tin and all of the alkali metals) to generate flammable hydrogen gas. Reacts violently with acetic anhydride, 2-aminoethanol, ammonium hydroxide, calcium phosphide, chlorosulfonic acid, 1,1-difluoroethylene, ethylenediamine, ethyleneimine, oleum, perchloric acid, b-propiolactone, propylene oxide, silver perchlorate/carbon tetrachloride mixture, sodium hydroxide, uranium(IV) phosphide, vinyl acetate, calcium carbide, rubidium carbide, cesium acetylide, rubidium acetylide, magnesium boride, mercury(II) sulfate [Lewis]. Undergoes a very energetic reaction with calcium phosphide [Mellor 8:841(1946-1947)]. Corrosive to metals and tissues and irritating to the eyes and respiratory system. Corrodes galvanized or copper-alloy metals (brass, bronze); fittings of stainless steel or mild or cast steel must therefore be used. Reacts with calcium carbide with incandescence [Mellor 5:862(1946-1947]. Absorption on mercuric sulfate becomes violent at 125°C. [Mellor 2, Supp. 1:462(1956)].

危険性

Toxic by inhalation, strong irritant to eyes and skin. Questionable carcinogen.

健康ハザード

Hydrochloric acid and hydrogen chloride gas are highly corrosive substances that may cause severe burns upon contact with any body tissue. The aqueous acid and gas are strong eye irritants and lacrimators. Contact of conc hydrochloric acid or concentrated HCl vapor with the eyes may cause severe injury, resulting in permanent impairment of vision and possible blindness, and skin contact results in severe burns. Ingestion can cause severe burns of the mouth, throat, and gastrointestinal system and can be fatal. Inhalation of hydrogen chloride gas can cause severe irritation and injury to the upper respiratory tract and lungs, and exposure to high concentrations may cause death. HCl gas is regarded as having adequate warning properties
Hydrogen chloride has not been found to be carcinogenic or to show reproductive or developmental toxicity in humans

健康ハザード

Exposures to hydrochloric acid cause severe health effects and corrosive reactions. Concentrated hydrochloric acid (fuming hydrochloric acid) forms acidic mists. Both the mist and the solution have a corrosive effect on human tissue, with the potential to damage the respiratory organs, eyes, skin, and intestines. Inhalation of vapors can cause coughing, choking, infl ammation of the nose, throat, and upper respiratory tract, and in severe cases, pulmonary edema, circulatory failure, and death. Accidental ingestion and/or swallow- ing of hydrochloric acid at workplaces causes immediate pain and burns of the mouth, throat, esophagus, and gastrointestinal tract. It also causes nausea, vomiting, and diar- rhea, and in severe cases, death. Any kind of contact of the skin surfaces to hydrochloric acid causes redness, pain, and severe skin burns. Concentrated solutions of hydrochloric acid cause deep ulcers and discolor the skin. Vapors of hydrochloric acid cause irritat- ing effects to the eyes and eye damage, leading to severe burns and permanent eye dam- age. Long-term exposures to concentrated vapors of hydrochloric acid cause erosion of the teeth. Occupational workers and persons with pre-existing skin disorders or eye disease are more susceptible to the effects of hydrochloric acid.

健康ハザード

Gas concentrations of 50 to 100 ppm are tolerable for 1 hour. Concentrations of 1,000 to 2,000 ppm are dangerous, even for brief exposures. More severe exposures will result in serious respiratory distress and prolonged exposures will result in death. Mists of hydrochloric acid are considered less harmful than anhydrous hydrochloric acid, because droplets have no dehydrating action. Individuals with respiratory problems and digestive diseases may be adversely affected by low level exposures to the gas or mist.

健康ハザード

Concentrated hydrochloric acid is a corrosivesubstance that can cause severe burns.Spilling into the eyes can damage vision.Ingestion can produce corrosion of themouth, gastrointestinal tract, and stomach,and diarrhea.
Hydrogen chloride is a toxic gas with acharacteristic pungent odor. Inhalation cancause coughing, choking, and irritation ofthe mucous membranes. Exposure to concentrations at >5 ppm in air can be irritating and disagreeable to humans (Patty 1963;ACGIH 1986). A short exposure to 50 ppmmay cause irritation of the throat. Workersexposed to hydrochloric acid were found tosuffer from gastritis and chronic bronchitis(Fairhall 1957).
Rats exposed continuously to a hydrogen chloride atmosphere died after physicalincapacitation (Crane et al. 1985). Hartzelland coworkers (1987) have studied thetoxicological effects of smoke containinghydrogen chloride in fire gases. The lethality of PVC smoke was high but not entirelydue to the hydrogen chloride produced. Postexposure death in rats was observed afterpulmonary irritation caused by high concentration of HCl. Lethality in the presenceof carbon monoxide may be additive. Inanother paper, Hartzell and associates (1988)reported that guinea pigs were three timesas sensitive as rats to HCl exposure. HClproduced bronchoconstriction in animals andshowed additive toxicity with CO at relatively high concentrations of the latter.

火災危険

Fire may produce irritating or poisonous gases. Containers may explode in heat of fire. At high temperatures, Hydrochloric acid decomposes into hydrogen and chlorine. The following materials should be avoided: Mercuric sulfate -- violent reaction with gaseous hydrochloric acid at 250F. Sodium -- reacts vigorously with gaseous hydrochloric acid. Acetic anhydride, 2-aminoethanol, ammonium hydroxide, chlorosulfonic acid, ethylene diamine, ethyleneimine, oleum, propiolactone, sodium hydroxide, sulfuric acid, and vinyl acetate -- increase in temperature and pressure when mixed with hydrochloric acid. Calcium phosphide -- energetic reaction with hydrochloric acid. Silver perchlorate and carbon tetrachloride -- when mixed in combination with hydrochloric acid forms a compound that detonates at 105F. Formaldehyde -- when mixed with hydrochloric acid forms a human carcinogen. Material reacts violently with bases and is corrosive with the generation of heat. Reacts with base metals, forming combustible gas (hydrogen). Reacts violently with strong oxidants forming toxic gas (chlorine). Avoid heat; at high temperatures Hydrochloric acid will decompose into hydrogen and chlorine.

火災危険

Noncombustible, but contact with metals may produce highly flammable hydrogen gas.

燃焼性と爆発性

Noncombustible, but contact with metals may produce highly flammable hydrogen gas.

応用例(製薬)

Hydrochloric acid is widely used as an acidifying agent, in a variety of pharmaceutical and food preparations. It may also be used to prepare dilute hydrochloric acid, which in addition to its use as an excipient has some therapeutic use, intravenously in the management of metabolic alkalosis, and orally for the treatment of achlorhydria.

工業用途

Hydrochloric acid (HCl) is soluble in water andis a strong mineral acid made by the action ofsulfuric acid on common salt, or as a byproductof the chlorination of hydrocarbons such asbenzene.HCl is used to some extent in pickling of metal prior to porcelain enameling.

工業用途

Hydrochloric acid (HCl) is a highly corrosive liquid, emitting a pungent odor and fumes in moist air. Concentrated hydrochloric acid is one of the strongest acids and thus any desired pH from 0 to 7 can be easily achieved with the required dosage. Hydrochloric acid is seldom used in mineral flotation. The largest use is in hydrometallurgical processes and the pickling of hot rolled steel. In some cases, hydrochloric acid is used for decoating iron-stained mineral surfaces before flotation.

安全性

When used diluted, at low concentration, hydrochloric acid is not usually associated with any adverse effects. However, the concentrated solution is corrosive and can cause severe damage on contact with the eyes and skin, or if ingested.
LD50 (mouse, IP): 1.4 g/kg
LD50 (rabbit, oral): 0.9 g/kg

貯蔵

Hydrochloric acid should be stored in a well-closed, glass or other inert container at a temperature below 30°C. Storage in close proximity to concentrated alkalis, metals, and cyanides should be avoided.

貯蔵

Splash goggles and rubber gloves should be worn when handling this acid, and containers of HCl should be stored in a wellventilated location separated from incompatible metals. Water should never be added to HCl because splattering may result; always add acid to water. Containers of hydrochloric acid should be stored in secondary plastic trays to avoid corrosion of metal storage shelves due to drips or spills.
Cylinders of hydrogen chloride should be stored in cool, dry locations separated from alkali metals and other incompatible substances.

純化方法

Pass it through conc H2SO4, then over activated charcoal and silica gel. It fumes in moist air. Hydrogen chloride in gas cylinders contains ethylene, 1,1-dichloroethane and ethyl chloride. The latter two may be removed by fractionating the HCl through a trap cooled to -112o. Ethylene is difficult to remove. HCl fumes in moist air. HARMFUL VAPOURS. Its solubility in H2O is 82% at 0o. A constant boiling aqueous solution (azeotrope) has b 108.6o/760mm with an HCl concentration of ~20%, and is called Hydrochloric acid (muriatic acid) (see above). [Schmeisser in Handbook of Preparative Inorganic Chemistry (Ed. Brauer) Academic Press Vol I pp 280-282 1963.]

不和合性

Hydrochloric acid reacts violently with alkalis, with the evolution of a large amount of heat. Hydrochloric acid also reacts with many metals, liberating hydrogen.

不和合性

Hydrochloric acid and hydrogen chloride react violently with many metals, with the generation of highly flammable hydrogen gas, which may explode. Reaction with oxidizers such as permanganates, chlorates, chlorites, and hypochlorites may produce chlorine or bromine.

廃棄物の処理

In many localities, hydrochloric acid or the residue from a spill may be disposed of down the drain after appropriate dilution and neutralization. Otherwise, hydrochloric acid and waste material containing this substance should be placed in an appropriate container, clearly labeled, and handled according to your institution's waste disposal guidelines. Excess hydrogen chloride in cylinders should be returned to the manufacturer. For more information on disposal procedures, see Chapter 7 of this volume.

規制状況(Regulatory Status)

GRAS listed. Accepted for use as a food additive in Europe. Included in the FDA Inactive Ingredients Database (dental solutions; epidural injections; IM, IV, and SC injections; inhalations; ophthalmic preparations; oral solutions; nasal, otic, rectal, and topical preparations). Included in parenteral and nonparenteral medicines licensed in the UK. Included in the Canadian List of Acceptable Non-medicinal Ingredients.

塩酸 (1mol/L) 上流と下流の製品情報

原材料

準備製品


塩酸 (1mol/L) 生産企業

Global( 0)Suppliers
名前 電話番号 ファックス番号 電子メール 国籍 製品カタログ 優位度

7647-01-0(塩酸 (1mol/L))キーワード:


  • 7647-01-0
  • Gly-beta-Ala-NH2·
  • Cefepime·
  • Aminoethyl-SS-(+)-Biotin·
  • Z-1,4-diaminobutane·
  • (R)-g-(3-Bromobenzyl)-L-proline·
  • (R)-g-(3,4-Dichlorobenzyl)-L-proline·
  • Hydrogen chloride, 6 N in isopropanol
  • (R)-a-Benzyl proline·
  • Ala-Pro-NH2·
  • (S)-3-Amino-4-(2,4,5-trifluorophenyl)butyric acid·
  • (S)-a-Allylproline·
  • (R)-alpha-Allylproline·
  • Ala-Pro-pNA·
  • Phe-Phe-OMe·
  • Boc-1,6-diaminohexane·
  • HYDROCHLORIC ACID, SOLUTION, 0.1 N, in ISOPROPYL ALCOHOLHYDROCHLORIC ACID, SOLUTION, 0.1 N, in ISOPROPYL ALCOHOLHYDROCHLORIC ACID, SOLUTION, 0.1 N, in ISOPROPYL ALCOHOL
  • HYDROCHLORIC ACID, SOLUTION, 0.1 NHYDROCHLORIC ACID, SOLUTION, 0.1 NHYDROCHLORIC ACID, SOLUTION, 0.1 N
  • HYDROCHLORIC ACID, SOLUTION, 0.2 NHYDROCHLORIC ACID, SOLUTION, 0.2 NHYDROCHLORIC ACID, SOLUTION, 0.2 N
  • HYDROCHLORIC ACID, SOLUTION, 0.5 NHYDROCHLORIC ACID, SOLUTION, 0.5 NHYDROCHLORIC ACID, SOLUTION, 0.5 N
  • HYDROCHLORIC ACID, SOLUTION, 1.0 NHYDROCHLORIC ACID, SOLUTION, 1.0 NHYDROCHLORIC ACID, SOLUTION, 1.0 N
  • HYDROCHLORIC ACID, SOLUTION, 10% v/vHYDROCHLORIC ACID, SOLUTION, 10% v/vHYDROCHLORIC ACID, SOLUTION, 10% v/v
  • H-Ile-CMK·
  • Boc-1,2-diaminoethane·
  • (R)-g-(1-Naphthalenylmethyl)-L-proline·
  • Hydrochloride in Methanol
  • Bz-Arg-4-Abz-OH·
  • (S)-a-(Benzo[b]thiophenylmethyl)proline·
  • Phe-Gly-NH2·
  • -(3-Nitrobenzyl)-L-proline·
  • 1H-Indazol-3-ylmethylamine·
  • 塩化水素 (約1mol/Lエチルエーテル溶液)
  • 塩化水素 (約1mol/L酢酸エチル溶液)
  • 塩化水素 (約4mol/L 1,4-ジオキサン溶液)
  • 塩酸 - ブタノール 試薬 (5-10%)
  • 塩酸 - メタノール 試薬 (5-10%)
  • 塩酸 (1mol/L)
  • 塩酸 (2mol/L)
  • 塩酸塩
  • 塩酸塩-
  • ムリアチン酸
  • ヒドリド塩素
  • 塩化水素
  • 塩酸
  • 無水塩酸
  • 化水素
  • HCl
  • 1N(1mol/l)塩酸(エタノール溶液)
  • N/10(0.1mol/l)塩酸(2-プロパノール溶液)
  • N/10(0.1mol/l)塩酸(エタノール溶液)
  • 塩化水素 (約16%シクロペンチルメチルエーテル溶液, 約4mol/L)
  • 塩化水素 - ブタノール 試薬 (5-10%) [エステル化剤] (1mL×10)
  • 塩化水素 - メタノール 試薬 (5-10%) [エステル化剤]
  • 塩化水素 - メタノール 試薬 (5-10%) [エステル化剤] (1mL×10)
  • 0.01MOL/L塩酸(N/100)
  • 0.02MOL/L塩酸(N/50)
  • 0.05MOL/L塩酸(N/20)
  • 0.1MOL/L塩酸(N/10)
  • 0.2MOL/L塩酸(N/5)
  • 0.5MOL/L塩酸(N/2)
  • 1MOL/L塩酸(1N)
  • 2MOL/L塩酸(2N)
  • 5MOL/L塩酸(5N)
  • 6MOL/L塩酸(6N)
  • 発煙塩
  • 塩酸(1+1)
  • 塩酸(UE‐E)
  • 0.01MOL/L(N/100) 塩酸
  • 0.02MOL/L(N/50) 塩酸
  • 0.05MOL/L(N/20) 塩酸
  • 0.1MOL/L 塩酸, エタノール性
  • 0.1MOL/L(N/10) 塩酸
  • 0.1MOL/L(N/10) 塩酸, 2-プロパノール性
  • 0.25MOL/L(N/4) 塩酸
  • 0.2MOL/L(N/5) 塩酸
  • 0.2MOL/L(N/5) 塩酸, エタノール性
  • 0.5MOL/L(N/2) 塩酸
  • 0.5MOL/L(N/2) 塩酸, 50%メタノール性
  • 0.5MOL/L(N/2) 塩酸, エタノール性
  • 1.25MOL/L(1.25N) 塩酸
  • 1.2MOL/L(1.2N) 塩酸
  • 10MOL/L(10N) 塩酸
  • 10W/V% 塩酸
  • 10W/V% 塩酸, エタノール性
  • 10W/W% 塩酸
  • 12.5W/V% 塩酸
  • 1MOL/L(1N) 塩酸
  • 1W/V% 塩酸
  • 2.18MOL/L(2.18N) 塩酸
  • 20% 塩酸
  • 20W/V% 塩酸
  • 2MOL/L(2N) 塩酸
  • 3MOL/L(3N) 塩酸
  • 3W/V% 塩酸
  • 4MOL/L(4N) 塩酸
  • 4MOL/L(4N) 塩酸, 酢酸エチル性
  • 4W/V% 塩酸
  • 5MOL/L(5N) 塩酸
  • 5W/V% 塩酸
  • 5W/W% 塩酸
  • 6MOL/L(6N) 塩酸
  • 6W/W% 塩酸
  • 7W/W% 塩酸
  • 9% 塩酸
  • HW 35328-10L-VOLPAC 塩酸 SOLUTION REAG. PH. EUR.,VOLUMETRIC,1 M HCL (1N)
  • HW 35328-5L-VOLPAC 塩酸 SOLUTION REAG. PH. EUR.,VOLUMETRIC,1 M HCL (1N)
  • HW 35329-10L-VOLPAC 塩酸 SOLUTION REAG. PH. EUR.,VOLUMETRIC,0.5 M HCL (0.5N)
  • HW 35329-5L-VOLPAC 塩酸 SOLUTION REAG. PH. EUR.,VOLUMETRIC,0.5 M HCL (0.5N)
  • HW 35335-10L-VOLPAC 塩酸 SOLUTION REAG. PH. EUR.,VOLUMETRIC,0.1 M HCL (0.1N)
  • HW 35335-5L-VOLPAC 塩酸 SOLUTION REAG. PH. EUR.,VOLUMETRIC,0.1 M HCL (0.1N)
  • N/12 塩酸
  • NPW-150/160用[試薬3]塩酸 (1+7.5)
  • NPW-400用[試薬3]塩酸 (1+7.5)
  • 濃塩酸 FOR 1 L STANDARD SOLUTION,0.01 M HCL (0.01 N)
  • 濃塩酸 FOR 1 L STANDARD SOLUTION,0.1 M HCL (0.1 N)
  • 濃塩酸 FOR 1 L STANDARD SOLUTION,1.0 M HCL (1.0 N)
  • 濃塩酸 FOR 10L STANDARD SOLUTION,1 M HCL (1N)
  • 濃塩酸 FOR 1L STANDARD SOLUTION,0.2 M HCL (0.2N)
  • 濃塩酸 FOR 1L STANDARD SOLUTION,0.5 M HCL (0.5N)
  • 濃塩酸 FOR 2L STANDARD SOLUTION,1 M HCL (1N)
  • 濃塩酸,0.01N DISSOLUTION MEDIA濃縮溶液,DILUTE TO 25L TO CONFORM TO USP & EP
  • 塩酸 (1+1)
  • 塩酸 (1+1) 【シリカ用】
  • 塩酸 (1+10)
  • 塩酸 (1+11)
  • 塩酸 (1+15)
  • 塩酸 (1+16)
  • 塩酸 (1+4)
  • 塩酸 (1+5)
  • 塩酸 (1+8)
  • 塩酸 (1+9) 【ヒドラジン用】
  • 塩酸 (1+99) 【ヒドラジン用】
  • 塩酸 ≥30%,TRACESELECT,FOR TRACE ANALYSIS
  • 塩酸 ≥37%,TRACESELECT,FOR TRACE ANALYSIS,FUMING
  • 塩酸 30-35%,TRACESELECT ULTRA,FOR ULTRATRACE ANALYSIS
  • 塩酸 ACS REAGENT,37%
  • 塩酸 PURISS. P.A.,≥32% (T)
  • 塩酸 SOLUTION
  • 塩酸 SOLUTION 4 M HCL IN H2O
  • 塩酸 SOLUTION PURUM P.A.,24-26% (T)
  • 塩酸 SOLUTION REAG. PH. EUR.,VOLUMETRIC,0.1 M HCL (0.1N)
  • 塩酸 SOLUTION REAG. PH. EUR.,VOLUMETRIC,0.5 M HCL (0.5N)
  • 塩酸 SOLUTION REAG. PH. EUR.,VOLUMETRIC,1 M HCL (1N)
  • 塩酸 SOLUTION VOLUMETRIC,0.01 M HCL (0.01N)
  • 塩酸 SOLUTION VOLUMETRIC,0.05 M HCL (0.05N)
  • 塩酸 SOLUTION VOLUMETRIC,0.1 M HCL (0.1N)
  • 塩酸 SOLUTION VOLUMETRIC,0.2 M HCL (0.2N)
  • 塩酸 SOLUTION VOLUMETRIC,0.5 M HCL (0.5N)
  • 塩酸 SOLUTION VOLUMETRIC,1 M HCL (1N)
  • 塩酸 SOLUTION VOLUMETRIC,1.0 M HCL (1.0N)
  • 塩酸 SOLUTION VOLUMETRIC,2.0 M HCL (2.0N)
  • 塩酸 SOLUTION VOLUMETRIC,6 M HCL (6N)
  • 塩酸 TESTED ACCORDING TO PH.EUR.,FUMIN
  • (1+16)-塩酸
  • (1+7.5)-塩酸
  • (16+84)塩酸
  • 1MOL/L(1N)-塩酸
  • 0.01MOL/L 塩酸(N/100)
  • 0.02MOL/L 塩酸(N/50)
  • 0.05MOL/L 塩酸(N/20)
  • 0.1MOL/L 塩酸(N/10)
  • 0.2MOL/L 塩酸(N/5)
  • 0.5MOL/L 塩酸(N/2)
  • 1MOL/L 塩酸(1N)
  • 2MOL/L 塩酸(2N)
  • 5MOL/L 塩酸(5N)
  • 6MOL/L 塩酸(6N)
  • 塩酸(無鉄)(鉄分析用)FE<0.000005%
  • 10% 塩酸 (脱灰用)
  • 0.5MOL/L 塩酸
  • 0.1MOL/L 塩酸
  • 6MOL/L塩酸
  • NP F液
  • 4% 塩酸
  • 塩酸 溶液
  • 塩酸, 99.999999% (metals basis), 33% min
  • 塩酸 (JP17)
  • BCl3, BF3, HClアルカノール溶液 (GC前処理試薬)
  • GC前処理試薬
  • エステル化 & アルキル化 (GC前処理試薬)
  • 分析化学
Copyright 2017 © ChemicalBook. All rights reserved