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過酸化水素 (35%水溶液) [一般有機合成用]

過酸化水素 (35%水溶液) [一般有機合成用] 化学構造式
7722-84-1
CAS番号.
7722-84-1
化学名:
過酸化水素 (35%水溶液) [一般有機合成用]
别名:
過酸化水素 (35%水溶液) [一般有機合成用];オキシドール;過酸化水素;過酸化水素(過酸化水素水);過酸化水素水;オキシフル[商品名];酸化水素;過酸化水素 (35%水溶液);3W/W% 過酸化水素;5W/W% 過酸化水素;6W/W% 過酸化水素;過酸化水素 SOLUTION CONTAINS ~200 PPM ACETANILIDE AS STABILIZER,3 WT. % IN H2O;過酸化水;過酸化水素水(30%);過酸化水素水(35%);ステリ-ペルオキソ, 3%, 非滅菌;ステリ-ペルオキソ, 6%, 非滅菌;過酸化水素, 27% W/W AQ. SOLN., STAB.;過酸化水素 (過酸化水素水);過酸化水素, 35% W/W AQ. SOLN., STAB.
英語化学名:
Hydrogen peroxide
英語别名:
50%;HOOH;H2O2;Proxy;Hioxy;Hioxyl;Elawox;PERONE;Oxogen;Oxydol
CBNumber:
CB3854293
分子式:
H2O2
分子量:
34.01
MOL File:
7722-84-1.mol

過酸化水素 (35%水溶液) [一般有機合成用] 物理性質

融点 :
-33 °C
沸点 :
108 °C
比重(密度) :
1.13 g/mL at 20 °C
蒸気密度:
1.1 (vs air)
蒸気圧:
23.3 mm Hg ( 30 °C)
屈折率 :
1.3350
闪点 :
107°C
貯蔵温度 :
2-8°C
溶解性:
diethyl ether: soluble
酸解離定数(Pka):
11.5(at 25℃)
外見 :
Solution
色:
≤10(APHA)
臭い (Odor):
Slightly pungent, irritating odor
水溶解度 :
miscible
Merck :
14,4798
BRN :
3587191
安定性::
Slightly unstable - will very slowly decompose. Decomposition is promoted by catalysts and heating, so store cool. Light sensitive, keep in the dark. May contain stabilizer. Reacts with rust, brass, zinc, nickel, finely powdered metals, copper and iron and their alloys.
CAS データベース:
7722-84-1(CAS DataBase Reference)
NISTの化学物質情報:
Hydrogen peroxide(7722-84-1)
EPAの化学物質情報:
Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)(7722-84-1)
安全性情報
  • リスクと安全性に関する声明
  • 危険有害性情報のコード(GHS)
主な危険性  Xn,C,O
Rフレーズ  22-41-37/38-34-20/22-8-35-5
Sフレーズ  26-39-45-36/37/39-28A-17-28-1/2
RIDADR  UN 2014 5.1/PG 2
WGK Germany  1
RTECS 番号 MX0899500
TSCA  Yes
HSコード  2847 00 00
国連危険物分類  5.1
容器等級  II
有毒物質データの 7722-84-1(Hazardous Substances Data)
毒性 LD50 oral (rat)
75 mg/kg (70%)
LD50 skin (rabbit)
700 mg/kg (90%)
LD50 skin (rabbit)
9200 mg/kg (70%)
LC50 inhal (rat)
>2000 ppm (90%)
PEL (OSHA)
1 ppm (1.4 mg/m3) (90%)
TLV-TWA (ACGIH)
1 ppm (1.4 mg/m3) (90%)
絵表示(GHS)
注意喚起語 Danger
危険有害性情報
コード 危険有害性情報 危険有害性クラス 区分 注意喚起語 シンボル P コード
H271 火災または爆発のおそれ;強酸化性物質 酸化性液体; 酸化性固体 1 危険 P210, P220, P221, P280, P283,P306+P360, P371+P380+P375,P370+P378, P501
H272 火災助長のおそれ;酸化性物質 酸化性液体; 酸化性固体 2
3
危険
警告
P210, P220, P221P280, P370+P378,P501
H302 飲み込むと有害 急性毒性、経口 4 警告 P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H314 重篤な皮膚の薬傷?眼の損傷 皮膚腐食性/刺激性 1A, B, C 危険 P260,P264, P280, P301+P330+ P331,P303+P361+P353, P363, P304+P340,P310, P321, P305+ P351+P338, P405,P501
H315 皮膚刺激 皮膚腐食性/刺激性 2 警告 P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H318 重篤な眼の損傷 眼に対する重篤な損傷性/眼刺激 性 1 危険 P280, P305+P351+P338, P310
H333 吸入すると有害のおそれ 急性毒性、吸入 5 P304+P312
H335 呼吸器への刺激のおそれ 特定標的臓器毒性、単回暴露; 気道刺激性 3 警告
H412 長期的影響により水生生物に有害 水生環境有害性、慢性毒性 3 P273, P501
注意書き
P210 熱/火花/裸火/高温のもののような着火源から遠ざ けること。-禁煙。
P220 衣類/.../可燃物から遠ざけること。
P221 可燃物と混合を回避するために予防策をとること。
P260 粉じん/煙/ガス/ミスト/蒸気/スプレーを吸入しないこ と。
P280 保護手袋/保護衣/保護眼鏡/保護面を着用するこ と。
P283 防火服/防炎服/耐火服を着用すること。
P305+P351+P338 眼に入った場合:水で数分間注意深く洗うこと。次にコ ンタクトレンズを着用していて容易に外せる場合は外す こと。その後も洗浄を続けること。
P306 衣類にかかったっ場合:
P370+P378 火災の場合:消火に...を使用すること。

過酸化水素 (35%水溶液) [一般有機合成用] 価格 もっと(45)

メーカー 製品番号 製品説明 CAS番号 包装 価格 更新時間 購入
富士フイルム和光純薬株式会社(wako) W01AFAL13235 過酸化水素, 27% w/w aq. soln., stab.
Hydrogen peroxide, 27% w/w aq. soln., stab.
7722-84-1 100mL ¥4220 2018-12-26 購入
富士フイルム和光純薬株式会社(wako) W01VAISPER-01-3PERCENT ステリ-ペルオキソ, 3%, 非滅菌
STERI-PEROX, Non-Sterile 3%
7722-84-1 4本 ¥61200 2018-12-26 購入
東京化成工業 H1222 過酸化水素 (35%水溶液)
Hydrogen Peroxide (35% in Water)
7722-84-1 300mL ¥1600 2018-12-04 購入
関東化学株式会社(KANTO) 18084-01 過酸化水素(過酸化水素水) >34.5%(T)
Hydrogen peroxide >34.5%(T)
7722-84-1 500mL ¥830 2018-12-13 購入
関東化学株式会社(KANTO) 18084-00 過酸化水素(過酸化水素水) 30.0%~35.5%(T)
Hydrogen peroxide 30.0%~35.5%(T)
7722-84-1 500mL ¥1100 2018-12-13 購入

過酸化水素 (35%水溶液) [一般有機合成用] MSDS


Hydrogen peroxide

過酸化水素 (35%水溶液) [一般有機合成用] 化学特性,用途語,生産方法

化学的特性

Colorless liquid; pure compound or 90% solution unstable; bitter taste; density 1.463 g/mL; boils at 150.2°C; freezes at –0.43°C; vapor pressure 9.9 torr at 50°C and 121.5 torr at 100°C; viscosity 1.245 centipoise at 20°C; surface tension 80.4 dyn/cm at 20°C; miscible with water in all proportions; soluble in ether; densities of 30%, 70%, and 90% H2O2 solutions are 1.1081, 1.2839 and 1.3867 g/mL, respectively, at 25°C; freezing points at these concentrations are –25.7°C, –40.3°C and –11.5°C, respectively; and their boiling points are 106.2°C, 125.5°C and 141.3°C, respectively; decomposed by many organic solvents; pKa at 25°C is 11.62.

来歴

Hydrogen peroxide was prepared first by Thenard in 1818. It has many industrial applications. Aqueous solutions at varying concentrations are used for bleaching fabrics, silks, furs, feathers and hair; as a dough conditioner; and a bleaching and oxidizing agent in foods; for cleaning metals; as a laboratory reagent for oxidation; as an antiseptic; in sewage and wastewater treatment; and in preparation of inorganic and organic peroxides. An 80% concentrated solution is used in rocket propulsion.

使用

Antiinfective, topical.

使用

hydrogen peroxide is a bleaching and oxidizing agent, detergent, and antiseptic. It is generally recognized as a safe preservative, germ killer, and skin bleacher in cosmetics. If used undiluted, it can cause burns of the skin and mucous membranes.

定義

ChEBI: An inorganic peroxide consisting of two hydroxy groups joined by a covalent oxygen-oxygen single bond.

製造方法

Hydrogen peroxide is commercially produced by autooxidation of ethyl anthraquinol in a solvent such as toluene or ethylbenzene. The product ethyl anthraquinone is reduced by hydrogen over supported nickel or platinum catalyst to regenerate back the starting material, ethyl anthraquinol for a continuous production of H2O2. The reaction steps are:


Hydrogen peroxide may also be made by heating 2-propanol with oxygen at 100°C under 10 to 20 atm pressure: (CH3)2CHOH (CH3)2C(OH)OOH → CH3COCH3 + H2O2 Vapor phase partial oxidation of hydrocarbons also yield H2O2. However, several by-products are generated, the separations of which make the process difficult and uneconomical.
Hydrogen peroxide may also be prepared by treating barium peroxide with dilute sulfuric acid:
BaO2 + 2H2SO4 → H2O2 + BaSO4
Another preparative method involves electrolytic conversion of aqueous sulfuric acid to peroxydisulfate followed by hydrolysis to H2O2 (Weissenstein process). The reaction steps are as follows:

2H2SO4 → H2S2O8 + H2
H2SO5 + H2O → H2SO4 + H2SO5 H2SO5 + H2O → H2O2 + H2SO4
An earlier method, which currently is no longer practiced commercially, involved oxidation of phenyl hydrazine: Hydrogen peroxide obtained this way may contain many impurities, depending on the process used. Such impurities are removed by ion exchange, solvent extraction, and distillation. Dilute solutions of H2O2 may be purified
and concentrated by fractional distillation at reduced pressures.
 

一般的な説明

A colorless liquid dissolved in water. Vapors may irritate the eyes and mucous membranes. May violently decompose on contact with most common metals and their compounds. Contact with combustible material may result in spontaneous ignition. Corrosive to tissue. Under exposure to fire or heat containers may violently rupture due to decomposition. Used to bleach textiles and wood pulp, in chemical manufacturing, food processing, and in water purification.

空気と水の反応

Water soluble.

反応プロフィール

The hazards associated with the use of HYDROGEN PEROXIDE(especially highly concentrated solutions) are well documented. There is a release of enough energy during the catalytic decomposition of 65% peroxide to evaporate all water and ignite nearby combustible materials. Most cellulose materials contain enough catalyst to cause spontaneous ignition with 90% peroxide. Contamination of concentrated peroxide causes the possibility of explosion. Readily oxidizable materials, or alkaline substances containing heavy metals may react violently. Solvents(acetone, ethanol, glycerol) will detonate on mixture with peroxide of over 30% concentration, the violence increasing with concentration. Concentrated peroxide may decompose violently in contact with iron, copper, chromium, and most other metals or their salts, and dust(which frequently contain rust). During concentration under vacuum of aqueous or of aqueous-alcoholic solutions of hydrogen peroxide, violent explosions occurred when the concentration was sufficiently high(>90%), [Bretherick 2nd ed., 1979]. Hydrogen selenide and hydrogen peroxide undergo a very rapid decomposition, [Mellor 1:941(1946-1947)].

危険性

Hydrogen peroxide is a strong oxidizing agent. Concentrated solutions, even a 30% aqueous solution, should be handled carefully. The compound decomposes violently in the presence of trace impurities. Inhibitors are, therefore, added at trace levels to prevent decomposition. Explosion can occur when concentrated solutions are heated or brought in contact with a number of organic substances that are readily oxidizable or that form organic peroxides, such as alcohols, aldehydes, ketones, anhydrides, and carboxylic acids (Patnaik, P. 1999. A Comprehensive Guide to the Hazardous Properties of Chemical Substances, 2nd ed. New York: John Wiley & Sons). Also, reactions with metals, metal alloys, a number of metal salts and oxides, and concentrated mineral acids can proceed to explosive violence.

健康ハザード

TOXIC; inhalation, ingestion or contact (skin, eyes) with vapors, dusts or substance may cause severe injury, burns or death. Fire may produce irritating and/or toxic gases. Toxic fumes or dust may accumulate in confined areas (basement, tanks, hopper/tank cars, etc.). Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution.

健康ハザード

Contact with aqueous concentrations of less than 50% cause skin irritation, but more concentrated solutions of H202 are corrosive to the skin. At greater than 10% concentration, hydrogen peroxide is corrosive to the eyes and can cause severe irreversible damage and possibly blindness. Hydrogen peroxide is moderately toxic by ingestion and slightly toxic by inhalation. This substance is not considered to have adequate warning properties. Hydrogen peroxide has not been found to be carcinogenic in humans. Repeated inhalation exposures produced nasal discharge, bleached hair, and respiratory tract congestion, with some deaths occurring in rats and mice exposed to concentrations greater than 67 ppm

火災危険

Hydrogen peroxide is not flammable, but concentrated solutions may undergo violent decomposition in the presence of trace impurities or upon heating

火災危険

May explode from friction, heat or contamination. These substances will accelerate burning when involved in a fire. May ignite combustibles (wood, paper, oil, clothing, etc.). Some will react explosively with hydrocarbons (fuels). Containers may explode when heated. Runoff may create fire or explosion hazard.

接触アレルゲン

Hydrogen peroxide is an oxidizing agent used as a topi- cal antiseptic, and as part of permanent hair-dyes and color-removing preparations, and as a neutralizing agent in permanent waving. The concentration of the hydrogen peroxyde solution is expressed in volume or percentage: Ten volumes correspond to 3%. It is an irritant.

貯蔵

Use extreme care when carrying out reactions with hydrogen peroxide because of the fire and explosion potential (immediate or delayed). The use of safety shields is advisable, and is essential for experiments involving concentrated (>50%) solutions of hydrogen peroxide. Sealed containers of hydrogen peroxide can build up dangerous pressures of oxygen, owing to slow decomposition.

純化方法

The 30% material has been steam distilled using distilled water. Gross and Taylor [J Am Chem Soc 72 2075 1950] made 90% H2O2 approximately 0.001M in NaOH and then distilled it under its own vapour pressure, keeping the temperature below 40o, the receiver being cooled with a Dry-ice/isopropyl alcohol slush. The 98% material has been rendered anhydrous by repeated fractional crystallisation in all-quartz vessels. EXPLOSIVE IN CONTACT WITH ORGANIC MATERIAL.

不和合性

Contact with many organic compounds can lead to immediate fires or violent explosions (consult Bretherick for references and examples). Hydrogen peroxide reacts with certain organic functional groups (ethers, acetals, etc.) to form peroxides, which may explode upon concentration. Reaction with acetone generates explosive cyclic dimeric and trimeric peroxides. Explosions may also occur on exposure of hydrogen peroxide to metals such as sodium, potassium, magnesium, copper, iron, and nickel.

燃焼性と爆発性

Hydrogen peroxide is not flammable, but concentrated solutions may undergo violent decomposition in the presence of trace impurities or upon heating.

廃棄物の処理

Excess hydrogen peroxide and waste material containing this substance should be placed in an appropriate container, clearly labeled, and handled according to your institution's waste disposal guidelines. For more information on disposal procedures, see Chapter 7 of this volume.

用途

漂白剤(紙?パルプ、天然繊維)、工業薬品(酸化剤及び可塑剤、ゴム薬品、公害処理などの還元剤)、医薬品(酸化剤、殺菌剤)、食品(水産加工の漂白殺菌剤、酸化漂白剤、その他各種漂白剤)、ロケット燃料(90%品)

過酸化水素 (35%水溶液) [一般有機合成用] 上流と下流の製品情報

原材料

準備製品


過酸化水素 (35%水溶液) [一般有機合成用] 生産企業

Global( 304)Suppliers
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0371-55170693
0371-55170693 info@tianfuchem.com CHINA 20795 55
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7722-84-1(過酸化水素 (35%水溶液) [一般有機合成用])キーワード:


  • 7722-84-1
  • albone35cg
  • albone50
  • albone50cg
  • albone70
  • Albone 35
  • Albone 50
  • Albone 70
  • Albone DS
  • albone35
  • Hioxyl
  • HOOH
  • Hydrogen oxide
  • Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)
  • Hydrogen Peroxide [Topical Solution]
  • hydrogendioxidesolution
  • hydrogenperoxide(concentrationgreaterthan52%)1
  • hydrogenperoxide(h2o2)
  • hydrogenperoxide,20%to60%
  • hydrogenperoxide,solution,35%
  • hydrogenperoxide,stabilized
  • hydrogenperoxide>60%solutioninwater
  • hydrogenperoxidesolution,[>52%peroxide]
  • hydrogenperoxidesolutions20%tolessthan35%
  • hydrogenperoxidesolutions35%andgreater
  • hydrogenperoxidesolutions8%tolessthan20%
  • Perossido di idrogeno
  • perossidodiidrogeno
  • Peroxaan
  • Peroxal
  • Peroxan
  • 過酸化水素 (35%水溶液) [一般有機合成用]
  • オキシドール
  • 過酸化水素
  • 過酸化水素(過酸化水素水)
  • 過酸化水素水
  • オキシフル[商品名]
  • 酸化水素
  • 過酸化水素 (35%水溶液)
  • 3W/W% 過酸化水素
  • 5W/W% 過酸化水素
  • 6W/W% 過酸化水素
  • 過酸化水素 SOLUTION CONTAINS ~200 PPM ACETANILIDE AS STABILIZER,3 WT. % IN H2O
  • 過酸化水
  • 過酸化水素水(30%)
  • 過酸化水素水(35%)
  • ステリ-ペルオキソ, 3%, 非滅菌
  • ステリ-ペルオキソ, 6%, 非滅菌
  • 過酸化水素, 27% W/W AQ. SOLN., STAB.
  • 過酸化水素 (過酸化水素水)
  • 過酸化水素, 35% W/W AQ. SOLN., STAB.
  • STERI-PEROX® 6%, H2O2 6%,トリガースプレー,16オンス滅菌済
  • 過酸化水素 溶液
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