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트리에틸알루미늄

트리에틸알루미늄
트리에틸알루미늄 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
97-93-8
한글명:
트리에틸알루미늄
동의어(한글):
트리에틸알루미늄;트리에틸알루미늄
상품명:
Triethylaluminum
동의어(영문):
triethylalane;triethyl-alane;Triethylalumine;TRIETHYLALUMINUM;triethyl-aluminu;TRIETHYLALUMINIUM;aluminiumtriethyl;ALUMINUM TRIETHYL;ALUMINUMTRIETHANIDE;Triethylaluminum,93+%
CBNumber:
CB3854738
분자식:
C6H15Al
포뮬러 무게:
114.16
MOL 파일:
97-93-8.mol

트리에틸알루미늄 속성

녹는점
-50°C
끓는 점
128-130°C (50 mmHg)
밀도
0.85 g/mL at 20 °C
증기압
1 mmHg ( 62.2 °C)
인화점
−1 °F
저장 조건
0-6°C
물리적 상태
liquid
색상
colorless
수용성
reacts
감도
Air & Moisture Sensitive
BRN
3587229
InChIKey
VOITXYVAKOUIBA-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS 데이터베이스
97-93-8(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST
Triethylaluminum(97-93-8)
EPA
Aluminum, triethyl-(97-93-8)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 F,C,N
위험 카페고리 넘버 14-17-20/21/22-34-67-65-51/53-11-63-48/20-62-14/15-23/24/25-50/53-10
안전지침서 26-45-62-6A-43A-36/37/39-24/25-16-43-61-33-46
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 3394 4.2/PG 1
WGK 독일 2
RTECS 번호 BD2050000
F 고인화성물질 10-21
TSCA Yes
위험 등급 4.3
포장분류 I
HS 번호 29319090
유해 물질 데이터 97-93-8(Hazardous Substances Data)
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H225 고인화성 액체 및 증기 인화성 액체 구분 2 위험 P210,P233, P240, P241, P242, P243,P280, P303+ P361+P353, P370+P378,P403+P235, P501
H250 공기에 노출되면 스스로 발화함 자연발화성 액체;자연발화성 고체 구분 1 위험 P210, P222, P280, P302+P334,P370+P378, P422
H260 물과 접촉시 자연 발화성 인화성 가스를 발생시킴 물반응성 물질 및 혼합물 구분 1 위험 P223, P231+P232, P280, P335+ P334,P370+P378, P402+P404, P501
H304 삼켜서 기도로 유입되면 치명적일 수 있음 흡인 유해성물질 구분 1 위험
H314 피부에 심한 화상과 눈에 손상을 일으킴 피부부식성 또는 자극성물질 구분 1A, B, C 위험 P260,P264, P280, P301+P330+ P331,P303+P361+P353, P363, P304+P340,P310, P321, P305+ P351+P338, P405,P501
H318 눈에 심한 손상을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 1 위험 P280, P305+P351+P338, P310
H336 졸음 또는 현기증을 일으킬 수 있음 특정표적장기 독성 물질(1회 노출);마취작용 구분 3 경고 P261, P271, P304+P340, P312,P403+P233, P405, P501
H361 태아 또는 생식능력에 손상을 일으킬 것으로 의심됨 생식독성 물질 구분 2 경고 P201, P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
H373 장기간 또는 반복 노출되면 장기(또는, 영향을 받은 알려진 모든 장기를 명시)에 손상을 일으킬 수 있음 특정 표적장기 독성 - 반복 노출 구분 2 경고 P260, P314, P501
H401 수생생물에 유독함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 급성 구분 2 P273, P501
H410 장기적 영향에 의해 수생생물에 매우 유독함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 만성 구분 1 경고 P273, P391, P501
H411 장기적 영향에 의해 수생생물에 유독함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 만성 구분 2
예방조치문구:
P210 열·스파크·화염·고열로부터 멀리하시오 - 금연 하시오.
P222 공기에 접촉하지 마시오.
P223 물과 접촉하지 마시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P231+P232 불활성 기체 하에서 취급하고, 습기를 방지하시오.
P303+P361+P353 피부(또는 머리카락)에 묻으면 오염된 모든 의복은 벗거나 제거하시오 피부를 물로 씻으시오/샤워하시오.
P305+P351+P338 눈에 묻으면 몇 분간 물로 조심해서 씻으시오. 가능하면 콘택트렌즈를 제거하시오. 계속 씻으시오.
P370+P378 화재 시 불을 끄기 위해 (Section 5. 폭발, 화재시 대처방법의 적절한 소화제)을(를) 사용하시오.
P405 밀봉하여 저장하시오.
P422 적절한 물질을(를) 충진하여 보관하시오.

트리에틸알루미늄 MSDS


Aluminum triethyl

트리에틸알루미늄 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

화학적 성질

Colorless liquid. Miscible with saturated hydrocarbons.

화학적 성질

The aluminum alkyls are highly flammable and reactive, colorless to yellow liquids at room temperature. The lighter trialkylaluminums ignite spontaneously in air. They are normally supplied and used in a 20% solution with a hydrocarbon solvent, such as hexane, heptane, benzene, toluene. Properties may depend on solvent. Reacts violently with water.

용도

Catalyst intermediate for polymerization of olefins, especially ethylene; pyrophoric fuels; production of α-olefins and long-chain alcohols; gas plating of aluminum.

용도

Triethylaluminum, in combination withmany transition metal complexes, is used as Ziegler-Natta polymerization and hydrogenationcatalyst. Also, it is used as intermediatein organic syntheses.

일반 설명

A colorless liquid. Flammable gas is produced on contact with water.

공기와 물의 반응

Pyrophoric, ignites in moist air [Merck 11th ed. 1989]. Reacts violently with water.

반응 프로필

Triethylaluminum reacts violently with water, alcohols, phenols, amines, carbon dioxide, sulfur oxides, nitrogen oxides, halogens, and halogenated hydrocarbons, causing fire and explosion hazards. [Handling Chemicals Safely 1980 p. 929]. A mixture of dimethylformamide and triethyl aluminum exploded when heated [Bretherick 1995].

건강위험

Exposure to smoke from fire causes metal-fume fever (flu-like symptoms). Since liquid ignites spontaneously, contact with eyes or skin causes severe burns.

건강위험

The health hazard from exposure to thiscompound is attributed to its violent reactionswith many substances, including airand water. Because of its violent reactionwith moisture, skin contact can cause a dangerousburn. Contact with eyes can damagevision.

화재위험

Triethylaluminum is extremely pyrophoric, igniting spontaneously in air. It reacts violently with water, alcohol, halogenated hydrocarbons, and oxidizing substances. Among the alcohols, the lower alcohols, methanol, ethanol, n- propanol, and isopropyl alcohol, react explosively with triethylaluminum. Reactions with lower aldehydes, ketones and amides can be vigorous to violent. It may explode on contact with halocarbons in excess molar ratios or upon slight warming. When heated to 200°C (392°F), it decomposes, liberating ethylene and hydrogen.

Safety Profile

Extremely destructive to living tissue. A very dangerous fire hazard when exposed to heat or flame. Ignites spontaneously in air. Explodes violently in water. To fight fire, use CO2, dry sand, dry chemical. Do not use water, foam, or halogenated fire-fighting agents. Explosive reaction with alcohols (e.g., methanol, ethanol, propanol), carbon tetrachloride, N,N-dmethylformamide + heat. Incompatible with halogenated hydrocarbons; triethyl borane. When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes. See also ALUMINUM COMPOUNDS and ORGANOMETALS.

잠재적 노출

Alkyl aluminum compounds are used as components of olefin polymerization catalysts. They are also used in the synthesis of higher primary alcohols and in pyrophoric fuels, as a catalyst in making ethylene gas; and in plating aluminum.

응급 처치

I If this chemical gets into the eyes, remove any contact lenses at once and irrigate immediately for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting upper and lower lids. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical contacts the skin, remove contaminated clothing and wash immediately with soap and water. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical has been inhaled, remove from exposure, begin rescue breathing (using universal precautions, including resuscitation mask) if breathing has stopped and CPR if heart action has stopped. Transfer promptly to a medical facility. When this chemical has been swallowed, get medical attention. Give large quantities of water and induce vomiting. Do not make an unconscious person vomit.

운송 방법

ntial fire or explosion hazard. Shipping: UN3399 Organometallic substance, liquid, water-reactive, flammable, Hazard Class: 4.3; Labels: 4.3 Dangerous Dangerous when wet material, 3-Flammable liquid, technical name Required. UN3051-Spontaneously combustible. Also, this material is dangerous when wet. (Note: this number does not appear in the 49/CFR HazMat tables).

Purification Methods

Purify it by fractionation in an inert atmosphere under a vacuum in a 50cm column containing a heated nichrome spiral, taking the fraction b 112-114o/27mm. It is very sensitive to H2O and should be stored under N2. It should not contain chloride ions which can be shown by hydrolysis and testing with AgNO3. [Baker & Sisler J Am Chem Soc 75 4828 5193 1953, NMR: Brownstein et al. J Am Chem Soc 81 3826 1959, Beilstein 4 IV 4398.]

비 호환성

The lighter trialkylaluminums ignite spontaneously in air; can self-heat in the air at room temperature without any added energy and may ignite. These compounds are strong reducing agents. Incompatible with oxidizers (chlorates, nitrates, peroxides, permanganates, perchlorates, chlorine, bromine, fluorine, etc.); contact may cause fires or explosions. Keep away from alkaline materials, strong bases, strong acids, oxoacids, epoxides. Incompatible with water, oxygen (air), acids, alcohols, phenols, amines, carbon dioxide; sulfur oxides; halogenated compounds, and many other substances

폐기물 처리

Careful incineration

트리에틸알루미늄 준비 용품 및 원자재

원자재

준비 용품


트리에틸알루미늄 공급 업체

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