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인화 알루미늄

인화 알루미늄
인화 알루미늄 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
20859-73-8
한글명:
인화 알루미늄
동의어(한글):
모노인산알루미늄;인화알루미늄;인화알루미늄
상품명:
Aluminum phosphide
동의어(영문):
Detia;al-phos;delicia;Celphos;gastion;Talunex;celphide;celphine;Chelphos;fumitoxin
CBNumber:
CB5319619
분자식:
AlP
포뮬러 무게:
57.96
MOL 파일:
20859-73-8.mol

인화 알루미늄 속성

녹는점
2000℃
밀도
2.42
물리적 상태
green or yellow cubic crystals
수용성
reacts with H2O to produce phosphine [MER06]
안정성
Flammable solid. Contact with acids liberates highly toxic gas (phosphine). Incompatible with acids, moisture, oxidizing agents.
CAS 데이터베이스
20859-73-8(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST
Aluminum monophosphide(20859-73-8)
EPA
Aluminum phosphide (AlP)(20859-73-8)

안전

위험품 표기 F,T+,N
위험 카페고리 넘버 15/29-28-32-50
안전지침서 3/9/14-30-36/37-45-61
유엔번호(UN No.) 1397
위험 등급 4.3
포장분류 I
유해 물질 데이터 20859-73-8(Hazardous Substances Data)

인화 알루미늄 MSDS


Aluminum phosphide

인화 알루미늄 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

화학적 성질

yellow or grey crystals

화학적 성질

Aluminum phosphide is a pyrophoric, dark gray or dark yellow crystalline solid

용도

Source of phosphine; in semiconductor research; as fumigant.

일반 설명

Aluminum phosphide is a dark gray or dry, yellow, crystalline solid. Aluminum phosphide reacts with moisture to give phosphine, a flammable and poisonous gas. Normally, phosphine will spontaneously ignite upon contact with air. If there is an excess of water, the phosphine fire will not normally ignite any surrounding combustible material.

공기와 물의 반응

Decomposed by water or moist air, evolving phosphine, a toxic gas that often ignites [Merck 11th ed. 1989].

반응 프로필

Aluminum phosphide is a reducing agent. Contact with mineral acids causes explosive evolution of toxic phosphine [Wang, C. C. et al., J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem., 1963, 25, p. 327]. Heating produces highly toxic fumes of phosphorus oxides. Can react vigorously upon contact with oxidizing agents. [Sax, 9th ed., p. 119].

위험도

Dangerous fire risk. It evolves phosphine.

건강위험

Acute toxicity occurs primarily by the inhalation route when Aluminum phosphide decomposes into the toxic gas, phosphine. The human median lethal dose for Aluminum phosphide has been reported to be 20 mg/kg. Rated as super toxic: probable oral lethal dose is less than 5 mg/kg or less than 7 drops for a 70 kg (150 lb.) person.

화재위험

Releases toxic fumes on exposure to moist air, water, or acids. Decomposes to produce phosphine gas. Avoid water, dilute mineral acids, dilute or concentrated hydrochloric acid. Stable when dry. Avoid moist air.

농업용

Fumigant, Fungicide, Rodenticide, Insecticide: Used as an insecticidal fumigant for grain, peanuts, processed food, animal feed, leaf tobacco, cottonseed, and as space fumigant for flour mills, warehouses and railcars. It is also used in baits for rodent and mole control in crops. Used as a source of phosphine; in semiconductor research. Zinc phosphide is often mixed with bait food such as cornmeal, which can be a danger to pets and children. When phosphides are ingested or exposed to moisture, they release phosphine gas. A U.S. EPA restricted Use Pesticide (RUP). Metallic phosphides on clothes, skin, or hair can react with water or moisture to generate phosphine gas.

상품명

AL-PHOS®; CELPHIDE®; CELPHOS®; DELICIA®; DETIA®; DETIA-EX-B®; DETIA GAS EX®; DETIA-GAS-EX-B®; DELICIA GASTOXIN; FARMOZ®; FUMITOXIN®; PHOSTOXIN®; PHOSTOXIN-A®; QUICKPHOS®; QUICK TOX®; RENTOKIL GASTION®

Safety Profile

A human poison by inhalation and ingestion. Dangerous; in contact with water, steam, or alkali it slowly yields PH3, which is spontaneously flammable in air. Explosive reaction on contact with mineral acids produces phosphine. When heated to decomposition it yields toxic PO,. See also ALUMINUM COMPOUNDS, PHOSPHIDES, and PHOSPHINE. AHGOOO

잠재적 노출

Used as a rodenticide; wood preservative; as a source of phosphine; as an insecticidal fumigant for grain, peanuts, processed food, animal feed, leaf tobacco, cottonseed; and as space fumigant for flour mills, warehouses and railcars. Used in semiconductor research

응급 처치

If this chemical gets into the eyes, remove any contact lenses at once and irrigate immediately for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting upper and lower lids. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical contacts the skin, remove contaminated clothing and wash immediately with soap and water. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical has been inhaled, remove from exposure, begin rescue breathing (using universal precautions, including resuscitation mask) if breathing has stopped and CPR if heart action has stopped. Transfer promptly to a medical facility. When this chemical has been swallowed, get medical attention. Give large quantities of water and induce vomiting. Do not make an unconscious person vomit. Medical observation is recommended for 24 to 48 hours after breathing overexposure, as pulmonary edema may be delayed. As first aid for pulmonary edema, a doctor or authorized paramedic may consider administering a drug or other inhalation therapy.

운송 방법

UN1397 Aluminum phosphide, Hazard Class: 4.3; Labels: 4.3-Dangerous when wet material, 6.1-Poisonous materials.

비 호환성

Able to ignite spontaneously in moist air; forms toxic and explosive phosphine gas on contact with moisture in air. Reacts violently with water, steam, carbon dioxide; acids, alcohols, and foam fire extinguishers. Contact with water and bases slowly releases highly flammable and toxic phosphine gas.

폐기물 처리

Consult with environmental regulatory agencies for guidance on acceptable disposal practices. Generators of waste containing this contaminant (≥100 kg/mo) must conform with EPA regulations governing storage, transportation, treatment, and waste disposal. Allow to react slowly with moisture in the open, being sure that phosphine gas evolved is dissipated. Alternatively, mix with dry diluent and incinerate at temperature above 1000 C with effluent gas scrubbing. In accordance with 40CFR165, follow recommendations for the disposal of pesticides and pesticide containers. Must be disposed of properly by following package label directions or bycontacting your local or federal environmental control agency, or by contacting your regional EPA office.

인화 알루미늄 준비 용품 및 원자재

원자재

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