ChemicalBook
Chinese English Japanese Germany Korea

석고

석고
석고 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
7778-18-9
한글명:
석고
동의어(한글):
석고;소석고;황산칼슘,무수물;황산칼슘;황산칼슘,무수물(CALCIUMSULFATE,ANHYDROUS)
상품명:
CALCIUM SULFATE
동의어(영문):
gibs;crysalba;thiolite;muriacite;anhydrite;karstenite;Calciumsulfat;DRIERITE 4 MESH;DRIERITE 6 MESH;DRIERITE 8 MESH
CBNumber:
CB7151358
분자식:
Ca.O4S
포뮬러 무게:
136.14
MOL 파일:
7778-18-9.mol

석고 속성

녹는점
1450 °C
밀도
2.960
저장 조건
Store at RT.
용해도
2g/l
물리적 상태
Powder
Specific Gravity
2.96
색상
White
수용성
Soluble in water.
감도
Moisture Sensitive
Merck
14,1706
안정성
Stable. Incompatible with aluminium, strong acids.
CAS 데이터베이스
7778-18-9(CAS DataBase Reference)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 T,N,Xi
위험 카페고리 넘버 49-42/43-51/53-36/37-68-60-50/53
안전지침서 53-22-36/37-45-60-24/25-36-26-61
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 3077 9/PG 3
WGK 독일 1
RTECS 번호 WS6920000
F 고인화성물질 3
TSCA Yes
위험 등급 9
HS 번호 28332980
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H315 피부에 자극을 일으킴 피부부식성 또는 자극성물질 구분 2 경고 P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H317 알레르기성 피부 반응을 일으킬 수 있음 피부 과민성 물질 구분 1 경고 P261, P272, P280, P302+P352,P333+P313, P321, P363, P501
H319 눈에 심한 자극을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 2A 경고 P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H334 흡입 시 알레르기성 반응, 천식 또는 호흡 곤란 등을 일으킬 수 있음 호흡기 과민성 물질 구분 1 위험 P261, P285, P304+P341, P342+P311,P501
H341 유전적인 결함을 일으킬 것으로 의심됨 (노출되어도 생식세포 유전독성을 일으키지 않는다는 결정적인 증거가 있는 노출경로가 있다면 노출경로 기재) 생식세포 변이원성 물질 구분 2 경고 P201,P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
H350 암을 일으킬 수 있음 (노출되어도 암을 일으키지 않는다는 결정적인 증거가 있는 노출경로가 있다면 노출경로 기재) 발암성 물질 구분 1A, 1B 위험
H360 태아 또는 생식능력에 손상을 일으킬 수 있음 생식독성 물질 구분 1A, 1B 위험
H401 수생생물에 유독함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 급성 구분 2 P273, P501
H411 장기적 영향에 의해 수생생물에 유독함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 만성 구분 2
H412 장기적 영향에 의해 수생생물에 유해함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 만성 구분 3 P273, P501
예방조치문구:
P201 사용 전 취급 설명서를 확보하시오.
P261 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이의 흡입을 피하시오.
P264 취급 후에는 손을 철저히 씻으시오.
P264 취급 후에는 손을 철저히 씻으시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P284 호흡 보호구를 착용하시오.
P321 (…) 처치를 하시오.
P304+P340 흡입하면 신선한 공기가 있는 곳으로 옮기고 호흡하기 쉬운 자세로 안정을 취하시오.
P305+P351+P338 눈에 묻으면 몇 분간 물로 조심해서 씻으시오. 가능하면 콘택트렌즈를 제거하시오. 계속 씻으시오.
P308+P313 노출 또는 접촉이 우려되면 의학적인 조치· 조언를 구하시오.
P332+P313 피부 자극이 생기면 의학적인 조치· 조언을 구하시오.
P337+P313 눈에 대한 자극이 지속되면 의학적인 조치· 조언를 구하시오.
P405 밀봉하여 저장하시오.

석고 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

개요

Calcium sulfate and its hydrates are important industrial compounds that have been used throughout history. Calcium sulfate is obtained naturally from mined gypsum rock, but it also exists in mineral form. Gypsum forms in beds as sedimentary rock when calcium sulfate, which is a natural component of seawater, is deposited as shallow marine water bodies evaporate. Gypsum is a transparent, soft, white mineral and is the most common sulfate mineral.

화학적 성질

Both calcium sulfate and calcium sulfate dihydrate are white or offwhite, fine, odorless, and tasteless powder or granules.

화학적 성질

white powder or granules

화학적 성질

Calcium sulfate forms white to clear crystals. It is commonly encountered in the anhydrous form or as the dihydrate.

역사

Gypsum’s use dates back to prehistoric times. Archeological evidence shows that it was mined from caves and used to paint ancient gravestones. The earliest evidence of its use as a building material dates from 6000 b.c.e. in the southwest Asian areas of ancient Anatolia and Syria. Egyptians used gypsum and plaster in their buildings and monuments, with both found in the Great Pyramids built around 3700 b.c.e. Calcium sulfate has been used for more than 2,000 years in China to produce tofu. The word gypsum comes from the Greek word for chalk, gypsos. The Greek natural philosopher Theophrastus (371–286 b.c.e.) referred to gypsum in his writings. Gypsum was extensively used in Roman times and throughout the Middle Ages.
In the 1700s, Paris was a leading plaster center, with most of its buildings made using plaster. After the fire of London in 1666 destroyed 80% of the city, the king of France ordered all wooden houses in France to be covered with plaster as protection against fire. The hemihydrate form got the name plaster of Paris from the extensive gypsum deposits quarried in the Montmartre district of Paris. In 1765 and 1766, Antoine Lavoisier (1743–1794) presented papers to the French Academy of Science on gypsum that explained the setting of plaster. Lavoisier determined that gypsum is a hydrated salt and that set plaster occurs when the hemihydrate form rehydrates back to gypsum.

용도

Pharmaceutic aid (tablet and capsule diluent).

용도

The largest use of calcium sulfate is in the construction industry, which accounts for more than 90% of its production.Gypsum has hundreds of other applications outside the construction industry. It can be used agriculturally for several purposes: to supply calcium and sulfur to soils, to balance pH, and to condition soil. Food grade calcium sulfate is used as a calcium supplement in enriched foods such as flour, cereals, and baked goods. It is used as a gelling and firming agent with canned vegetables. Calcium sulfate is the most common tofu coagulant. The positively charged calcium ion in calcium sulfate attracts the negatively charged groups in protein molecules, causing thermally denatured proteins to coagulate. Anhydrous calcium sulfate is used as a filler to whiten food and consumer products such as frostings, ice creams, paper, paints, and toothpaste. Powdered gypsum can be used as a chalk for marking athletic fields and other large areas.

정의

anhydrite: An important rockforminganhydrous mineral form ofcalcium sulphate, CaSO4. It is chemicallysimilar to gypsum but isharder and heavier and crystallizes inthe rhombic form (gypsum is monoclinic).Under natural conditions anhydriteslowly hydrates to formgypsum. It occurs chiefly in whiteand greyish granular masses and isoften found in the caprock of certainsalt domes. It is used as a raw materialin the chemical industry and inthe manufacture of cement and fertilizers.

생산 방법

Gypsum is mined throughout the world, with gypsum mines in 90 countries. In addition to mined gypsum, gypsum is produced synthetically as a by-product of chemical processes. Most synthetic gypsum comes from flue gas desulfurization used to control sulfur emissions from electric power generation, especially coal-burning power plants. In this process calcium carbonate reacts with sulfur dioxide to produce calcium sulfite (CaSO3): CaCO3(s) + SO2(g) → CaSO3(s) + CO2(g). Calcium sulfite is then oxidized to gypsum: 2CaSO3(s) + O2(g) + 4H2O(l) → 2CaSO4?2H2O(s). The second major source of synthetic gypsum is acid neutralization. The sulfate production of titanium dioxide, TiO2, used as a whitener in many commercial products, yields gypsum as a by-product in the process of neutralizing acidic waste. Gypsum is also generated from sugar and citric acid production. In the latter, dilute citric acid (C6H8O7) is precipitated with calcium hydroxide as calcium citrate (Ca3(C6H5O7)2).

생산 방법

Anhydrous calcium sulfate occurs naturally as the mineral anhydrite. The naturally occurring rock gypsum may be crushed and ground for use as the dihydrate or calcined at 1508℃ to produce the hemihydrate. A purer variety of calcium sulfate may also be obtained chemically by reacting calcium carbonate with sulfuric acid or by precipitation from calcium chloride and a soluble sulfate.

일반 설명

Odorless, white powder or colorless, crystalline solid. Crystals sometimes have a blue, gray or reddish tinge or can be brick red. Density: 2.96 g cm-3.

반응 프로필

CALCIUM SULFATE is non-combustible. Decomposes to give toxic oxides of sulfur, but only at very high temperature (>1500°C). Generally of low reactivity but may act as an oxidizing agent: incompatible with diazomethane, aluminum, and phosphorus. Certain forms of CALCIUM SULFATE react with water; others do not. INSOLUBLE ANHYDRITE or dead-burned gypsum is made by the dehydration of CALCIUM SULFATE dihydrate (gypsum) at high (> 600°C) temperature. At room temperature, insoluble anhydrite dissolves very slowly to the extent of 0.24 g per 100 g of water and does not absorb moisture from the air. SOLUBLE ANHYDRITE, which is obtained by heating CALCIUM SULFATE dihydrate at a temperature below 300°C, has a high affinity for water and is used as a desiccant. Soluble anhydrite absorbs water to form CALCIUM SULFATE hemihydrate (Plaster of Paris).

Pharmaceutical Applications

Calcium sulfate dihydrate is used in the formulation of tablets and capsules. In granular form it has good compaction properties and moderate disintegration properties.
Calcium sulfate hemihydrate, is used in the preparation of plaster of Paris bandage, which is used for the immobilization of limbs and fractures; it should not be used in the formulation of tablets or capsules.
Anhydrous calcium sulfate is hygroscopic and is used as a desiccant. The uptake of water can cause the tablets to become very hard and to fail to disintegrate on storage. Therefore, anhydrous calcium sulfate is not recommended for the formulation of tablets, capsules, or powders for oral administration.
Therapeutically, calcium sulfate is used in dental and craniofacial surgical procedures.

농업용

Anhydrite is a naturally occurring, solid, white mineral called anhydrous calcium sulphate (CaSO4). It differs from gypsum in hardness and in hydration. It is used as a raw material in the chemical industry and in the manufacture of fertilizers and cement.

Safety Profile

A nuisance dust. Reacts violently with aluminum when heated. Mixtures with diazomethane react exothermically and eventually explode. Mixtures with phosphorus ignite at high temperatures. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of SO,, See also CALCIUM COMPOUNDS and SULFATES.

Safety

Calcium sulfate dihydrate is used as an excipient in oral capsule and tablet formulations. At the levels at which it is used as an excipient, it is generally regarded as nontoxic. However, ingestion of a sufficiently large quantity can result in obstruction of the upper intestinal tract after absorption of moisture.
Owing to the limited intestinal absorption of calcium from its salts, hypercalcemia cannot be induced even after the ingestion of massive oral doses.
Calcium salts are soluble in bronchial fluid. Pure salts do not induce pneumoconiosis.

잠재적 노출

Calcium sulfate is used as a pigment; in Portland cement, in tiles and plaster; in polishing powders, a filler in paints and paper coatings; in the drying of gases and liquids; a soil conditioner; in molds and surgical casts; in wallboard, and many others.

저장

Calcium sulfate is chemically stable. Anhydrous calcium sulfate is hygroscopic and may cake on storage. Store in a well-closed container in a dry place, avoiding heat.

운송 방법

Calcium sulfate is a “NONREGULATED MATERIAL.”

비 호환성

Contact with diazomethane, aluminum, phosphorus, and water may cause explosions. Note: Hygroscopic material (i.e., absorbs moisture from the air). Reacts with water, forming gypsum and plaster of Paris.

비 호환성

In the presence of moisture, calcium salts may be incompatible with amines, amino acids, peptides, and proteins, which may form complexes. Calcium salts will interfere with the bioavailability of tetracycline antibiotics. It is also anticipated that calcium sulfate would be incompatible with indomethacin, aspirin, aspartame, ampicillin, cephalexin, and erythromycin since these materials are incompatible with other calcium salts.
Calcium sulfate may react violently, at high temperatures, with phosphorus and aluminum powder; it can react violently with diazomethane.

폐기물 처리

Landfilling

Regulatory Status

GRAS listed. Accepted for use as a food additive in Europe. Included in the FDA Inactive Ingredients Database (oral capsules, sustained release, tablets). Included in nonparenteral medicines licensed in the UK and Europe. Included in the Canadian List of Acceptable Non-medicinal Ingredients.

석고 준비 용품 및 원자재

원자재

준비 용품


석고 공급 업체

글로벌( 140)공급 업체
공급자 전화 팩스 이메일 국가 제품 수 이점
Henan DaKen Chemical CO.,LTD.
+86-371-55531817
info@dakenchem.com CHINA 21676 58
Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
0371-55170693
0371-55170693 info@tianfuchem.com CHINA 20672 55
Mainchem Co., Ltd.
+86-0592-6210733
+86-0592-6210733 sales@mainchem.com CHINA 32447 55
Shanghai Zheyan Biotech Co., Ltd.
18017610038
zheyansh@163.com CHINA 3623 58
career henan chemical co
+86-371-86658258
sales@coreychem.com CHINA 30001 58
Chemwill Asia Co.,Ltd.
86-21-51086038
86-21-51861608 chemwill_asia@126.com;sales@chemwill.com;chemwill@hotmail.com;chemwill@gmail.com CHINA 23980 58
Haihang Industry Co.,Ltd
86-531-88032799
+86 531 8582 1093 export@haihangchem.com CHINA 8921 58
Hubei xin bonus chemical co. LTD
86-13657291602
027-59338440 sales@guangaobio.com CHINA 23049 58
BOC Sciences
1-631-619-7922
1-631-614-7828 inquiry@bocsci.com United States 20115 58
Chongqing Chemdad Co., Ltd
+86-13650506873
sales@chemdad.com CHINA 35440 58

석고 관련 검색:

Copyright 2019 © ChemicalBook. All rights reserved