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염화칼슘

염화칼슘
염화칼슘 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
10043-52-4
한글명:
염화칼슘
동의어(한글):
염화석회;우르아민MC;칼슘이염화물CALCOSAN;칼코산;염화칼슘;염화칼슘(건조용);클로로칼슘;클로로칼슘;염화석회;칼코산;우르아민MC;칼슘이염화물;염화칼슘(CALCIUMCHLORIDE);칼슘클로라이드
상품명:
Calcium chloride
동의어(영문):
DBO4;CaCl2;Caltac;Jarcal;Calplus;Peladow;Snomelt;Calcosan;Caloride;Dowflake
CBNumber:
CB3465202
분자식:
CaCl2
포뮬러 무게:
110.98
MOL 파일:
10043-52-4.mol

염화칼슘 속성

녹는점
772 °C(lit.)
끓는 점
1600 °C
밀도
1.086 g/mL at 20 °C
증기압
0.01 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
굴절률
n20/D 1.358
인화점
>1600°C
저장 조건
2-8°C
용해도
H2O: soluble
물리적 상태
powder
색상
White to gray
Specific Gravity
2.15
수소이온지수(pH)
8-10 (100g/l, H2O, 20℃)
수용성
740 g/L (20 ºC)
감도
Hygroscopic
최대 파장(λmax)
λ: 260 nm Amax: 0.04
λ: 280 nm Amax: 0.02
Merck
14,1659
안정성
Stable. Incompatible with zinc, water, strong acids, methyl vinyl ether, bromine trifluoride, boron oxide, calcium oxide. Hygroscopic.
InChIKey
UXVMQQNJUSDDNG-UHFFFAOYSA-L
CAS 데이터베이스
10043-52-4(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST
Calcium dichloride(10043-52-4)
EPA
Calcium chloride (CaCl2)(10043-52-4)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 Xi
위험 카페고리 넘버 36/37/38-36-36/38-41-22
안전지침서 26-39-24-22-36
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 1789 8 / PGIII
WGK 독일 1
RTECS 번호 EV9810000
F 고인화성물질 3
TSCA Yes
HS 번호 28272000
유해 물질 데이터 10043-52-4(Hazardous Substances Data)
독성 LD50 i.v. in mice: 42.2 mg/kg (Syed, Hosain)
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H290 금속을 부식시킬 수 있음 금속 부식성물질 구분 1 경고 P234, P390, P404
H319 눈에 심한 자극을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 2A 경고 P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H350 암을 일으킬 수 있음 (노출되어도 암을 일으키지 않는다는 결정적인 증거가 있는 노출경로가 있다면 노출경로 기재) 발암성 물질 구분 1A, 1B 위험
예방조치문구:
P201 사용 전 취급 설명서를 확보하시오.
P264 취급 후에는 손을 철저히 씻으시오.
P264 취급 후에는 손을 철저히 씻으시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P305+P351+P338 눈에 묻으면 몇 분간 물로 조심해서 씻으시오. 가능하면 콘택트렌즈를 제거하시오. 계속 씻으시오.
P308+P313 노출 또는 접촉이 우려되면 의학적인 조치· 조언를 구하시오.
P337+P313 눈에 대한 자극이 지속되면 의학적인 조치· 조언를 구하시오.

염화칼슘 MSDS


Calcium chloride fused

염화칼슘 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

물성

화학식은 CaCl2이다. 복염으로서 타키하이드라이트 등의 광물로서 산출되며 바닷물 속에 0.15% 함유되어 있다. 염화칼슘(CaCl2)은 분자식에서 보는 것처럼 칼슘이온 1개와 염화이온 2개의 비율로 구성된 화학물질이다. 상온에서 고체이고 물에 잘 녹으며 하얀색을 띤다. 염화칼슘은 낮은 온도에서도 물에 잘 녹는다(0℃에서 약 60 g/100 mL). 공기에 포함된 수분을 흡수하기 때문에 밀폐된 공간의 수분 제거 혹은 순수한 기체에 포함된 수분 제거에도 염화칼슘을 이용한다. 염화칼슘의 제습 효과는 실리카 겔의 제습 효과보다 훨씬 뛰어나고, 습도가 낮은 조건에서도 그 효과가 좋다. 그래서 수분에 의해 변질되기 쉽고, 매우 민감한 화학물질을 밀봉이 된 건조용기에 염화칼슘과 함께 보관하면 화학물질이 수분에 의해서 변질되는 것을 막을 수 있다

개요

무수물(無水物, anhydride. 분자 중에서 산소와 수소가 물의 비율대로 떨어져 나간 무기 화합물)은 습기를 흡수하는 성질이 있다. 그리고 조해성(습기를 흡수한 후 스스로 녹는 성질)이 있다. 따라서 무수물은 건조한 환경에서 밀봉하여 보관해야 한다. 물과 알코올, 아세톤에 잘 녹는다. 전기 분해하면 칼슘과 염소로 나뉜다.

용도

무수염 및 2수 화염은 각종 물질의 건조제로 사용 되며 수용액은 냉동기용 및 얼음 제조용의 냉매로 쓰인다. 또 콘크리트에 혼합하여 동결 방지에 사용되며 집진제, 목재, 직물의 방화제,식품, 목제의 방부제등에 사용 된다

제품 소개

말 그대로 염소와 칼슘의 화합물로, 화학식은 CaCl2다. 수용성이며, 상온에서 흰색의 고체다.

화학적 성질

Calcium chloride, CaC12, is colorless deliquescent solid that is soluble in water and ethanol. It is formed from the reaction of calcium carbonate and hydrochloric acid or calcium hydroxide and ammonium chloride. It is used in medicine, as an antifreeze, and as a coagulant.

화학적 성질

Calcium chloride occurs as a white or colorless crystalline powder, granules, or crystalline mass, and is hygroscopic (deliquescent).

용도

Obtained as a by-product in the manufacture of potassium chlorate. The white crystals, soluble in water and alcohol, are deliquescent and must be kept in a well-stoppered bottle. Calcium chloride was used in iodized collodion formulas and in collodion emulsions. It was also an important desiccating substance used in tin calcium tubes designed to store presensitized platinum papers.

용도

calcium chloride is an astringent. It also helps improve the reaction among certain ingredients used in cosmetic formulations. This inorganic salt is no longer commonly used in skin care products and is being replaced with potassium chloride.

용도

Calcium Chloride is a general purpose food additive, the anhydrous form being readily soluble in water with a solubility of 59 g in 100 ml of water at 0°c. it dissolves with the liberation of heat. it also exists as calcium chloride dihydrate, being very soluble in water with a solubility of 97 g in 100 ml at 0°c. it is used as a firming agent for canned tomatoes, potatoes, and apple slices. in evaporated milk, it is used at levels not more than 0.1% to adjust the salt balance so as to prevent coagulation of milk during sterilization. it is used with disodium edta to protect the flavor in pickles and as a source of calcium ions for reaction with alginates to form gels.

용도

For the treatment of hypocalcemia in those conditions requiring a prompt increase in blood plasma calcium levels, for the treatment of magnesium intoxication due to overdosage of magnesium sulfate, and used to combat the deleterious effects of hyperkalemi

용도

Calcium chloride is highly hygroscopic and is often used as a desiccant.

용도

Calcium chloride is one of the most versatile of the basic chemicals.It has several common applications such as brine for refrigeration plants, ice and dust control on roads, and in concrete. The anhydrous salt is also widely used as a desiccant, where it will absorb so much water that it will eventually dissolve in its own crystal lattice water (water of hydration). It can be produced directly from limestone, but large amounts are also produced as a by-product of the “Solvay Process” (which is a process to produce soda ash from brine).
Calcium chloride is also commonly used as an additive in swimming pool water as it increases the “calcium hardness” value for the water.Other industrial applications include use as an additive in plastics, as a drainage aid for wastewater treatment, as an additive in fire extinguishers, as an additive in control scaffolding in blast furnaces, and as a thinner in “fabric softeners”.
Calcium chloride is commonly used as an “electrolyte” and has an extremely salty taste, as found in sports drinks and other beverages such as Nestle bottled water. It can also be used as a preservative to maintain firmness in canned vegetables or in higher concentrations in pickles to give a salty taste while not increasing the food’s sodium content. It is even found in snack foods, including Cadbury chocolate bars.In brewing beer, calcium chloride is sometimes used to correct mineral deficiencies in the brewing water. It affects flavor and chemical reactions during the brewing process, and it can also affect yeast function during fermentation.
Calcium chloride can be injected as intravenous therapy for the treatment of “hypocalcemia” (low serum calcium). It can be used for insect bites or stings (such as Black Widow spider bites), sensitivity reactions, particularly when characterized by “urticaria” (hives).

생산 방법

Calcium chloride is a principal byproduct from the Solvay process.

정의

calcium chloride: A white deliquescentcompound, CaCl2, which issoluble in water; r.d. 2.15; m.p.782°C; b.p. >1600°C. There are anumber of hydrated forms, includingthe monohydrate, CaCl2.H2O, the dihydrate,CaCl2.2H2O (r.d. 0.84), andthe hexahydrate, CaCl2.6H2O (trigonal;r.d. 1.71; the hexahydrate loses4H2O at 30°C and the remaining2H2O at 200°C). Large quantities of itare formed as a byproduct of theSolvay process and it can be preparedby dissolving calcium carbonateor calcium oxide in hydrochloricacid. Crystals of the anhydrous saltcan only be obtained if the hydratedsalt is heated in a stream of hydrogenchloride. Solid calcium chloride isused in mines and on roads to reducedust problems, whilst the molten saltis the electrolyte in the extraction ofcalcium. An aqueous solution of calciumchloride is used in refrigerationplants.

상표명

Cal Plus (Mallinckrodt).

공기와 물의 반응

Deliquescent. Water soluble. Adding Calcium chloride to hot water caused violent boiling, [MCA Case History No. 69].

반응 프로필

Bromine trifluoride rapidly attacks the following salts: barium chloride, cadmium chloride, Calcium chloride, cesium chloride, lithium chloride, silver chloride, rubidium chloride, potassium bromide, potassium chloride, potassium iodide, rhodium tetrabromide, sodium bromide, sodium chloride, and sodium iodide [Mellor 2 Supp. 1:164, 165 1956]. Long term exposure of Calcium chloride solution upon a zinc coated galvanized iron vessel caused slow evolution of hydrogen which ignited and exploded [Bretherick, 5th Ed., 1995].

건강위험

Inhalation causes irritation of nose and throat. Ingestion causes irritation of mouth and stomach. Contact with eyes (particularly by dust) causes irritation and possible transient corneal injury. Contact of solid with dry skin causes mild irritation; strong solutions can cause marked irritation, even a superficial burn.

Pharmaceutical Applications

The main applications of calcium chloride as an excipient relate to its dehydrating properties and, therefore, it has been used as an antimicrobial preservative, as a desiccant, and as an astringent in eye lotions.
Therapeutically, calcium chloride injection 10% (as the dihydrate form) is used to treat hypocalcemia.

Safety Profile

Moderately toxic by ingestion. Poison by intravenous, intramuscular, intraperitoneal, and subcutaneous routes. Human systemic effects: dermatitis, changes in calcium. Questionable carcinogen with experimental tumorigenic data. Mutation data reported. Reacts violently with (B203 + CaO), BrF3. Reaction with zinc releases explosive hydrogen gas. Catalyzes exothermic polymerization of methyl vinyl ether. Exothermic reaction with water. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of Cl-. See also CALCIUM COMPOUNDS and CHLORIDES.

Safety

Calcium chloride is used in topical, ophthalmic, and injection preparations. The pure form of calcium chloride is toxic by intravenous, intramuscular, intraperitoneal, and subcutaneous routes, and moderately toxic by ingestion, causing stomach and heart disturbances. It is a severe eye irritant and can cause dermatitis.
LD50 (mouse, IP): 0.21 g/kg
LD50 (mouse, IV): 0.042 g/kg
LD50 (mouse, oral): 1.94 g/kg
LD50 (mouse, SC): 0.82 g/kg
LD50 (rat, IM): 0.025 g/kg
LD50 (rat, IP): 0.26 g/kg
LD50 (rat, oral): 1.0 g/kg
LD50 (rat, SC): 2.63 g/kg

잠재적 노출

Calcium chloride is used as road salt for melting snow, a drying agent in desiccators, for dehydrating organic liquids and gases, in refrigeration brines and antifreeze, as a dust-proofing agent, food additives, concrete hardening accelerator, and others. May react with strong oxidizers.

저장

Calcium chloride is chemically stable; however, it should be protected from moisture. Store in airtight containers in a cool, dry place.

운송 방법

There are no label or maximum shipping quantity requirements set by DOT.

Purification Methods

It is available as fused granules or cubic crystals. It is very hygroscopic, very soluble in H2O (exothermic), and EtOH. Store it in a tightly closed container. [Ehrlich in Handbook of Preparative Inorganic Chemistry (Ed. Brauer) Academic Press Vol I p 931 1963.]

비 호환성

Calcium chloride is incompatible with soluble carbonates, phosphates, sulfates, and tartrates. It reacts violently with bromine trifluoride, and a reaction with zinc releases explosive hydrogen gas. It has an exothermic reaction with water, and when heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of chlorine.

Regulatory Status

GRAS listed. Included in the FDA Inactive Ingredients Database (injections, ophthalmic preparations, suspensions, creams). Included in medicines licensed in the UK (eye drops; intraocular irrigation; vaccines; injection powders for reconstitution; nebulizer solution; oral suspension).

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