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디플루오르모노클로로에탄

디플루오르모노클로로에탄
디플루오르모노클로로에탄 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
75-68-3
한글명:
디플루오르모노클로로에탄
동의어(한글):
디플루오르모노클로로에탄;하이드로클로로플루오로카본142비;1,1-다이플루오로-1-클로로에테인;1,1-디플루오로-1-클로로에탄;1-클로로-1,1-다이플루오로에탄;1-클로로-1,1-다이플루오로에테인;1-클로로-1,1-다이플루오르에테인 (HCFC-142b);다이플루오로모노클로로에테인(디플루오르모노클로로에탄);에테인, 1-클로로-1,1-다이플루오로-;에테인,1-클로로-1,1-다이플루오로-;클로로다이플루오로에테인;플루오로화 알파- 클로로에틸리덴;플루오로화 클로로에틸리덴;플루오르화 알파-클로로에틸리덴
상품명:
1-Chloro-1,1-difluoroethane
동의어(영문):
F142b;R142b;F 142b;fc142b;R 142b;r-142b;cfc142b;FC 142b;FKW142b;HFA142b
CBNumber:
CB8162234
분자식:
C2H3ClF2
포뮬러 무게:
100.5
MOL 파일:
75-68-3.mol

디플루오르모노클로로에탄 속성

녹는점
−131 °C(lit.)
끓는 점
−10 °C(lit.)
밀도
1.108
증기 밀도
3.49 (vs air)
증기압
2196 mm Hg ( 21 °C)
굴절률
1.3672 (estimate)
폭발한계
18%
안정성
Stable. Highly flammable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, metals - use brass regulators, steel cylinders for storage.
CAS 데이터베이스
75-68-3(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST
Ethane, 1-chloro-1,1-difluoro-(75-68-3)
EPA
HCFC-142b (75-68-3)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 F+,N,Xi
위험 카페고리 넘버 12-59
안전지침서 38-59
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 2517 2.1
WGK 독일 1
RTECS 번호 KH7650000
위험 참고 사항 Irritant
DOT ClassificationII 2.1 (Flammable gas)
위험 등급 2.1
HS 번호 29033990
유해 물질 데이터 75-68-3(Hazardous Substances Data)
독성 LC50 inhalation in mouse: 1758gm/m3/2H
기존화학 물질 KE-05597
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H220 극인화성 가스 인화성 가스 구분 1 위험 P210, P377, P381, P403
H280 고압가스; 가열시 폭발할 수 있음 고압가스 압축가스
액화가스
용존 가스
경고 P410+P403
H420 대기 상층부의 오존층을 파괴하여 공공의 건강 및 환경에 유해함 오존층에 유해 함 구분 1 경고 P502
예방조치문구:
P210 열·스파크·화염·고열로부터 멀리하시오 - 금연 하시오.
P410+P403 직사광선을 피하고 환기가 잘 되는 곳에 보관하시오.
NFPA 704
4
0 0

디플루오르모노클로로에탄 MSDS


Freon 142b

디플루오르모노클로로에탄 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

화학적 성질

colourless gas

용도

Please view www.aldrich.com/epaods regarding the EPA′s request for application information of Ozone Depleting Substances

생산 방법

Chlorodifluoroethane is prepared by the chlorination of difluoroethane in the presence of a suitable catalyst; hydrochloric acid is also formed. The chlorodifluoroethane is purified to remove all traces of water and hydrochloric acid, as well as traces of the starting and intermediate materials.

일반 설명

A colorless, odorless gas shipped as a liquid under own vapor pressure. Contact with the unconfined liquid may cause frostbite by evaporative cooling. Easily ignited. Vapors heavier than air. A leak may be either liquid or vapor. May asphyxiate by the displacement of air. Prolonged exposure to fire or intense heat may cause the containers to violently rupture and rocket.

공기와 물의 반응

Highly flammable.

반응 프로필

1-Chloro-1,1-difluoroethane is chemically inert in many situations, but can react violently with strong reducing agents such as the very active metals and the active metals. Can react with strong oxidizing agents or weaker oxidizing agents under extremes of temperature.

위험도

Flammable gas. Explosive limits in air 9.0– 14.8%.

건강위험

Vapors may cause dizziness or asphyxiation without warning. Some may be irritating if inhaled at high concentrations. Contact with gas or liquefied gas may cause burns, severe injury and/or frostbite. Fire may produce irritating and/or toxic gases.

화재위험

EXTREMELY FLAMMABLE. Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flames. Will form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors from liquefied gas are initially heavier than air and spread along ground. CAUTION: Hydrogen (UN1049), Deuterium (UN1957), Hydrogen, refrigerated liquid (UN1966) and Methane (UN1971) are lighter than air and will rise. Hydrogen and Deuterium fires are difficult to detect since they burn with an invisible flame. Use an alternate method of detection (thermal camera, broom handle, etc.) Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Cylinders exposed to fire may vent and release flammable gas through pressure relief devices. Containers may explode when heated. Ruptured cylinders may rocket.

Pharmaceutical Applications

Chlorodifluoroethane is a hydrochlorofluorocarbon (HCFC) aerosol propellant previously used in topical pharmaceutical formula- tions. However, it is no longer permitted for use in pharmaceutical formulations because of its harmful effects on the environment. It was also generally used in conjunction with difluoroethane to form a propellant blend with a specific gravity of 1. Chlorodifluoroethane was also used in combination with chlorodifluoromethane and hydrocarbon propellants. Chlorodifluoroethane may be used as a vehicle for dispersions and emulsions.

Safety Profile

Very ddly toxic by inhalation. Mutation data reported. A very dangerous fire hazard when exposed to heat, flame, or oxidzing materials. To fight fire, stop flow of gas. Can react vigorously with oxidizing materials. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of Fand Cl-.

Safety

Chlorodifluoroethane is no longer permitted for use as an aerosol propellant in topical pharmaceutical formulations. It is generally regarded as an essentially nontoxic and nonirritant material.
Deliberate inhalation of excessive quantities of chlorofluorocarbon propellant may result in death, and the following ‘warning’ statements must appear on the label of all aerosols:
WARNING: Avoid inhalation. Keep away from eyes or other mucous membranes.
(Aerosols designed specifically for oral and nasal inhalation need not contain this statement.)
WARNING: Do not inhale directly; deliberate inhalation of contents can cause death.
or
WARNING: Use only as directed; intentional misuse by deliberately concentrating and inhaling the contents can be harmful or fatal.
Additionally, the label should contain the following information:
WARNING: Contents under pressure. Do not puncture or incinerate container. Do not expose to heat or store at room temperature above 120°F (498℃). Keep out of the reach of children.
In the USA, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) additionally requires the following information on all aerosols containing chlorofluorocarbons as the propellant:
WARNING: Contains a chlorofluorocarbon that may harm the public health and environment by reducing ozone in the upper atmosphere.

잠재적 노출

Chlorodifluoroethane is used in refrigerants; solvents; as a propellant in aerosol sprays; and as an intermediate in the production of highly specialized fluoropolymers.

저장

Chlorodifluoroethane is a nonreactive and stable material. The liquefied gas is stable when used as a propellant and should be stored in a metal cylinder in a cool, dry place.

운송 방법

UN25171-Chloro-1,1-difluoroethane or Refrigerant gas R-142b, Hazard Class: 2.1; Labels: 2.1- Flammable gas. Cylinders must be transported in a secure upright position, in a well-ventilated truck. Protect cylinder and labels from physical damage. The owner of the compressed gas cylinder is the only entity allowed by federal law (49CFR) to transport and refill them. It is a violation of transportation regulations to refill compressed gas cylinders without the express written permission of the owner.

비 호환성

The liquefied gas poured into water may be violently explosive. This is due to the phase transition from superheated liquid to vapor. Chlorodifluoroethane is generally chemically inert; however, it can react violently with strong reducing agents such as hydrides and highly active metals. It will react with strong oxidizers (chlorates, nitrates, peroxides, permanganates, perchlorates, chlorine, bromine, fluorine, etc.); contact may cause fires or explosions. Keep away from alkaline materials, strong bases, strong acids, oxoacids, epoxides strong oxidizing agents. It can also react with weak oxidizers under extreme temperatures. Decomposes in heat to form phosgene; HF and hydrogen chloride

폐기물 처리

Return refillable compressed gas cylinders to supplier

디플루오르모노클로로에탄 준비 용품 및 원자재

원자재

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