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삼브롬화인

삼브롬화인
삼브롬화인 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
7789-60-8
한글명:
삼브롬화인
동의어(한글):
삼브롬화인;포스포로우수트리브롬화물;포스포로우수트리브롬화물(PHOSPHOROUSTRIBROMIDE)
상품명:
Phosphorus tribromide
동의어(영문):
PBr3;extrema[qr];tribroMophosphane;tribromophosphine;Phosphortribromid;phosphrous broMide;phosphorousbromide;PHOSPHORUS BROMIDE;Phosphorous bromide;Phosphorus tribroMid
CBNumber:
CB8372891
분자식:
Br3P
포뮬러 무게:
270.69
MOL 파일:
7789-60-8.mol

삼브롬화인 속성

녹는점
-41.5 °C (lit.)
끓는 점
175 °C (lit.)
밀도
2.88 g/mL at 20 °C (lit.)
증기 밀도
9.3 (vs air)
증기압
0.27 psi ( 54 °C)
굴절률
n20/D 1.697(lit.)
인화점
172.9°C
저장 조건
Store below +30°C.
물리적 상태
Liquid
Specific Gravity
2.88
색상
Clear to slightly hazy colorless to yellow or light brown
냄새
Irritating odour
수용성
reacts
어는점
-40℃
감도
Moisture Sensitive
Merck
14,7357
BRN
3903060
안정성
Stable, but reacts violently with water. Incompatible with moisture, strong bases, strong oxidizing agents, reactive metals, acids, alcohols.
InChIKey
IPNPIHIZVLFAFP-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS 데이터베이스
7789-60-8(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST
Phosphorus tribromide(7789-60-8)
EPA
Phosphorus tribromide (7789-60-8)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 C
위험 카페고리 넘버 34-37-40-14-67
안전지침서 26-45-36/37-36/37/39
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 3264 8/PG 2
WGK 독일 2
RTECS 번호 TH4460000
F 고인화성물질 21
TSCA Yes
HS 번호 2812 90 00
위험 등급 8
포장분류 II
유해 물질 데이터 7789-60-8(Hazardous Substances Data)
기존화학 물질 KE-28722
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H314 피부에 심한 화상과 눈에 손상을 일으킴 피부부식성 또는 자극성물질 구분 1A, B, C 위험 P260,P264, P280, P301+P330+ P331,P303+P361+P353, P363, P304+P340,P310, P321, P305+ P351+P338, P405,P501
H318 눈에 심한 손상을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 1 위험 P280, P305+P351+P338, P310
H335 호흡 자극성을 일으킬 수 있음 특정 표적장기 독성 - 1회 노출;호흡기계 자극 구분 3 경고
H336 졸음 또는 현기증을 일으킬 수 있음 특정표적장기 독성 물질(1회 노출);마취작용 구분 3 경고 P261, P271, P304+P340, P312,P403+P233, P405, P501
H351 암을 일으킬 것으로 의심됨 (노출되어도 암을 일으키지 않는다는 결정적인 증거가 있는 노출경로가 있다면 노출경로 기재) 발암성 물질 구분 2 경고 P201, P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
H373 장기간 또는 반복 노출되면 장기(또는, 영향을 받은 알려진 모든 장기를 명시)에 손상을 일으킬 수 있음 특정 표적장기 독성 - 반복 노출 구분 2 경고 P260, P314, P501
예방조치문구:
P261 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이의 흡입을 피하시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P310 즉시 의료기관(의사)의 진찰을 받으시오. 삼켰다면 즉시 의료기관(의사)의 도움을 받으시오.
P301+P330+P331 삼켰다면 입을 씻어내시오. 토하게 하려 하지 마시오.
P303+P361+P353 피부(또는 머리카락)에 묻으면 오염된 모든 의복은 벗거나 제거하시오 피부를 물로 씻으시오/샤워하시오.
P305+P351+P338 눈에 묻으면 몇 분간 물로 조심해서 씻으시오. 가능하면 콘택트렌즈를 제거하시오. 계속 씻으시오.
P405 밀봉하여 저장하시오.
NFPA 704
0
3 2
W

삼브롬화인 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

화학적 성질

Phosphorus tribromide is a colourless liquid(possibly hazy)  with the formula PBr3. It fumes in air due to hydrolysis and has a penetrating odour. It is widely used in the laboratory for the conversion of alcohols toalkyl bromides.
Phosphorus tribromide (PBr3) is commonly used in Hell-Volhard-Zelinsky halogenation for the α-bromination of carboxylic acids to form the corresponding acyl bromide. It is also useful for the conversion of primary and secondary alcohols to alkyl bromides.

용도

Phosphorus tribromide is used mainly for the conversion of alcohols to alkyl bromides and it is used in tests for skin corrosivity. It is used for alkene preparation and it act as a lewis base and a lewis acid. Phosphorus tribromide is used in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals such as alprazolam, methohexital and fenoprofen.
Phosphorus tribromide may be used as a reagent:
In a novel protocol for synthesizing 7-ethoxy-1-(p-ethylphenoxy)-3,7-dimethyl-2-octene, a synthetic juvenile hormone mimic of trans,trans,cis-10,11-epoxy-7-ethyl-3,11-dimethyltrideca-2,6-dienoate.
To synthesize 1,2,3-diazaphosphinane, 1,2,3-thiazaphosphinine and 1,2-azaphosphole bearing a chromone ring.
To synthesize 1-Bromoundec-1-ene from 10-undecen-1-ol.

제조 방법

Phosphorus tribromide, PBr3, is most conveniently prepared by reaction between liquid bromine and a solution of white phosphorus in PBr3. In most of its reactions, the tribromide resembles the trichloride although the former has been much less studied and in some cases the products seem to be more complex.

화학 반응

Silyl phosphites such as (EtO)2POSiMe3 and (Et3SiO)3P are known. The latter compound can be prepared in 30% yield by reacting phosphorus tribromide with an organosilane in the presence of zinc chloride. Esters of the former type can be made by reaction.
3Et3SiO+PBr3–-(Et3SiO)3+3RBr
Et3SiONa+(EtO)2PCl–-(EtO)2POSiEt3+NaCl)

일반 설명

A colorless fuming liquid with a pungent odor. Corrosive to metals and tissue. Boiling point 347°F (175°C). Freezing point -40°F (-40°C).

공기와 물의 반응

Fumes in air. Decomposed by water to form phosphoric acid and hydrobromic acid. Reaction with warm water is very rapid and may be violent [Mellor v.8. 1032 1940].

반응 프로필

Phosphorus tribromide reacts with oxidizing agents to generate heat and products that may be flammable, combustible, or otherwise reactive; the reactions may be violent. Forms complexes with potassium or sodium metal that explode when shocked. Drop wise addition to 3-phenylpropanol caused an explosion when stirring of the mixture was discontinued [Chem. Brit., 1974, 10, 101-102].

건강위험

Inhalation causes severe irritation of nose, throat, and lungs. Ingestion causes burns of mouth and stomach. Contact with eyes or skin causes severe burns.

Safety Profile

Probably highly toxic. A corrosive irritant to the eyes, skin, and mucous membranes. Wdl react with water, steam, or acids to produce heat, toxic and corrosive fumes. Violent reaction or ignition with calcium hydroxide + sodium carbonate, phenylpropanol, sulfuric acid, oleum, fluorosulfuric acid, chlorosulfuric acid, 1,1,1 -tris(hydroxymethyl)methane, water, potassium, sodium, RuO4. When heated to decomposition it emits very toxic fumes of Brand POx. See also PHOSPHIDES and BROMIDES.

Purification Methods

It is decomposed by moisture, it should be kept dry and is corrosive. Purify it by distillation through an efficient fractionating column [see Whitmore & Lux J Am Chem Soc 54 3451] in a slow stream of dry N2, i.e. under strictly dry conditions. [Gay & Maxson Inorg Synth II 147 1946, Org Synth Col Vol II 358 1943.] Dissolve it in CCl4, dry it over CaCl2, filter and distil it. Store it in sealed ampoules under N2 and keep it away from light. HARMFUL VAPOURS.

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