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테레프탈산

테레프탈산
테레프탈산 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
100-21-0
한글명:
테레프탈산
동의어(한글):
테레프탈산;테레프탈산
상품명:
Terephthalic acid
동의어(영문):
QTA;TPA;ta12;TA 12;S-LOP;Ta-33mp;TA 33LP;wr16262;nsc36973;tephthol
CBNumber:
CB8852557
분자식:
C8H6O4
포뮬러 무게:
166.13
MOL 파일:
100-21-0.mol

테레프탈산 속성

녹는점
>300 °C (lit.)
끓는 점
214.32°C (rough estimate)
밀도
1.58 g/cm3 at 25 °C
증기압
<0.01 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
굴절률
1.5100 (estimate)
인화점
260°C
저장 조건
Sealed in dry,Room Temperature
용해도
15mg/l (experimental)
산도 계수 (pKa)
3.51(at 25℃)
물리적 상태
Crystalline Powder
색상
White
수용성
slightly soluble in water (0,017 g/L at 25°C)
Merck
14,9162
BRN
1909333
안정성
Stable. Combustible. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents.
CAS 데이터베이스
100-21-0(CAS DataBase Reference)
EPA
Terephthalic acid (100-21-0)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 Xi
위험 카페고리 넘버 36/37/38
안전지침서 26-36
WGK 독일 3
RTECS 번호 WZ0875000
자연 발화 온도 925 °F
TSCA Yes
HS 번호 2917 36 00
유해 물질 데이터 100-21-0(Hazardous Substances Data)
독성 LD50 orally in Rabbit: > 6400 mg/kg
기존화학 물질 KE-02190
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어:
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H315 피부에 자극을 일으킴 피부부식성 또는 자극성물질 구분 2 경고 P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H319 눈에 심한 자극을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 2A 경고 P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H335 호흡 자극성을 일으킬 수 있음 특정 표적장기 독성 - 1회 노출;호흡기계 자극 구분 3 경고
예방조치문구:
P261 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이의 흡입을 피하시오.
P264 취급 후에는 손을 철저히 씻으시오.
P264 취급 후에는 손을 철저히 씻으시오.
P321 (…) 처치를 하시오.
P304+P340 흡입하면 신선한 공기가 있는 곳으로 옮기고 호흡하기 쉬운 자세로 안정을 취하시오.
P305+P351+P338 눈에 묻으면 몇 분간 물로 조심해서 씻으시오. 가능하면 콘택트렌즈를 제거하시오. 계속 씻으시오.
P332+P313 피부 자극이 생기면 의학적인 조치· 조언을 구하시오.
P337+P313 눈에 대한 자극이 지속되면 의학적인 조치· 조언를 구하시오.
P405 밀봉하여 저장하시오.
NFPA 704
1
1 0

테레프탈산 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

개요

Terephthalic acid is the organic compound with formula C6H4(COOH)2. This colourless solid is a commodity chemical, used principally as a precursor to the polyester PET, used to make clothing and plastic bottles. Several million tones are produced annually. It is one of three isomeric phthalic acids.

화학적 성질

Terephthalic acid is poorly soluble in water and alcohols, consequently up until around 1970 most crude terephthalic acid was converted to the dimethyl ester for purification. It sublimates when heated.

화학적 성질

TPA is a white crystalline solid.

화학적 성질

white powder

역사

Terephthalic acid came to prominence through the work of Winfield and Dickson in Britain around 1940. Earlier work by Carothers and coworkers in the United States established the feasibility of producing high molecular weight linear polyesters by reacting diacids with diols, but they used aliphatic diacids and diols. These made polyesters which were unsuitable to be spun into fibers. Winfield and Dickson found that symmetrical aromatic diacids yield high-melting, crystalline, and fiberforming materials; poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) has since become the largest volume synthetic fiber.

용도

Terephthalic acid (TPA) is a high-tonnage chemical, widely used in the production of synthetic materials, notably polyester fibers (poly-(ethylene terephthalate)).

용도

Terephthalic acid is a benzenepolycarboxylic acid with potential anti-hemorrhagic properties.

용도

1,4-benzenedicarboxylic acid is mainly used for the production of poly (ethylene terephthalate). Also production of plasticizer dioctyl phthalate (DOTP) and polyester plasticized agents. 1,4-benzenedicarboxylic acid and polyhydric alcohols have a condensation reaction withd iethylene glycol, triethylene glycol, glycerol, propylene glycol, butylene glycol, etc. preparation of the polyester plasticizer.

정의

ChEBI: A benzenedicarboxylic acid carrying carboxy groups at positions 1 and 4. One of three possible isomers of benzenedicarboxylic acid, the others being phthalic and isophthalic acids.

주요 응용

Virtually the entire world's supply of terephthalic acid and dimethyl terephthalate are consumed as precursors to polyethylene terephthalate (PET). World production in 1970 was around 1.75 million tones. By 2006, global purified terephthalic acid (PTA) demand had exceeded 30 million tonnes.
There is a smaller, but nevertheless significant, demand for terephthalic acid in the production of poly butylene terephthalate and several other engineering polymers.

생산 방법

Terephthalic acid is produced by oxidation of p-xylene by oxygen in air:
This reaction proceeds through a p-toluic acid intermediate which is then oxidized to terephthalic acid. In p-toluic acid, deactivation of the methyl by the electron withdrawing carboxylic acid group makes the methyl one tenth as reactive as xylene itself, making the second oxidation significantly more difficult . The commercial process utilizes acetic acid as solvent and a catalyst composed of cobalt and manganese salts, with a bromide promoter.

생산 방법

Benzoic acid, phthalic acid and other benzene-carboxylic acids in the form of alkali-metal salts, comprise the chargestock. In a first step, the alkali-metal salts (usually potassium) are converted to terephthalates when heated to a temperature exceeding 350 °C (662 °F). The dried potassium salts (of benzoic acid or o- or isophthalic acid) are heated in anhydrous form to approximately 420 °C (788 °F) in an inert atmosphere (CO2) and in the presence of a catalyst (usually cadmium benzoate, phthalate, oxide, or carbonate). The corresponding zinc compounds also have been used as catalysts. In a following step, the reaction products are dissolved in H2O and the terephthalic acid precipitated out with dilute H2SO4. The yield of terephthalic acid ranges from 95 to 98%.

Synthesis Reference(s)

Chemistry Letters, 15, p. 299, 1986
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 82, p. 2876, 1960 DOI: 10.1021/ja01496a051
The Journal of Organic Chemistry, 44, p. 4727, 1979 DOI: 10.1021/jo00393a063

일반 설명

White powder.

공기와 물의 반응

Insoluble in water.

반응 프로필

Terephthalic acid is a carboxylic acid. Terephthalic acid donates hydrogen ions if a base is present to accept them. This "neutralization" generates substantial amounts of heat and produces water plus a salt. Insoluble in water but even "insoluble" carboxylic acids may absorb enough water from the air and dissolve sufficiently in Terephthalic acid to corrode or dissolve iron, steel, and aluminum parts and containers. May react with cyanide salts to generate gaseous hydrogen cyanide. Will react with solutions of cyanides to cause the release of gaseous hydrogen cyanide. Flammable and/or toxic gases and heat are generated by reaction with diazo compounds, dithiocarbamates, isocyanates, mercaptans, nitrides, and sulfides. React with sulfites, nitrites, thiosulfates (to give H2S and SO3), dithionites (SO2), to generate flammable and/or toxic gases and heat. Reaction with carbonates and bicarbonates generates a harmless gas (carbon dioxide) but still heat. Can be oxidized by strong oxidizing agents and reduced by strong reducing agents. These reactions generate heat. May initiate polymerization reactions; may catalyze (increase the rate of) chemical reactions.

화재위험

Flash point data for Terephthalic acid are not available. Terephthalic acid is probably combustible.

Safety Profile

Moderately toxic by intravenous and intraperitoneal routes. Mildly toxic by ingestion. An eye irritant, Can explode during preparation. When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes.

잠재적 노출

TPA is used primarily in the production of polyethylene terephthalate polymer for the fabrication of polyester fibers and films. A high-volume production chemical in the United States.

Purification Methods

Purify the acid via the sodium salt which, after crystallisation from water, is re-converted to the acid by acidification with mineral acid. Filter off the solid, wash it with H2O and dry it in a vacuum. The S-benzylisothiuronium salt has m 204o (from aqueous EtOH). [Beilstein 9 IV 3301.]

비 호환성

Combustible; dust may form an explosive mixture with air. Compounds of the carboxyl group react with all bases, both inorganic and organic (i.e., amines) releasing substantial heat, water and a salt that may be harmful. Incompatible with arsenic compounds (releases hydrogen cyanide gas), diazo compounds, dithiocarbamates, isocyanates, mercaptans, nitrides, and sulfides (releasing heat, toxic and possibly flammable gases), thiosulfates and dithionites (releasing hydrogen sulfate and oxides of sulfur). Incompatible with oxidizers (chlorates, nitrates, peroxides, permanganates, perchlorates, chlorine, bromine, fluorine, etc.); contact may cause fires or explosions. Keep away from alkaline materials, strong bases, strong acids, oxoacids, epoxides.

폐기물 처리

Dissolve or mix the material with a combustible solvent and burn in a chemical incinerator equipped with an afterburner and scrubber. All federal, state, and local environmental regulations must be observed.

테레프탈산 준비 용품 및 원자재

원자재

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