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D-리모넨

D-리모넨
D-리모넨 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
5989-27-5
한글명:
D-리모넨
동의어(한글):
D-리모넨;리모넨;과산화물가가20mmol/L을초과하는d-리모넨;D-리모넨(D-LIMONENE)
상품명:
(+)-Dipentene
동의어(영문):
LEMOSOL;citrene;refchole;llmonene;d-Limoene;nci-c55572;d-limoneno;kautschiin;(+)-limonen;DELTA-LIMONENE
CBNumber:
CB9853935
분자식:
C10H16
포뮬러 무게:
136.23404
MOL 파일:
5989-27-5.mol

D-리모넨 속성

녹는점
-75--73°C
끓는 점
176-177 °C(lit.)
알파
112o (10% IN ETHANOL)
밀도
0.842 g/mL at 20 °C(lit.)
증기 밀도
4.7 (vs air)
증기압
1 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
굴절률
n20/D 1.473(lit.)
FEMA
2633 | D-LIMONENE
인화점
119 °F
저장 조건
2-8°C
용해도
water: insoluble
물리적 상태
neat
Specific Gravity
0.842 (20/4℃)
폭발한계
0.7-6.1%(V)
optical activity
[α]20/D +120°, neat
수용성
Miscible with alcohol,chloroform,ether and carbondisulfide.Immiscible with water.
Merck
14,5493
JECFA Number
1326
BRN
2204754
안정성
Stable. Flammable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents.
CAS 데이터베이스
5989-27-5(CAS DataBase Reference)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 Xi,N,Xn
위험 카페고리 넘버 10-38-43-50/53-65
안전지침서 24-37-60-61
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 2052 3/PG 3
WGK 독일 2
RTECS 번호 GW6360000
F 고인화성물질 8-10-23
자연 발화 온도 255 °C
TSCA Yes
HS 번호 2902 19 00
위험 등급 3
포장분류 III
독성 LD50 orally in Rabbit: > 2000 mg/kg LD50 dermal Rabbit > 2000 mg/kg
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H226 인화성 액체 및 증기 인화성 액체 구분 3 경고
H304 삼켜서 기도로 유입되면 치명적일 수 있음 흡인 유해성물질 구분 1 위험
H315 피부에 자극을 일으킴 피부부식성 또는 자극성물질 구분 2 경고 P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H317 알레르기성 피부 반응을 일으킬 수 있음 피부 과민성 물질 구분 1 경고 P261, P272, P280, P302+P352,P333+P313, P321, P363, P501
H400 수생생물에 매우 유독함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 급성 구분 1 경고 P273, P391, P501
H410 장기적 영향에 의해 수생생물에 매우 유독함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 만성 구분 1 경고 P273, P391, P501
예방조치문구:
P210 열·스파크·화염·고열로부터 멀리하시오 - 금연 하시오.
P240 용기와 수용설비를 접지 및 접합시키시오.
P261 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이의 흡입을 피하시오.
P273 환경으로 배출하지 마시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P331 토하게 하지 마시오.
P301+P310 삼켰다면 즉시 의료기관(의사)의 진찰을 받으시오.
P303+P361+P353 피부(또는 머리카락)에 묻으면 오염된 모든 의복은 벗거나 제거하시오 피부를 물로 씻으시오/샤워하시오.
P501 ...에 내용물 / 용기를 폐기 하시오.

D-리모넨 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

개요

d-Limonene has a pleasant, lemon-like odors free from campho raceous and turpentine-like. d-Limonene may be obtained by steam distillation of citrus peels and pulp resulting from the pro duction of juice and cold-pressed oils, or from deterpenation of citrus oils; it is sometimes redistilled.
The most important and widespread terpene; it is known in the el and I- optically active forms and in the optically inactive dl-form (known as dipentene); it has been reported found in more than 300 essential oils in amounts ranging from 90 - 95% (lemon, orange, mandarin) to as low as 1% (palmarosa);1 the most widespread form is the d-limonene, followed by the racemic form, and then ι- limonene.

화학적 성질

d-, l- or dl-Limonene has a pleasant, lemon-like odor free from camphoraceous and turpentine-like notes. Limonene is the most important and widespread terpene; it is known in the d- and l- optically active forms and in the optically inactive dl-form (known as dipentene).

화학적 성질

colourless liquid

출처

It has been reported found in more than 300 essential oils in amounts ranging from 90 to 95% (lemon, orange, mandarin) to as low as 1% (palmarosa); the most widespread form is the d-limonene, followed by the racemic form and then l-limo nene. Also reported found in ginger, nutmeg, pepper, mace, hop oil, coriander seed, calamus, dill herb, caraway seed and rosemary.

제조 방법

d-Limonene may be obtained by steam distillation of citrus peels and pulp resulting from the production of juice and cold pressed oils, or from deterpenation of citrus oils; it is sometimes redistilled.

정의

ChEBI: An optically active form of limonene having (4R)-configuration.

Aroma threshold values

Detection: 4 to 229 ppb

Taste threshold values

Taste characteristics at 30 ppm: sweet, orange, citrus and terpy.

일반 설명

Clear colorless mobile liquid with a pleasant lemon-like odor.

공기와 물의 반응

Highly flammable. Insoluble in water.

반응 프로필

(+)-Dipentene is sensitive to exposure to light. Atmospheric oxidation can occur. (+)-Dipentene is incompatible with strong oxidizing agents. (+)-Dipentene reacts violently with (iodine pentafluoride + tetrafluoroethylene). With dry hydrogen chloride or hydrogen bromide, (+)-Dipentene forms monohalides. With aqueous hydrogen chloride or hydrogen bromide, (+)-Dipentene forms the dihalide.

화재위험

(+)-Dipentene is combustible.

농업용

Insecticide, Animal and insect repellant, Slimicide: Used as an insecticide, insect repellent, and animal repellent. Not listed for use in EU countries. Registered for use in the U.S., Canada and other countries. There are 49 global suppliers.

상품명

BUGAWAY®[C]; BUGCHASER®[C]; CARVENE®; DOO-NOT®; HOLIDAY FIRE ANT KILLER®

색상 색인 번호

d-Limonene is contained in Citrus species such as citrus, orange, mandarin, and bergamot. d-limonene, used as a solvent, may be found in cleansing or in degreasing agents. Its sensitizing potential increases with prolonged air contact, which induces oxidation and leads to oxidation products. The presence of d-limonene has to be mentioned by name in cosmetics of the EU.

D-리모넨 준비 용품 및 원자재

원자재

준비 용품


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