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Trimethylaluminium

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Products Intro: Product Name:Trimethylaluminium
CAS:75-24-1
Purity:99% Package:100g,500g,1kg,5kg,10kg
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Products Intro: Product Name:Trimethylaluminium
CAS:75-24-1
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CAS:75-24-1
Purity:98% Package:1g;1USD
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Products Intro: Product Name:Trimethylaluminum, min. 98%
CAS:75-24-1
Purity:min. 98% Package:100g;225g

Lastest Price from Trimethylaluminium manufacturers

  • Trimethylaluminium
  • US $1.00 / g
  • 2018-12-17
  • CAS:75-24-1
  • Min. Order: 1kg
  • Purity: 98%
  • Supply Ability: 10KG
Trimethylaluminium Basic information
Outline Main application Category Toxicity grading Acute toxicity Flammability hazard characteristics Storage Characteristics Extinguishing agent Occupational standards
Product Name:Trimethylaluminium
Synonyms:ATM;Trimethylaluminium, 1.0M solution in heptane;Trimethylaluminum,elec.gr.(99.999+%-Al)PURATREM;Trimethylaluminum,min.98%;TRIMETHYLALUMINUM, 2.0M SOLUTION IN TOL&;Trimethylaluminum (15% in Hexane, ca. 1.4mol/L);Trimethylaluminum (15% in Toluene, ca. 1.8mol/L);TRIMETHYLALUMINUM, 2M in heptane
CAS:75-24-1
MF:C3H9Al
MW:72.09
EINECS:200-853-0
Product Categories:Organometallics;Al (Alminum) Compounds;Alkyl Metals;Classes of Metal Compounds;Grignard Reagents & Alkyl Metals;Synthetic Organic Chemistry;Micro/NanoElectronics;Vapor Deposition Precursors;ALD Precursors;metal alkyl;Typical Metal Compounds;Chemical Synthesis;Organoaluminum;Organometallic Reagents;Chemical Synthesis;Organometallic Reagents;Aluminum;CVD and ALD Precursors by Metal;Materials Science
Mol File:75-24-1.mol
Trimethylaluminium Structure
Trimethylaluminium Chemical Properties
Melting point 15 °C
Boiling point 126 °C
density 0.81 g/mL at 25 °C
vapor pressure 69.3 mmHg ( 60 °C)
Fp 40 °F
storage temp. 0-6°C
solubility Soluble in aromatic, saturated aliphatic and cycloaliphatic hydrocarbons.
form Liquid
color Clear colorless
OdorCorrosive odor and "taste" may be detectable from trimethylaluminum fires
Water Solubility REACTS
Sensitive Air & Moisture Sensitive
BRN 3587197
CAS DataBase Reference75-24-1(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry ReferenceTrimethylaluminum(75-24-1)
EPA Substance Registry SystemAluminum, trimethyl-(75-24-1)
Safety Information
Hazard Codes F,C,N
Risk Statements 11-14-17-34-50/53-65-67-14/15-63-48/20-51/53-20-62
Safety Statements 26-36/37/39-45-61-62-6A-43A-24/25-16-43-60-33-25-24
RIDADR UN 3399 4.3/PG 1
WGK Germany 3
RTECS BD2204000
1-10
Autoignition TemperatureSpontaneously ignites in air (even as a frozen solid)
TSCA Yes
HazardClass 4.3
PackingGroup I
HS Code 29319090
ToxicityTLV-TWA (ACGIH) 2 mg (Al)/m3
MSDS Information
ProviderLanguage
Aluminumtrimethanide English
SigmaAldrich English
ACROS English
ALFA English
Trimethylaluminium Usage And Synthesis
OutlineTrimethylaluminum is called TMA for short. Trimethylaluminum was prepared by Buckton for the first time using methyl mercury and aluminum in 1865, but until the 1950s, TMA applications has been still limited to the scope of laboratory, its research and application was far less active than organic magnesium and organic lithium for a long time. In recent years, with the development of the research of polyolefins, TMA is as one of the cocatalyst, and starting raw materials for synthesis of cocatalyst catalysts methylalumoxane (of MAO) and modified methylaluminoxane (MMAO) in metallocene catalyst systems. In the organic chemical industry, especially polymer chemical industry, its importance began to appear.
At normal temperature and pressure, trimethyl aluminum is a colorless transparent liquid, highly reactive, spontaneous combustion in the air, and instantly be able to fire, reacts violently with alcohol and acids which have an active hydrogen, reacts violently with water, even in cold water explosive decomposition reaction can be produced, and also generates methane, and sometimes can catch fire. At 300 ℃ it slowly decompose to produce methane. It can form stable complexes with AsH3, PH3, ethers, tertiary amines and other Lewis bases, miscible in any proportion with alicyclic hydrocarbons such as hexane and heptane, aromatic hydrocarbon such as toluene, xylene. diluted to below 25% with a hydrocarbon-based solvent, trimethyl aluminum loses its spontaneous combustion.
Main applicationThere is an important use for trimethyl aluminum in organic catalytic chemistry, organic synthesis and polymer chemistry industry and other aspects.
Trimethylaluminum acts with water of a suitable form, may form highly reactive methylaluminoxane (MAO), which is one of the most important co-catalyst of the metallocene catalyst system. The maximum use of MAO is to form a coordination catalyst, such as with the halide of titanium, zirconium, hafnium to form a catalyst system, which can result in stereospecific polymerization, copolymerization, oligomerization of olefins. It can form catalyst with the compound of transition metal element such as nickel, cobalt, etc, which can result in lower poly, disproportionation, isomerization of olefins. Further, trimethyl aluminum itself may be used to catalyze the reaction.
TMA can be carried out oligomerization with ethylene to produce high-carbon aluminum alkyl, after oxidation and hydrolysis of the latter to form a straight-chain higher primary alcohols and advanced a-olefins. Organoaluminum is not only inexpensive, but also has high reaction activity, thus organoaluminum is commonly used for preparing other metals organic compounds, for example the reaction of TMA with stannic chloride can be prepared to produce methyl tin. TMA can also be used as mild reducing agent for high stereoselectivity reagents, vitamins, hormones and other drug synthetic. In recent years, the formation of a metal film is achieved by application of metal organic chemical vapor deposition method. As with the hydrogen carrying TMA, the substrate is heated for thermal decomposition to form a metal thin film of aluminum.
In the aerospace industry, and trimethyl aluminum can be used as liquid fuel of rockets. TMA can also be used as an important alkylating agent in organic synthesis of fine chemical industry.
As olefin polymerization catalyst, pyrophoric fuel, also used for making straight-chain primary alcohols and olefins, etc, it can be used for metal organic chemical vapor deposition.
The above information is edited by the chemicalbook of Yan Yanyong.
CategorySpontaneous Combustion items
Toxicity gradingToxic
Acute toxicityOral-rat LD50: 10000 mg/cubic meter/15 minutes
Flammability hazard characteristicsIn case of air, chlorine, oxidizers, high temperature can be spontaneous, emit toxic aluminide gases.
Storage CharacteristicsTreasury ventilation low-temperature drying, package with nitrogen charging, and stored separately from oxidants
Extinguishing agentDry sand, powder, mountain flour
Occupational standardsTWA 2 mg(AL)/cubic meter
Chemical Propertiesclear colorless solution
Chemical PropertiesThe aluminum alkyls are highly flammable and reactive, colorless to yellow liquids at room temperature. The lighter trialkylaluminums ignite spontaneously in air. They are normally supplied and used in a 20% solution with a hydrocarbon solvent, such as hexane, heptane, benzene, toluene. Properties may depend on solvent. Reacts violently with water.
UsesCatalyst for olefin polymerization, pyrophoric fuel, manufacture of straight-chain primary alcohols and olefins, to produce luminous trails in upper atmosphere to track rockets.
Health HazardTrimethylaluminum and related alkylaluminum reagents are pyrophoric materials that can react explosively with the moisture in tissues, causing severe burns. The heat of reaction can also ignite the methane gas generated, resulting in thermal burns. Alkylaluminum reagents are corrosive substances, and contact is extremely destructive to the eyes, skin, and mucous membranes. Inhalation of trimethylaluminum and other volatile alkylaluminum compounds may cause severe damage to the respiratory tract and can lead to fatal pulmonary edema.
Health HazardTrimethylaluminum and related alkylaluminum reagents are pyrophoric materials that can react explosively with the moisture in tissues, causing severe burns. The heat of reaction can also ignite the methane gas generated, resulting in thermal burns. Alkylaluminum reagents are corrosive substances, and contact is extremely destructive to the eyes, skin, and mucous membranes. Inhalation of trimethylaluminum and other volatile alkylaluminum compounds may cause severe damage to the respiratory tract and can lead to fatal pulmonary edema.
Fire HazardTrimethylaluminum is pyrophoric and burns violently on contact with air or water. Other alkylaluminum reagents show similar behavior, although most are not as volatile as trimethylaluminum. Water or CO2 fire extinguishers must not be used to put out fires involving trialkylaluminum reagents. Instead, dry chemical powders such as bicarbonate, Met-L-X?, or inert smothering agents such as sand or graphite should be used to extinguish fires involving trialkylaluminum compounds.
Fire HazardTrimethylaluminum is pyrophoric and burns violently on contact with air or water. Other alkylaluminum reagents show similar behavior, although most are not as volatile as trimethylaluminum. Water or CO2 fire extinguishers must not be used to put out fires involving trialkylaluminum reagents. Instead, dry chemical powders such as bicarbonate, Met-L-X?, or inert smothering agents such as sand or graphite should be used to extinguish fires involving trialkylaluminum compounds.
Potential ExposureAlkyl aluminum compounds are used as components of olefin polymerization catalysts. They are also used in the synthesis of higher primary alcohols and in pyrophoric fuels, as a catalyst in making ethylene gas; and in plating aluminum.
First aidI If this chemical gets into the eyes, remove any contact lenses at once and irrigate immediately for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting upper and lower lids. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical contacts the skin, remove contaminated clothing and wash immediately with soap and water. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical has been inhaled, remove from exposure, begin rescue breathing (using universal precautions, including resuscitation mask) if breathing has stopped and CPR if heart action has stopped. Transfer promptly to a medical facility. When this chemical has been swallowed, get medical attention. Give large quantities of water and induce vomiting. Do not make an unconscious person vomit.
storageSafety glasses, impermeable gloves, and a fire-retardant laboratory coat should be worn at all times when working with these compounds. Trialkylaluminum reagents should be handled only under an inert atmosphere.
Shippingntial fire or explosion hazard. Shipping: UN3399 Organometallic substance, liquid, water-reactive, flammable, Hazard Class: 4.3; Labels: 4.3 Dangerous Dangerous when wet material, 3-Flammable liquid, technical name Required. UN3051-Spontaneously combustible. Also, this material is dangerous when wet. (Note: this number does not appear in the 49/CFR HazMat tables).
Flammability and ExplosibilityTrimethylaluminum is pyrophoric and burns violently on contact with air or water. Other alkylaluminum reagents show similar behavior, although most are not as volatile as trimethylaluminum. Water or CO2 fire extinguishers must not be used to put out fires involving trialkylaluminum reagents. Instead, dry chemical powders such as bicarbonate, Met-L-X?, or inert smothering agents such as sand or graphite should be used to extinguish fires involving trialkylaluminum compounds.
IncompatibilitiesThe lighter trialkylaluminums ignite spontaneously in air; can self-heat in the air at room temperature without any added energy and may ignite. These compounds are strong reducing agents. Incompatible with oxidizers (chlorates, nitrates, peroxides, permanganates, perchlorates, chlorine, bromine, fluorine, etc.); contact may cause fires or explosions. Keep away from alkaline materials, strong bases, strong acids, oxoacids, epoxides. Incompatible with water, oxygen (air), acids, alcohols, phenols, amines, carbon dioxide; sulfur oxides; halogenated compounds, and many other substances
Waste DisposalCareful incineration
Tag:Trimethylaluminium(75-24-1) Related Product Information
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