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Lithium carbonate

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Company Name: Frapp's ChemicalNFTZ Co., Ltd.
Tel: +86 (576) 8169-6106
Products Intro: Product Name:Lithium carbonate
Company Name: Henan DaKen Chemical CO.,LTD.
Tel: +86-371-55531817
Products Intro: Product Name:Lithium carbonate
Purity:99% Package:100g,500g,1KG,10KG,100KG
Company Name: Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
Tel: 0371-55170693
Products Intro: CAS:554-13-2
Purity:99% Package:500G;1KG;5KG;25KG
Company Name: Mainchem Co., Ltd.
Tel: +86-0592-6210733
Products Intro: Product Name:Lithium carbonate
Company Name: Hefei TNJ Chemical Industry Co.,Ltd.
Tel: 86-0551-65418684 18949823763
Products Intro: Product Name:Lithium carbonate
Purity:99.9% Package:1KG;5USD

Lastest Price from Lithium carbonate manufacturers

  • Lithium carbonate
  • US $1.00 / KG
  • 2018-08-07
  • CAS:554-13-2
  • Min. Order: 1KG
  • Purity: 98%
  • Supply Ability: 1
Lithium carbonate Chemical Properties
Melting point 720 °C
Boiling point 1342 °C(lit.)
density 2.11 g/mL at 25 °C
Fp 1310°C
storage temp. Store at +5°C to +30°C.
solubility 13g/l
form wire
color White
PH10-11 (5g/l, H2O, 20℃)
Water Solubility 13 g/L (20 ºC)
Merck 14,5527
CAS DataBase Reference554-13-2(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry ReferenceLithium carbonate(554-13-2)
EPA Substance Registry SystemCarbonic acid, dilithium salt(554-13-2)
Safety Information
Hazard Codes Xn,C,F
Risk Statements 36/38-41-36/37/38-22-36-34-20/21/22-15-14-11
Safety Statements 8-43-45-37/39-26-36/37-24/25-36/37/39-16-7/8-3/7/9
WGK Germany 2
RTECS OJ5800000
HS Code 28369100
Hazardous Substances Data554-13-2(Hazardous Substances Data)
ToxicityLD50 orally in rats: 0.71 g/kg (Smyth)
MSDS Information
ACROS English
SigmaAldrich English
ALFA English
Lithium carbonate Usage And Synthesis
Chemical PropertiesIt is a white monoclinic powder. Slightly soluble in water (1.54 when 0 ℃, 0.72 when 100 ℃), insoluble in alcohol, soluble in acid. Dissolved amount per 100 ml of water at different temperatures (℃) in grams:
1.54g/0 ℃; 1.43g/10 ℃; 1.33g/20 ℃; 1.26g/30 ℃; 1.17g/40 ℃; 1.08g/50 ℃
1.01g/60 ℃; 0.85g/80 ℃; 0.72g/100 ℃
DescriptionLithium carbonate (molecular structure is Li2CO3, English name is lithium carbonate) as a colorless monoclinic crystal or white powder. Density is 2.11. Melting point is 618 ℃. Without deliquescence, it is stable in the air. Low solubility in water, the solubility decreases with increasing temperature. Solubility in cold water is greater than hot water. It is Soluble in dilute acid, insoluble in alcohol and acetone. Carbon dioxide is introduced into the aqueous suspension of lithium carbonate, lithium carbonate is converted to lithium acid carbonate and dissolved. If the solution of lithium acid carbonate is heated and then it releases carbon dioxide and precipitates lithium carbonate. The nature of the lithium carbonate may be used to remove impurities from lithium carbonate. Since lithium ion has a strong polarizability, thus thermal stability of lithium carbonate is worse than other alkali metal carbonate, when heated to above the melting point, it will decompose to produce carbon dioxide and lithium oxide.
UsesThe lithium carbonate industry is a global high monopoly industry, the current production capacity is mainly concentrated in three foreign manufacturers of SQM, FMC, Chemetall and so on.
Industrial lithium carbonate is used in the manufacture of other lithium salts, such as lithium chloride and lithium bromide and so on. It also acts as lithium oxide materials in enamel, glass, pottery and porcelain enamel, and it is also added to the electrolytic cell for electrolysis of aluminum to increase the current efficiency and reduce the internal resistance of the cell and the bath temperature. In medicine, it is mainly used for the treatment of mania, can improve their emotional disorders for schizophrenia. It has the effect of elevating peripheral leukocytes; can be used for synthetic rubber, dyes, semiconductor and military defense industry and so on; for the production of lithium tantalate, lithium niobate and other acoustic grade single crystal, optical grade monocrystalline etc; for preparation of the acoustic grade single crystal. 
Battery grade lithium carbonate is mainly used for the preparation of lithium cobalt oxide, lithium manganese oxide, ternary materials, lithium iron phosphate and other lithium ion battery cathode materials; used in a matrix modifier; as aneuroprotective effect of lithium carbonate in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
ToxicityLithium carbonate has a significant stimulating effect, firstly has damage on the gastrointestinal tract, kidney and central nervous system. Toxicity order of lithium compounds is Li <LiCl <Li2CO3, maximum allowable concentration: Lithium condensation and fragmentation aerosol were 0.05 mg/m3 and 0.5 mg/m3.
Wear rubber gloves and protective masks when working, in order to protect the respiratory organs against dust.
PreparationLithium carbonate is obtained as an intermediate product in recovery of lithium metal from its ore, spodumene (See Lithium). It is prepared by mixing a hot and concentrated solution of sodium carbonate with lithium chloride or sulfate solution.
Li2SO4+ Na2CO3→Li2CO3+ Na2SO4
ReactionsLithium carbonate reacts with dilute acids, liberating carbon dioxide:
Li2CO3+ HCl →LiCl + CO2+ H2O
Thermal decompostion yields lithium oxide and carbon dioxide:
Li2CO3 → Li2O + CO2
Reaction with lime produces lithium hydroxide:
Li2CO3+ Ca(OH)2→2LiOH + CaCO3
The carbonate reacts with molten aluminum fluoride converting to lithium fluoride:
3Li2CO3+ 2AlF3 → 6LiF + 3CO2+ Al2O3
It combines with carbon dioxide in aqueous slurry forming soluble bicarbonate, which decomposes to carbonate upon heating:
Li2CO3+ CO2+ H2O →2LiHCO3
The bicarbonate can not be separated in solid form. It exists only in solution when carbonate dissolves in water saturated with CO2under pressure.
UsesIn the production of glazes on ceramic and electrical porcelain.
Brand nameEskalith (GlaxoSmithKline); Lithane (Bayer); Lithobid (JDS); Lithonate (Solvay Pharmaceuticals).
Reactivity ProfileA base. Decomposed by acids with the evolution of carbon dioxide. Fluorine burns fiercely on contact with Lithium carbonate.
Purification MethodsCrystallise it from water. Its solubility decreases as the temperature is raised. The solubility in H2O is 1.3% at ~10o, and 0.7% at ~100o. [D.nges in Handbook of Preparative Inorganic Chemistry (Ed. Brauer) Academic Press Vol I p 987 1963, Caley & Elving Inorg Synth I 1 1939.]
Tag:Lithium carbonate(554-13-2) Related Product Information
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