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Lithium carbonate

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Company Name: Frapp's ChemicalNFTZ Co., Ltd.
Tel: +86 (576) 8169-6106
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Products Intro: Product Name:Lithium carbonate
CAS:554-13-2
Company Name: Henan DaKen Chemical CO.,LTD.
Tel: +86-371-55531817
Email: info@dakenchem.com
Products Intro: Product Name:Lithium carbonate
CAS:554-13-2
Purity:99% Package:100g,500g,1KG,10KG,100KG
Company Name: Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
Tel: 0371-55170693
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Products Intro: CAS:554-13-2
Purity:99% Package:500G;1KG;5KG;25KG
Company Name: Mainchem Co., Ltd.
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Products Intro: Product Name:Lithium carbonate
CAS:554-13-2
Company Name: Hefei TNJ Chemical Industry Co.,Ltd.
Tel: 86-0551-65418684 18949823763
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Products Intro: Product Name:Lithium carbonate
CAS:554-13-2
Purity:99.9% Package:1KG;5USD

Lastest Price from Lithium carbonate manufacturers

  • Lithium Carbonate
  • US $10.00 / Kg
  • 2019-01-22
  • CAS:554-13-2
  • Min. Order: 1Kg
  • Purity: 99%min
  • Supply Ability: 10000kg/week
  • Lithium carbonate
  • US $1.00 / KG
  • 2018-08-07
  • CAS:554-13-2
  • Min. Order: 1KG
  • Purity: 98%
  • Supply Ability: 1
Lithium carbonate Chemical Properties
Melting point 720 °C
Boiling point 1342 °C(lit.)
density 2.11 g/mL at 25 °C
Fp 1310°C
storage temp. Store at +5°C to +30°C.
solubility 13g/l
pkapKa 6.38 (Uncertain);10.25 (Uncertain)
form wire
Specific Gravity2.11
color White
PH10-11 (5g/l, H2O, 20℃)
Water Solubility 13 g/L (20 ºC)
Merck 14,5527
Solubility Product Constant (Ksp)pKsp: 1.6
BRN 3999191
CAS DataBase Reference554-13-2(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry ReferenceLithium carbonate(554-13-2)
EPA Substance Registry SystemCarbonic acid, dilithium salt(554-13-2)
Safety Information
Hazard Codes Xn,C,F
Risk Statements 36/38-41-36/37/38-22-36-34-20/21/22-15-14-11
Safety Statements 8-43-45-37/39-26-36/37-24/25-36/37/39-16-7/8-3/7/9
WGK Germany 2
RTECS OJ5800000
10
TSCA Yes
HS Code 28369100
Hazardous Substances Data554-13-2(Hazardous Substances Data)
ToxicityLD50 orally in rats: 0.71 g/kg (Smyth)
MSDS Information
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ACROS English
SigmaAldrich English
ALFA English
Lithium carbonate Usage And Synthesis
Chemical PropertiesIt is a white monoclinic powder. Slightly soluble in water (1.54 when 0 ℃, 0.72 when 100 ℃), insoluble in alcohol, soluble in acid. Dissolved amount per 100 ml of water at different temperatures (℃) in grams:
1.54g/0 ℃; 1.43g/10 ℃; 1.33g/20 ℃; 1.26g/30 ℃; 1.17g/40 ℃; 1.08g/50 ℃
1.01g/60 ℃; 0.85g/80 ℃; 0.72g/100 ℃
DescriptionLithium carbonate (molecular structure is Li2CO3, English name is lithium carbonate) as a colorless monoclinic crystal or white powder. Density is 2.11. Melting point is 618 ℃. Without deliquescence, it is stable in the air. Low solubility in water, the solubility decreases with increasing temperature. Solubility in cold water is greater than hot water. It is Soluble in dilute acid, insoluble in alcohol and acetone. Carbon dioxide is introduced into the aqueous suspension of lithium carbonate, lithium carbonate is converted to lithium acid carbonate and dissolved. If the solution of lithium acid carbonate is heated and then it releases carbon dioxide and precipitates lithium carbonate. The nature of the lithium carbonate may be used to remove impurities from lithium carbonate. Since lithium ion has a strong polarizability, thus thermal stability of lithium carbonate is worse than other alkali metal carbonate, when heated to above the melting point, it will decompose to produce carbon dioxide and lithium oxide.
UsesThe lithium carbonate industry is a global high monopoly industry, the current production capacity is mainly concentrated in three foreign manufacturers of SQM, FMC, Chemetall and so on.
Industrial lithium carbonate is used in the manufacture of other lithium salts, such as lithium chloride and lithium bromide and so on. It also acts as lithium oxide materials in enamel, glass, pottery and porcelain enamel, and it is also added to the electrolytic cell for electrolysis of aluminum to increase the current efficiency and reduce the internal resistance of the cell and the bath temperature. In medicine, it is mainly used for the treatment of mania, can improve their emotional disorders for schizophrenia. It has the effect of elevating peripheral leukocytes; can be used for synthetic rubber, dyes, semiconductor and military defense industry and so on; for the production of lithium tantalate, lithium niobate and other acoustic grade single crystal, optical grade monocrystalline etc; for preparation of the acoustic grade single crystal. 
Battery grade lithium carbonate is mainly used for the preparation of lithium cobalt oxide, lithium manganese oxide, ternary materials, lithium iron phosphate and other lithium ion battery cathode materials; used in a matrix modifier; as aneuroprotective effect of lithium carbonate in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
ToxicityLithium carbonate has a significant stimulating effect, firstly has damage on the gastrointestinal tract, kidney and central nervous system. Toxicity order of lithium compounds is Li <LiCl <Li2CO3, maximum allowable concentration: Lithium condensation and fragmentation aerosol were 0.05 mg/m3 and 0.5 mg/m3.
Wear rubber gloves and protective masks when working, in order to protect the respiratory organs against dust.
PreparationLithium carbonate is obtained as an intermediate product in recovery of lithium metal from its ore, spodumene (See Lithium). It is prepared by mixing a hot and concentrated solution of sodium carbonate with lithium chloride or sulfate solution.
Li2SO4+ Na2CO3→Li2CO3+ Na2SO4
ReactionsLithium carbonate reacts with dilute acids, liberating carbon dioxide:
Li2CO3+ HCl →LiCl + CO2+ H2O
Thermal decompostion yields lithium oxide and carbon dioxide:
Li2CO3 → Li2O + CO2
Reaction with lime produces lithium hydroxide:
Li2CO3+ Ca(OH)2→2LiOH + CaCO3
The carbonate reacts with molten aluminum fluoride converting to lithium fluoride:
3Li2CO3+ 2AlF3 → 6LiF + 3CO2+ Al2O3
It combines with carbon dioxide in aqueous slurry forming soluble bicarbonate, which decomposes to carbonate upon heating:
Li2CO3+ CO2+ H2O →2LiHCO3
The bicarbonate can not be separated in solid form. It exists only in solution when carbonate dissolves in water saturated with CO2under pressure.
Chemical PropertiesWhite or almost white powder.
Chemical PropertiesLithium carbonate is a white hygroscopic powder.
UsesIn the production of glazes on ceramic and electrical porcelain.
Brand nameEskalith (GlaxoSmithKline); Lithane (Bayer); Lithobid (JDS); Lithonate (Solvay Pharmaceuticals).
Reactivity ProfileA base. Decomposed by acids with the evolution of carbon dioxide. Fluorine burns fiercely on contact with Lithium carbonate.
Safety ProfileHuman carcinogenic data. Poison by intraperitoneal and intravenous routes. Moderately toxic by ingestion and subcutaneous routes. Human systemic effects by ingestion: toxic psychosis, tremors, changes in fluid intake, muscle weakness, increased urine volume, nausea or vomiting, allergic dermatitis. Human reproductive effects by ingestion: effects on newborn, including Apgar score changes and other neonatal measures or effects. Human teratogenic effects by ingestion: developmental abnormalities of the cardiovascular system, central nervous system, musculoskeletal and gastrointestinal systems. An experimental teratogen. Experimental reproductive effects. Experimental carcinogen producing leukemia and thyroid tumors. Human mutation data reported. Used in the treatment of manic-depressive psychoses. Incompatible with fluorine. See also LITHIUM COMPOUNDS.
Potential ExposureLithium carbonate is used in treatment of manic-depressive psychoses; to make ceramics and porcelain glaze; varnishes, dyes, pharmaceuticals, coating of arc-welding electrodes; battery alloys; nucleonics, luminescent paints; glass ceramics; lubricating greases; in aluminum production
First aidMove victim to fresh air. Call 911 or emergency medical service. Give artificial respiration if victim is not breathing. Do not use mouth-to-mouth method if victim ingested or inhaled the substance; give artificial respiration with the aid of a pocket mask equipped with a one-way valve or other proper respiratory medical device. Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult. Remove and isolate contaminated clothing and shoes. In case of contact with substance, immediately flush skin or eyes with running water for at least 20 minutes. For minor skin contact, avoid spreading material on unaffected skin. Keep victim warm and quiet. Effects of exposure (inhalation, ingestion, or skin contact) to substance may be delayed. Ensure that medical personnel are aware of the material(s) involved and take precautions to protect themselves. Medical observation is recommended for 24 to 48 hours after breathing overexposure, as pulmonary edema may be delayed. As first aid for pulmonary edema, a doctor or authorized paramedic may consider administering a drug or other inhalation therapy
ShippingUN2811 Toxic solids, organic, n.o.s., Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials, Technical Name Required
Purification MethodsCrystallise it from water. Its solubility decreases as the temperature is raised. The solubility in H2O is 1.3% at ~10o, and 0.7% at ~100o. [D.nges in Handbook of Preparative Inorganic Chemistry (Ed. Brauer) Academic Press Vol I p 987 1963, Caley & Elving Inorg Synth I 1 1939.]
IncompatibilitiesThe aqueous solution is a strong base. Reacts violently with acids, powdered calcium and fluorine.Incompatible with oxidizers (chlorates, nitrates, peroxides, permanganates, perchlorates, chlorine, bromine, fluorine, etc.); contact may cause fires or explosions. Keep away from alkaline materials, strong acids, powdered calcium, fluorine, moisture. Corrodes aluminum, copper, zinc.
Tag:Lithium carbonate(554-13-2) Related Product Information
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