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Acetone

Introduction Uses Production Health Effects
Acetone
Acetone
CAS No.
67-64-1
Chemical Name:
Acetone
Synonyms
aceton;Acetone;(CH3)2CO;Propanon;Sasetone;ai3-01238;AcetoneGr;2-Propanon;ACETONE,NF;Acetone oil
CBNumber:
CB3130928
Molecular Formula:
C3H6O
Formula Weight:
58.08
MOL File:
67-64-1.mol

Acetone Properties

Melting point:
-94 °C(lit.)
Boiling point:
56 °C760 mm Hg(lit.)
Density 
0.791 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
vapor density 
2 (vs air)
vapor pressure 
184 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
refractive index 
n20/D 1.359(lit.)
FEMA 
3326 | ACETONE
Flash point:
1 °F
storage temp. 
Store at RT.
pka
19.3(at 25℃)
form 
Liquid
color 
Colorless, invisible vapor
Relative polarity
0.355
Water Solubility 
soluble
Merck 
14,66
BRN 
63580
CAS DataBase Reference
67-64-1(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Acetone(67-64-1)
EPA Substance Registry System
2-Propanone(67-64-1)
SAFETY
  • Risk and Safety Statements
  • Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)
Hazard Codes  F,Xi,T
Risk Statements  11-36-66-67-39/23/24/25-23/24/25
Safety Statements  9-16-26-45-36/37-7
RIDADR  UN 1090 3/PG 2
WGK Germany  3
RTECS  AL3150000
3-10
TSCA  Yes
HazardClass  3
PackingGroup  II
HS Code  29141100
Hazardous Substances Data 67-64-1(Hazardous Substances Data)
Symbol(GHS):
Signal word:
Hazard statements:
Code Hazard statements Hazard class Category Signal word Pictogram P-Codes
H225 Highly Flammable liquid and vapour Flammable liquids Category 2 Danger P210,P233, P240, P241, P242, P243,P280, P303+ P361+P353, P370+P378,P403+P235, P501
H319 Causes serious eye irritation Serious eye damage/eye irritation Category 2A Warning P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H336 May cause drowsiness or dizziness Specific target organ toxicity,single exposure; Narcotic effects Category 3 Warning P261, P271, P304+P340, P312,P403+P233, P405, P501
Precautionary statements:
P210 Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking.
P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P303+P361+P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off Immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse SKIN with water/shower.
P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continuerinsing.
P405 Store locked up.

Acetone price More Price(18)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
TCI Chemical A0054 Acetone [for Spectrophotometry] >99.5%(GC) 67-64-1 500mL $28 2017-12-01 Buy
Alfa Aesar 19392 Acetone, Semiconductor Grade, 99.5% 67-64-1 1L $44.4 2017-11-08 Buy
Alfa Aesar 19392 Acetone, Semiconductor Grade, 99.5% 67-64-1 *4x1L $96.8 2017-11-08 Buy
Alfa Aesar 30698 Acetone, ACS, 99.5+% 67-64-1 *4x1L $99.9 2017-11-08 Buy
Alfa Aesar 32451 Acetone, Spectrophotometric Grade, 99.5+% 67-64-1 *4x1L $129 2017-11-08 Buy

Acetone Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Introduction

Acetone (also known as propanone, dimethyl ketone, 2-propanone, propan-2-one and β-ketopropane) is the simplest representative of the group of chemical compounds known as ketones. It is a colorless, volatile, flammable liquid.
Acetone is miscible with water and serves as an important laboratory solvent for cleaning purposes. Acetone is a highly effective solvent for many organic compounds such as Methanol, ethanol, ether, chloroform, pyridine, etc., and is the active ingredient in nail polish remover. It is also used to make various plastics, fibers, drugs, and other chemicals.
Acetone exists in nature in the Free State. In the plants, it mainly exists in essential oils, such as tea oil, rosin essential oil, citrus oil, etc.; human urine and blood and animal urine, marine animal tissue and body fluids contain a small amount of acetone.

Uses

Production

In 1913, the United Kingdom developed a method for fermenting cereals to produce acetone and butanol. In 1920, the dehydrogenation of isopropanol (synthesized by hydration of propylene) appeared. From 1953 to 1955, the United States Hercules and the British Distilling Company jointly developed the cumene process method, thereafter, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the Netherlands also developed other methods. Now, Most of the worldwide industrial production of acetone (and phenol) is based on the cumene process, which uses benzene and propylene as raw materials, via cumene intermediates, then oxidized, hydrolyzed to produce acetone and co-produced phenol.

Acetone is mainly used as an organic solvent and methyl methacrylate (the main raw material for organic glass).In the United States and Western Europe, the two accounts for 70% of the total consumption. It is used for bisphenol A, accounting for 10% to 15%, and the others 15% % to 20%.

Health Effects

Summary: Acetone is mainly responsible for the inhibition and anesthesia of the central nervous system and exposure to high concentrations may cause liver, kidney, and pancreas impair to particular people. Because of its low toxicity, rapid metabolism and detoxification, acute poisoning under production conditions is rare. In case acute poisoning happens, symptoms of vomiting, shortness of breath, paralysis, and even coma can occur. After oral administration, burning sensation in the lips and throat may occur after hours of incubation, such as dry mouth, vomiting, drowsiness, acidity and ketosis, and even temporary disturbance of consciousness. The long-term damage of acetone to the human body is manifested as irritation to the eyes such as tearing, photophobia and infiltration of the corneal epithelium, as well as dizziness, burning sensation, throat irritation, and coughing.

Metabolism in the body: After being absorbed by the lungs, gastrointestinal tract, and skin, acetone is easily absorbed into the bloodstream due to its high water solubility and is rapidly distributed throughout the body. The excretion depends on the dose. When the dose is large, the main tract is mainly through the lungs and kidneys, and a very small amount is discharged through the skin. When the dose is small, most of them are oxidized into carbon dioxide. The biological half-life of acetone in blood is 5.3 h for rats, 11 h for dogs, and 3 h for humans. The metabolites of acetone in the human body are mostly a tricarboxylic acid cycle intermediate that is decomposed to acetoacetate and converted to glycogen.

Chemical Properties

Colorless liquid

Uses

Acetone′s luminesence intensity is dependent upon the solution components 1. The absorption of UV light by acetone, results in its photolysis and the production of radials 1.

Uses

Suitable for HPLC, spectrophotometry, environmental testing

Uses

Used in liquid chromotography; cleaning glassware; extraction of solid waste.

Uses

Solvent for fats, oils, waxes, resins, rubber, plastics, lacquers, varnishes, rubber cements. manufacture of methyl isobutyl ketone, mesityl oxide, acetic acid (ketene process), diacetone alcohol, chloroform, iodoform, bromoform, explosives, aeroplane dopes, rayon, photographic films, isoprene; storing acetylene gas (takes up about 24 times its vol of the gas); extraction of various principles from animal and plant substances; in paint and varnish removers; purifying paraffin; hardening and dehydrating tissues. Pharmaceutic aid (solvent).

Definition

ChEBI: A methyl ketone that consists of propane bearing an oxo group at C2.

General Description

A clear colorless liquid with a sweetish odor. Flash point 0°F. Less dense than water. Vapors are heavier than air. Used as a solvent in paint and nail polish removers.

Air & Water Reactions

Highly flammable. Water soluble.

Reactivity Profile

Acetone was reported that a mixture of Acetone and chloroform, in a residue bottle, exploded. Since addition of Acetone to chloroform in the presence of base will result in a highly exothermic reaction, Acetone is thought that a base was in the bottle [MCA Case History 1661. 1970]. Also, Nitrosyl chloride, sealed in a tube with a residue of Acetone in the presence of platinum catalyst, gave an explosive reaction [Chem. Eng. News 35(43):60. 1967]. The reaction of nitrosyl perchlorate and Acetone ignites and explodes. Explosions occur with mixtures of nitrosyl perchlorate and primary amine [Ann. Chem. 42:2031. 1909]. Reacts violently with nitric acid. Also causes exothermic reaction when in contact with aldehydes.

Health Hazard

INHALATION: vapor irritating to eyes and mucous membranes; acts as an anesthetic in very high concentrations. INGESTION: low order of toxicity but very irritating to mucous membranes. SKIN: prolonged excessive contact causes defatting of the skin, possibly leading to dermatitis.

Fire Hazard

HIGHLY FLAMMABLE: Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flames. Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard. Containers may explode when heated. Many liquids are lighter than water.

Acetone Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products


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