Inorganic chemistry

Inorganic chemicals is the shortened form of inorganic chemical industry and is an important branch of the chemical industry with natural resources and industrial by-products as raw materials for the production of sulfuric acid, nitric acid, hydrochloric acid, phosphoric acid, soda ash, caustic soda, synthetic ammonia, fertilizer and inorganic salts, etc. This includes sulfuric acid industry, soda industry, the chloro-alkali industry, synthetic ammonia industry, fertilizer industry and mineral industry. Its broad definition also includes the production of inorganic non-metallic materials and fine inorganic product such as ceramics and inorganic pigment. The main raw material of inorganic chemical products are mineral product including sulfur, sodium, phosphorus, potassium and calcium and coal, oil, gas, and air, water and so on.

Inorganic chemicals can be traced back to the ancient process of ceramics, alchemy, brewing, dyeing at thousands of years ago. Although with small scale, backward technology and pure manual manipulation, but it is the prototype of inorganic chemicals. For thousands of years, due to the low productivity, it gets slow development. Until the 18th century, it had developed rapidly. In the middle of 18th century, Britain had first applied lead chamber method using saltpeter and sulfur as raw materials to produce sulfuric acid. In 1783, Lu Bulan (France) proposed the soda method using sodium chloride, sulfuric acid, coal as raw materials. In the latter half of the 18th century, the modern chemical industry taking inorganic chemical industry as the main content had began to emerge. In 1841, people began the production of phosphate fertilizer; In 1965 Belgian Solvay realized the industrialization of ammonia soda for production of soda; with the rise of preparing potassium industry in 1870; In 1890, people began to use electrolytic approach for making Cl2 and caustic soda;

In 1913, people had achieved the catalytic synthesis of ammonia using N2, H2 as raw materials; In 1942, Chinese experts Hou Debang had successfully developed Hou’s process for making soda. After the 1950s, the inorganic chemical industry had flourished with the endless emergence of vastly different inorganic chemical products and with changing them day by day; the inorganic chemical process also will continue to improve, becoming more and more mature.

The main content of inorganic chemicals:
(1) include inorganic chemical technology including acids, bases, salts, ammonia and chemical fertilizers;
(2) include electrochemical technology including the electrical production of caustic soda, chlorine, electrolysis hydrogen and oxygen, wet electrical metallurgical production and electrothermal production of the calcium carbide, calcium cyanamide and phosphorus;
(3) including the production technology of silicate including glass, ceramic and cement;
(4) including refinement inorganic chemical process such as reagent, medicament and trace element.

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Structure Chemical Name CAS MF
3-FLUORO-4-METHOXYCARBONYLPHENYLBORONIC ACID 3-FLUORO-4-METHOXYCARBONYLPHENYLBORONIC ACID 505083-04-5 C8H8BFO4
Barium titanate Barium titanate 12047-27-7 BaO3Ti
5-(4,4,5,5-TETRAMETHYL-[1,3,2]DIOXABOROLAN-2-YL)-1H-PYRROLO[2,3-B]PYRIDINE 5-(4,4,5,5-TETRAMETHYL-[1,3,2]DIOXABOROLAN-2-YL)-1H-PYRROLO[2,3-B]PYRIDINE 754214-56-7 C13H17BN2O2
Lead chromate Lead chromate 7758-97-6 CrO4Pb
SODIUM ALUMINUM OXIDE SODIUM ALUMINUM OXIDE 1302-42-7 Al2Na2O4
TUNGSTEN TUNGSTEN 13472-45-2 W
GALLIUM GALLIUM 7440-55-3 Ga
YTTERBIUM YTTERBIUM 7440-64-4 Yb
Strontium titanate Strontium titanate 12060-59-2 O3SrTi
ZIRCONIUM ZIRCONIUM 7440-67-7 Zr
Bentonite Bentonite 1302-78-9 Al2O3.4(SiO2).H2O
TANTALUM TANTALUM 7440-25-7 Ta
HAFNIUM HAFNIUM 7440-58-6 Hf
VANADIUM VANADIUM 7440-62-2 V
SODIUM METABORATE TETRAHYDRATE SODIUM METABORATE TETRAHYDRATE 10555-76-7 BH8NaO6
Potassium chromate Potassium chromate 7789-00-6 CrK2O4
LANTHANUM LANTHANUM 7439-91-0 La
4-CARBOXY-2-CHLOROPHENYLBORONIC ACID 4-CARBOXY-2-CHLOROPHENYLBORONIC ACID 851335-09-6 C7H6BClO4
Cobalt Cobalt 7440-48-4 Co
Sodium metavanadate Sodium metavanadate 13718-26-8 NaO3V
Lead Lead 7439-92-1 Pb
Lithium chloride Lithium chloride 7447-41-8 ClLi
Zinc carbonate Zinc carbonate 3486-35-9 CO3Zn
Cadmium fluoride Cadmium fluoride 7790-79-6 CdF2
Hexafluorozirconic acid Hexafluorozirconic acid 12021-95-3 F4Zr.2FH
Magnesium bromide Magnesium bromide 7789-48-2 Br2Mg
Iron oxide black Iron oxide black 1309-38-2 Fe3O4
Rubidium fluoride Rubidium fluoride 13446-74-7 FRb
NICKEL SULFATE NICKEL SULFATE 15244-37-8 NiO4S
Phosphorus pentoxide Phosphorus pentoxide 1314-56-3 O5P2
AMMONIUM PENTABORATE AMMONIUM PENTABORATE 12007-89-5 B5H4NO8
TERBIUM CHLORIDE TERBIUM CHLORIDE 10042-88-3 Cl3Tb
Pyridine sulfur trioxide Pyridine sulfur trioxide 26412-87-3 C5H5N.O3S
Cupric bromide Cupric bromide 7789-45-9 Br2Cu
Platinum bromide Platinum bromide 13455-12-4 Br2Pt
TANTALUM PENTAFLUORIDE TANTALUM PENTAFLUORIDE 7783-71-3 F5Ta
Silicon dioxide Silicon dioxide 14808-60-7 O2Si
NICKEL AMMONIUM SULFATE NICKEL AMMONIUM SULFATE 15699-18-0 H8N2NiO8S2
Phosphorus tribromide Phosphorus tribromide 7789-60-8 Br3P
Cadmium nitrate Cadmium nitrate 10325-94-7 CdN2O6
Sodium cyanoborohydride Sodium cyanoborohydride 25895-60-7 CH3BNNa
CADMIUM BROMIDE CADMIUM BROMIDE 7789-42-6 Br2Cd
Rhodium(III) sulfate Rhodium(III) sulfate 10489-46-0 O12Rh2S3
Palladium bromide Palladium bromide 13444-94-5 Br2Pd
CIS-DECAHYDRONAPHTHALENE CIS-DECAHYDRONAPHTHALENE 493-01-6 C10H18
Hydrocinnamoyl chloride Hydrocinnamoyl chloride 645-45-4 C9H9ClO
LITHIUM CHLORIDE HYDRATE LITHIUM CHLORIDE HYDRATE 85144-11-2 ClH2LiO
Potassium borohydride Potassium borohydride 13762-51-1 BH4K
NICKEL(II) BROMIDE TRIHYDRATE NICKEL(II) BROMIDE TRIHYDRATE 7789-49-3 Br2H6NiO3
Rubidium iodide Rubidium iodide 7790-29-6 IRb
Palladium chloride Palladium chloride 7647-10-1 Cl2Pd
PERFLUOROOCTANOIC ACID AMMONIUM SALT PERFLUOROOCTANOIC ACID AMMONIUM SALT 3825-26-1 C8H4F15NO2
4-Cyanobenzyl bromide 4-Cyanobenzyl bromide 17201-43-3 C8H6BrN
Lithium aluminium hydride Lithium aluminium hydride 16853-85-3 AlH4Li
TRANS-DECAHYDRONAPHTHALENE TRANS-DECAHYDRONAPHTHALENE 493-02-7 C10H18
ETHYL AZIDOACETATE ETHYL AZIDOACETATE 637-81-0 C4H7N3O2
Potassium hexacyanocobaltate(III) Potassium hexacyanocobaltate(III) 13963-58-1 C6CoK3N6
Sodium perborate monohydrate Sodium perborate monohydrate 10332-33-9 BH2NaO4
MANGANESE SULFATE, MONOHYDRATE MANGANESE SULFATE, MONOHYDRATE 15244-36-7 H2MnO5S
MERCURIC BROMIDE MERCURIC BROMIDE 7789-47-1 Br2Hg
Thiourea dioxide Thiourea dioxide 1758-73-2 CH4N2O2S
Hydriodic acid Hydriodic acid 10034-85-2 HI
Urea hydrogen peroxide Urea hydrogen peroxide 124-43-6 CH4N2O.H2O2
Antimony tribromide Antimony tribromide 7789-61-9 Br3Sb
Sodium periodate Sodium periodate 7790-28-5 INaO4
3-ETHOXYCARBONYL-4-FLUOROPHENYLBORONIC ACID 3-ETHOXYCARBONYL-4-FLUOROPHENYLBORONIC ACID 874219-36-0 C9H10BFO4
Hydroxylamine hydrochloride Hydroxylamine hydrochloride 5470-11-1 ClH4NO
Ferrous sulfate monohydrate Ferrous sulfate monohydrate 13463-43-9 FeH2O5S
Silicon dioxide Silicon dioxide 7631-86-9 O2Si
3-INDOXYL SULFATE POTASSIUM SALT 3-INDOXYL SULFATE POTASSIUM SALT 2642-37-7 C8H6KNO4S
Cupric chloride dihydrate Cupric chloride dihydrate 1344-67-8 Cl2CuH4O2
(3-CHLORO-4-METHOXYCARBONYL)BENZENEBORONIC ACID (3-CHLORO-4-METHOXYCARBONYL)BENZENEBORONIC ACID 603122-82-3 C8H8BClO4
Potassium hexafluoraluminate Potassium hexafluoraluminate 13775-52-5 AlF6K3
LUTETIUM CHLORIDE HEXAHYDRATE LUTETIUM CHLORIDE HEXAHYDRATE 15230-79-2 Cl3H12LuO6
Zirconium oxychloride Zirconium oxychloride 7699-43-6 Cl2OZr
Strontium fluoride Strontium fluoride 7783-48-4 F2Sr
Scandium(III) chloride hexahydrate Scandium(III) chloride hexahydrate 20662-14-0 Cl3H12O6Sc
ALUMINUM OXIDE ALUMINUM OXIDE 1302-74-5 Al2O3
Boron trifluoride dimethanol complex Boron trifluoride dimethanol complex 2802-68-8 C2 H8 B F3 O2
PRASEODYMIUM CHLORIDE PRASEODYMIUM CHLORIDE 10361-79-2 Cl3Pr
Rhodium(III) nitrate Rhodium(III) nitrate 10139-58-9 N3O9Rh
Barium fluoride Barium fluoride 7787-32-8 BaF2
ALUMINUM FLUORIDE TRIHYDRATE ALUMINUM FLUORIDE TRIHYDRATE 15098-87-0 AlF3H6O3
GALLIUM(III) BROMIDE GALLIUM(III) BROMIDE 13450-88-9 Br3Ga
Chondroitin sulfate sodium salt Chondroitin sulfate sodium salt 9082-07-9 C42H57N3Na6O43S3X2
TITANIUM MONOXIDE TITANIUM MONOXIDE 12137-20-1 OTi
Neodymium(III) chloride hexahydrate Neodymium(III) chloride hexahydrate 13477-89-9 Cl3H12NdO6
Hexafluorotitanic acid Hexafluorotitanic acid 17439-11-1 F4Ti.2FH
Potassium hexafluorophosphate Potassium hexafluorophosphate 17084-13-8 F6KP
Nickel fluoride Nickel fluoride 10028-18-9 F2Ni
COPPER(II) SULFIDE COPPER(II) SULFIDE 1317-40-4 CuS
Hydrogen bromide Hydrogen bromide 10035-10-6 BrH
Silver hexafluoroantimonate Silver hexafluoroantimonate 26042-64-8 Ag.F6Sb
AMMONIUM CHROMATE AMMONIUM CHROMATE 7788-98-9 CrH8N2O4
Bismuth nitrate oxide Bismuth nitrate oxide 10361-46-3 BiNO4
CHLOROMETHYL THIOCYANATE CHLOROMETHYL THIOCYANATE 3268-79-9 C2H2ClNS
SILICA SILICA 10279-57-9 O2Si
Zinc carbonate hydroxide Zinc carbonate hydroxide 12539-71-8 C2H2O8Zn3
LITHIUM METABORATE LITHIUM METABORATE 13453-69-5 BLiO2
MERCUROUS NITRATE, DIHYDRATE MERCUROUS NITRATE, DIHYDRATE 14836-60-3 H4HgNO5
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