Catalyst and Auxiliary

The catalyst can change the reaction rate in the chemical reaction, and the composition and the quality of the catalyst can be kept constant after the reaction. The catalyst that accelerates the reaction is called the positive catalyst, slows down called Negative Catalyst or slow agent. It said catalyst is a positive catalyst for the general correction. This kind of catalyst in the industry, especially the organic chemical industry used more, and has great significance, Such as sulfuric acid prepared by contacting, ammonia, hydrolysis of the ester and polysaccharide, Oil Hydrogenation, etc. Commonly used catalysts are mainly metal, metal oxide and inorganic acid. If the catalyst is solid, the substance of the reaction is gas, to form a multi-phase catalytic reaction, this catalyst, sometimes called catalyst or contact agent. The catalyst is generally selective, it can only make a reaction or a certain type of reaction to speed up. But some reaction can be used for a variety of catalysts, such as the hydrogenation reaction can often be platinum, palladium, nickel, should be carefully chosen. In the catalytic reaction, the catalyst is often added cocatalyst known to enhance catalytic action of the catalyst. For example, iron is a catalyst in ammonia industry, adding a small amount of potassium and aluminum can enhance the catalytic effect of iron. The composition and weight of the catalyst and cocatalyst cannot change before and after the reaction. All of the above are inorganic catalysts. The enzyme is a protein, is very important organic catalyst.

There are many kinds of catalyst, catalyst and reaction system according to the phase of the classification, there are two types of homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysts. Heterogeneous catalysts most widely used, there are 3 kinds of gas, liquid and solid state, the variety and application of solid catalyst. The solid catalyst, which is made of metal (nickel, platinum, palladium, chromium, cobalt, titanium, vanadium, etc.) or metal oxide (copper oxide, vanadium pentoxide, lead oxide), is dispersed and deposited on the carrier in order to obtain a good dispersion effect and increase the specific surface area. The catalyst requires reliable activity, stability, selectivity, long working life, not easy to poisoning and over-burning, easy to regenerate. In order to improve the catalytic efficiency, the pure metal catalysts are made into alloy catalysts (such as nickel aluminium alloy) and composite catalysts (ZieglerNatta). The composite catalyst is composed of main catalyst and co-catalyst. In the new efficient catalysts also add other components. The production and development of high efficiency catalyst have promoted the development of polymer materials, and produced much polymer function and structure material ,which is new generation of high performance and high added value.

With the extensive application of catalyst and a number of new catalysts, we can make a lot of new chemical reactions to achieve industrialization, in order to provide an increasing number of chemical products; also can make some of the original chemical reaction conditions have been improved, in order to improve the production efficiency and product quality, make full use of resources. The important subject in the field of modern chemistry and chemical research is to select and develop more and better catalyst for the new generation. But the role of a catalyst is not beneficial to humans, such as combustion products of supersonic jet fuel as a catalyst can cause the stratosphere (10 to 50 km altitude) decomposition of ozone in the atmosphere, to the sun's ultraviolet absorption decreased, resulting in some areas of skin cancer patients increased. Is developing a new supersonic jet fuel, its combustion products will not become a catalyst,which will cause the ozone decomposition catalyst in the stratosphere.

Additives are added in the industrial and agricultural production, especially in the chemical production of some of the auxiliary chemicals, its role is to improve the production process, improve product quality and yield, or to give the product a unique application performance.

Additive are large class of important chemical in the production of auxiliary raw materials, they can give a special performance to product, improve use of finished products; and can accelerate the chemical reaction rate, improve product yield; they can save raw materials, improve processing efficiency. Additives are widely used in the chemical industry, especially organic synthesis, synthetic material processing and petroleum refining, pesticide, medicine, dye, paint and other industrial sectors. Additives can be divided into synthesized additives and processing additives. Synthetic additives are used in monomer synthesis and polymerization of a variety of auxiliary agents in resin, fiber, rubber, etc. They include catalysts, initiators, solvents, dispersants, emulsifiers, polymerization inhibitors, regulators, termination agents, etc. Processing aid refers to the auxiliary chemicals used in the manufacture of raw rubber, plastics processing, chemical fiber spinning and spinning process, including plasticizers, heat stabilizers, antioxidants, light stabilizers , flame retardants, blowing agents, lubricants, mold release agents, curing agents, accelerators, softeners, anti-scorching agents, surfactants, oils, fillers, etc. In these additives, many of them are dangerous chemicals, Such as benzoyl peroxide, azobisisobutyronitrile, hydrogen peroxide - ferrous blue, alkyl aluminum chloride, titanium and other initiators, catalysts are inflammable and explosive materials, should be required to "chemical Dangerous Goods Safety Management Regulations", for storage, transportation, operation and use.

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Structure Chemical Name CAS MF
Acetyl tributyl citrate Acetyl tributyl citrate 77-90-7 C20H34O8
Dess-Martin periodinane Dess-Martin periodinane 87413-09-0 C13H13IO8
Octrizole Octrizole 3147-75-9 C20H25N3O
N-Oleoylethanolamine N-Oleoylethanolamine 111-58-0 C20H39NO2
1,3,5-Tri-2-propenyl-1,3,5-triazine-2,4,6(1H,3H,5H)-trione 1,3,5-Tri-2-propenyl-1,3,5-triazine-2,4,6(1H,3H,5H)-trione 1025-15-6 C12H15N3O3
Tributyl citrate Tributyl citrate 77-94-1 C18H32O7
N-(1,3-Dimethylbutyl)-N'-phenyl-p-phenylenediamine N-(1,3-Dimethylbutyl)-N'-phenyl-p-phenylenediamine 793-24-8 C18H24N2
Ultraviolet Absorbent  UV-360 Ultraviolet Absorbent UV-360 103597-45-1 C41H50N6O2
Bumetrizole Bumetrizole 3896-11-5 C17H18ClN3O
2-Ethylhexyl diphenyl phosphate 2-Ethylhexyl diphenyl phosphate 1241-94-7 C20H27O4P
Dimethyl azelate Dimethyl azelate 1732-10-1 C11H20O4
C36 Dimer acid C36 Dimer acid 61788-89-4 C36H64O4
Dioctyl sebacate Dioctyl sebacate 122-62-3 C26H50O4
2-Aminodiphenyl 2-Aminodiphenyl 90-41-5 C12H11N
2-(2'-Hydroxy-3',5'-di-tert-butylphenyl)-5-chlorobenzotriazole 2-(2'-Hydroxy-3',5'-di-tert-butylphenyl)-5-chlorobenzotriazole 3864-99-1 C20H24ClN3O
Fyrol FR 2 Fyrol FR 2 13674-87-8 C9H15Cl6O4P
Fluorescent Brightener 351 Fluorescent Brightener 351 27344-41-8 C28H20Na2O6S2
Avobenzone Avobenzone 70356-09-1 C20H22O3
Triethyl acetyl citrate Triethyl acetyl citrate 77-89-4 C14H22O8
Chlorinated paraffin Chlorinated paraffin 63449-39-8 C24H30Cl20C15H14Cl18
Dibutyl adipate Dibutyl adipate 105-99-7 C14H26O4
Bis(2-ethylhexyl) maleate Bis(2-ethylhexyl) maleate 142-16-5 C20H36O4
Dibutyl phthalate Dibutyl phthalate 84-74-2 C16H22O4
Tetrabromobisphenol A bis(dibromopropyl ether) Tetrabromobisphenol A bis(dibromopropyl ether) 21850-44-2 C21H20Br8O2
4,4'-Methylenedianiline 4,4'-Methylenedianiline 101-77-9 C13H14N2
2-(2H-Benzotriazol-2-yl)-4,6-bis(1-methyl-1-phenylethyl)phenol 2-(2H-Benzotriazol-2-yl)-4,6-bis(1-methyl-1-phenylethyl)phenol 70321-86-7 C30H29N3O
N-Isopropyl-N'-phenyl-1,4-phenylenediamine N-Isopropyl-N'-phenyl-1,4-phenylenediamine 101-72-4 C15H18N2
Activated carbon Activated carbon 64365-11-3 CH4
Methyl-2-mercaptobenzimidazole Methyl-2-mercaptobenzimidazole 53988-10-6 C8H8N2S
2-Methyl-4'-(methylthio)-2-morpholinopropiophenone 2-Methyl-4'-(methylthio)-2-morpholinopropiophenone 71868-10-5 C15H21NO2S
Dodecylheptaglycol Dodecylheptaglycol 3055-97-8 C26H54O8
2,5-Thiophenedicarboxylic acid 2,5-Thiophenedicarboxylic acid 4282-31-9 C6H4O4S
4-tert-Butyl-2-nitrophenol 4-tert-Butyl-2-nitrophenol 3279-07-0 C10H13NO3
2-(Chloromethyl)benzonitrile 2-(Chloromethyl)benzonitrile 612-13-5 C8H6ClN
Pentaerythritol tetrakis(3-(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)propionate) Pentaerythritol tetrakis(3-(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)propionate) 6683-19-8 C73H108O12
Poly(4-hydroxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-1-piperidine ethanol-alt-1,4-butanedioic acid) Poly(4-hydroxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-1-piperidine ethanol-alt-1,4-butanedioic acid) 65447-77-0 C7H15NO
Oxazole Oxazole 288-42-6 C3H3NO
Diisooctyl sebacate Diisooctyl sebacate 27214-90-0 C26H50O4
2,6-Di-tert-butyl-4-methylphenol 2,6-Di-tert-butyl-4-methylphenol 128-37-0 C15H24O
1,3,5-Trimethyl-2,4,6-tris(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzyl)benzene 1,3,5-Trimethyl-2,4,6-tris(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzyl)benzene 1709-70-2 C54H78O3
2-(2H-Benzotriazol-2-yl)-4,6-ditertpentylphenol 2-(2H-Benzotriazol-2-yl)-4,6-ditertpentylphenol 25973-55-1 C22H29N3O
Triethylene glycol bis(3-tert-butyl-4-hydroxy-5-methylphenyl)propionate Triethylene glycol bis(3-tert-butyl-4-hydroxy-5-methylphenyl)propionate 36443-68-2 C34H50O8
Epoxidized soya bean oil Epoxidized soya bean oil 8013-07-8
Tris(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzyl) isocyanurate Tris(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzyl) isocyanurate 27676-62-6 C48H69N3O6
MOLECULAR SIEVE MOLECULAR SIEVE 69912-79-4 CanNa12-2n[(AlO2)12(SiO2)12]xH2O
Diisopropyl adipate Diisopropyl adipate 6938-94-9 C12H22O4
2-(2H-Benzotriazol-2-yl)-p-cresol 2-(2H-Benzotriazol-2-yl)-p-cresol 2440-22-4 C13H11N3O
2-Chlorobenzyl cyanide 2-Chlorobenzyl cyanide 2856-63-5 C8H6ClN
2,2',4,4'-Tetrahydroxybenzophenone 2,2',4,4'-Tetrahydroxybenzophenone 131-55-5 C13H10O5
Fluorescent Brightener 367 Fluorescent Brightener 367 5089-22-5 C24H14N2O2
Diisooctyl phthalate Diisooctyl phthalate 27554-26-3 C24H38O4
Light Stabilizer-944 Light Stabilizer-944 70624-18-9 (C35H66N8)n=4-5
Poly(ethylene glycol) Poly(ethylene glycol) 25322-68-3 N/A
Methoxypolyethylene glycols Methoxypolyethylene glycols 9004-74-4 CH3O.(C2H4O)n.H
Diisononyl phthalate Diisononyl phthalate 68515-48-0 C26H42O4
Tris(2,4-ditert-butylphenyl) phosphite Tris(2,4-ditert-butylphenyl) phosphite 31570-04-4 C42H63O3P
2,2'-Dihydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenone 2,2'-Dihydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenone 131-53-3 C14H12O4
4,4'-Stilbenedicarboxylic acid 4,4'-Stilbenedicarboxylic acid 100-31-2 C16H12O4
Diisononyl phthalate Diisononyl phthalate 28553-12-0 C26H42O4
Cyanuric acid Cyanuric acid 108-80-5 C3H3N3O3
Solvent naphtha Solvent naphtha 64742-94-5
Diethylene glycol dibenzoate Diethylene glycol dibenzoate 120-55-8 C18H18O5
Octadecyl 3-(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)propionate Octadecyl 3-(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)propionate 2082-79-3 C35H62O3
hydrazide hydrazide 32687-78-8 C34H52N2O4
2-Phenylbenzimidazole-5-sulfonic acid 2-Phenylbenzimidazole-5-sulfonic acid 27503-81-7 C13H10N2O3S
1H-Benzotriazole 1H-Benzotriazole 95-14-7 C6H5N3
Poly(ethylene glycol) dimethacrylate Poly(ethylene glycol) dimethacrylate 25852-47-5 (C4H5O).(C2H4O)n.(C4H5O2)
UV-320 UV-320 3846-71-7 C20H25N3O
N,N'-Di-2-naphthyl-p-phenylenediamine N,N'-Di-2-naphthyl-p-phenylenediamine 93-46-9 C26H20N2
Polyethylene glycol monolaurate Polyethylene glycol monolaurate 9004-81-3 C12H23O2.(C2H4O)n.H
3,5-Bis(1,1-dimethylethyl)-4-hydroxybenzenepropanoic acid thiodi-2,1-ethanediyl ester 3,5-Bis(1,1-dimethylethyl)-4-hydroxybenzenepropanoic acid thiodi-2,1-ethanediyl ester 41484-35-9 C38H58O6S
2-tert-Butyl-6-methylphenol 2-tert-Butyl-6-methylphenol 2219-82-1 C11H16O
Etocrilene Etocrilene 5232-99-5 C18H15NO2
Fluorescent Brightener 184 Fluorescent Brightener 184 7128-64-5 C26H26N2O2S
Octocrilene Octocrilene 6197-30-4 C24H27NO2
Tetraethyleneglycol monododecyl ether Tetraethyleneglycol monododecyl ether 5274-68-0 C20H42O5
2,2'-(1,2-Ethenediyldi-4,1-phenylene)bisbenzoxazole 2,2'-(1,2-Ethenediyldi-4,1-phenylene)bisbenzoxazole 1533-45-5 C28H18N2O2
Methyl 2-benzoylbenzoate Methyl 2-benzoylbenzoate 606-28-0 C15H12O3
Dipropyl adipate Dipropyl adipate 106-19-4 C12H22O4
Tolyltriazole Tolyltriazole 29385-43-1 C9H9N3
FUMONISIN B2 FUMONISIN B2 116355-84-1 C34H59NO14
Fluorescent Brightener 135 Fluorescent Brightener 135 1041-00-5 C18H14N2O2
4,4-Bis(diethylphosphonomethyl)biphenyl 4,4-Bis(diethylphosphonomethyl)biphenyl 17919-34-5 C22H33O6P2
2,2'-Dihydroxy-4,4'-dimethoxybenzophenone 2,2'-Dihydroxy-4,4'-dimethoxybenzophenone 131-54-4 C15H14O5
1-(2-Cyanostyryl)-4-(4-cyanostyryl)benzene 1-(2-Cyanostyryl)-4-(4-cyanostyryl)benzene 13001-38-2 C24H16N2
Diethyleneglycol diacetate Diethyleneglycol diacetate 628-68-2 C8H14O5
L(-)-Malic acid L(-)-Malic acid 97-67-6 C4H6O5
4,4'-Bis(5-methyl-2-benzoxazolyl)stilbene 4,4'-Bis(5-methyl-2-benzoxazolyl)stilbene 2397-00-4 C30H22N2O2
4,4'-Methylenebis(2,6-di-tert-butylphenol) 4,4'-Methylenebis(2,6-di-tert-butylphenol) 118-82-1 C29H44O2
Fluorescent Brightener KS-N Fluorescent Brightener KS-N 5242-49-9 C29H20N2O2
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