Back to ChemicalBook Home--->CAS DataBase List--->109-94-4

109-94-4

109-94-4 Structure

109-94-4 Structure
IdentificationMore
[Name]

Ethyl formate
[CAS]

109-94-4
[Synonyms]

ETHYL FORMATE
ETHYL METHANOATE
FEMA 2434
FORMIC ACID ETHYL ESTER
FORMIC ETHER
Aethylformiat
Areginal
Ethyl ester of formic acid
Ethyle(formiate d')
ethyle(formiated’)
ethyle(formiated’)(french)
Ethylester kyseliny mravenci
ethylesterkyselinymravenci
ethylformate(dot)
Ethylformiaat
Ethylformic ester
ethylformicester
Etile(formiato di)
etile(formiatodi)
femanumber2434.
[EINECS(EC#)]

203-721-0
[Molecular Formula]

C3H6O2
[MDL Number]

MFCD00003294
[Molecular Weight]

74.08
[MOL File]

109-94-4.mol
Chemical PropertiesBack Directory
[Appearance]

colourless liquid with an aromatic odour
[Appearance]

Ethyl formate is a colorless liquid with a fruity odor.
[mp ]

−80 °C(lit.)
[bp ]

52-54 °C(lit.)
[density ]

0.921 g/mL at 20 °C(lit.)
[vapor density ]

2.5 (vs air)
[vapor pressure ]

15.16 psi ( 55 °C)
[FEMA ]

2434
[refractive index ]

n20/D 1.359(lit.)
[Fp ]

7 °F
[storage temp. ]

Flammables area
[Stability:]

Stable. Extremely flammable. May form explosive mixtures with air. Note low flash point and wide explosive limits. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, strong bases, strong acids, nitrates.
[Water Solubility ]

11 g/100 mL (18 ºC)
[Sensitive ]

Moisture Sensitive
[Merck ]

14,3807
[BRN ]

906769
[Uses]

Ethyl Formate is a flavoring agent that occurs naturally in some plant oils, fruits, and juices but does not occur naturally in the ani- mal kingdom. it is used in food at a maximum level, as served, of 0.05% in baked goods; 0.04% in chewing gum, hard candy, and soft candy; 0.02% in frozen dairy desserts; 0.03% in gelatins, puddings, and fillings; and 0.01% in all other food categories. it is an ester of formic acid and is prepared by esterification of formic acid with ethyl alcohol or by distillation of ethyl acetate and formic acid in the presence of concentrated sulfuric acid.
[Uses]

Plant volatiles such as ethyl formate have been shown to have insecticidal properties as fumigant. The efficacy of ethyl formate against insect pests of food commodities, bagged cereals, spices, pulses, dry fruits and oilcakes had been proved. The fumigant was known to provide a high mortality of mixed stage cultures of the key stored product pests, with limited efficacy against the pupal stage of few pests like S. oryzae. The advantages of ethyl formate include natural occurrence in food; rapid kill of insects (2-4 hours); fast breakdown of residues to natural products and low human toxicity. However the fumigant exhibits poor penetration characteristics and high doses (>120 g/t of grain) were required to control internal feeders, which was higher than the flammable limit of 85 g/t. Formulations of ethyl formate in liquid carbon dioxide were found to overcome the problems of flammability and poor penetration.
[CAS DataBase Reference]

109-94-4(CAS DataBase Reference)
[NIST Chemistry Reference]

Formic acid, ethyl ester(109-94-4)
[EPA Substance Registry System]

109-94-4(EPA Substance)
Safety DataBack Directory
[Hazard Codes ]

F,Xn
[Risk Statements ]

R11:Highly Flammable.
R20/22:Harmful by inhalation and if swallowed .
R36/37:Irritating to eyes and respiratory system .
[Safety Statements ]

S9:Keep container in a well-ventilated place .
S16:Keep away from sources of ignition-No smoking .
S24:Avoid contact with skin .
S26:In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice .
S33:Take precautionary measures against static discharges .
[RIDADR ]

UN 1190 3/PG 2
[WGK Germany ]

1
[RTECS ]

LQ8400000
[HazardClass ]

3
[PackingGroup ]

II
[HS Code ]

29151300
[Safety Profile]

Moderately toxic by ingestion and subcutaneous routes. Mddly toxic by skin contact and inhalation. A powerful inhalation irritant in humans. A skin and eye irritant. Questionable carcinogen with experimental tumorigenic data. Highly flammable liquid. A very dangerous fire and explosion hazard when exposed to heat, flame, or oxilzers. To fight fire, use alcohol foam, spray, mist, dry chemical. When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes. See also ESTERS.
[Hazardous Substances Data]

109-94-4(Hazardous Substances Data)
Raw materials And Preparation ProductsBack Directory
[Raw materials]

Etanol-->Formic acid-->Calcium chloride-->Aluminium chloride hexahydrate
[Preparation Products]

2-Aminopyrimidine-5-carbonitrile-->4-Chloropyridine-3-carboxaldehyde-->4-METHOXY-3-BUTEN-2-ONE-->2-(TRIFLUOROMETHYL)PYRIMIDIN-4-AMINE-->METHYL 3-AMINO-6-METHYLTHIOPHENO[2,3-B]PYRIDINE-2-CARBOXYLATE-->7-Aminoisoquinoline-->6-Methyl-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-b]pyridin-3-amine-->5-Acetamidomethyl-4-Amino-2-Methyl pyrimidine-->2-AMINO-4-METHYLOXAZOLE-->5-BROMO-4-HYDROXY-2-METHYLPYRIMIDINE-->Thiamine chloride-->AMITRAZ METABOLITE HYDROCHLORIDE-->Tropic acid-->4-CHLORO-2-(TRIFLUOROMETHYL)PYRIMIDINE-->Methyl 3-amino-4-phenylthiophene-2-carboxylate-->3-Cyano-6-methyl-2(1H)-pyridinone-->N-Methylformamide-->3,4-DIHYDROISOQUINOLINE-->7-NITRO-3,4-DIHYDROISOQUINOLINE-->2-AMINO-PYRIMIDINE-5-CARBOXYLIC ACID ETHYL ESTER-->4,5,6-TRIAMINOPYRIMIDINE-->2-Chloro-6-methyl-3-pyridinecarbonitrile-->1H-1,2,3-Triazolo[4,5-d]pyrimidin-7-amine-->Ninhydrin hydrate-->4-METHYLPYRIMIDIN-2-OL HYDROCHLORIDE-->1-(PHENYLSULFONYL)-1H-INDOLE-2-CARBALDEHYDE-->A-(HYDROXYMETHYL)BENZENACETIC ACID METHYL ESTER-->4-Hydroxy-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidine-->4-chloro-5-fluoropyrimidine-->1-Methyl-2-imidazolecarboxaldehyde-->5-N-PROPYLURACIL-->5-PROPYL-2-THIOURACIL-->4-HYDROXY-2-METHYLPYRIMIDINE-->4,5-DIBROMOTHIOPHENE-2-CARBOXALDEHYDE-->7-Bromoisoquinoline-->4-CHLORO-1-ETHYL-3-METHYL-1H-PYRAZOLE-5-CARBOXYLIC ACID ETHYL ESTER-->α-Dimethoxymethyl-methoxypropionitrile-->EPOSTANE-->alpha,alpha-Diphenyl-L-prolinol-->1,1-Diethoxy-3,7-dimethylocta-2,6-diene
Hazard InformationBack Directory
[General Description]

A clear colorless liquid with a pleasant odor. Flash point-4°F. Less dense than water. Vapors heavier than air.
[Reactivity Profile]

ETHYL FORMATE(109-94-4) is an ester. Esters react with acids to liberate heat along with alcohols and acids. Strong oxidizing acids may cause a vigorous reaction that is sufficiently exothermic to ignite the reaction products. Heat is also generated by the interaction of esters with caustic solutions. Flammable hydrogen is generated by mixing esters with alkali metals and hydrides. This compound is incompatible with the following: Nitrates; strong oxidizers, alkalis & acids [Note: Decomposes slowly in water to form ethyl alcohol and formic acid.] .
[Air & Water Reactions]

Highly flammable. Soluble in water. Slowly decomposed by water to formic acid, a corrosive material and ethyl alcohol, another flammable liquid.
[Hazard]

Narcotic and irritant to skin and eyes; use in foods restricted to 0.0015%. Highly flammable, dangerous fire and explosion risk. Questionable carcinogen.
[Health Hazard]

Inhalation of vapor causes slight irritation of the eyes and rapidly increasing irritation of the nose. High concentrations cause deep narcosis within a few minutes followed by death within a few hours. Contact with liquid causes moderate irritation of eyes and mild irritation of skin. Ingestion causes irritation of mouth and stomach; may cause deep narcosis and death if not treated.
[Potential Exposure]

This material is used as an emulsifier; food and feed additive; flavor, packaging material; as a solvent for cellulose nitrate and acetate; it is used as a fumigant and in the production of synthetic flavors. It is also a raw material in pharmaceutical manufacture
[First aid]

If this chemical gets into the eyes, remove any contact lenses at once and irrigate immediately for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting upper and lower lids. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical contacts the skin, remove contaminated clothing and wash immediately with soap and water. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical has been inhaled, remove from exposure, begin rescue breathing (using universal precautions, including resuscitation mask) if breathing has stopped and CPR if heart action has stopped. Transfer promptly to a medical facility. When this chemical has been swallowed, get medical attention. Give large quantities of water and induce vomiting. Do not make an unconscious person vomit. Medical observation is recommended for 24 to 48 hours after breathing overexposure, as pulmonary edema may be delayed. As first aid for pulmonary edema, a doctor or authorized paramedic may consider administering a drug or other inhalation therapy
[Fire Hazard]

Behavior in Fire: Vapor is heavier than air and may travel long distance to a source of ignition and flash back.
[Shipping]

UN1190 Ethyl formate, Hazard Class: 3; Labels: 3-Flammable liquid
[Incompatibilities]

May form explosive mixture with air. Reacts violently with nitrates, strong oxidizers, strong alkalis, and strong acids. Decomposes slowly in water, forming ethyl alcohol and formic acid. May accumulate static electrical charges, and may cause ignition of its vapors
[Waste Disposal]

Spray into a furnace in admixture with a flammable solvent
Material Safety Data Sheet(MSDS)Back Directory
[msds information]

ethyl formate(109-94-4).msds
Spectrum DetailBack Directory
[Spectrum Detail]

Ethyl formate (109-94-4) MS
Ethyl formate (109-94-4) 13C NMR
Ethyl formate (109-94-4) 1H NMR
Ethyl formate (109-94-4) Raman
Ethyl formate (109-94-4) IR1
Well-known Reagent Company Product InformationBack Directory
[Acros Organics]

Ethyl formate, 98+%(109-94-4)
[Alfa Aesar]

Ethyl formate, 98+%(109-94-4)
[Sigma Aldrich]

109-94-4(sigmaaldrich)
[TCI AMERICA]

Ethyl Formate,>98.0%(GC)(109-94-4)
109-94-4 suppliers list
Company Name: CONIER CHEM AND PHARMA LIMITED
Tel: 86-18523575427
Fax:
Website: https://www.chemicalbook.com/ShowSupplierProductsList617604/0.htm
Company Name: Chongqing Chemdad Co., Ltd
Tel: +86-13650506873
Fax:
Website: www.chemdad.com
Company Name: Hubei xin bonus chemical co. LTD
Tel: 86-13657291602
Fax: 027-59338440
Website: www.chemicalbook.com/ShowSupplierProductsList1549548/0.htm
Company Name: Xiamen AmoyChem Co., Ltd
Tel: +86 592-605 1114
Fax:
Website: www.amoychem.com
Company Name: Chemwill Asia Co.,Ltd.
Tel: 86-21-51086038
Fax: 86-21-51861608
Website: www.chemwill.com
Company Name: Hubei Jusheng Technology Co.,Ltd.
Tel: 86-18871470254
Fax: 027-59599243
Website: www.hubeijusheng.com
Company Name: Haihang Industry Co.,Ltd
Tel: 86-531-88032799
Fax: +86 531 8582 1093
Website: www.haihangindustry.com
Company Name: Hebei Guanlang Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
Tel: +8619930501651
Fax: whatsapp: +8619930501651
Website: www.chemicalbook.com/ShowSupplierProductsList31448/0.htm
Company Name: hdzhl biotechnology co., ltd
Tel: 86-13032617415
Fax:
Website: www.chemicalbook.com/ShowSupplierProductsList614110/0.htm
Company Name: career henan chemical co
Tel: +86-371-86658258
Fax:
Website: www.coreychem.com/index.html
Company Name: Henan DaKen Chemical CO.,LTD.
Tel: +86-371-55531817
Fax:
Website: www.dakentech.com
Company Name: Mainchem Co., Ltd.
Tel: +86-0592-6210733
Fax: +86-0592-6210733
Website: www.mainchem.com
Company Name: Hefei TNJ Chemical Industry Co.,Ltd.
Tel: 86-0551-65418684 18949823763
Fax: 86-0551-65418684
Website: www.tnjchem.com
Company Name: Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
Tel: 0371-55170693
Fax: 0371-55170693
Website: www.tianfuchem.net
Company Name: Shenzhen Sendi Biotechnology Co.Ltd.
Tel: 0755-23311925 18102838259
Fax: 0755-23311925
Website: www.chemicalbook.com/ShowSupplierProductsList30406/0_EN.htm
Company Name: Shanghai Aladdin Bio-Chem Technology Co.,LTD  Gold
Tel:021-20337333/400-620-6333
Fax:021-50323701
Website:www.aladdin-e.com
Company Name: Wuhan Fortuna Chemical Co., Ltd  Gold
Tel:027-59207852-
Fax:QQ:702039778
Website:www.fortunachem.cn/
Company Name: Wisdom Drugs Co., Ltd.  Gold
Tel:0519-85556807、85556801、85556805
Fax:0519-85556807、85556801、85556805
Website:
Tags:109-94-4 Related Product Information
544-17-2 110-80-5 557-41-5 10497-05-9 106-65-0 93-89-0 120-47-8 541-41-3 94-09-7 95266-40-3 2999-46-4 533-68-6 535-11-5 600-00-0 64-18-6 60-29-7 64-17-5 122-51-0