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Cholesterin Produkt Beschreibung

Cholesterol Struktur
57-88-5
CAS-Nr.
57-88-5
Bezeichnung:
Cholesterin
Englisch Name:
Cholesterol
Synonyma:
Lanol;CHO-HP;Dastar;Dythol;Kathro;Dusoran;Tegolan;Cordulan;Dusoline;Fancol CH
CBNumber:
CB7383339
Summenformel:
C27H46O
Molgewicht:
386.65
MOL-Datei:
57-88-5.mol

Cholesterin Eigenschaften

Schmelzpunkt:
148-150 °C
alpha 
-36 º (c=2, dioxane)
Siedepunkt:
360 °C
Dichte
1.06
Brechungsindex
1.5250 (estimate)
Flammpunkt:
250 °C
storage temp. 
2-8°C
Löslichkeit
H2O: 0.002 mg/mL
Aggregatzustand
powder
Farbe
white
Wichte
1.067
Wasserlöslichkeit
negligible
Merck 
14,2201
BRN 
1915888
InChIKey
HVYWMOMLDIMFJA-DPAQBDIFSA-N
CAS Datenbank
57-88-5(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST chemische Informationen
Cholesterol(57-88-5)
Sicherheit
  • Risiko- und Sicherheitserklärung
  • Gefahreninformationscode (GHS)
Kennzeichnung gefährlicher Xn,Xi
R-Sätze: 10-48/20/22-40-38-22-36/37/38-67-36/38-20-63
S-Sätze: 24/25-22-36/37-36-26
RIDADR  UN 1170 3/PG 3
WGK Germany  1
RTECS-Nr. FZ8400000
TSCA  Yes
HS Code  2906 13 10
HazardClass  IRRITANT
Giftige Stoffe Daten 57-88-5(Hazardous Substances Data)
Bildanzeige (GHS)
Alarmwort Achtung
Gefahrenhinweise
Code Gefahrenhinweise Gefahrenklasse Abteilung Alarmwort Symbol P-Code
H302 Gesundheitsschädlich bei Verschlucken. Akute Toxizität oral Kategorie 4 Warnung P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H315 Verursacht Hautreizungen. Hautreizung Kategorie 2 Warnung P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H319 Verursacht schwere Augenreizung. Schwere Augenreizung Kategorie 2 Warnung P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H331 Giftig bei Einatmen. Akute Toxizität inhalativ Kategorie 3 Achtung P261, P271, P304+P340, P311, P321,P403+P233, P405, P501
H336 Kann Schläfrigkeit und Benommenheit verursachen. Spezifische Zielorgan-Toxizität (einmalige Exposition) Kategorie 3 (Schläfrigkeit und Benommenheit) Warnung P261, P271, P304+P340, P312,P403+P233, P405, P501
H351 Kann vermutlich Krebs verursachen. Karzinogenität Kategorie 2 Warnung P201, P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
H372 Schädigt bei Hautkontakt und Verschlucken die Organe bei längerer oder wiederholter Exposition. Spezifische Zielorgan-Toxizität (wiederholte Exposition) Kategorie 1 Achtung P260, P264, P270, P314, P501
Sicherheit
P201 Vor Gebrauch besondere Anweisungen einholen.
P261 Einatmen von Staub vermeiden.
P305+P351+P338 BEI KONTAKT MIT DEN AUGEN: Einige Minuten lang behutsam mit Wasser spülen. Eventuell vorhandene Kontaktlinsen nach Möglichkeit entfernen. Weiter spülen.
P308+P313 BEI Exposition oder falls betroffen: Ärztlichen Rat einholen/ärztliche Hilfe hinzuziehen.
P403+P233 An einem gut belüfteten Ort aufbewahren. Behälter dicht verschlossen halten.

Cholesterin Chemische Eigenschaften,Einsatz,Produktion Methoden

R-Sätze Betriebsanweisung:

R10:Entzündlich.
R48/20/22:Gesundheitsschädlich: Gefahr ernster Gesundheitsschäden bei längerer Exposition durch Einatmen und durch Verschlucken.
R40:Verdacht auf krebserzeugende Wirkung.
R38:Reizt die Haut.
R22:Gesundheitsschädlich beim Verschlucken.
R36/37/38:Reizt die Augen, die Atmungsorgane und die Haut.

S-Sätze Betriebsanweisung:

S24/25:Berührung mit den Augen und der Haut vermeiden.
S22:Staub nicht einatmen.
S36/37:Bei der Arbeit geeignete Schutzhandschuhe und Schutzkleidung tragen.
S36:DE: Bei der Arbeit geeignete Schutzkleidung tragen.
S26:Bei Berührung mit den Augen sofort gründlich mit Wasser abspülen und Arzt konsultieren.

Beschreibung

Cholesterol is a soft waxy substance that is a steroidal alcohol or sterol. It is the most abundant steroid in the human body and is a component of every cell. Cholesterol is essential to life and most animals and many plants contain this compound. Cholesterol biosynthesis occurs primarily in the liver, but it may be produced in other organs. A number of other substances are synthesized from cholesterol including vitamin D, steroid hormones (including the sex hormones), and bile salts. Cholesterol resides mainly in cell membranes.
Humans produce about 1 gram of cholesterol daily in the liver. Dietary cholesterol is consumed through food. High cholesterol foods are associated with saturated fats and trans-fatty acids (commonly called trans fats). Dietary cholesterol comes from animal products (plants contain minute amounts of cholesterol) such as meats and dairy products.

Chemische Eigenschaften

Cholesterol occurs as white or faintly yellow, almost odorless, pearly leaflets, needles, powder, or granules. On prolonged exposure to light and air, cholesterol acquires a yellow to tan color.

Chemische Eigenschaften

White to faintly yellow cryst. powder

History

Cholesterol was discovered in 1769 by Poulletier dela Salle (1719–1787), who isolated the compound from bile and gallstones. It was rediscovered by Michel Eugène Chevreul (1786–1889) in 1815 and named cholesterine. The name comes from the Greek words khole meaning bile and steros meaning solid or stiff . The “ine” ending was later changed to “ol” to designate it as an alcohol.

Verwenden

Cholesterol is commonly associated with cardiovascular disease and its routine measurement is used to measure its potential health risk. High blood serum cholesterol levels are often correlated with excessive plaque deposits in the arteries, a condition known as atherosclerosis or hardening of the arteries. Although high total blood cholesterol levels are associated with heart disease, it is important to distinguish between types of cholesterol when interpreting cholesterol levels. Cholesterol has been labeled as good and bad depending on its physiological role. Forms of cholesterol depend on the lipoproteins that are associated with it. Lowdensity lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL cholesterol) is often referred to as bad cholesterol and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) is identified as good cholesterol. An understanding of the difference between LDL and HDL cholesterol requires an understanding of substances associated with cholesterol in the body. Cholesterol is a lipid so it has very low solubility in water and blood. For the cholesterol synthesized in the liver to be delivered by the bloodstream to the rest of the body, the liver manufactures lipoproteins that can be viewed as carriers for cholesterol (and triglycerides).

Verwenden

analeptic, antibacterial

Verwenden

Cholesterol is a major component of all biological membranes; ~25% of total brain lipid is Cholesterol. Cholesterol is the principal sterol of the higher animals. Cholesterol was found in all body tis sues, especial in the brain, spinal cord, and in animal fats or oils. Cholesterol is the main constituent of gallstones.

Verwenden

Cholesterol be used as pharmaceutical intermediates and be used as synthetic materials of liquid crystal polymers.

Verwenden

cholesterol is a moisturizer and emollient that acts as a powerful emulsifier in water-in-oil systems. Cholesterol is a fat-like substance found in plant and animal cells. It is also present in the secretion of the sebaceous glands and, therefore, is a component of the fat on the skin’s surface. It is considered a noncomedogenic raw material. It may sometimes be obtained from sheep’s wool wax.

Definition

ChEBI: A cholestanoid consisting of cholestane having a double bond at the 5,6-position as well as a 3beta-hydroxy group.

Definition

cholesterol: A sterol occurringwidely in animal tissues and also insome higher plants and algae. It canexist as a free sterol or esterified witha long-chain fatty acid. Cholesterol isabsorbed through the intestine ormanufactured in the liver. It servesprincipally as a constituent of bloodplasma lipoproteins and of thelipid–protein complexes that formcell membranes. It is also importantas a precursor of various steroids, especiallythe bile acids, sex hormones,and adrenocorticoid hormones. Thederivative 7-dehydrocholesterol isconverted to vitamin D3 by the actionof sunlight on skin. Increased levelsof dietary and blood cholesterol havebeen associated with atherosclerosis,a condition in which lipids accumulateon the inner walls of arteries andeventually obstruct blood flow.

Vorbereitung Methode

The commercial material is normally obtained from the spinal cord of cattle by extraction with petroleum ethers, but it may also be obtained from wool fat. Purification is normally accomplished by repeated bromination. Cholesterol may also be produced by entirely synthetic means.
Cholesterol produced from animal organs will always contain cholestanol and other saturated sterols.

Hazard

Questionable carcinogen.

Pharmazeutische Anwendungen

Cholesterol is used in cosmetics and topical pharmaceutical formulations at concentrations of 0.3–5.0% w/w as an emulsifying agent. It imparts water-absorbing power to an ointment and has emollient activity.
Cholesterol also has a physiological role. It is the major sterol of the higher animals, and it is found in all body tissues, especially in the brain and spinal cord. It is also the main constituent of gallstones.

Sicherheitsprofil

Experimental teratogenic and reproductive effects. Questionable carcinogen with experimental carcinogenic and tumorigenic data. Mutation data reported. Used in pharmaceutical and dermal preparations as an emulsifying agent. When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes.

Sicherheit(Safety)

Cholesterol is generally regarded as an essentially nontoxic and nonirritant material at the levels employed as an excipient. It has, however, exhibited experimental teratogenic and reproductive effects, and mutation data have been reported.
Cholesterol is often derived from animal sources and this must be done in accordance with the regulations for human consumption. The risk of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) contamination has caused some concern over the use of animalderived cholesterol in pharmaceutical products. However, synthetic methods of cholesterol manufacture have been developed.

Lager

Cholesterol is stable and should be stored in a well-closed container, protected from light.

läuterung methode

Crystallise cholesterol from ethyl acetate, EtOH or isopropyl ether/MeOH. [Hiromitsu & Kevan J Am Chem Soc 109 4501 1987.] For extensive details of purification through the dibromide, see Fieser [J Am Chem Soc 75 5421 1953] and Schwenk and Werthessen [Arch Biochem Biophys 40 334 1952], and by repeated crystallisation from acetic acid; see Fieser [J Am Chem Soc 75 4395 1953]. Like many sterols, cholesterol gives colour reactions with conc H2SO4: When cholesterol is dissolved in a small volume of CHCl3 and mixed with conc H2SO4, the colour of the organic layer becomes crimson, then changes to purple and on further standing in air it turns to blue, then green and finally yellow. The H2SO4 layer develops a green fluorescence. [Beilstein 6 III 2607, 6 IV 4000.]

Inkompatibilitäten

Cholesterol is precipitated by digitonin.

Regulatory Status

Included in the FDA Inactive Ingredients Database (injections; ophthalmic, topical, and vaginal preparations).
Included in nonparenteral medicines licensed in the UK. Included in the Canadian List of Acceptable Non-medicinal Ingredients.

Cholesterin Upstream-Materialien And Downstream Produkte

Upstream-Materialien

Downstream Produkte


Cholesterin Anbieter Lieferant Produzent Hersteller Vertrieb Händler.

Global( 421)Lieferanten
Firmenname Telefon Fax E-Mail Land Produktkatalog Edge Rate
CARBOGEN AMCIS B.V.
+31 318 545 767
+31 318 54 57 67 rene.vanoosten@carbogen-amcis.com THE NETHERLANDS 10 58
Kono Chem Co., Ltd
+86-132 8924 6953(Whatsapp/Wechat)
+86-29-86107037 info@konochemical.com CHINA 2997 58
Frapp's ChemicalNFTZ Co., Ltd.
+86 (576) 8169-6106
+86 (576) 8169-6105 sales@frappschem.com China 886 50
Capot Chemical Co.,Ltd.
+86 (0)571-855 867 18
+86 (0)571-858 647 95 sales@capotchem.com China 19918 60
Shenzhen Sendi Biotechnology Co.Ltd.
0755-23311925 18102838259
0755-23311925 Abel@chembj.com CHINA 3194 55
Henan DaKen Chemical CO.,LTD.
+86-371-55531817
info@dakenchem.com CHINA 21701 58
Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
0371-55170693
0371-55170693 info@tianfuchem.com CHINA 20672 55
Mainchem Co., Ltd.
+86-0592-6210733
+86-0592-6210733 sales@mainchem.com CHINA 32447 55
PI & PI BIOTECH INC.
020-81716320
020-81716319 Sales@pipitech.com CHINA 2543 55
Hubei XinRunde Chemical Co., Ltd.
+8615102730682; +8618874586545
02783214688 bruce@xrdchem.cn CHINA 535 55

57-88-5(Cholesterin)Verwandte Suche:


  • Δ5-cholesten-3β-ol
  • CHOLESTEROLUM
  • CHOLESTERIN
  • CHOLESTEROL
  • CHOLEST-5-EN-3BETA-OL
  • 5-CHOLESTEN-3BETA-OL
  • (3S,8S,9S,10R,13R,14S,17R)-17-((R)-1,5-DIMETHYL-HEXYL)-10,13-DIMETHYL-2,3,4,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17-TETRADECAHYDRO-1H-CYCLOPENTA[A]PHENANTHREN-3-OL
  • 3BETA-HYDROXY-5-CHOLESTENE
  • 3beta-hydroxycholest-5-ene
  • 3B-HYDROXY-5-CHOLESTENE
  • 5,6-CHOLESTEN-3-OL
  • SYNTHETIC CHOLESTEROL
  • SYNTHECHOL NSO SUPPLEMENT
  • SYNTHECHOL(TM)
  • CHOLESTEROL XG
  • sterol Cholesterin,Cholest-5-en-3beta-ol
  • 5-Colecten-3-B-ol
  • CHOLESTEROL reference standard grade
  • 3β-Hydroxy-5-cholestene, 5-Cholesten-3β-ol, Cholesterol
  • SyntheChol(R)
  • Cholesterol solution
  • SyntheChol(R) NS0 Supplement
  • 3β-Hydroxy-5-cholestene, 5-Cholesten-3β-ol, Cholesterolum
  • 3β-Hydroxy-5-cholestene, 5-Cholesten-3β-ol
  • 3β-Hydroxy-5-cholestene, 5-Cholesten-3β-ol, Cholesterol, Synthetic cholesterol
  • Cholesterol ,95%
  • Cholesterol,95%,stabilized
  • CHOLESTEROL(SG)
  • CHOLESTEROL CRYST.RESEARCH GRADE
  • Cholesterol, extra pure, Ph Eur, BP, NF, JP
  • CHOLESTEROL C.P.
  • Cholesterol(synthesized)
  • Cholesterol, stabilized, 95% 100GR
  • Cholesterol, stabilized, 95% 25GR
  • Cholesterol (5,6-Cholesten-3beta-ol)
  • Cholesterol(Cholest-5-en-3beta-ol)
  • Cholesterol (stabilized with α-Tocopherol)
  • CHO-HP
  • cholest-5-en-3-ol,(3β)-
  • cholest-5-en-3β-ol
  • Cholesterine
  • Cholesterol base H
  • Cholesteryl alcohol
  • cholesterylalcohol
  • Cholestrin
  • Cholestrol
  • Cordulan
  • Dastar
  • delta(sup5)-cholesten-3-beta-ol
  • delta5-Cholesten-3-beta-ol
  • Dusoline
  • Dusoran
  • Dythol
  • Fancol CH
  • Hydrocerin
  • Kathro
  • Lanol
  • Liquid crystal CN/9
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