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Trichloroisocyanuric acid

Bactericidal and Disinfection effect Chemical Properties Uses Category Toxicity grading Acute toxicity Irritation data Explosiveness and Hazardous characteristics Flammability and hazard characteristics Storage characteristics Fire extinguishing agent
Trichloroisocyanuric acid
Trichloroisocyanuric acid structure
Chemical Name:
Trichloroisocyanuric acid
TCCA;acl85;cbd90;TCICA;CBD 90;CDB 90;BLEACH;ACL 85;Fi-clor;NA 2468
Molecular Formula:
Formula Weight:
MOL File:

Trichloroisocyanuric acid Properties

Melting point:
249-251 °C(lit.)
Flash point:
storage temp. 
Store below +30°C.
Powder or Granules
White to almost white
2.0-2.7 (10g/l, H2O, 20℃)
Water Solubility 
1.2 g/100mL (25 ºC)
Stable. Hygroscopic, and may decompose in contact with moisture. Contact with combustible material may lead to fire. Incompatible with acids, reducing agents, water, strong oxidizing agents.
CAS DataBase Reference
87-90-1(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Trichlorocyanuric acid(87-90-1)
EPA Substance Registry System
1,3,5-Triazine-2, 4,6(1H,3H,5H)-trione, 1,3,5-trichloro-(87-90-1)
  • Risk and Safety Statements
  • Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)
  • NFPA
Hazard Codes  O,Xn,N
Risk Statements  8-22-31-36/37-50/53-36/37/38
Safety Statements  8-26-41-60-61
RIDADR  UN 2468 5.1/PG 2
WGK Germany  2
RTECS  XZ1925000
HazardClass  5.1
PackingGroup  II
HS Code  29336980
Hazardous Substances Data 87-90-1(Hazardous Substances Data)
Toxicity LD50 orally in Rabbit: 406 mg/kg LD50 dermal Rabbit > 2000 mg/kg
Signal word: Danger
Hazard statements:
Code Hazard statements Hazard class Category Signal word Pictogram P-Codes
H272 May intensify fire; oxidizer Oxidising liquids;Oxidising solids Category 2
Category 3
P210, P220, P221P280, P370+P378,P501
H302 Harmful if swallowed Acute toxicity,oral Category 4 Warning P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H315 Causes skin irritation Skin corrosion/irritation Category 2 Warning P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H318 Causes serious eye damage Serious eye damage/eye irritation Category 1 Danger P280, P305+P351+P338, P310
H319 Causes serious eye irritation Serious eye damage/eye irritation Category 2A Warning P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H335 May cause respiratory irritation Specific target organ toxicity, single exposure;Respiratory tract irritation Category 3 Warning
H400 Very toxic to aquatic life Hazardous to the aquatic environment, acute hazard Category 1 Warning P273, P391, P501
H410 Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects Hazardous to the aquatic environment, long-term hazard Category 1 Warning P273, P391, P501
Precautionary statements:
P210 Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking.
P220 Keep/Store away from clothing/…/combustible materials.
P221 Take any precaution to avoid mixing with combustibles/…
P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P264 Wash hands thoroughly after handling.
P264 Wash skin thouroughly after handling.
P270 Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.
P271 Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.
P273 Avoid release to the environment.
P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P391 Collect spillage. Hazardous to the aquatic environment
P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continuerinsing.
P370+P378 In case of fire: Use … for extinction.
P405 Store locked up.
P403+P233 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.
P501 Dispose of contents/container to..…

NFPA 704

Diamond Hazard Value Description
2 2
Health   2 Intense or continued but not chronic exposure could cause temporary incapacitation or possible residual injury (e.g. diethyl ether, ammonium phosphate, iodine)
Flammability   0 Materials that will not burn under typical fire conditions, including intrinsically noncombustible materials such as concrete, stone, and sand. Materials that will not burn in air when exposed to a temperature of 820 °C (1,500 °F) for a period of 5 minutes.(e.g. Carbon tetrachloride)
Instability   2 Undergoes violent chemical change at elevated temperatures and pressures, reacts violently with water, or may form explosive mixtures with water (e.g. white phosphorus, potassium, sodium)
Special   OX

(NFPA, 2010)

Trichloroisocyanuric acid price More Price(13)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 176125 Trichloroisocyanuric acid 87-90-1 50g $24.3 2018-11-13 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 176125 Trichloroisocyanuric acid 87-90-1 1kg $78.8 2018-11-13 Buy
TCI Chemical T0620 Trichloroisocyanuric Acid >95.0%(T) 87-90-1 25g $15 2018-11-22 Buy
TCI Chemical T0620 Trichloroisocyanuric Acid >95.0%(T) 87-90-1 500g $37 2018-11-22 Buy
Alfa Aesar B23906 Trichloroisocyanuric acid, 90+% 87-90-1 100g $19.3 2018-11-13 Buy

Trichloroisocyanuric acid Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Bactericidal and Disinfection effect

Trichloroisocyanuric acid (TCCA) is a strong oxidant and chlorinating agent which has efficient, broad-spectrum, and safe disinfection effects. It has the strongest bactericidal activity among chlorinated isocyanuric acid products against bacteria, viruses, fungi, mold, Vibrio cholerae, Bacillus. It also has certain inhibitory effect on coccidia oocysts and thus can used in the disinfection in the environment, drinking water, fruits and vegetables, livestock feeders, fish ponds and silkworm rooms. The application method is using powder for the preparation of 4-6 mg/kg concentrations for the disinfection of drinking water and using a solution of concentration of 200-400 mg/kg for environmental disinfection and utensils disinfection.
TCCA has various effects including killing algae, deodorant, and water purification as well as bleaching. It has a stronger and better bactericidal and bleaching effect than sodium dichloroisocyanurate and thus being widely used in the sterilization treatment of washing bleacher of cotton and hemp fiber fabric, wool shrink proofing agents, rubber chlorination, and oil drilling mud and sewage, disinfection of battery materials, disinfection of swimming pool, disinfection of drinking water, treatment of industrial wastewater and sewage, food processing industry, food hygiene industry, aquaculture, daily chemical industry, hospitals, nurseries, epidemic prevention, waste disposal, hotels, restaurants and natural disasters, large-scale disinfection and sterilization after man-made disaster.
1. swimming pool disinfection: calculate the usage according to 2-3g/m3; take effect for 30-60 minutes.
2. Public places and ground disinfection: use 1500-3000-fold diluted water solution for spraying and wiping for 30 minutes. Infectious disease epidemic area, use 150-200-fold aqueous diluted water solution for spray disinfection.
3. disinfection of white clothing and blankets: apply 2000-3000 fold diluted solution for clean items; soak for 10 minutes; for seriously polluted items, diluted 500 times, soak for 20 minutes.
4. disinfection of bathroom and toilet scrub; use 300-fold diluted solution for reaction of 30 minutes.
5. sterilization of non-metallic medical equipment: use 500-1000 times diluted solution for soak of 30 minutes; disinfection of apparatus with pus and blood; apply 100-fold diluted water solution for reaction of 30 minutes.
6. disinfection of non-metallic tableware: use 500-1000 times diluted water solution for reaction of 30 minutes.

Chemical Properties

TCCA has an excellent bactericidal property and is a new generation of broad-spectrum, high efficiency, low-toxicity fungicides, bleacher and anti-shrinking agent. It is mainly used in the disinfection and sterilization of drinking water, industrial water recycling, swimming pool, restaurants, hotels, public places, homes, hospitals, eggs and prevention of fish diseases. It has a killing effect on almost all fungi, bacteria, viruses, and spores. It is safe and convenient to use. This product can also be widely used in food, dairy, rice seed processing, fruit preservation, fiber bleaching, wool shrink, daily chemical decolorization, wood mold paper making, rubber oxidation and battery materials.
The above information is edited by the chemicalbook of Dai Xiongfeng.


The product has a strong sterilization, bleaching effect. It is widely used as the high-efficiency disinfectant in civilian health, livestock breeding and plant protection. It can also be used as the washing bleacher of cotton and hemp fiber fabric, wool shrink proofing agents; it can also be used for rubber chlorination, battery materials, organic synthesis industry and the bleach of dry laundry.
It is used for the sterilization and disinfection of various kinds of water such as drinking water, swimming pool water, industrial circulating water, and sewage.
It is an anti-clotting drug.



Toxicity grading


Acute toxicity

oral: rat LD50: 406 mg/kg

Irritation data

skin: rabbit 500 mg/24 hours: moderate; Eyes-rabbit 50 micrograms/24 hours and severe.

Explosiveness and Hazardous characteristics

being mixed with ammonium salt, ammonia, urea can generate explosive nitrogen trichloride.

Flammability and hazard characteristics

it is flammable in case of organic substance; it can generate toxic nitrogen trichloride upon wet and heating.

Storage characteristics

Treasury: ventilation, low-temperature and dry; it should be stored separately from fuel, organic matter, and oxides.

Fire extinguishing agent

Plenty of water

Chemical Properties

white to light yellow crystal powde




Trichloroisocyanuric Acid is a disinfectant and anti-bacterial. It can also be used in the synthesis of napthols.


Chlorinating agent, disinfectant, industrial deodorant. In household cleansers. In removing oil and protein in stainless steel. In nonshrink treatment for wool. Oxidant and chlorinating reagent in organic synthesis.

General Description

A white slightly hygroscopic crystalline powder or lump solid with a mild chlorine-like odor. Said to have 85 percent available chlorine. Decomposes at 225°C. Moderately toxic by ingestion. May irritate skin and eyes. Active ingredient in household dry bleaches. Used in swimming pools as a disinfectant .

Air & Water Reactions

Slightly hygroscopic [Hawley]. Slightly soluble in water. May react with water releasing gaseous chlorine. If mixed with a small amount of water, the concentrated solution (with pH at about 2.0) may explode due to the evolution of unstable nitrogen trichloride. (explanation in Bretherick 5th ed.)

Reactivity Profile

TRICHLORO-S-TRIAZINETRIONE, [DRY, CONTAINING > 39% AVAILABLE CHLORINE] may react vigorously with ammonium compounds or hydrated salts. Prolonged exposure to heat may result in the vigorous decomposition with the rupture of containers. Accelerates the burning of combustible materials [AAR 1991]. May reactwith alcohols to yield alkyl hypochlorites that decompose in the cold and explode on exposure to sunlight or heat. Hypochlorites of tertiary alcohols are less unstable than those of secondary or primary alcohols [NFPA 491 M. 1991].

Health Hazard

Inhalation causes sneezing and coughing. Contact with dust causes moderate irritation of eyes and itching and redness of skin. Ingestion causes burns of mouth and stomach.

Health Hazard

Moderately toxic by ingestion; causes lethargy, weakness, bleeding from stomach, andulceration; ingestion of very large quantities,probably within the range 150–100 g, maycause delayed death; as a strong oxidizer,the toxic properties of this substance showmany similarities to other powerful oxidants;injurious to liver and kidney, causing inflammation of gastrointestinal tract, liver discoloration, and kidney hyperemia as indicatefrom autopsy (Sax and Lewis 1995); the dermal toxicity is very low although an irritantto skin; irritation in rabbit’s eye form a 50mg dose in 24 hours was found to be severe.
LD50 oral (rat): 406 mg/kg.

Safety Profile

Moderately toxic to humans and experimentally by ingestion. Mildly toxic experimentally by skin contact. Human systemic effects by ingestion: ulceration or bleeding from stomach. A severe skin and eye irritant. Toxicity symptoms include emaciation, lethargy, weakness, and delayed death. Autopsy shows inflammation of gastrointestinal tract, liver discoloration, and kidney hyperemia. A powerful oxidizer. Forms an explosive product with cyanuric acid + sodmm hydroxide. Potentially violent reaction with combustible materials. When heated to decomposition it emits very toxic fumes of Cland NOx. Used to chlorinate swimming pools.

Trichloroisocyanuric acid Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products

Trichloroisocyanuric acid Suppliers

Global( 290)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
Capot Chemical Co.,Ltd.
+86 (0)571-855 867 18
+86 (0)571-858 647 95 China 19918 60
Henan DaKen Chemical CO.,LTD.
+86-371-55531817 CHINA 21954 58
Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
0371-55170693 CHINA 20680 55
Shanghai Time Chemicals CO., Ltd.
+86-021-57951555 CHINA 1367 55
Mainchem Co., Ltd.
+86-0592-6210733 CHINA 32457 55
Hefei TNJ Chemical Industry Co.,Ltd.
86-0551-65418684 18949823763
86-0551-65418684 China 1730 55
Xiamen AmoyChem Co., Ltd
+86 (0)592-605 1114 CHINA 6374 58
Chemwill Asia Co.,Ltd.
86-21-51861608;;; CHINA 24001 58
Haihang Industry Co.,Ltd
+86 531 8582 1093 CHINA 4669 58
career henan chemical co
+86-371-86658258 CHINA 20331 58

View Lastest Price from Trichloroisocyanuric acid manufacturers

Image Release date Product Price Min. Order Purity Supply Ability Manufacturer
2018-08-20 Trichloroisocyanuric acid
US $1.00 / KG 1G 98% 100KG career henan chemical co

Trichloroisocyanuric acid Spectrum

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