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Nonanoic acid

Description References
Nonanoic acid
Nonanoic acid structure
Chemical Name:
Nonanoic acid
SCYTHE;NONANE;C9 ACID;acid c-9;nonanoic;Pelargon;FEMA 2784;GRANTRICO;emfac1202;Nonoic aci
Molecular Formula:
Formula Weight:
MOL File:

Nonanoic acid Properties

Melting point:
9 °C(lit.)
Boiling point:
268-269 °C(lit.)
0.906 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
vapor density 
5.5 (vs air)
vapor pressure 
<0.1 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
refractive index 
n20/D 1.432(lit.)
Flash point:
212 °F
storage temp. 
4.96(at 25℃)
Clear colorless
4.4 (0.1g/l, H2O, 25℃)
explosive limit
Water Solubility 
JECFA Number
CAS DataBase Reference
112-05-0(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Nonanoic acid(112-05-0)
  • Risk and Safety Statements
  • Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)
Hazard Codes  C
Risk Statements  34
Safety Statements  26-28-36/37/39-45-28A
RIDADR  UN 3265 8/PG 3
WGK Germany  1
RTECS  RA6650000
Autoignition Temperature 405 °C
HazardClass  8
PackingGroup  III
HS Code  29159080
Hazardous Substances Data 112-05-0(Hazardous Substances Data)
Toxicity LD50 i.v. in mice: 224±4.6 mg/kg (Or, Wretlind)
Signal word: Warning
Hazard statements:
Code Hazard statements Hazard class Category Signal word Pictogram P-Codes
H303 May be harmfulif swallowed Acute toxicity,oral Category 5 P312
H313 May be harmful in contact with skin Acute toxicity,dermal Category 5 P312
H314 Causes severe skin burns and eye damage Skin corrosion/irritation Category 1A, B, C Danger P260,P264, P280, P301+P330+ P331,P303+P361+P353, P363, P304+P340,P310, P321, P305+ P351+P338, P405,P501
H315 Causes skin irritation Skin corrosion/irritation Category 2 Warning P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H318 Causes serious eye damage Serious eye damage/eye irritation Category 1 Danger P280, P305+P351+P338, P310
H319 Causes serious eye irritation Serious eye damage/eye irritation Category 2A Warning P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H412 Harmful to aquatic life with long lasting effects Hazardous to the aquatic environment, long-term hazard Category 3 P273, P501
Precautionary statements:
P301+P330+P331 IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting.
P303+P361+P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off Immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse SKIN with water/shower.
P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continuerinsing.
P405 Store locked up.

Nonanoic acid price More Price(23)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich N29902 Nonanoic acid 96% 112-05-0 1l $55.2 2018-11-13 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 73982 Nonanoic acid analytical standard 112-05-0 5ml $64.9 2018-11-13 Buy
TCI Chemical P0952 Nonanoic Acid >98.0%(T) 112-05-0 25mL $18 2018-11-22 Buy
TCI Chemical P0952 Nonanoic Acid >98.0%(T) 112-05-0 100mL $45 2018-11-22 Buy
Alfa Aesar B21568 Nonanoic acid, 97% 112-05-0 250ml $14.8 2018-11-13 Buy

Nonanoic acid Chemical Properties,Uses,Production


Nonanoic acid (also known as pelargonic acid; chemical formula: CH3 (CH2)7COOH) is a kind of organic carboxylic acid compound. It is naturally existed in the oil of pelargonium in the form of esters. It is commonly used in conjunction with glyphosate which is a kind of non-selective herbicide in order to obtain a quick burn-down effect in the control of weeds in turfgrass. It is also a potent antifungal agent which can inhibit spore germination and mycelial growth of pathogenic fungi. Its synthetic esters, such as methyl nonanoate can be used as flavorings. Moreover, it can also be used in the preparation of plasticizers and lacquers. It can also be potentially used for the treatment of seizures.



Nonanoic acid , also called pelargonic acid, is an organic compound composed of a nine - carbon chain terminating in a carboxylic acid with structural formula CH3(CH2)7COOH. Nonanoic acid forms esters—nonanoates. It is a clear, oily liquid with an unpleasant, rancid odor. It is nearly insoluble in water, but very soluble in chloroform, ether, and hexane.
Its refractive index is 1.4322. Its critical point is at 712 K ( 439 °C ) and 2.35 MPa.

Chemical Properties

Colorless or yellowish, combustible, oily liquid. Faint odor.

Chemical Properties

clear colorless liquid


Nonanoic acid is a fatty acid which occurs naturally as esters in the oil of pelargonium. Synthetic esters, such as methyl nonanoate, are used as flavorings.
Nonanoic acid is also used in the preparation of plasticizers and lacquers.
The derivative 4-nonanoylmorpholine is an ingredient in some pepper sprays.
The ammonium salt of nonanoic acid, ammonium nonanoate, is used as an herbicide.


Intermediates of Liquid Crystals


In the production of hydrotropic salts (hydrotropic salts form aqueous solutions which dissolve sparingly soluble substances to a greater extent than water); in the manufacture of lacquers, plastics.


ChEBI: A C9 straight-chain saturated fatty acid which occurs naturally as esters of the oil of pelargonium. Has antifungal properties, and is also used as a herbicide as well as in the preparation of plasticisers and lacquers.

Agricultural Uses

Herbicide, Fungicide: Pelargonic acid occurs naturally in many plants and animals. It is used to control the growth of weeds and as a blossom thinner for apple and pear trees. It is also used as a food additive; as an ingredient in solutions used to commercially peel fruits and vegetables

Trade name

CIRRASOL®-185A; ECONOSAN®; EMERY® 202 (mixture with n-octoic acid); EMFAC®-1202; HEXACID® C-9; PELARGON®; SCYTHE®; WEST AGRO ACID SANITIZER®

Safety Profile

Poison by intravenous route. Moderately toxic by ingestion. A severe skin and eye irritant. When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes.

Potential Exposure

Pelargonic acid, a naturally occurring fatty acid herbicide/fungicide. It is used to control the growth of weeds and as a blossom thinner for apple and pear trees. It is also used as a food additive; as an ingredient in solutions used to commercially peel fruits and vegetables; in the manufacture of lacquers, plastics and pharmaceuticals.

First aid

If this chemical gets into the eyes, remove any contact lenses at once and irrigate immediately for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting upper and lower lids. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical contacts the skin, remove contaminated clothing and wash immediately with soap and water. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical has been inhaled, remove from exposure, begin rescue breathing (using universal precautions) if breathing has stopped, and CPR if heart action has stopped. Transfer promptly to a medical facility. When this chemical has been swallowed, get medical attention. Give large quantities of water and induce vomiting. Do not make an unconscious person vomit. Do not induce vomiting when formulations containing petroleum solvents are ingested.

Purification Methods

Esterify the acid with ethylene glycol and distil the ester. (This removes dibasic acids as undistillable residues.) The acid is regenerated by hydrolysing the ester in the usual way and is distilled in vacuo. [Beilstein 2 IV 1018.]


Heated vapors may form explosive mixture with air. May react violently with strong oxidizers, bromine, 90% hydrogen peroxide, phosphorus trichloride, silver powders or dust. Incompatible with strong bases and silver compounds; mixture with some silver compounds may form explosive salts of silver oxalate.

Waste Disposal

Do not discharge into drains or sewers. Dispose of waste material as hazardous waste using a licensed disposal contractor to an approved landfill. Contact a licensed disposal facility about surplus and non-recyclable solutions. Burn in a chemical incinerator equipped with an afterburner and scrubber. Extra care must be exercised as the material in an organic solvent is highly flammable. Consult with environmental regulatory agencies for guidance on acceptable disposal practices. Incineration with effluent gas scrubbing is recommended. Containers must be disposed of properly by following package label directions or by contacting your local or federal environmental control agency, or by contacting your regional EPA office.

Nonanoic acid Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products

Nonanoic acid Suppliers

Global( 222)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
Henan DaKen Chemical CO.,LTD.
+86-371-55531817 CHINA 21967 58
Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
0371-55170693 CHINA 20680 55
Mainchem Co., Ltd.
+86-0592-6210733 CHINA 32457 55
Nanjing ChemLin Chemical Industry Co., Ltd.
025-83697070; CHINA 3015 60
Xiamen AmoyChem Co., Ltd
+86 (0)592-605 1114 CHINA 6374 58
Chemwill Asia Co.,Ltd.
86-21-51861608;;; CHINA 24001 58
Hubei Jusheng Technology Co.,Ltd.
86-188-71490254 CHINA 20095 58
Haihang Industry Co.,Ltd
+86 531 8582 1093 CHINA 4669 58
Hebei Chisure Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
+8613292893290 CHINA 1020 58
career henan chemical co
+86-371-86658258 CHINA 20104 58

View Lastest Price from Nonanoic acid manufacturers

Image Release date Product Price Min. Order Purity Supply Ability Manufacturer
2018-12-17 Nonanoic acid
US $1.00 / kg 1kg 99% 100KG career henan chemical co
2019-04-11 nonanoic acid E:candyli(at)speedgainpharma(dot)com
US $10.00 / kg 1kg 99.5% 50000 kg/ week Hebei Chisure Biotechnology Co., Ltd.

Nonanoic acid Spectrum

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