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硝酸銀

硝酸銀 化学構造式
7761-88-8
CAS番号.
7761-88-8
化学名:
硝酸銀
别名:
硝酸銀;硝酸銀水溶液;硝酸銀(I);0.01MOL/L硝酸銀溶液(N/100);0.0282MOL/L硝酸銀溶液(0.0282N);0.02MOL/L硝酸銀溶液(N/50);0.05MOL/L硝酸銀溶液(N/20);0.1MOL/L硝酸銀溶液(N/10);0.1MOL/L硝酸銀液(N/10);1MOL/L硝酸銀溶液(1N);200G/L硝酸銀溶液;0.001MOL/L 硝酸銀, 2-プロパノール性;0.002MOL/L(N/500) 硝酸銀溶液;0.005MOL/L (N/200) 硝酸銀溶液;0.019N 硝酸銀溶液;0.0282N 硝酸銀溶液;0.02MOL/L 硝酸銀溶液;0.04MOL/L(N/25) 硝酸銀溶液;0.05MOL/L(N/20) 硝酸銀溶液;0.24W/V% 硝酸銀溶液
英語化学名:
Silver nitrate
英語别名:
argerol;Titripur?;BETZ 0207;Silbernitrat;caswellno737;lunarcaustic;Silbernitrat8;Lunar caustic;Silver nitrat;nitratodeplata
CBNumber:
CB2280970
化学式:
AgNO3
分子量:
169.87
MOL File:
7761-88-8.mol

硝酸銀 物理性質

融点 :
212 °C (dec.) (lit.)
沸点 :
444°C
比重(密度) :
4.35 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
蒸気密度:
5.8 (vs air)
蒸気圧:
17.535 mm of Hg (@ 20°C)
闪点 :
40 °C
貯蔵温度 :
2-8°C
溶解性:
H2O: soluble
外見 :
Solid
色:
White
PH:
5.4-6.4 (100g/l, H2O, 20℃)
臭い (Odor):
Odorless
酸塩基指示薬変色域(pH):
7 - 9
水溶解度 :
219 g/100 mL (20 ºC)
Sensitive :
Light Sensitive
Merck :
14,8518
InChIKey:
SQGYOTSLMSWVJD-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS データベース:
7761-88-8(CAS DataBase Reference)
NISTの化学物質情報:
silver(I) nitrate(7761-88-8)
EPAの化学物質情報:
Silver nitrate (7761-88-8)
安全性情報
  • リスクと安全性に関する声明
  • 危険有害性情報のコード(GHS)
主な危険性  C,O,N,Xi
Rフレーズ  34-50/53-8-36/38-51/53-52/53-35-10-40-20/22-22
Sフレーズ  26-45-60-61-36/37/39-27-57-37
RIDADR  UN 1493 5.1/PG 2
WGK Germany  3
RTECS 番号 VW4725000
8
TSCA  Yes
国連危険物分類  5.1
容器等級  II
HSコード  28432100
有毒物質データの 7761-88-8(Hazardous Substances Data)
毒性 LD50 oral in rat: 1173mg/kg
消防法 危険物第1類
化審法 1-8
安衛法 57-2
PRTR法 第1種指定化学物質
毒劇物取締法 III
絵表示(GHS)
注意喚起語 Danger
危険有害性情報
コード 危険有害性情報 危険有害性クラス 区分 注意喚起語 シンボル P コード
H272 火災助長のおそれ;酸化性物質 酸化性液体; 酸化性固体 2
3
危険
警告
P210, P220, P221P280, P370+P378,P501
H290 金属腐食のおそれ 金属腐食性物質 1 警告 P234, P390, P404
H302 飲み込むと有害 急性毒性、経口 4 警告 P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H303 飲み込むと有害のおそれ 急性毒性、経口 5 P312
H314 重篤な皮膚の薬傷?眼の損傷 皮膚腐食性/刺激性 1A, B, C 危険 P260,P264, P280, P301+P330+ P331,P303+P361+P353, P363, P304+P340,P310, P321, P305+ P351+P338, P405,P501
H315 皮膚刺激 皮膚腐食性/刺激性 2 警告 P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H318 重篤な眼の損傷 眼に対する重篤な損傷性/眼刺激 性 1 危険 P280, P305+P351+P338, P310
H319 強い眼刺激 眼に対する重篤な損傷性/眼刺激 性 2A 警告 P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H400 水生生物に強い毒性 水生環境有害性、急性毒性 1 警告 P273, P391, P501
H410 長期的影響により水生生物に非常に強い毒性 水生環境有害性、慢性毒性 1 警告 P273, P391, P501
注意書き
P210 熱/火花/裸火/高温のもののような着火源から遠ざ けること。-禁煙。
P220 衣類/.../可燃物から遠ざけること。
P221 可燃物と混合を回避するために予防策をとること。
P260 粉じん/煙/ガス/ミスト/蒸気/スプレーを吸入しないこ と。
P280 保護手袋/保護衣/保護眼鏡/保護面を着用するこ と。
P301+P330+P331 飲み込んだ場合:口をすすぐこと。無理に吐かせ ないこと。
P321 特別な処置が必要である(このラベルの... を見よ)。
P332+P313 皮膚刺激が生じた場合:医師の診断/手当てを受けるこ と。
P405 施錠して保管すること。
P406 耐腐食性/耐腐食性内張りのある...容器に 保管すること。

硝酸銀 価格 もっと(119)

メーカー 製品番号 製品説明 CAS番号 包装 価格 更新時間 購入
富士フイルム和光純薬株式会社(wako) W01CPU006982 硝酸銀/ 99.9+%
Silver nitrate/ 99.9+%
7761-88-8 25g ¥18200 2018-12-26 購入
富士フイルム和光純薬株式会社(wako) W01CPU006982 硝酸銀/ 99.9+%
Silver nitrate/ 99.9+%
7761-88-8 50g ¥27600 2018-12-26 購入
関東化学株式会社(KANTO) 1512-1M 硝酸銀 >99.8%(T)
Silver nitrate >99.8%(T)
7761-88-8 25g ¥15300 2021-03-23 購入
関東化学株式会社(KANTO) 19768-1A 硝酸銀
Silver nitrate
7761-88-8 5g ¥5100 2021-03-23 購入
Sigma-Aldrich Japan 28-1310 JIS special grade, ≥99.8%
Silver nitrate JIS special grade, ≥99.8%
7761-88-8 25 g ¥5720 2021-03-23 購入

硝酸銀 化学特性,用途語,生産方法

外観

無色澄明の液体

定義

本品は、硝酸の銀塩であり、次の化学式で表される。

用途

銀塩原料、写真感光材料、写真製版原料、医薬

化粧品の成分用途

殺菌剤、着色剤

効能

殺菌消毒薬, 皮膚軟化薬

商品名

硝酸銀 (マイラン製薬)

化学的特性

Silver nitrate is a colorless to dark gray, odorless, crystalline solid.

化学的特性

Silver nitrate, AgN03, is colorless,transparent,tabular,rhombic crystals that become gray or grayish-black on exposure to light in the presence of organic matter.It is odorless with a bitter,caustic,metallic taste. It is caustic,and a strong oxidizing agent that is soluble in cold water, more soluble in hot water, glycerol,and hot alcohol,slightly soluble in ether,and decomposes at boiling point Used in photographic film, silver plating,silvering mirrors,and as an antiseptic.

物理的性質

Colorless, transparent, large rhombohedral crystals, or white small crystals; bitter, caustic metallic taste; odorless; pure compound is not sensitive to light but trace organics promote photo reduction, turning the salt to grayish black on exposure to light; density 4.35 g/cm3; melts at 212°C; decomposes at 440°C; very soluble in water, soluble in ethanol and acetone.

使用

Photographic emulsions, antiseptic, silver plating, and inks.

使用

The basis of nearly all photographic silver halides with the exception of the daguerreotype process, silver nitrate is a heavy white crystal made by dissolving elemental silver in nitric acid followed by evaporation. It is soluble in water, ether, and glycerin. Silver nitrate is not sensitive to light, but when combined with an organic material, a halogen, or a halide it will reduce back to a metallic state when exposed to light.

使用

Anti-infective, topical.

製造方法

Silver nitrate is prepared by dissolving silver metal in dilute nitric acid. The solution is evaporated and residue is heated to dull red heat with concentrated nitric acid to decompose impurities such as copper nitrate. Residue then is dissolved in water, filtered, and recrystallized to obtain pure silver nitrate.

適応症

Silver nitrate, 0.1% to 0.5%, is an excellent germicide and astringent. Its germicidal action is due to precipitation of bacterial protein by liberated silver ions. It may cause pain if applied in concentrations >0.5%.
Silver nitrate is another cauterizing agent and coagulates cellular protein and removes granulation tissue. This should be applied everyday for approximately 5 days." "Silver nitrate (AgNO3), in solid form or in solutions stronger than 5%, is used for its caustic action; 5% to 10% solutions may be applied to fissures or excessive granulation tissue. Silver nitrate sticks consist of a head of toughened silver nitrate (>94.5%) prepared by fusing the silver salt with sodium chloride. They are dipped in water and applied as needed.

一般的な説明

A colorless or white crystalline solid becoming black on exposure to light or organic material.

空気と水の反応

Water soluble.

反応プロフィール

Silver nitrate is noncombustible but, as an oxidizing agent, can accelerate the burning of combustible materials. If large quantities are involved in a fire or the combustible material is finely divided, an explosion may result. Prolonged exposure to fire or heat may result in an explosion. Toxic oxides of nitrogen are produced in fires. Light sensitive. Mixtures with alkyl esters may explode owing to the formation of alkyl nitrates. Mixtures with phosphorus, tin(II) chloride, or other reducing agents may react explosively [Bretherick 1979 p. 108-109]. Reacts with acetylene in the presence of ammonia to form silver acetylide, a powerful detonator when dry [Bretherick 1979 p. 198]. Reaction with ethyl alcohol (or other alcohols) may produce silver fulminate, which can explode when disturbed [Bretherick 1979 p. 200]. An intimate mixture of Silver nitrate and magnesium may ignite spontaneously on contact with a drop of water [Bretherick 1979 p. 200]. An explosion occurred when purified phosphine was passed rapidly into a concentrated solution of Silver nitrate [Mellor 3:471 1946-47]. When a mixture of 28% ammonium hydroxide and Silver nitrate solution was treated with a small amount of sodium hydroxide. Black precipitate, silver nitride exploded on stirring [MCA Case History 1554 1968].

危険性

Strong irritant to skin and tissue.

健康ハザード

Concentrated solutions will produce irritation, ulceration, and discoloration of the skin; also causes severe irritation of the eyes. Ingestion will produce violent abdominal pain and other gastroenteric symptoms.

火災危険

Behavior in Fire: Increases flammability of combustibles.

応用例(製薬)

Silver nitrate (AgNO3), after salicylic acid, is widely used for the treatment of warts. AgNO3 is a highly water-soluble salt, which readily precipitates as AgCl, black in colour, when in contact with the skin. Warts are caused by a human papillomavirus, and mostly hands, feet and the anogenital areas are affected. The treatment is based on the destruction of the local tissue, and the silver salt is applied via a caustic pen to the affected area. Silver nitrate is highly corrosive and is known to destroy these types of tissue growth. Care has to be taken when this treatment option is used, as the resulting AgCl stains any skin or fabric which it has been in contact with.

安全性プロファイル

A human poison. Experimental poison by ingestion, intravenous, subcutaneous, and intraperitoneal routes. Experimental reproductive effects. Human mutation data reported. A severe eye irritant. A powerful caustic and irritant to skin, eyes, and mucous membranes. Swallowing can cause severe gastroenteritis that may be fatal. Questionable carcinogen with experimental tumorigenic data. A powerful oxidizer. Incompatible with acetylene, acetylides, alkalies, aluminum, antimony salts, arsenic, arsenites, bromides, carbon, carbonates, chlorides, ClF3, chlorosulfuric acid, copper, creosote, ethanol, ferrous salts, hypophosphites, iodides, Mg powder with H20, morphme salts, NH3 with KOH to yield black Ag3N, oils, PH3, phosphates, phosphonium iodide, phosphorus, plastics, sulfur, tannic acid, tartrates, thiocyanates, vegetable decoctions and extracts, zinc with NH3 with KOH. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of NOx. See also SILVER COMPOUNDS and NITRATES

職業ばく露

Silver nitrate is used in photography, silver plating; as an antiseptic; in chemical reactions; and mirror manufacturing; as starting material in production of other silver compounds.

輸送方法

UN1493 Silver nitrate, Hazard Class: 5.1; Labels: 5.1-Oxidizer.

純化方法

Purify it by recrystallisation from hot water (solubility of AgNO3 in water is 992g/100mL at 100o and 122g/100mL at 0o). It has also been purified by crystallisation from hot conductivity water by slow addition of freshly distilled EtOH. CAUTION: avoid using EtOH for washing the precipitate; and avoid concentrating the filtrate to obtain further crops of AgNO3 owing to the risk of EXPLOSION (as has been reported to us) caused by the presence of silver fulminate. When using EtOH in the purification, the apparatus should be enveloped in a strong protective shield. [Tully, News Ed (Am Chem Soc) 19 3092 1941; Garin & Henderson J Chem Educ 47 741 1970, Bretherick, Handbook of Reactive Chemical Hazards 4th edn, Butterworths, London, 1985, pp 13-14.] Before being used as a standard in volumetric analysis, analytical reagent grade AgNO3 should be finely powdered, dried at 120o for 2hours, then cooled in a desiccator. Recovery of silver residues as AgNO3 [use protective shield during the whole of this procedure] can be achieved by washing with hot water and adding 16M HNO3 to dissolve the solid. Filter this through glass wool and concentrate the filtrate on a steam bath until precipitation commences. Cool the solution in an ice-bath and filter the precipitated AgNO3. Dry it at 120o for 2hours, then cool it in a desiccator in a vacuum. Store it over P2O5 in a vacuum in the dark. AVOID contact with hands due to formation of black stains.

不和合性

A strong oxidizer. Reacts violently with combustible and reducing materials. Reacts with acetylene forming a shock-sensitive explosive. Reacts with alkalis, antimony salts; ammonia, arsenites, bromides, carbonates, chlorides, iodides, hydrogen peroxide; thiocyanates, ferrous salts; oils, hypophosphites, morphine salts; creosote, phosphates, tannic acid; tartarates, halides, vegetable extracts, and others. Attacks some forms of plastics, rubber, and coatings.

硝酸銀 上流と下流の製品情報

原材料

準備製品


硝酸銀 生産企業

Global( 0)Suppliers
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7761-88-8(硝酸銀)キーワード:


  • 7761-88-8
  • Silver ICP standard solution Fluka
  • Silver Ion standard solution Fluka
  • Silver nitrate 99.8+ %
  • Silver Nitrate BP
  • Silver nitrate solution
  • SilvernitrateACSwhitextl
  • SilvernitratePURATREMwhitextl
  • Silver Nitrate Solution, 0.1N
  • Silver Nitrate, Reag. Ph. Eur. reag. ISO
  • Silver Nitrate, Meets analytical specification of Ph. Eur. BP, USP
  • Silver nitrate, For ACS analysis
  • Silver Nitrate Standard Solution, 1mL = 1mg Chloride
  • Silver nitrate, For AAS analysis
  • Silver Nitrate, DILUT-IT? Analytical Concentrate, 0.1N, 1/10 equiv. = 16.99g AgNO
  • nitratodeplata
  • Nitric acid silver salt
  • Nitric acid silver(1+) salt
  • Nitric acid silver(I) salt
  • Nitricacid,silver(1+)salt
  • nitricacidsilver(1)salt
  • nitricacidsilver(1+)salt
  • nitricacidsilver(1++)salt
  • nitricacidsilver(i)salt
  • Silbernitrat
  • Silver mononitrate
  • Silver saltpeter
  • Silver(1+) nitrate
  • silver(1+)nitrate
  • Silver(I) nitrate (1:1)
  • silver(i)nitrate(1:1)
  • 硝酸銀
  • 硝酸銀水溶液
  • 硝酸銀(I)
  • 0.01MOL/L硝酸銀溶液(N/100)
  • 0.0282MOL/L硝酸銀溶液(0.0282N)
  • 0.02MOL/L硝酸銀溶液(N/50)
  • 0.05MOL/L硝酸銀溶液(N/20)
  • 0.1MOL/L硝酸銀溶液(N/10)
  • 0.1MOL/L硝酸銀液(N/10)
  • 1MOL/L硝酸銀溶液(1N)
  • 200G/L硝酸銀溶液
  • 0.001MOL/L 硝酸銀, 2-プロパノール性
  • 0.002MOL/L(N/500) 硝酸銀溶液
  • 0.005MOL/L (N/200) 硝酸銀溶液
  • 0.019N 硝酸銀溶液
  • 0.0282N 硝酸銀溶液
  • 0.02MOL/L 硝酸銀溶液
  • 0.04MOL/L(N/25) 硝酸銀溶液
  • 0.05MOL/L(N/20) 硝酸銀溶液
  • 0.24W/V% 硝酸銀溶液
  • 0.2MOL/L 硝酸銀溶液
  • 0.5W/V% 硝酸銀溶液
  • 10W/V% 硝酸銀溶液
  • 1MOL/L(1N) 硝酸銀溶液
  • 1W/V% 硝酸銀溶液
  • 1W/W% 硝酸銀溶液
  • 2W/V% 硝酸銀溶液
  • 30W/V% 硝酸銀溶液
  • 40W/V% 硝酸銀溶液
  • 5W/V% 硝酸銀溶液
  • HW 35375-10L-VOLPAC 硝酸銀 SOLUTION REAG. PH. EUR.,VOLUMETRIC,0.1 M AGNO3 (0.1N)
  • HW 35375-5L-VOLPAC 硝酸銀 SOLUTION REAG. PH. EUR.,VOLUMETRIC,0.1 M AGNO3 (0.1N)
  • N/14 硝酸銀溶液
  • 硝酸銀 ACS REAGENT,≥99.0%
  • 硝酸銀 PURISS. P.A.,≥99.5% (AT)
  • 硝酸銀 PURISS. P.A.,ACS REAGENT,REAG. ISO,REAG. PH. EUR.,≥99.8%
  • 硝酸銀 SOLUTION REAG. PH. EUR.,VOLUMETRIC,0.1 M AGNO3 (0.1N)
  • 硝酸銀 SOLUTION VOLUMETRIC,0.01 M AGNO3 (0.01N)
  • 硝酸銀 SOLUTION VOLUMETRIC,0.02 M AGNO3 (0.02N)
  • 硝酸銀 SOLUTION VOLUMETRIC,0.1 M AGNO3 (0.1N)
  • 硝酸銀 SOLUTION VOLUMETRIC,1.0 M AGNO3 (1.0N)
  • 硝酸銀 TRACESELECT,FOR TRACE ANALYSIS,≥99.998% (METALS BASIS)
  • 硝酸銀濃縮液 FOR 1L STANDARD SOLUTION,0.01 M AGNO3 (0.01 N)
  • 硝酸銀濃縮液 FOR 1L STANDARD SOLUTION,0.1 M AGNO3 (0.1N)
  • 硝酸銀濃縮液 FOR 1L STANDARD SOLUTION,0.5 M AGNO3 (0.5N)
  • 20W/V%-硝酸銀溶液
  • 硝酸銀(Ⅰ)
  • 0.01MOL/L 硝酸銀溶液(N/100)
  • 0.02MOL/L 硝酸銀溶液(N/50)
  • 0.05MOL/L 硝酸銀溶液(N/20)
  • 0.1MOL/L 硝酸銀溶液(N/10)
  • 0.2MOL/L 硝酸銀溶液(N/5)
  • 0.5MOL/L 硝酸銀溶液(N/2)
  • 1MOL/L 硝酸銀溶液(1N)
  • 0.01MOL/L 硝酸銀溶液
  • 0.1MOL/L 硝酸銀溶液
  • 0.1MOL/L 硝酸銀液 [認証標準物質]
  • 硝酸銀/ 99.9+%
  • 硝酸銀, 99.9%
  • 硝酸銀 溶液
  • 硝酸銀溶液
  • 硝酸銀 (JP17)
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