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硝酸アンモニウム

硝酸アンモニウム 化学構造式
6484-52-2
CAS番号.
6484-52-2
化学名:
硝酸アンモニウム
别名:
硝安;硝酸アンモニウム;硝酸アンモニウム 溶液;硝酸アンモニウム, 99.5%
英語化学名:
Ammonium nitrate
英語别名:
nitram;varioformi;hercoprills;mercoprills;caswellno.045;nitratoamonico;Ammoniumnitrat;germansaltpeter;Azanium nitrate;AMMONIA NITRATE
CBNumber:
CB4167347
化学式:
H4N2O3
分子量:
80.04
MOL File:
6484-52-2.mol

硝酸アンモニウム 物理性質

融点 :
169 °C(lit.)
沸点 :
210 °C(lit.)
比重(密度) :
1.72
闪点 :
210°C
貯蔵温度 :
Store at RT.
溶解性:
H2O: 1 M at 20 °C, clear, colorless
外見 :
Solid
比重:
1.725
色:
White
PH:
4.5-6.0 (25℃, 50mg/mL in H2O)
水溶解度 :
190 g/100 mL (20 ºC)
Merck :
14,534
CAS データベース:
6484-52-2(CAS DataBase Reference)
EPAの化学物質情報:
Nitric acid ammonium salt(6484-52-2)
安全性情報
  • リスクと安全性に関する声明
  • 危険有害性情報のコード(GHS)
主な危険性  O,Xi
Rフレーズ  8-36/37/38-9
Sフレーズ  17-26-36-37/39-41-16-15
RIDADR  UN 1942 5.1/PG 3
WGK Germany  1
RTECS 番号 BR9050000
3-10
TSCA  Yes
国連危険物分類  5.1
容器等級  III
HSコード  31023090
有毒物質データの 6484-52-2(Hazardous Substances Data)
毒性 LD50 orally in Rabbit: 2462 mg/kg
消防法 危険物第1類
化審法 一般化学物質
安衛法 57,57-2
絵表示(GHS)
注意喚起語 Warning
危険有害性情報
コード 危険有害性情報 危険有害性クラス 区分 注意喚起語 シンボル P コード
H271 火災または爆発のおそれ;強酸化性物質 酸化性液体; 酸化性固体 1 危険 P210, P220, P221, P280, P283,P306+P360, P371+P380+P375,P370+P378, P501
H272 火災助長のおそれ;酸化性物質 酸化性液体; 酸化性固体 2
3
危険
警告
P210, P220, P221P280, P370+P378,P501
H303 飲み込むと有害のおそれ 急性毒性、経口 5 P312
H315 皮膚刺激 皮膚腐食性/刺激性 2 警告 P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H319 強い眼刺激 眼に対する重篤な損傷性/眼刺激 性 2A 警告 P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H335 呼吸器への刺激のおそれ 特定標的臓器毒性、単回暴露; 気道刺激性 3 警告
注意書き
P220 衣類/.../可燃物から遠ざけること。
P221 可燃物と混合を回避するために予防策をとること。
P261 粉じん/煙/ガス/ミスト/蒸気/スプレーの吸入を避ける こと。
P283 防火服/防炎服/耐火服を着用すること。
P305+P351+P338 眼に入った場合:水で数分間注意深く洗うこと。次にコ ンタクトレンズを着用していて容易に外せる場合は外す こと。その後も洗浄を続けること。
P405 施錠して保管すること。

硝酸アンモニウム 価格 もっと(33)

メーカー 製品番号 製品説明 CAS番号 包装 価格 更新時間 購入
富士フイルム和光純薬株式会社(wako) W01SRM93-0216
Ammonium nitrate, 99.5%
6484-52-2 500g ¥12600 2018-12-26 購入
富士フイルム和光純薬株式会社(wako) W01SRM93-0216
Ammonium nitrate, 99.5%
6484-52-2 2kg ¥28400 2018-12-26 購入
関東化学株式会社(KANTO) 01303-01 硝酸アンモニウム >98.5%(T)
Ammonium nitrate >98.5%(T)
6484-52-2 500g ¥2100 2018-12-13 購入
関東化学株式会社(KANTO) 01303-00 硝酸アンモニウム >99.0%(T)
Ammonium nitrate >99.0%(T)
6484-52-2 500g ¥2200 2018-12-13 購入
Sigma-Aldrich Japan 01-4840 硝酸アンモニウム SAJ first grade
Ammonium nitrate SAJ first grade
6484-52-2 5-500g-j ¥2100 2018-12-25 購入

硝酸アンモニウム MSDS


Ammonium nitrate

硝酸アンモニウム 化学特性,用途語,生産方法

外観

白色, 結晶~結晶性粉末

溶解性

水に易溶 (214g/100g水 25℃), エタノールに可溶。水に極めて溶けやすく、エタノールにやや溶けやすい。

用途

爆薬原料、殺虫剤

用途

主たる用途は肥料,火薬原料,硝酸塩原料,ペニシリンの培養,冷却剤、肥料である。

使用上の注意

吸湿性あり

化学的特性

Ammonium nitrate is a white to gray to brown, beads, pellets, or flakes. Odorless.

化学的特性

Ammoniwn nitrate,NH4N03, is a colorless crystalline solid existing in two forms, Between 16 and 32°C, the crystals are tetragonal; between 32 and 84 DC, the crystals are rhombic. The melting point of NH4N03 is 169.6 DC, and it decomposes above 210°C. When heated, ammonium nitrate yields nitrous oxide gas. Ammonium nitrate is soluble in water, in acetic acid solutions containing ammonia, is slightly soluble in ethanol, and is moderately soluble in methanol. Ammoniwn nitrate is a very insensitive and stable high explosive used as a slow-burning propellant for rockets when compounded with burning rate catalysts. Although the major applications of ammoniwn nitrate are explosives and fertilizers, it is also used in insecticides, rust inhibitors, and pyrotechnics.

使用

Sold in a concentration of 27,5% N. Attributes Distributed by Agroline CH. Contact

使用

Making nitrous oxide (laughing gas); in freezing mixtures, safety explosives, matches; pyrotechnics; in fertilizers.

使用

Colorless crystals made by the action of ammonium hydroxide on nitric acid. Soluble in water, alcohol, and alkalies, ammonium nitrate is explosive and was used as a substitute for potassium nitrate in making flashlight mixtures.

使用

Ammonium nitrate (NH4NO3, also known as “Norway saltpeter”) is mainly used as a fertilizer. It is also known as the chemical that was mixed with diesel fuel to create the explosion that demolished the Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City in 1995.

定義

ammonium nitrate: A colourlesscrystalline solid, NH4NO3; r.d. 1.72;m.p. 169.6°C; b.p. 210°C. It is verysoluble in water and soluble inethanol. The crystals are rhombicwhen obtained below 32°C andmonoclinic above 32°C. It may bereadily prepared in the laboratory bythe reaction of nitric acid with aqueousammonia. Industrially, it is manufacturedby the same reaction usingammonia gas. Vast quantities of ammoniumnitrate are used as fertilizers(over 20 million tonnes per year)and it is also a component of someexplosives.

定義

ChEBI: The ammonium salt of nitric acid.

一般的な説明

A colorless crystalline solid. Soluble in water. Does not readily burn but will do so if contaminated with combustible material. Accelerates the burning of combustible material. Produces toxic oxides of nitrogen during combustion. Used to make fertilizers and explosives, and as a nutrient in producing antibiotics and yeast.

空気と水の反応

Water soluble. Hot aqueous solutions of the nitrate above 50% conc., under confinement may decompose explosively. This process is aided catalytically with such substances as nitric acid and chloride ion, [Chem. Abs., 1982, 97, 78074].

反応プロフィール

The hazards of AMMONIUM NITRATE have been well studied because of several extremely severe explosions [Chem. Eng., 1962, 70, 91; Bretherick, 5th Ed., 1995]. Mixtures with alkyl esters may explode, owing to the formation of alkyl nitrates. Mixtures with phosphorus, tin(II) chloride or other reducing agents may react explosively [Bretherick 1979 p. 108-109]. A mixture with aluminum powder (also zinc, cadmium, copper, magnesium, lead, cobalt, nickel, bismuth, chromium, and antimony) can be used as an explosive. A number of explosions in which ammonium nitrate and aluminum were mixed with carbon or hydrocarbons, with or without oxidizing agents have occurred [Mellor 5:219 1946-47]. A mixture with acetic acid ignites when warmed, especially if concentrated [Von Schwartz p. 322 1918]. Causes the decomposition of sodium hypochlorite within a few seconds [Mellor 2 Supp. 1:550 1956].

危険性

May explode under confinement and high temperatures, but not readily detonated. Ventilate well. To fight fire, use large amounts of water. The material must be kept as cool as possible and removed from confinement and flooded with water in event of fire.

健康ハザード

Inhalation, ingestion or contact (skin, eyes) with vapors or substance may cause severe injury, burns or death. Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution.

火災危険

These substances will accelerate burning when involved in a fire. Some may decompose explosively when heated or involved in a fire. May explode from heat or contamination. Some will react explosively with hydrocarbons (fuels). May ignite combustibles (wood, paper, oil, clothing, etc.). Containers may explode when heated. Runoff may create fire or explosion hazard.

农业用途

Ammonium nitrate (NH4NO3) is among the most common nitrogenous fertilizers, with half of its nitrogen in an ammoniacal form and the rest in nitrate form.
The nitrogen from ammonium nitrate is immediately available to plants, whereas the ammoniacal nitrogen becomes available only after its nitration. Fertilizer grade ammonium nitrate solution in water containing 20% nitrogen is sold in large quantities, because of its high water solubility and easy soil applicability. The fertilizer can also be used in its compound forms, such as calcium ammonium nitrate and ammonium sulphate nitrate.
The nitrogen in ammonium nitrate is more rapidly available than that in urea or ammonium sulphate. Crops take up nitrogen mainly in the form of nitrate. The ammoniacal nitrogen must be converted to nitrate in the soil before it becomes effective. Urea causes seedling damage due to volatilization of ammonia. Ammonium nitrate and ammonium sulphate are strongly acidforming fertilizers.
Although pure salt ammonium nitrate is a fine white crystal, it is usually available as white granules or prills of 1.2 to 3.3 mm size and contains 32 to 35 % nitrogen by weight. The crystalline form is highly hygroscopic and is readily soluble in water. Because of this high solubility in water, it is less effective for flooded rice than urea or other ammoniacal nitrogen fertilizers. It is also more prone to leaching than other ammoniacal products. It is also a very powerful oxidizing agent which can explode when exposed to heat or flame. Because of this hazardous property, ammonium nitrate and its compounds are stored in a dry place in sealed bags. The granular form, however, is easily stored. It can also be spread on soil with ease.
Ammonium nitrate, like other ammonium fertilizers, can leave behind an acid residue in the soil. It takes 0.8 kg of lime to neutralize the acidity produced by 1 kg of ammonium nitrate fertilizer.
Ammonium nitrate and urea are the most widely used sources of nitrogen from among all solid fertilizers available. A two bale crop of cotton removes 56 kg of nitrogen per hectare in the seed alone and 16.8 kg of nitrogen per hectare in the lint. To supply this amount of nitrogen, the addition of 224 kg per hectare of ammonium nitrate is required. A 2240 kg per hectare tobacco crop removes 123 kg of nitrogen per hectare, and 5600 kg per hectare crop of rice removes 90 kg of nitrogen per hectare.
Ammonium nitrate is used as a major source of nitrogen for crops in the USA. It is a good nitrogen plant food for all field and vegetable crops and can be applied to the soil before or at the time of planting. It also makes for a good N-fertilizer for side dressing or top dressing.
An aqueous solution of urea and ammonium nitrate, called UAN is used as a liquid nitrogen fertilizer. ‘Ammonite’ is a trademark for a mixture of ammonium nitrate (98%) and coating agents (2%).

安全性プロファイル

A powerful oxidizer and an allergen. See also NITRATES. A relatively stable explosive that has, however, caused many industrial explosions. Violent or explosive spontaneous reactions with acetic anhydride + nitric acid, ammonium sulfate + potassium, copper iron(Ⅱ) sulfide, sawdust, urea, barium nitrate, hot water, and ammonium chloride + water + zinc. Forms heator shock-sensitive explosive mixtures with acetic acid, aluminum + calcium nitrate + formamide (a blasting explosive), ammonia, charcoal + metal oxides (e.g., rust, copper oxide, zinc oxide above 80℃), chloride salts (e.g., ammonium chloride, calcium chloride, iron(ⅡI) chloride, and aluminum chloride), cyanoguanidine, feruH2ers (e.g., super phosphate + organic materials above 90℃), hydrocarbon oils, powdered metals (e.g., aluminum, antimony, bismuth, cadmium, chromium, cobalt, copper, iron, lead, magnesium, manganese, nickel, tin, zinc, brass, stainless steel, titanium, and potassium), nonmetals (e.g., charcoal, and phosphorus), organic fuels (e.g., wax, oils, and stearates), potassium permanganate, sugar, sulfur, and trinitroanisole. Reaction with alkali metals (e.g., sodium) forms an explosive product. Ignites on contact with ammonium dichromate, potassium dichromate, potassium chromate, barium chloride, sodium chloride, potassium nitrate, and chromium(V1) salts. Can ignite when mixed with acetic acid. Use water in large amounts to fight fire. It is important that the mass of materials be kept cool and that burning be extinguished promptly. Ventilate well. May explode under confinement and high temperatures. When heated to decomposition it emits highly toxic fumes of NOx. Can react vigorously with reducing materials. Incompatible with, (NH4Cl + heat), (C + heat), organic matter, P, NaOCl, NaClO4. Occasional explosions in presence of oil, (NH4)2S04 with K or Na.

職業ばく露

Used in the manufacture of liquid and solid fertilizer compositions, industrial explosives and blasting agents from ammonium nitrate, matches; antibiotics; in the production of nitrous oxide.

輸送方法

Ammonium nitrate with organic coating: UN0222 Ammonium nitrate, with . 0.2% combustible substances, including any organic substance calculated as carbon, to the exclusion of any other added substance, Hazard Class: 1D; Labels:1D-Explosive (with a mass explosion hazard); D-Substances or articles which may mass detonate (with blast and/or fragment hazard) when exposed to fire. Ammonium nitrate with NO organic coating: UN1942 Ammonium nitrate, with NOT . 0.2% of combustible substances, including any organic substance calculated as carbon, to the exclusion of any other added substance (also used for fertilizer), Hazard Class: 5.1; Labels: 5.1-Oxidizer. UN3375 Ammonium nitrate emulsion or Ammonium nitrate suspension or Ammonium nitrate gel, intermediate for blasting explosives, Hazard Class: 5.1; Labels: 5.1-Oxidizer. UN2072 Ammonium nitrate fertilizer, n.o.s., doesn’t appear in the 49 CFR Hazmat Table, refer to UN1942, above). UN2071 Ammonium nitrate based fertilizer, Hazard class: 9; Labels: 9-Miscellaneous hazardous material. UN2426/140 Ammonium nitrate, liquid (hot concentrated solution), Hazard Class: 5.1; Labels: 5.1-Oxidizer.

純化方法

It is crystallised twice from distilled water (1mL/g) by adding EtOH, or from warm water (0.5mL/g) by cooling in an ice-salt bath. Dry it in air, then under vacuum. After 3 recrystallisations of ACS grade, it contained Li and B at 0.03 and 0.74 ppm, respectively. It is deliquescent. [Early & Lowry J Chem Soc 115 1387 1919, 121 963 1922, Hendricks et al. J Am Chem Soc 54 2766 1932.]

不和合性

A strong oxidizer. Reducing agents; combustible materials; organic materials; finely divided (powdered) metals may form explosive mixtures or cause fire and explosions. When contaminated with oil, charcoal or flammable liquids, can be considered an explosive which can be detonated by combustion or shock.

廃棄物の処理

Pretreatment involves addition of sodium hydroxide to liberate ammonia and form the soluble sodium salt. The liberated ammonia can be recovered and sold. After dilution to the permitted provisional limit, the sodium salt can be discharged into a stream or sewer.

硝酸アンモニウム 上流と下流の製品情報

原材料

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硝酸アンモニウム 生産企業

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6484-52-2(硝酸アンモニウム)キーワード:


  • 6484-52-2
  • AMMONIUM NITRATE, 99.999%AMMONIUM NITRATE, 99.999%AMMONIUM NITRATE, 99.999%AMMONIUM NITRATE, 99.999%
  • AMMONIUM NITRATE, BIO-REFINEDAMMONIUM NITRATE, BIO-REFINEDAMMONIUM NITRATE, BIO-REFINEDAMMONIUM NITRATE, BIO-REFINED
  • AMMONIUM NITRATE, COATED, PRILLEDAMMONIUM NITRATE, COATED, PRILLEDAMMONIUM NITRATE, COATED, PRILLEDAMMONIUM NITRATE, COATED, PRILLED
  • AMMONIUM NITRATE, REAGENT (ACS)AMMONIUM NITRATE, REAGENT (ACS)AMMONIUM NITRATE, REAGENT (ACS)
  • ammonium-(1)-nitrate
  • ammonium(i)nitrate(1:1)
  • ammoniumnitrate,[noorganiccoating]
  • ammoniumnitrate,liquid(hotconcentratedsolution)
  • ammoniumnitrate,withorganiccoating
  • ammoniumnitrate-ureasolution
  • ammoniumsaltpeter
  • caswellno.045
  • epapesticidechemicalcode076101
  • germansaltpeter
  • hercoprills
  • mercoprills
  • nitram
  • nitrated’ammonium
  • nitrated’ammonium(french)
  • nitrateofammonia
  • nitratoamonico
  • nitricacid,ammoniumsalt
  • Nitricacidammoniumsalt
  • varioformi
  • Ammonium nitrate, Matrix Modifier Solution, Specpure
  • Ammonium nitrate-14N2 solution
  • Explosive of ammonium nitrate for rock No.2
  • Explosive of ammonium nitrate for coal mine No.3
  • Ammonium nitrate,porous granular
  • Azanium nitrate
  • 硝安
  • 硝酸アンモニウム
  • 硝酸アンモニウム 溶液
  • 硝酸アンモニウム, 99.5%
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