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1,3-ブタジエン

1,3-ブタジエン 化学構造式
106-99-0
CAS番号.
106-99-0
化学名:
1,3-ブタジエン
别名:
1,3-ブタジエン;ブタジエン;エリトレン;trans-1,3-ブタジエン;ジビニル;ビニルエチレン;1,3-ブタンジエン;エリスレン;ビエチレン;cis-1,3-ブタジエン;ピロリレン;ビビニル;1,3-ブタジエン標準液;1,3-ブタジエン (約13%テトラヒドロフラン溶液, 約2mol/L);1,3-ブタジエン (約15%ヘキサン溶液);1,3-ブタジエン (約15%トルエン溶液);1,3‐ブタジエン標準液;1,3-ブタジエン 1000ΜG/ML;1,3-ブタジエン、2.0 MG/MLメタノール溶液;1,3-ブタジエン 溶液
英語化学名:
1,3-BUTADIENE
英語别名:
DIVINYL;BUDIENE;BIVINYL;Butadien;ERYTHRENE;BUTADIENE;Butadieen;BIETHYLENE;NCI-C50602;1,3-Butadi
CBNumber:
CB2733269
化学式:
C4H6
分子量:
54.09
MOL File:
106-99-0.mol

1,3-ブタジエン 物理性質

融点 :
−109 °C(lit.)
沸点 :
−4.5 °C(lit.)
比重(密度) :
0.62 g/mL at 20 °C(lit.)
蒸気密度:
1.9 (15 °C, vs air)
蒸気圧:
1863 mm Hg ( 21 °C)
屈折率 :
1.4292
闪点 :
−105 °F
貯蔵温度 :
0-6°C
溶解性:
water: soluble0.5g/L at 20°C
臭気閾値(Odor Threshold):
0.23ppm
爆発限界(explosive limit):
12%
水溶解度 :
735mg/L(25 ºC)
凝固点 :
-108.91℃
Merck :
14,1509
BRN :
605258
Henry's Law Constant:
(x 10-2 atm?m3/mol): 6.3 at 25 °C (Hine and Mookerjee, 1975)
暴露限界値:
TLV-TWA 10 ppm (~22 mg/m3) (ACGIH), 1000 ppm (OSHA and NIOSH); IDLH 20,000 ppm (NIOSH); A2–Suspected Human Carcinogen (ACGIH).
安定性::
Stable. Extremely flammable. May form explosive mixtures with air. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, copper, copper alloys. May contain stabilizer.
InChIKey:
KAKZBPTYRLMSJV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS データベース:
106-99-0(CAS DataBase Reference)
EPAの化学物質情報:
1,3-Butadiene (106-99-0)
安全性情報
  • リスクと安全性に関する声明
  • 危険有害性情報のコード(GHS)
主な危険性  F+,T,F,N
Rフレーズ  45-46-12-67-65-63-48/20-36/38-11-62-51/53-38
Sフレーズ  53-45-62-46-36/37-26-61-33-16
RIDADR  UN 1010 2.1
WGK Germany  2
RTECS 番号 EI9275000
4.5-31
自然発火温度 788 °F
Hazard Note  Extremely Flammable/Carcinogen
国連危険物分類  2.1
容器等級  II
HSコード  29012410
毒性 LC50 (inhalation) for mice 270 gm/m3/2-h, rats 285 gm/m3/4-h (quoted, RTECS, 1985).
消防法 危険物第4類アルコール類
化審法 優先評価化学物質
安衛法 有機則 第二種有機溶剤等 変異原性物質
PRTR法 特定第一種指定化学物質
絵表示(GHS)
注意喚起語 Danger
危険有害性情報
コード 危険有害性情報 危険有害性クラス 区分 注意喚起語 シンボル P コード
H220 極めて可燃性/引火性の高いガス 可燃性/引火性ガス 1 危険 P210, P377, P381, P403
H225 引火性の高い液体および蒸気 引火性液体 2 危険 P210,P233, P240, P241, P242, P243,P280, P303+ P361+P353, P370+P378,P403+P235, P501
H280 加圧ガス;熱すると爆発のおそれ 高圧ガス 高圧ガス
液化ガス
溶解ガス
警告 P410+P403
H304 飲み込んで気道に侵入すると生命に危険のおそ れ 吸引性呼吸器有害性 1 危険
H315 皮膚刺激 皮膚腐食性/刺激性 2 警告 P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H336 眠気やめまいのおそれ 特定標的臓器毒性、単回暴露; 麻酔作用 3 警告 P261, P271, P304+P340, P312,P403+P233, P405, P501
H340 遺伝性疾患のおそれ 生殖細胞変異原性 1A, 1B 危険
H350 発がんのおそれ 発がん性 1A, 1B 危険
H373 長期にわたる、または反復暴露により臓器の障 害のおそれ 特定標的臓器有害性、単回暴露 2 警告 P260, P314, P501
H411 長期的影響により水生生物に毒性 水生環境有害性、慢性毒性 2
注意書き
P201 使用前に取扱説明書を入手すること。
P210 熱/火花/裸火/高温のもののような着火源から遠ざ けること。-禁煙。
P273 環境への放出を避けること。
P301+P310 飲み込んだ場合:直ちに医師に連絡すること。
P308+P313 暴露または暴露の懸念がある場合:医師の診断/手当てを 受けること。
P331 無理に吐かせないこと。
P410+P403 日光から遮断し、換気の良い場所で保管するこ と。

1,3-ブタジエン 価格 もっと(13)

メーカー 製品番号 製品説明 CAS番号 包装 価格 更新時間 購入
富士フイルム和光純薬株式会社(wako) W01ACSS-406A 1,3-ブタジエン
1,3-Butadiene, 0.2 mg/mL in MeOH
106-99-0 1mL ¥3700 2018-12-26 購入
富士フイルム和光純薬株式会社(wako) W01ACSS-406A-10X 1,3-ブタジエン、2.0 mg/mLメタノール溶液
1,3-Butadiene, 2.0 mg/mL in Methanol
106-99-0 1mL ¥8000 2018-12-26 購入
東京化成工業 B0675 1,3-ブタジエン >93.0%(GC)
1,3-Butadiene (stabilized with TBC) (in cylinder without valve) [To use this product charged in cylinder, a valve is required which is sold separately (Product Code:V0030)] >93.0%(GC)
106-99-0 100g ¥9500 2018-12-04 購入
東京化成工業 B4358 1,3-ブタジエン (約15%ヘキサン溶液)
1,3-Butadiene (ca. 15% in Hexane)
106-99-0 100mL ¥5100 2018-12-04 購入
関東化学株式会社(KANTO) 49830-35 1,3‐ブタジエン標準液
1,3‐Butadiene standard solution
106-99-0 1mL ¥21000 2018-12-13 購入

1,3-ブタジエン 化学特性,用途語,生産方法

用途

スチレンブタジエンゴム(SBR)?ブタジエンゴム(BR)?合成ゴムラテックス合成原料、スチレンブタジエンアクリロニトリル(ABS)樹脂、スチレンブタジエンメタクリレート(MBS)樹脂合成原料、化成品原料、合成ゴム(SBR,NBRなど)の原料

説明

1,3-Butadiene is a simple conjugated diene. It is a colourless gas with a mild aromatic or gasoline-like odour and incompatible with phenol, chlorine dioxide, copper, and crotonaldehyde. The gas is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition is possible. It is an important industrial chemical used as a monomer in the production of synthetic rubber. Most butadiene is polymerised to produce synthetic rubber. While polybutadiene itself is a very soft, almost liquid, material, polymers prepared from mixtures of butadiene with styrene or acrylonitrile, such as ABS, are both tough and elastic. Styrene–butadiene rubber is the material most commonly used for the production of automobile tyres. Smaller amounts of butadiene are used to make nylon via the intermediate adiponitrile, other synthetic rubber materials such as chloroprene, and the solvent sulpholane. Butadiene is used in the industrial production of cyclododecatriene via a trimerisation reaction.
1,3-Butadiene structure
1,3-Butadiene structure

物理的性質

Colorless gas with a mild, aromatic or gasoline-like odor. Experimentally determined detection and recognition odor threshold concentrations were 1.0 mg/m3 (0.45 ppmv) and 2.4 mg/m3 (1.1 ppmv), respectively (Hellman and Small, 1974).

使用

1,3-Butadiene is a petroleum product obtainedby catalytic cracking of naphtha orlight oil or by dehydrogenation of buteneor butane. It is used to produce butadiene–styrene elastomer (for tires), syntheticrubber, thermoplastic elastomers, foodwrapping materials, and in the manufactureof adiponitrile. It is also used forthe synthesis of organics by Diels–Aldercondensation.

使用

Synthetic elastomers (styrene-butadiene, polybutadiene, neoprene, nitriles), ABS resins, chemical intermediate.
1,3-Butadiene can undergo a four-component coupling reaction with aryl Grignard reagents, and alkyl fluorides in the presence of nickel catalyst to form 1,6-octadiene carbon compound substituted with alkyl and aryl groups at the 3- and 8-positions.
1,3-Butadiene is a useful diene for Diels Alder reaction.
It may be used in the synthesis of the following:
  • 1-Silyl-substituted 1,3-butadienes, by [RuHCl(CO)(PCy3)2]-catalyzed silylative coupling of terminal (E)-1,3-dienes with vinylsilanes.
  • Synthetic rubber and thermoplastic resins.
  • Disilylated dimers by reacting with chlorosilanes.
  • Octa-2,7-dien-1-ol via palladium catalyzed-hydrodimerization.

定義

ChEBI: A butadiene with unsaturation at positions 1 and 3.

調製方法

Except for a small amount of butadiene produced by the oxydehydrogenation of n-butane, most of butadiene is produced commercially as a by-product of ethylene production during the steam cracking of hydrocarbon streams. It is separated and purificated from other components by extractive distillation, using acetonitrile and dimethylformamide as solvents.

一般的な説明

Butadiene, inhibited is a colorless gas with an aromatic odor. 1,3-BUTADIENE is shipped as a liquefied gas under its vapor pressure. Contact with the liquid can cause frostbite. 1,3-BUTADIENE is easily ignited. Its vapors are heavier than air and a flame can flash back to the source of leak very easily. 1,3-BUTADIENE can asphyxiate by the displacement of air. 1,3-BUTADIENE must be shipped inhibited as butadiene is liable to polymerization. If polymerization occurs in the container, 1,3-BUTADIENE may violently rupture. Under prolonged exposure to fire or intense heat the containers may rupture violently and rocket. 1,3-BUTADIENE is used to make synthetic rubber and plastics, and to make other chemicals.

空気と水の反応

Highly flammable. In contact with air, butadiene may form violently explosive peroxides, which can be exploded by mild heat or shock. Solid butadiene absorbs enough oxygen at sub atmospheric pressures to make 1,3-BUTADIENE explode violently when heated just above its melting point [Ind. Eng. Chem. 51:733 1959].

反応プロフィール

A colorless gas, 1,3-BUTADIENE can react with oxidizing reagents. Upon long exposure to air 1,3-BUTADIENE forms explosive peroxides. They are sensitive to heat or shock; sudden polymerization may occur [Scott, D. A., Chem. Eng. News, 1940, 18, p.404]. Butadiene polyperoxides are insoluble in liquefied butadiene (m. p. -113° C, b. p. -2.6° C) and progressively separate leading to local concentration build up. Self-heating from a spontaneous decomposition will lead to explosion [Hendry, D. G. et al., Ind. Eng. Chem., 1968, 7, p. 136, 1145]. Explodes on contact with aluminum tetrahydroborate, potentially explosive reaction with chlorine dioxide (peroxide) and crotonaldehyde (above 180° C). Reaction with sodium nitrite forms a spontaneously flammable product [Sax, 9th ed., 1996, p. 539].

危険性

A confirmed carcinogen. Irritant in high concentration. Highly flammable gas or liquid, explosive limits in air 2–11%. May form explosive peroxides on exposure to air. Must be kept inhibited during storage and shipment. Inhibitors often used are di-n-butylamine or phenyl-β-naphthylamine. Storage is usually under pressure or in insulated tanks <35F (<1.67C).

健康ハザード

The toxicity of 1,3-butadiene has been foundto be very low in humans and animals. It isan asphyxiant. In humans, low toxic effectsmay be observed at exposure to 2000 ppmfor 7 hours. The symptoms may be hallucinations,distorted perception, and irritation ofeyes, nose, and throat. Higher concentrationsmay result in drowsiness, lightheadedness,and narcosis. High dosages of 1,3-butadienewas toxic to animals by inhalation and skincontact. General anesthetic effects and respiratorydepression were noted. Concentrationsof 25–30% may be lethal to rats and rabbits.Contact with the liquefied gas can cause burnand frostbite.
Exposure to 1,3-butadiene caused cancersin the stomach, lungs, and blood in ratsand mice. It is suspected to be a humancarcinogen. It is a mutagen and a teratogen.

火災危険

Behavior in Fire: Vapors heavier than air and may travel a considerable distance to a source of ignition and flashback. Containers may explode in a fire due to polymerization.

安全性プロファイル

Confirmed carcinogen with experimental carcinogenic and neoplastigenic data. An experimental teratogen. Mutation data reported. Inhalation of high concentrations can cause unconsciousness and death. Human systemic effects by inhalation: cough, hallucinations, dstorted perceptions, changes in the visual field and other

Carcinogenicity

1,3-Butadiene is known to be a human carcinogen based on sufficient evidence of carcinogenicity from studies in humans, including epidemiological and mechanistic studies. 1,3-Butadiene was first listed in the Fifth Annual Report on Carcinogens in 1989 as reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen based on sufficient evidence of carcinogenicity from studies in experimental animals. The listing was revised to known to be a human carcinogen in the Ninth Report on Carcinogens in 2000.

Source

Schauer et al. (2001) measured organic compound emission rates for volatile organic compounds, gas-phase semi-volatile organic compounds, and particle-phase organic compounds from the residential (fireplace) combustion of pine, oak, and eucalyptus. The gas-phase emission rate of 1,3-butadiene was 177 mg/kg of pine burned. Emission rates of 1,3-butadiene were not measured during the combustion of oak and eucalyptus.

環境運命予測

Surface Water. The estimated volatilization half-life of 1,3-butadiene in a model river 1 m deep, flowing 1 m/sec and a wind speed of 3 m/sec is 3.8 h (Lyman et al., 1982).
Photolytic. The following rate constants were reported for the reaction of 1,3-butadiene and OH radicals in the atmosphere: 6.9 x 10-11 cm3/molecule·sec (Atkinson et al., 1979) and 6.7 x 10-11 cm3/molecule·sec (Sablji? and Güsten, 1990). Atkinson and Carter (1984) reported a rate constant of 6.7–8.4 x 10-11 cm3/molecule·sec for the reaction of 1,3-butadiene and ozone in the atmosphere. Photooxidation reaction rate constants of 2.13 x 10-13 and 7.50 x 10-18 cm3/molecule·sec were reported for the reaction of 1,3-butadiene and NO3 (Benter and Schindler, 1988; Sablji? and Güsten, 1990). The half-life in air for the reaction of 1,3-butadiene and NO3 radicals is 15 h (Atkinson et al., 1984a).
Chemical/Physical. Will polymerize in the presence of oxygen if no inhibitor is present (Hawley, 1981).

貯蔵

1,3-Butadiene is stored in a cool and wellventilatedlocation separated from combustibleand oxidizing substances. Smallamounts of stabilizers, such as o-dihydroxybenzene,p-tert-butylcatechol, or aliphaticmercaptans, are added to prevent its polymerizationor peroxides formation. The cylindersare stored vertically and protected againstphysical damage.

1,3-ブタジエン 上流と下流の製品情報

原材料

準備製品


1,3-ブタジエン 生産企業

Global( 118)Suppliers
名前 電話番号 ファックス番号 電子メール 国籍 製品カタログ 優位度
Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
0371-55170693
0371-55170693 info@tianfuchem.com CHINA 22631 55
Hubei Jusheng Technology Co.,Ltd.
86-18871470254
027-59599243 sales@jushengtech.com CHINA 28235 58
Kono Chem Co., Ltd
+86-132 8924 6953(Whatsapp/Wechat)
+86-29-86107037 info@konochemical.com CHINA 2995 58
Hubei xin bonus chemical co. LTD
86-13657291602
027-59338440 sales@guangaobio.com CHINA 23048 58
Mainchem Co., Ltd. +86-0592-6210733
+86-0592-6210733 sale@mainchem.com CHINA 32445 55
Shanghai wechem chemical co., ltd 021-5198 7501
021-6192 7501 info@wechem.cn China 290 58
J & K SCIENTIFIC LTD. 400-666-7788 010-82848833-
86-10-82849933 jkinfo@jkchemical.com;market6@jkchemical.com China 96815 76
3B Pharmachem (Wuhan) International Co.,Ltd. 86-21-50328103 * 801、802、803、804 Mobile:18930552037
86-21-50328109 3bsc@sina.com China 15881 69
TCI (Shanghai) Development Co., Ltd. 021-67121386 / 800-988-0390
021-67121385 Sales-CN@TCIchemicals.com China 24555 81
Energy Chemical 021-58432009 / 400-005-6266
021-58436166-800 info@energy-chemical.com China 44026 61

106-99-0(1,3-ブタジエン)キーワード:


  • 106-99-0
  • butadiene(non-specificname)
  • butadiene-1,3
  • butadiene-1,3-uninhibited
  • butadienemonomer
  • butadienes,inhibited
  • NCI-C50602
  • 1,3-BUTADIENE
  • DIVINYL
  • ERYTHRENE
  • BIETHYLENE
  • BUDIENE
  • BUTADIENE
  • BIVINYL
  • PYRROLYLENE
  • VINYLETHYLENE
  • (E)-CH2=CHCH=CH2
  • 1-methylallene
  • a,g-Butadiene
  • alpha,gamma-Butadiene
  • trans-Butadiene
  • Vinylethyleye
  • 1,3-BUTADIENE, STAB., PRESSURE TIN WITH 10 ML
  • 1,3-BUTADIENE, STAB., PRESSURE TIN WITH 250 ML (NET ~155 G)
  • 1,3-BUTADIENE, STAB., CYL. WITH 14 L
  • 1,3-BUTADIENE, 99+%
  • 1,3-BUTADIENE, STAB., PRESSURE TIN WITH 100 ML
  • 1,3-BUTADIENE, STAB., CYL. WITH 26 L (NE T ~12 KG)
  • 1,3-Butadi
  • 1,3-butadine
  • 1,3-Butadien
  • 1,3-ブタジエン
  • ブタジエン
  • エリトレン
  • trans-1,3-ブタジエン
  • ジビニル
  • ビニルエチレン
  • 1,3-ブタンジエン
  • エリスレン
  • ビエチレン
  • cis-1,3-ブタジエン
  • ピロリレン
  • ビビニル
  • 1,3-ブタジエン標準液
  • 1,3-ブタジエン (約13%テトラヒドロフラン溶液, 約2mol/L)
  • 1,3-ブタジエン (約15%ヘキサン溶液)
  • 1,3-ブタジエン (約15%トルエン溶液)
  • 1,3‐ブタジエン標準液
  • 1,3-ブタジエン 1000ΜG/ML
  • 1,3-ブタジエン、2.0 MG/MLメタノール溶液
  • 1,3-ブタジエン 溶液
  • 1,3-ブタジエン, 0.2 mg/mL in MeOH
  • 炭化水素(低沸点)
  • 研究用小型ガスボンベ
  • 有機合成化学
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