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비스페놀-A

비스페놀-A
비스페놀-A 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
80-05-7
한글명:
비스페놀-A
동의어(한글):
비스페놀A;비스페놀;비스페놀-A;4,4'-이소프로필리덴디페놀;비스(4-하이드록시페놀)디메틸메탄;4,4'-디;비스페놀에이(4,4’-아이소프로필리덴다이페놀)
상품명:
Bisphenol A
동의어(영문):
BPA;Dian;Diano;DIANE;HT 3082;Parabis;parabisa;bisferola;Parabis A;Rikabanol
CBNumber:
CB5854419
분자식:
C15H16O2
포뮬러 무게:
228.29
MOL 파일:
80-05-7.mol

비스페놀-A 속성

녹는점
158-159 °C(lit.)
끓는 점
220 °C4 mm Hg(lit.)
밀도
1.195
증기압
<1 Pa (25 °C)
굴절률
1.5542 (estimate)
인화점
227 °C
저장 조건
Refrigerator
용해도
0.12g/l insoluble
물리적 상태
Liquid
색상
Clear light yellow to light orange
수용성
<0.1 g/100 mL at 21.5 ºC
Merck
14,1297
BRN
1107700
CAS 데이터베이스
80-05-7(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST
Phenol, 4,4'-(1-methylethylidene)bis-(80-05-7)
EPA
Phenol, 4,4'-(1-methylethylidene) bis-(80-05-7)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 Xn
위험 카페고리 넘버 37-41-43-62-52
안전지침서 26-36/37/39-45-46-39-36/37-61
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 3077 9 / PGIII
WGK 독일 2
RTECS 번호 SL6300000
자연 발화 온도 510 °C
TSCA Yes
HS 번호 29072300
유해 물질 데이터 80-05-7(Hazardous Substances Data)
독성 LC50 (96 hr) in fathead minnow, rainbow trout: 4600, 3000-3500 mg/l (Staples)
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H317 알레르기성 피부 반응을 일으킬 수 있음 피부 과민성 물질 구분 1 경고 P261, P272, P280, P302+P352,P333+P313, P321, P363, P501
H318 눈에 심한 손상을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 1 위험 P280, P305+P351+P338, P310
H335 호흡 자극성을 일으킬 수 있음 특정 표적장기 독성 - 1회 노출;호흡기계 자극 구분 3 경고
H361 태아 또는 생식능력에 손상을 일으킬 것으로 의심됨 생식독성 물질 구분 2 경고 P201, P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
H411 장기적 영향에 의해 수생생물에 유독함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 만성 구분 2
예방조치문구:
P201 사용 전 취급 설명서를 확보하시오.
P261 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이의 흡입을 피하시오.
P273 환경으로 배출하지 마시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P305+P351+P338 눈에 묻으면 몇 분간 물로 조심해서 씻으시오. 가능하면 콘택트렌즈를 제거하시오. 계속 씻으시오.
P405 밀봉하여 저장하시오.

비스페놀-A MSDS


4,4'-Isopropylidenediphenol

비스페놀-A C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

물성

강산화제, 강염기, 물, DMSO, 95% ethanol, aceton에 안정하다.

개요

Bisphenol A (4,4’-isopropylidenediphenol, BPA)는 아세톤과 2분자의 페놀 축합에 의해 합성되는 단량체(monomer)이다. 식품의 포장용기로 사용되고 있는 epoxy resin 이나 polycarbonate(PC) plastic의 원료 물질로써, 비스페놀A는 캔의 부식을 방지하거나, 열에 대한 저항성과 내구성을 높이기 위하여 플라스틱 병의 첨가물로 사용되고 있다.

용도

비스페놀 A(BPA: Bisphenol A)는 지구상에서 가장 흔히 쓰이는 화합물의 하나이며, 폴리카보네이트와 에폭시 수지 등의 생산에 쓰인다.

화학적 성질

Bisphenol A is a white or tan crystals or flakes with a mild phenolic odor.

화학적 성질

White prills

용도

endocrine disruptor, plastic monomer

용도

A monomer used for policarbonate and epoxy resins; exhibits estrogenic activity. BPA is also used as a building block in polycarbonate bottles and in the epoxy-resin liners of metal cans.

용도

Bisphenol A (BPA) is used as the constitutional monomer or the monomeric building block of polycarbonate plastics, either by trans-esterification with diphenyl carbonate or via the interfacial process with a monohydroxylic phenol. Together with epichlorohydrin, BPA is also used as a major component of epoxy resins. Bisphenol A-polycarbonate plastics are in turn used in the manufacture of plastic food containers such as reusable water bottles, while epoxy resins are used as inner linings of tin cans. In addition, BPA is also used as an additive in other plastics and polymers, particularly as an antioxidant or stabilizer in polyvinyl chloride, printer ink, and in some other products.

정의

ChEBI: A bisphenol that is 4,4'-methanediyldiphenol in which the methylene hydrogens are replaced by two methyl groups.

일반 설명

White to light brown flakes or powder. Has a weak medicine odor. Sinks in water.

공기와 물의 반응

The finely powdered resin is a significant dust explosion hazard. Insoluble in water.

반응 프로필

Bisphenol A is incompatible with strong oxidizers. Bisphenol A is also incompatible with strong bases, acid chlorides and acid anhydrides.

위험도

Poison; moderately toxic; teratogen; irritant.

건강위험

Dusts irritating to upper respiratory passages; may cause sneezing.

화재위험

Bisphenol A is combustible. Bisphenol A may form explosive dust clouds. Static electricity can cause its dust to explode.

색상 색인 번호

Bisphenol A is used with epichlorhydrin for the synthesis of epoxy resins bisphenol-A type, for unsaturated polyester and polycarbonate resins, and epoxy di(meth)acrylates. In epoxy resins, it leads to bisphenol-A diglycidyl ether, which is the monomer of bisphenol-A-based epoxy resins. Reports of bisphenol-A sensitization are rare and concern workers at epoxy resin plants, after contact with fiber glass, semi-synthetic waxes, footwear, and dental materials. It is also a possible sensitizer in vinyl gloves.

잠재적 노출

Workers engaged in the manufacture of epoxy, polysulfone, polycarbonate and certain polyester resins. It is also used in flame retardants, rubber chemicals, and as a fungicide. Bisphenol A (BP A), an environmental estrogen, is found in a wide variety of products, including polycarbonate bottles food and drink containers. According to 2008 research conducted at University of Cincinnati, when it comes to BPA, it’s not whether polycarbonate bottles are new or old but the liquid’s temperature that has the greatest impact on how much BPA is released. When exposed to boiling hot water, BPA was released 55 times more rapidly than exposure to cold water.

운송 방법

UN3077 Environmentally hazardous substances, solid, n.o.s., Hazard class: 9; Labels: 9—Miscellaneous hazardous material, Technical Name Required.

Purification Methods

Crystallise bisphenol from acetic acid/water (1:1). It is used for making polycarbonate bottles and leaches out slowly on heating. It is a known “estrogenic chemical” shown to disrupt chemical signaling in the complex network of glands, hormones and cell receptors which make up the endocrine system. It causes low sperm count and damages the ecosystem by the feminisation of fish, reptiles and birds. [cf Chapter 1, p 3, Beilstein 6 IV 6717.]

Toxicity evaluation

Bisphenol-A is a chemical substance with known oestrogenic action that is used in the manufacture of a wide range of products. The low-dose in utero exposure to bisphenol-A of experimental animals caused striking morphological changes in the vagina of postpubertal offspring. In addition, the oestrogen receptor alpha was not expressed during oestrus in the vagina of female offspring exposed to bisphenol-A and the altered vaginal morphology is attributed to the down regulation of oestrogen receptor alpha (Schonfelder et at., 2002). Another experiment on mice after intrauterine exposure to bisphenol-A showed differences in the rate of ductal migration into the stroma at 1 month of age and a significant increase in the percentage of ducts, terminal ducts, terminal end buds, and alveolar buds at 6 months of age. The changes in histoarchitecture, coupled with an increased presence of secretory product within alveoli, resemble those of early pregnancy. This suggests a disruption of the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis and/or mis-expression of developmental genes. It was concluded that the altered relationship in DNA synthesis between the epithelium and stroma and the increase in terminal ducts and terminal end buds are noteworthy, because these changes are associated with carcinogenesis in both rodents and humans (Markey et at., 2001).

비 호환성

Incompatible with oxidizers (chlorates, nitrates, peroxides, permanganates, perchlorates, chlorine, bromine, fluorine, etc.); contact may cause fires or explosions. Keep away from alkaline materials, strong bases, strong acids, oxoacids, epoxides, acid chlorides and acid anhydrides.

비스페놀-A 준비 용품 및 원자재

원자재

준비 용품


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