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수산화리튬1수화물

수산화리튬1수화물
수산화리튬1수화물 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
1310-66-3
한글명:
수산화리튬1수화물
동의어(한글):
수산화리튬;하이드록시리튬모노수화물;하이드록시리튬,모노수화물;하이드록시리튬모노수화물
상품명:
Lithium hydroxide monohydrate
동의어(영문):
Lithium hydrate;Lithine hydrate;Lithium hydroxide mo;LITHIUM HYDROXIDE H2O;LITHIUM HYDROXIDE 1HYD;Lithium hydroxide hydrate;LITHIUM HYDROXIDE H2O ACS;Lithium hydroxide-crystals;LITHIUM HYDROXIDE-1-HYDRATE;Lithiumhydroxid, Monohydrat
CBNumber:
CB6260598
분자식:
Li.HO.H2O
포뮬러 무게:
41.96
MOL 파일:
1310-66-3.mol

수산화리튬1수화물 속성

녹는점
462 °C
끓는 점
920 °C
밀도
1.51
저장 조건
Store at room temperature.
용해도
H2O: 1 M at 20 °C, clear, colorless
물리적 상태
Solid
색상
White to cream or yellow
Specific Gravity
1.51
냄새
Odorless
pH 범위
14
수소이온지수(pH)
~12 (25℃, 1M in H2O)
수용성
109 g/L (20 ºC)
감도
Air Sensitive & Hygroscopic
최대 파장(λmax)
λ: 260 nm Amax: 0.02
λ: 280 nm Amax: 0.02
Merck
14,5534
안정성
Stable. Incompatible with moisture. strong acids, carbon dioxide. Absorbs carbon dioxide from the air.
InChIKey
WMFOQBRAJBCJND-UHFFFAOYSA-M
CAS 데이터베이스
1310-66-3(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST
LiOH(1310-66-3)
EPA
Lithium hydroxide (Li(OH)), monohydrate (1310-66-3)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 C
위험 카페고리 넘버 22-35-20/22-34-52
안전지침서 26-36/37/39-45-22-27
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 2680 8/PG 2
WGK 독일 2
RTECS 번호 OJ6307080
F 고인화성물질 3-9-34
TSCA Yes
위험 등급 8
포장분류 II
HS 번호 28252000
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H301 삼키면 유독함 급성 독성 물질 - 경구 구분 3 위험 P264, P270, P301+P310, P321, P330,P405, P501
H302 삼키면 유해함 급성 독성 물질 - 경구 구분 4 경고 P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H314 피부에 심한 화상과 눈에 손상을 일으킴 피부부식성 또는 자극성물질 구분 1A, B, C 위험 P260,P264, P280, P301+P330+ P331,P303+P361+P353, P363, P304+P340,P310, P321, P305+ P351+P338, P405,P501
H318 눈에 심한 손상을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 1 위험 P280, P305+P351+P338, P310
H331 흡입하면 유독함 급성 독성 물질 흡입 구분 3 위험 P261, P271, P304+P340, P311, P321,P403+P233, P405, P501
예방조치문구:
P260 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이를 흡입하지 마시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P310 즉시 의료기관(의사)의 진찰을 받으시오. 삼켰다면 즉시 의료기관(의사)의 도움을 받으시오.
P303+P361+P353 피부(또는 머리카락)에 묻으면 오염된 모든 의복은 벗거나 제거하시오 피부를 물로 씻으시오/샤워하시오.
P305+P351+P338 눈에 묻으면 몇 분간 물로 조심해서 씻으시오. 가능하면 콘택트렌즈를 제거하시오. 계속 씻으시오.
P405 밀봉하여 저장하시오.
NFPA 704
0
3 0

수산화리튬1수화물 MSDS


Lithium hydroxide

수산화리튬1수화물 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

화학적 성질

white monoclinic crystal. Relative density of 1.51. Dissolved in water, Slightly soluble in acids, alcohols, insoluble in ether.

용도

Used in catalyst for alkyd resins.

제조 방법

Lithium hydroxide monohydrate may also be made by the evaporation of a solution prepared by the reaction of calcium hydroxide and lithium carbonate.Anhydrous lithium hydroxide may be prepared by heating the monohydrate in air or in a vacuum.

일반 설명

Small colorless crystals. Denser than water. Contact may cause severe irritation to skin, eyes, and mucous membranes. Toxic by ingestion, inhalation and skin absorption. Used to make electric storage batteries, soaps, and lubricants.
An aqueous solution of a lithium salt below its boiling point has been considered for both a tritium breeding blanket and as a coolant in several fusion reactor designs. In order to breed sufficient tritium to fuel the reactor, a high concentration of lithium is desirable and lithium hydroxide is sufficiently soluble for this purpose. The solution would be contained in pipes and heat exchangers, most probably made from carbon steel.

공기와 물의 반응

Soluble in water; heat of dissolution may generate steam and cause spattering.

반응 프로필

LITHIUM HYDROXIDE MONOHYDRATE neutralizes acids exothermically to form salts plus water. Reacts with certain metals (such as aluminum and zinc) to form oxides or hydroxides of the metal and generate gaseous hydrogen. May initiate polymerization reactions in polymerizable organic compounds, especially epoxides. May generate flammable and/or toxic gases with ammonium salts, nitrides, halogenated organics, various metals, peroxides, and hydroperoxides. May serve as a catalyst. Reacts when heated above about 84°C with aqueous solutions of reducing sugars other than sucrose to evolve toxic levels of carbon monoxide [Bretherick, 5th Ed., 1995].

건강위험

TOXIC; inhalation, ingestion or skin contact with material may cause severe injury or death. Contact with molten substance may cause severe burns to skin and eyes. Avoid any skin contact. Effects of contact or inhalation may be delayed. Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may be corrosive and/or toxic and cause pollution.

화재위험

Non-combustible, substance itself does not burn but may decompose upon heating to produce corrosive and/or toxic fumes. Some are oxidizers and may ignite combustibles (wood, paper, oil, clothing, etc.). Contact with metals may evolve flammable hydrogen gas. Containers may explode when heated.

Purification Methods

It crystallises from hot water (3mL/g) as the monohydrate. It is dehydrated at 150o in a stream of CO2-free air. It sublimes at 220o with partial decomposition [Cohen Inorg Synth V 3 1957, Bravo Inorg Synth VII 1 1963].

수산화리튬1수화물 준비 용품 및 원자재

원자재

준비 용품


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