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수산화알루미늄분말 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
Aluminum hydroxide
포뮬러 무게:
MOL 파일:

수산화알루미늄분말 속성

<0.1 hPa (20 °C)
저장 조건
Store at +5°C to +30°C.
물리적 상태
colloidal suspension
Specific Gravity
8-9 (100g/l, H2O, 20℃)(slurry)
pH 범위
Solubility Product Constant (Ksp)
pKsp: 32.89
Stable. Incompatible with strong bases.
CAS 데이터베이스
21645-51-2(CAS DataBase Reference)
Aluminum hydroxide (21645-51-2)
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 Xi
위험 카페고리 넘버 36
안전지침서 26-36
WGK 독일 -
RTECS 번호 BD0940000
HS 번호 28183000
유해 물질 데이터 21645-51-2(Hazardous Substances Data)
독성 TDLo oral in child: 79gm/kg/2Y-I
신호 어: Warning
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H315 피부에 자극을 일으킴 피부부식성 또는 자극성물질 구분 2 경고 P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H319 눈에 심한 자극을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 2A 경고 P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H335 호흡 자극성을 일으킬 수 있음 특정 표적장기 독성 - 1회 노출;호흡기계 자극 구분 3 경고
P261 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이의 흡입을 피하시오.
P304+P340 흡입하면 신선한 공기가 있는 곳으로 옮기고 호흡하기 쉬운 자세로 안정을 취하시오.
P305+P351+P338 눈에 묻으면 몇 분간 물로 조심해서 씻으시오. 가능하면 콘택트렌즈를 제거하시오. 계속 씻으시오.
P405 밀봉하여 저장하시오.

수산화알루미늄분말 MSDS

Aluminium hydroxide

수산화알루미늄분말 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산


수산화알루미늄 일반제품(수분 약 9~10%함유)을 약 130℃ 이내의 열풍으로 건조시킨 제품으로서, 화학내열성, 투명성, 특히 난연성등의 품질이 특성이 우수한 기초 무기화학 제품이다.


수산화 알루미늄(aluminium hydroxide, Al(OH)3, ATH)은 알루미늄의 양쪽성 수산화물이다. 자연 상태에서는 깁사이트 광물과 다음과 같은 세 개의 드문 다형체 형태로 존재한다: bayerite(바이어라이트), doyleite, nordstrandite.

화학 반응

보크사이트를 원료로 제조한 수산화알루미늄은 화학식으로 Al(OH)3 또는 Al2O3 3H3O로 표시합니다. 산,알칼리에 쉽게 반응하여 용해하고 열적으로 200℃까지 안정하며 더 높은 온도에서 결정수가 탈수하면 많은양의 열을 흡수하므로 난연재로 널리 사용됩니다. 자유수분 함량과 평균입도에 따라 여러가지 형태의 제품을 다양하게 생산하므로 다양한 중화학공업 분야에 적용할 수 있습니다. 알루민산나트륨 수용액에 이산화탄소를 이용하게 되면 결정이 침전된다.


수산화알루미늄은 습식, 건조, 건조미분, 초미분으로 나뉘어 각각의 용도별로 적용한다. 습식 일반은 황산알루미늄 제조용; 건조 일반은 유리, 인조대리석, 타일유약용; 건조미분은 충전제, 난연제, 건축자재원료, 고압변압기 재료용; 초미분은 난연성과 백색도가 높아 주로 전선용 난연제 사용.


다른 알루미늄 화합물과 마찬가지로 수산화알루미늄 혼합물은 수렴제이며 메스꺼움, 구토 및 변비를 일으킬 수 있다. 많은 용량을 복용할 경우 장폐색이 일어날 수 있다. 과도한 용량을 섭취할 때 또는 저인산염 식이요법을 하는 환자가 일반적인 용량을 섭취할 때 인산염 고갈 현상이 일어날 수 있으며 칼슘의 흡수가 증가하고 소변으로 인한 칼슘 배출량이 늘어나서 젊은 사람들은 신장구룻병, 노인 환자들은 골연화증이 생길 위험이 커진다. 분진은 점막 자극을 일으킬 수 있다. 알루미늄 하이드레이트를 포함한 고운 분진을 흡입했을 때 사람의 경우 폐기능이 저하되고 가쁜 얕은 호흡을 일으켰으며, 알루미늄이 포함된 분진을 장기간 흡입할 경우 비결절성 폐섬유증, 기종, 기흉, 그리고 드물게 뇌병증이 발생했다.

화학적 성질

Aluminum hydroxide, Al(OH)3, also known as aluminum trihydroxide, aluminum trihydrate, aluminum hydrate, hydrated alumina, and hydrated aluminum oxide, is a white to whitish-yellow water-insoluble powder with a specific gravity of 2.42. Aluminum hydroxide is used as a baseforpigments, as a water repellent in textile coatings, and as an antacid in medicine. Aluminum hydroxide is soluble in hydrochloric or sulfuric acids or in sodiumhydroxide.

화학적 성질

Aluminum hydroxide adjuvant is a white hydrogel that sediments slowly and forms a clear supernatant.


aluminum hydroxide is an inorganic compound used to make a product less transparent. It is also used by formulators as a humectant, and to soften, smooth, and protect the skin. In addition it helps control product viscosity. often found in facial masks and make-up preparations.


Mainly used as an Active medicament in an Antacid Formulations, also used in manufacturing of Lake Colors, Inks, glass, effluent treatment, and fire retardants.

생산 방법

Aluminum hydroxide adjuvant is prepared by the precipitation of a soluble aluminum salt by an alkali hydroxide, or the precipitation of an alkali aluminate by acid.


aluminium hydroxide: A white crystalline compound, Al(OH)3; r.d. 2.42-2.52. The compound occurs naturally as the mineral gibbsite (monoclinic). In the laboratory it can be prepared by precipitation from solutions of aluminium salts. Such solutions contain the hexaquoaluminium( III) ion with six water molecules coordinated, [Al(H2O)6]3+. In neutral solution this ionizes:
[Al(H2O)6]3+→H+ + [Al(H2O)5OH]2+
The presence of a weak base such as S2- or CO32- (by bubbling hydrogen sulphide or carbon dioxide through the solution) causes further ionization with precipitation of aluminium hydroxide
[Al(H2O)6]3+(aq) → Al(H2O)3(OH)3(s) + 3H+(aq)
The substance contains coordinated water molecules and is more correctly termed hydrated aluminium hydroxide. In addition, the precipitate has water molecules trapped in it and has a characteristic gelatinous form. The substance is amphoteric. In strong bases the aluminate ion is produced by loss of a further proton:
Al(H2O)3(OH)3(s) + OH-(aq)
[Al(H2O)2(OH)4]-(aq) + H2O(l)
On heating, the hydroxide transforms to a mixed oxide hydroxide, AlO.OH (rhombic; r.d. 3.01). This substance occurs naturally as diaspore and boehmite. Above 450℃ it transforms to γ-alumina.
In practice various substances can be produced that are mixed crystalline forms of Al(OH)3, AlO.OH, and aluminium oxide (Al2O3) with water molecules. These are known as hydrated alumina. Heating the hydrated hydroxide causes loss of water, and produces various activated aluminas, which differ in porosity, number of remaining -OH groups, and particle size. These are used as catalysts (particularly for organic dehydration reactions), as catalyst supports, and in chromatography. Gelatinous freshly precipitated aluminium hydroxide was formerly widely used as a mordant for dyeing and calico printing because of its ability to form insoluble coloured lakes with vegetable dyes.


Amphojel (Wyeth-Ayerst); Dialume (Rhone-Poulenc Rorer).

Pharmaceutical Applications

Aluminium hydroxide (Al(OH)3) has several medical applications. It is used as an antacid for treating heartburn as well as acid indigestion (reflux oesophagitis). It is also known to have healing properties of peptic ulcers. In patients suffering from kidney failure, who show elevated serum phosphate levels (hyperphosphataemia), Al(OH)3 is used as a phosphate binder.
Al(OH)3 is an amphoteric compound , which means it can react as a base or as an acid. In its application as an anti-acid, Al(OH)3 reacts with any excess stomach acid (mainly HCl) with the formation of AlCl3 and water .
Al(OH)3 + 3HCl → AlCl3 + 3H2O
Al(OH)3 is known to cause constipation, so formulations of anti-acids often include a combination with Mg2+ antacids. Usually, oral antifoaming agents, such as simethicone, are added in order to reduce bloating and discomfort/pain.

Pharmaceutical Applications

Aluminum hydroxide adjuvant is used in parenteral human and veterinary vaccines.It activates Th2 immune responses, including IgG and IgE antibody responses. It is also used for the isolation of certain serum components such as blood clotting factors.

Safety Profile

Poison by intraperitoneal route. Human systemic effects by ingestion: fever, osteomalacia, and gastrointestinal effects. When coprecipitated with bismuth hydroxide and reduced by H2, it is violently flammable in air. Incompatible with chlorinated rubber.


Aluminum hydroxide adjuvant is intended for use in parenteral vaccines and is generally regarded as nontoxic. It may cause mild irritation, dryness, and dermatitis on skin contact. On eye contact, aluminum hydroxide adjuvant may also cause redness, conjunctivitis, and short-term mild irritation. Ingestion of large amounts may cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting, and constipation. Inhalation of the dried product may cause respiratory irritation and cough. Type I hypersensitivity reactions following parenteral administration have been reported.

Veterinary Drugs and Treatments

Orally administered aluminum hydroxide is used to reduce hyperphosphatemia in patients with renal failure.


Aluminum hydroxide adjuvant is stable for at least 2 years when stored at 4–308℃ in well-sealed inert containers. It must not be allowed to freeze as the hydrated colloid structure will be irreversibly damaged.

비 호환성

When exposed to phosphate, carbonate, sulfate, or borate anions, the point of zero charge for aluminum hydroxide adjuvant decreases.

Regulatory Status

GRAS listed. Accepted for use in human and veterinary parenteral vaccines in Europe and the USA. The limits for use in human vaccines are 0.85 mg aluminum/dose (FDA) and 1.25 mg aluminum/ dose (WHO). There are no established limits for use in veterinary vaccines. Reported in the EPA TSCA Inventory.

수산화알루미늄분말 준비 용품 및 원자재


준비 용품

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