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헥사놀(1-)

헥사놀(1-)
헥사놀(1-) 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
111-27-3
한글명:
헥사놀(1-)
동의어(한글):
N-헥산올;헥사놀(1-);헥산올;헥실알코올;아밀카빈올;카프로일알코올;헥산올;펜틸알코올;1-하이드록시헥;헥실알코올
상품명:
1-Hexanol
동의어(영문):
epal6;Epal 6;Exxal 6;HEXANOL;hexan-1-;n-C6H13OH;n-Hexenol;1-HEXANOL;FEMA 2567;N-HEXANOL
CBNumber:
CB8461421
분자식:
C6H14O
포뮬러 무게:
102.17
MOL 파일:
111-27-3.mol

헥사놀(1-) 속성

녹는점
−52 °C(lit.)
끓는 점
156-157 °C(lit.)
밀도
0.820 g/mL at 20 °C
증기 밀도
4.5 (vs air)
증기압
1 mm Hg ( 25.6 °C)
굴절률
n20/D 1.418(lit.)
FEMA
2567 | HEXYL ALCOHOL
인화점
140 °F
저장 조건
Storage temperature: no restrictions.
용해도
ethanol: soluble(lit.)
물리적 상태
Liquid
색상
Clear colorless
상대극성
0.559
냄새
Sweet; mild.
폭발한계
1.2-7.7%(V)
수용성
6 g/L (25 ºC)
Merck
14,4697
JECFA Number
91
BRN
969167
안정성
Stable. Substances to be avoided include strong acids, strong oxidizing agents. Combustible.
CAS 데이터베이스
111-27-3(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST
1-Hexanol(111-27-3)
EPA
1-Hexanol(111-27-3)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 Xn
위험 카페고리 넘버 22
안전지침서 24/25
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 2282 3/PG 3
WGK 독일 1
RTECS 번호 MQ4025000
자연 발화 온도 559 °F
TSCA Yes
위험 등급 3
포장분류 III
HS 번호 29051900
유해 물질 데이터 111-27-3(Hazardous Substances Data)
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Warning
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H226 인화성 액체 및 증기 인화성 액체 구분 3 경고
H302 삼키면 유해함 급성 독성 물질 - 경구 구분 4 경고 P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H313 피부와 접촉하면 유해할 수 있음 급성 독성 물질 - 경피 구분 5 P312
H319 눈에 심한 자극을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 2A 경고 P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
예방조치문구:
P210 열·스파크·화염·고열로부터 멀리하시오 - 금연 하시오.
P240 용기와 수용설비를 접지 및 접합시키시오.
P241 폭발 방지용 장비[전기적/환기/조명/...]을(를) 사용하시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P303+P361+P353 피부(또는 머리카락)에 묻으면 오염된 모든 의복은 벗거나 제거하시오 피부를 물로 씻으시오/샤워하시오.
P305+P351+P338 눈에 묻으면 몇 분간 물로 조심해서 씻으시오. 가능하면 콘택트렌즈를 제거하시오. 계속 씻으시오.

헥사놀(1-) MSDS


1-Hexanol

헥사놀(1-) C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

개요

Hexyl alcohol has a fruity odor and aromatic flavor. May be synthesized by reduction of n-caproic acid; the n-hexyl alcohol represents one of the 14 possible isomers of this alcohol.

화학적 성질

Hexyl alcohol has an herbaceous, woody, fragrant, mild, sweet, green fruity odor and aromatic flavor.

화학적 성질

Colourless liquid (odour recognition threshold 0.09ppm)

출처

Reported found among the constituents of several essential oils and aromas: apple, strawberry, tea, violet (leaves and flowers), Java citronella, Bourbon geranium, lavender, lavandin, spike, Litsea zeylanica; also identified in bitter orange. Also reported found in over 300 natural sources including apples, banana, sweet and sour cherry, citrus peel oils and juice, kumquat peel oil, berries, guava, grapes, raisin, melon, papaya, peach, pear, pineapple, asparagus, kohlrabi, cabbage, celery, cucumber, lettuce, leek, garlic, raw and cooked potato, sauerkraut, tomato, bell pepper, ginger, mint oils, mustard, breads, cheeses, butter, milk, fatty fish, meats, cognac, whiskies, rum, cider, grape wines, coffee, tea, cocoa, peanut oil, pecans, soybeans, nuts, coconut meat and milk, avocado, olive, passion fruit, plum, beans, mushrooms, starfruit, mango, fenugreek, sesame seed oil, figs, kelp, cardamom, coriander, gin, rice, fruit brandies, prickly pear, licorice, lovage corn oil, endive, truffles and other sources

용도

1-Hexanol was examined as a perturbing agent on actomyosin ATPase and and was found to modulate the function of actomyosin motor via intermediate-specific structural perturbation.

정의

ChEBI: A primary alcohol that is hexane substituted by a hydroxy group at position 1.

제조 방법

By reduction of n-caproic acid; the n-hexyl alcohol represents 1 of the 14 possible isomers of this alcohol

Aroma threshold values

Detection: 200 ppb to 2.5 ppm

Taste threshold values

Taste characteristics at 20 ppm: green, fruity, apple-skin and oily

위험도

Combustible.

건강위험

Recommended Personal Protective Equipment: Chemical gloves; chemical goggles; Symptoms Following Exposure: Liquid causes eye burns and skin irritation. Breathing vapors is not expected to cause systemic illness; General Treatment for Exposure: In case of contact, immediately flush skin and eyes with plenty of water. Wash eyes at least 15 min. and get medical care; Toxicity by Inhalation (Threshold Limit Value): Data not available; Short-Term Inhalation Limits: Data not available; Toxicity by Ingestion: Grade 2, LD50 = 0.5 to 5 g/kg (rat); Late Toxicity: Data not available; Vapor (Gas) Irritant Characteristics: Data not available; Liquid or Solid Irritant Characteristics: Causes smarting of the skin and first-degree burns on short exposure; may cause second-degree burns on long exposure; Odor Threshold: Data not available.

건강위험

Vapors of n-hexanol are irritant to the eyesand respiratory tract. Application of the liquid produced severe irritation in rabbits’eyes. It exhibits narcotic effects at high concentrations. The oral LD50 value in mice isin the range 2000 mg/kg.

화학 반응

Reactivity with Water No reaction; Reactivity with Common Materials: No reactions; Stability During Transport: Stable; Neutralizing Agents for Acids and Caustics: Not pertinent; Polymerization: Not pertinent; Inhibitor of Polymerization: Not pertinent.

Purification Methods

The commercial material usually contains other alcohols which are difficult to remove. A suitable method is to esterify with hydroxybenzoic acid, recrystallise the ester and saponify. [Olivier Recl Trav Chim, Pays-Bas 55 1027 1936.] Drying agents include K2CO3 and CaSO4, followed by filtration and distillation. (Some decomposition to the olefin occurs when Al amalgam is used as drying agent at room temperature, even if the amalgam is removed prior to distillation.) If the alcohol is required anhydrous, the redistilled material can be refluxed with the appropriate alkyl phthalate or succinate, as described under Ethanol. [Beilstein 1 IV 1694.]

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