카프론알데히드

카프론알데히드
카프론알데히드 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
66-25-1
한글명:
카프론알데히드
동의어(한글):
카프론알데히드;헥스알데하이드;헥산알
상품명:
Hexanal
동의어(영문):
N-HEXANAL;CAPROALDEHYDE;HEXALDEHYDE;ALDEHYDE C-6;1-HEXANAL;butacetin;hexanaldehyde;N-HEXALDEHYDE;CAPRONALDEHYDE;Natural hexanal
CBNumber:
CB9854088
분자식:
C6H12O
포뮬러 무게:
100.16
MOL 파일:
66-25-1.mol
MSDS 파일:
SDS

카프론알데히드 속성

녹는점
-56 °C
끓는 점
130-131 °C(lit.)
밀도
0.816 g/mL at 20 °C
증기 밀도
>1 (vs air)
증기압
10 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
굴절률
n20/D 1.4035(lit.)
FEMA
2557 | HEXANAL
인화점
90 °F
저장 조건
2-8°C
용해도
6g/L
물리적 상태
액체
색상
무색투명~미황색
냄새
매운맛
수소이온지수(pH)
4-5 (4.8g/l, H2O, 20℃)
Odor Threshold
0.00028ppm
?? ??
녹색
수용성
4.8g/L(20℃)
감도
Air Sensitive
JECFA Number
92
Merck
14,1760
BRN
506198
안정성
안정적인. 가연성. 산화제, 강염기, 강환원제와 호환되지 않습니다.
LogP
1.97
CAS 데이터베이스
66-25-1(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST
Hexanal(66-25-1)
EPA
Hexaldehyde (66-25-1)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 Xi
위험 카페고리 넘버 10-36-36/37/38
안전지침서 37/39-26-16-9
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 1207 3/PG 3
WGK 독일 1
RTECS 번호 MN7175000
F 고인화성물질 13
자연 발화 온도 220 °C
위험 참고 사항 Irritant
TSCA Yes
HS 번호 2912 19 00
위험 등급 3
포장분류 III
유해 물질 데이터 66-25-1(Hazardous Substances Data)
독성 LD50 orally in rats: 4.89 g/kg (Smyth)
기존화학 물질 KE-18623
그림문자(GHS): GHS hazard pictogramsGHS hazard pictograms
신호 어: Warning
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H226 인화성 액체 및 증기 인화성 액체 구분 3 경고
H315 피부에 자극을 일으킴 피부부식성 또는 자극성물질 구분 2 경고 GHS hazard pictograms P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H319 눈에 심한 자극을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 2A 경고 GHS hazard pictograms P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
예방조치문구:
P210 열·스파크·화염·고열로부터 멀리하시오 - 금연 하시오.
P233 용기를 단단히 밀폐하시오. 용기는 환기가 잘 되는 곳에 단단히 밀폐하여 보관하시오.
P240 용기와 수용설비를 접지 및 접합시키시오.
P241 폭발 방지용 장비[전기적/환기/조명/...]을(를) 사용하시오.
P303+P361+P353 피부(또는 머리카락)에 묻으면 오염된 모든 의복은 벗거나 제거하시오 피부를 물로 씻으시오/샤워하시오.
P305+P351+P338 눈에 묻으면 몇 분간 물로 조심해서 씻으시오. 가능하면 콘택트렌즈를 제거하시오. 계속 씻으시오.
NFPA 704
3
2 1

카프론알데히드 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

개요

Hexanal has a characteristic fruity odor and taste (on dilution). May be prepared from the calcium salt of caproic acid and formic acid.

화학적 성질

Hexanal occurs, for example, in apple and strawberry aromas as well as in orange and lemon oil. It is a colorless liquid with a fatty, green odor and, in low concentration, is reminiscent of unripe fruit.
Hexanal is used in fruit flavors and, when highly diluted, in perfumery for obtaining fruity notes.

출처

Reported found in some natural aromas of apple, strawberry, camphor oil, tea extracts, tobacco leaves, Eucalyptus globulus, dwarf pine, bitter orange and coffee. Also reported found in nearly 300 natural sources including apple, apricot, banana, sweet and sour cherry, citrus peel oils and juices, berries, guava, melon, raisins, peach, pear, papaya, pineapple, asparagus, cabbage, celery, carrot, lettuce, shallots, onion, leek, ginger, parsley, bread, cheeses, butter, milk, fish, meats, cocoa, coffee, tea, nuts, popcorn, potato chips, oat products, honey, soybean, plum, cauliflower, beetroot, celery root, figs, cardamom, coriander seed and leaf, brussel sprouts, rice, quince, radish, lovage, corn oil, laurel and malt

용도

Hexanal occurs naturally inmany foods, such as in ripening fruits, or because of addition as a flavorant; it has an apple taste. It can also be produced in foods because of lipid peroxidation during cooking. It is mainly used as a food flavorant, in fragrances, and in the manufacture of dyes, plasticizers, synthetic resins, and pesticides. It is released to air and water during production or use for the manufacture of other products or during the use of these products themselves. It undergoes oxidation and polymerization readily.
Feron et al. identified hexanal in about 80 different types of food.

정의

ChEBI: A fatty aldehyde that is hexane in which one of the terminal methyl group has been mono-oxygenated to form the corresponding aldehyde.

제조 방법

Prepared from the calcium salt of caproic acid and formic acid

일반 설명

A clear colorless liquid with a pungent odor. Flash point 90°F. Less dense than water and insoluble in water. Vapors heavier than air.

공기와 물의 반응

Highly flammable. Insoluble in water.

반응 프로필

Caproaldehyde is an aldehyde. Aldehydes are frequently involved in self-condensation or polymerization reactions. These reactions are exothermic; they are often catalyzed by acid. Aldehydes are readily oxidized to give carboxylic acids. Flammable and/or toxic gases are generated by the combination of aldehydes with azo, diazo compounds, dithiocarbamates, nitrides, and strong reducing agents. Aldehydes can react with air to give first peroxo acids, and ultimately carboxylic acids. These autoxidation reactions are activated by light, catalyzed by salts of transition metals, and are autocatalytic (catalyzed by the products of the reaction). The addition of stabilizers (antioxidants) to shipments of aldehydes retards autoxidation. May attack some forms of plastics [USCG, 1999].

위험도

Flammable, moderate fire risk.

건강위험

Ingestion causes irritation of mouth and stomach. Contact with vapor or liquid irritates eyes. Liquid irritates skin.

화재위험

Behavior in Fire: Vapor is heavier than air and may travel to a source of ignition and flash back.

화학 반응

Reactivity with Water No reaction; Reactivity with Common Materials: May attack some plastics; Stability During Transport: Stable; Neutralizing Agents for Acids and Caustics: Not pertinent; Polymerization: Not pertinent; Inhibitor of Polymerization: Not pertinent.

카프론알데히드 준비 용품 및 원자재

원자재

준비 용품


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