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N,N-Dimethylformamide

N,N-Dimethylformamide
N,N-Dimethylformamide
CAS No.
68-12-2
Chemical Name:
N,N-Dimethylformamide
Synonyms
EMF;DMF;DMFA;U-4224;nsc5356;NSC-5356;Luvistin;dmf(amide);HCON(CH3)2;NCI-C60913
CBNumber:
CB2854115
Molecular Formula:
C3H7NO
Formula Weight:
73.09
MOL File:
68-12-2.mol

N,N-Dimethylformamide Properties

Melting point:
-61 °C
alpha 
0.94 º
Boiling point:
153 °C(lit.)
Density 
0.948 g/mL at 20 °C
vapor density 
2.5 (vs air)
vapor pressure 
2.7 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
refractive index 
n20/D 1.430(lit.)
Flash point:
136 °F
storage temp. 
Store at RT.
solubility 
water: miscible
form 
Powder
color 
APHA: ≤15
Relative polarity
0.386
PH
7 (200g/l, H2O, 20℃)
explosive limit
2.2-16%(V)
Water Solubility 
soluble
Sensitive 
Hygroscopic
Merck 
14,3243
BRN 
605365
CAS DataBase Reference
68-12-2(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Formamide, N,N-dimethyl-(68-12-2)
EPA Substance Registry System
Formamide, N,N-dimethyl-(68-12-2)
SAFETY
  • Risk and Safety Statements
  • Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)
Hazard Codes  T
Risk Statements  61-20/21-36
Safety Statements  53-45
RIDADR  UN 2265 3/PG 3
WGK Germany  1
RTECS  LQ2100000
3-10
Hazard Note  Toxic
TSCA  Yes
HazardClass  3
PackingGroup  III
Hazardous Substances Data 68-12-2(Hazardous Substances Data)
Symbol(GHS):
Signal word: Danger
Hazard statements:
Code Hazard statements Hazard class Category Signal word Pictogram P-Codes
H226 Flammable liquid and vapour Flammable liquids Category 3 Warning
H302 Harmful if swallowed Acute toxicity,oral Category 4 Warning P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H312 Harmful in contact with skin Acute toxicity,dermal Category 4 Warning P280,P302+P352, P312, P322, P363,P501
H318 Causes serious eye damage Serious eye damage/eye irritation Category 1 Danger P280, P305+P351+P338, P310
H319 Causes serious eye irritation Serious eye damage/eye irritation Category 2A Warning P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H331 Toxic if inhaled Acute toxicity,inhalation Category 3 Danger P261, P271, P304+P340, P311, P321,P403+P233, P405, P501
H332 Harmful if inhaled Acute toxicity,inhalation Category 4 Warning P261, P271, P304+P340, P312
H341 Suspected of causing genetic defects Germ cell mutagenicity Category 2 Warning P201,P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
H360 May damage fertility or the unborn child Reproductive toxicity Category 1A, 1B Danger
H370 Causes damage to organs Specific target organ toxicity, single exposure Category 1 Danger P260, P264, P270, P307+P311, P321,P405, P501
H372 Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure Specific target organ toxicity, repeated exposure Category 1 Danger P260, P264, P270, P314, P501
Precautionary statements:
P201 Obtain special instructions before use.
P202 Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood.
P210 Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking.
P233 Keep container tightly closed.
P240 Ground/bond container and receiving equipment.
P260 Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P264 Wash hands thoroughly after handling.
P264 Wash skin thouroughly after handling.
P270 Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.
P271 Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.
P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P303+P361+P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off Immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse SKIN with water/shower.
P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continuerinsing.
P307+P311 IF exposed: call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
P308+P313 IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention.
P370+P378 In case of fire: Use … for extinction.
P405 Store locked up.
P403+P233 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.
P501 Dispose of contents/container to..…

N,N-Dimethylformamide price More Price(124)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 1.00202 N,N-Dimethylformamide 68-12-2 1EA $122 2017-11-08 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 1.00202 N,N-Dimethylformamide 68-12-2 2EA $210 2017-11-08 Buy
TCI Chemical D0722 N,N-Dimethylformamide >99.5%(GC) 68-12-2 25mL $15 2017-11-08 Buy
TCI Chemical D0722 N,N-Dimethylformamide >99.5%(GC) 68-12-2 100mL $18 2017-11-08 Buy
Alfa Aesar 13808 N,N-Dimethylformamide, Spectrophotometric Grade, 99.7+% 68-12-2 1L $60.4 2017-11-08 Buy

N,N-Dimethylformamide Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Chemical Properties

Clear colorless liquid

Uses

N,N-Dimethylformamide (DMF) is a clear liquid that has been widely used in industries as a solvent, an additive, or an intermediate because of its extensive miscibility with water and most common organic solvents.
  1. Dimethylformamide is primarily used as an industrial solvent.  Dimethylformamide solutions are used toprocess polymer fibers, films, and surface coatings; to permit easy spinning of acrylic fibers; to produce wire enamels, and as a crystallization medium in the pharmaceutical industry.
  2. DMF can also be used for formylation with alkyllithium or Grignard reagents.
  3. It is used as a reagent in Bouveault aldehyde synthesis and also in Vilsmeier-Haack reaction. It acts as a catalyst in the synthesis of acyl chlorides. It is used for separating and refining crude from olefin gas. DMF along with methylene chloride acts as a remover of varnish or lacquers. It is also used in the manufacture of adhesives, fibers and films.
  4. N,N-Dimethylformamide (DMF) is a solvent with a low evaporation rate, useful for preparing solutions with a variety of hydrophobic organic compounds used in molecular biology applications.
  5. N,N-Dimethylformamide was used to solubilize MTT crystals in cell viability assays.It was also used in feruloyl esterase activity assay in molds exhibiting high activity of the enzyme.
  6. The world-wide consumption of DMF in 2001 was approximately 285, 000 metric tonnes and most of that was used as an industrial solvent.

Uses

Solvent for many hydrophobic organic compounds.

Definition

ChEBI: A member of the class of formamides that is formamide in which the amino hydrogens are replaced by methyl groups.

Uses

Solvent for liqs and gases. In the synthesis of organic compounds. Solvent for Orlon and similar polyacrylic fibers. Wherever a solvent with a slow rate of evaporation is required. Has been termed the universal organic solvent.

General Description

A water-white liquid with a faint fishy odor. Flash point 136°F. Slightly less dense than water. Vapors heavier than air. Toxic by inhalation or skin absorption. May irritate eyes.

Air & Water Reactions

Flammable. Water soluble.

Reactivity Profile

N,N-Dimethylformamide may react violently with a broad range of chemicals, e.g.: alkaline metals (sodium, potassium), azides, hydrides (sodium borohydride, lithium aluminum hydride), bromine, chlorine, carbon tetrachloride, hexachlorocyclohexane, phosphorus pentaoxide, triethylaluminum, magnesium nitrate, organic nitrates. Forms explosive mixtures with lithium azide [Bretherick, 5th ed., 1995, p. 453]. Oxidation by chromium trioxide or potassium permanganate may lead to explosion [Pal B. C. et al., Chem. Eng. News, 1981, 59, p. 47].

Health Hazard

Irritation of eyes, skin and nose. May cause nausea.

Fire Hazard

Special Hazards of Combustion Products: Vapors are irritating

N,N-Dimethylformamide Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products


N,N-Dimethylformamide Suppliers

Global( 399)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
Capot Chemical Co.,Ltd.
+86 (0)571-855 867 18
+86 (0)571-858 647 95 sales@capotchem.com China 19953 60
Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
0371-55170693
0371-55170693 info@tianfuchem.com CHINA 20811 55
Mainchem Co., Ltd.
0592-6210733
0592-6210733 sales@mainchem.com CHINA 3168 55
Thermo Fisher Scientific 800-810-5118
+86-10-84193589 cnchemical@thermofisher.com China 17574 75
Alfa Aesar 400-610-6006; 021-67582000
021-67582001/03/05 saleschina@alfa-asia.com China 30309 84
Huainan Kedi Chemical Factory 0554-2106669
0554-2666215 sales1@kedichem.com China 5004 55
Shanghai Macklin Biochemical Co.,Ltd. 15221275939
021-51821727 shenlinxing@macklin.cn China 13251 55
Meryer (Shanghai) Chemical Technology Co., Ltd. +86-(0)21-61259100(Shanghai) +86-(0)755-86170099(ShenZhen) +86-(0)10-62670440(Beijing)
+86-(0)21-61259102(Shanghai) +86-(0)755-86170066(ShenZhen) +86-(0)10-88580358(Beijing) sh@meryer.com China 40398 62
Hefei TNJ Chemical Industry Co.,Ltd. +86 (551) 65418684 65418696
+86 (551) 65418697 info@tnjchem.com China 1944 62
Energy Chemical 021-58432009 / 400-005-6266
021-58436166-800 info@energy-chemical.com China 44192 61

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