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Methyl formate

CAS No. 107-31-3
Chemical Name: Methyl formate
Synonyms: Metil;acid-Me;HCOOCH3;Methylformiat;Methylformiaat;METHYL FORMATE;methylformiaate;formiatedemethyle;metil(formiatodi);METHYL METHANOATE
CBNumber: CB9106448
Molecular Formula: C2H4O2
Formula Weight: 60.05
MOL File: 107-31-3.mol
Methyl formate Property
Melting point : -100 °C
Boiling point : 32-34 °C(lit.)
density : 0.974 g/mL at 20 °C(lit.)
vapor density : 2.1 (vs air)
vapor pressure : 32.91 psi ( 55 °C)
refractive index : n20/D 1.343(lit.)
Fp : −16 °F
storage temp. : Flammables area
solubility : 300g/l
form : Liquid
color : Clear colorless
PH: 4-5 (200g/l, H2O, 20℃)
explosive limit: 5-23%(V)
Water Solubility : 300 G/L (20 ºC)
Merck : 14,6077
BRN : 1734623
Stability:: Stable. Extremely flammable. Readily forms explosive mixtures with air. Note low flash point and very wide explosion limits. Incompatible with oxidizing agents.
CAS DataBase Reference: 107-31-3(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference: Methyl formate(107-31-3)
EPA Substance Registry System: Formic acid, methyl ester(107-31-3)
  • Risk and Safety Statements
  • Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)
Hazard Codes : F+,Xn
Risk Statements : 12-20/22-36/37
Safety Statements : 9-16-24-26-33
RIDADR : UN 1243 3/PG 1
WGK Germany : 1
RTECS : LQ8925000
TSCA : Yes
HazardClass : 3
PackingGroup : I
Hazardous Substances Data: 107-31-3(Hazardous Substances Data)
Signal word: Danger
Hazard statements:
Code Hazard statements Hazard class Category Signal word Pictogram P-Codes
H224 Extremely flammable liquid and vapour Flammable liquids Category 1 Danger
H302 Harmful if swallowed Acute toxicity,oral Category 4 Warning P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H319 Causes serious eye irritation Serious eye damage/eye irritation Category 2A Warning P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H331 Toxic if inhaled Acute toxicity,inhalation Category 3 Danger P261, P271, P304+P340, P311, P321,P403+P233, P405, P501
H335 May cause respiratory irritation Specific target organ toxicity, single exposure;Respiratory tract irritation Category 3 Warning
H371 May cause damage to organs Specific target organ toxicity, single exposure Category 2 Warning P260, P264, P270, P309+P311, P405,P501
Precautionary statements:
P210 Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking.
P260 Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P303+P361+P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off Immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse SKIN with water/shower.
P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continuerinsing.
P405 Store locked up.

Methyl formate Chemical Properties,Usage,Production

Methyl formate is the methyl ester form of formic acid. It can be used for the manufacturing of fromamide, dimethylformamide, acetic acid and formic acid. It has been proposed to be a building block in C1 chemistry (processes that convert molecules with one carbon atom such as carbon monoxide, methanol, formaldehyde and methane into organic compounds with increased carbon number). It can also be used for quick-drying finishes and a blowing agent for some polyurethane foam due to its high vapor pressure. It can also be used as an insecticide.
Chemical Properties
colourless liquid
General Description
A clear colorless liquid with an agreeable odor. Flash point -27°F. Less dense than water Vapors heavier than air.
Air & Water Reactions
Highly flammable. Water soluble. Reacts slowly with water to give formic acid, a corrosive material, and methanol, a flammable liquid. Both products are dissolved in the water.
Reactivity Profile
Methyl formate reacts with acids to liberate heat along with alcohols and acids. Strong oxidizing acids may cause a vigorous reaction that is sufficiently exothermic to ignite the reaction products. Heat is also generated with caustic solutions. Flammable hydrogen is generated by mixing with alkali metals and hydrides.
Health Hazard
Inhalation causes irritation of mucous membranes. Prolonged inhalation can produce narcosis and central nervous symptoms, including some temporary visual disturbance. Contact with liquid irritates eyes and may irritate skin if allowed to remain. Ingestion causes irritation of mouth and stomach and central nervous system depression, including visual disturbances.
Fire Hazard
Behavior in Fire: Vapor is heavier than air and may travel considerable distance to a source of ignition and flash back.
Lee, Jae S., J. C. Kim, and Y. G. Kim. "Methyl formate as a new building block in C1 chemistry." Applied Catalysis 57.1 (1990): 1-30.
Handa, Yash Paul, et al. "Insulating Thermoplastic Foams Made With Methyl Formate-Based Blowing Agents." (2006).
Methyl formate Preparation Products And Raw materials
Raw materials
Preparation Products
Methyl 2-amino-3,5-dibromobenzoate 2-Fluoropyridine-5-carboxaldehyde Ethametsulfuron-methyl Imidazole-2-carboxaldehyde 1,2,4-Triazole Bensulfuron methyl Olaquindox DPX-T5648 N,N-Dimethylformamide pyrante 2,3-Quinoline dicarboxylic acid 2-[2-[4-[(4-ethoxyphenyl)methylamino]phenyl]vinyl]-5-(methoxycarbonyl)-1,3,3-trimethyl-3H-indolium chloride Nicarbazin Formic acid Tribenuron methyl 5-methoxy-2-(methylthio)pyrimidin-4-ol ,97% 2,4-Dichloro-5-methoxypyrimidine 1-Formylhomopiperazine Methyl 4-acetamido-5-chloro-2-methoxybenzoate Procymidone 3,4-Dimethylpyrazole phosphate 1,4-DIFORMYLPIPERAZINE 4(1H)-Pyrimidinone, 2-methyl- (8CI,9CI) 2-Bromo-5-fomylthiazole 1,1-Dichlorodimethyl ether 4-CHLORO-5-METHOXY-2-(METHYLSULFANYL)PYRIMIDINE 5-METHOXY-2-SULFANYL-4-PYRIMIDINOL N-Formylmorpholine N-Methylformamide 2-[[[[(4-Methoxy-6-methyl-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl)amino]carbonyl]amino]sulfonyl]benzoic acid methyl ester 3,5-DIFLUOROPYRIDINE-4-CARBALDEHYDE 5-ETHYL-2-THIOURACIL Formamide
Methyl formate Suppliers      Global( 153)Suppliers     
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107-31-3(Methyl formate)Related Search:
FORMATE ION CHROMATOGRAPHY STANDARD METHYL ISOCYANOACETATE ZINC FORMATE Methyl bromide 2-[[[[(4-Methoxy-6-methyl-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl)amino]carbonyl]amino]sulfonyl]benzoic acid methyl ester Tribenuron methyl Sodium formate Methyl acrylate Thiophanate-methyl Methyl chloroformate Methylparaben Methyl acetate Calcium formate Methyl benzoate Ammonium formate Ethyl formate Pirimiphos-methyl Methyl
Reagent Reagent Grade Solvents Semi-Bulk Solvents METHYL FORMATE FOR SYNTHESIS 100 ML METHYL FORMATE FOR SYNTHESIS 2,5 L METHYL FORMATE FOR SYNTHESIS 1 L Methyl forMate (C1:0) Methyl forMate (C1:0) Solution Methyl ForMate, 98 Percent, SpectrophotoMetric Grade Methyl forMate, SuperDry, J&KSeal Methyl ForMate [Standard Material for GC], 99.5%(GC) Methyl forMate, 99%, SpcDry, Water≤50 ppM (by K.F.), SpcSeal Methyl forMate, 99%, SpcDry, with Molecular sieves, Water≤50 ppM (by K.F.), SpcSeal acid-Me Methyl rormate solution srandard material pharm intermediate Methyl formate spectrophotometric grade, 99% Methyl formate analytical standard Formiate de methyle formiatedemethyle formiatedemethyle(french) HCOOCH3 Methyl ester of formic acid methyle(formiatede) methyle(formiatede)(french) Methylester kyseliny mravenci methylesterkyselinymravenci Methylformiaat Methylformiat Metil metil(formiatodi) Mravencan methylnaty mravencanmethylnaty Standard Materials for GC Solvents for HPLC & Spectrophotometry Fatty Acid Methyl Esters (GC Standard) Solvents for Spectrophotometry METHANOIC ACID-METHYL ESTER METHYL METHANOATE METHYL FORMATE FORMIC ACID METHYL ESTER Building Blocks Analytical Standards Anhydrous Grade Solvents Analytical Chromatography Product Catalog BioChemical Carbonyl Compounds C2 to C5 107-31-3 Chromatography Esters FA/FAME, Lipids/Sterols FAMEs Food & Beverage Standards Organic Building Blocks Neats & Single Component Solutions Reagent Grade Solvents Solvents
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