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107-06-2 Structure

107-06-2 Structure



AKOS BBS-00004247
1,2-dichloroethane (ethylene dichloride)

[Molecular Formula]

[MDL Number]

[Molecular Weight]

[MOL File]

Chemical PropertiesBack Directory

1,2-Dichloroethane is a colorless, flammable liquid which has a pleasant, chloroform-like odor, and a sweetish taste. Decomposes slowly: turns dark and acidic on contact with air, moisture, and light. The Odor Threshold is 100 ppm.

clear liquid
[mp ]

-35 °C
[bp ]

83 °C(lit.)
[density ]

1.256 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
[vapor density ]

3.4 (20 °C, vs air)
[vapor pressure ]

87 mm Hg ( 25 °C)
[refractive index ]

n20/D 1.444(lit.)
[Fp ]

60 °F
[storage temp. ]

[Water Solubility ]

8.7 g/L (20 ºC)
[Merck ]

[BRN ]

[CAS DataBase Reference]

107-06-2(CAS DataBase Reference)
[NIST Chemistry Reference]

Ethane, 1,2-dichloro-(107-06-2)
[EPA Substance Registry System]

107-06-2(EPA Substance)
Hazard InformationBack Directory
[Chemical Properties]

Ethylene dichloride is one of the highest volume chemicals used in the United States. It is a colorless oily liquid with a chloroform-like odor, detectable over the range of 6–40 ppm,with a sweet taste. Ethylene dichloride (1,2-dichloroethane), which has a carbon-carbon single bond, should be distinguished from 1,2-dichloroethene, which has a carbon-carbon double bond. It is a skin irritant. Ethylene dichloride is also used as an extraction solvent, as a solvent for textile cleaning and metal degreasing, in certain adhesives, and as a component in fumigants for upholstery, carpets, and grain. Other miscellaneous applications include paint, varnish, and fi nish removers, soaps and scouring compounds, wetting and penetrating agents, organic synthesis, ore fl otation, and as a dispersant for nylon, rayon, styrene-butadiene rubber, and other plastics.
[General Description]

A clear colorless liquid with a chloroform-like odor. Flash point 56°F. Denser than water and insoluble in water. Vapors are heavier than air. Density 10.4 lb/gal.
[Reactivity Profile]

Liquid ammonia and ETHYLENE DICHLORIDE(107-06-2) can cause an explosion when mixed, NFPA 491M, 1991. A tank of dimethyl amino propyl amine exploded violently when ETHYLENE DICHLORIDE(107-06-2) reacted with wet ETHYLENE DICHLORIDE(107-06-2) which had been the tank's previous contents [Doyle 1973]. Halogenated aliphatic compounds, such as ETHYLENE DICHLORIDE(107-06-2), are moderately or very reactive. Reactivity generally decreases with increased degree of substitution of halogen for hydrogen atoms. Materials in this group are incompatible with strong oxidizing and reducing agents. Also, they are incompatible with many amines, nitrides, azo/diazo compounds, alkali metals, epoxides, aluminum
[Air & Water Reactions]

Highly flammable. Slightly water soluble.

Toxic by ingestion, inhalation, and skin absorption; strong irritant to eyes and skin; a carcinogen. Flammable, dangerous fire risk, explosive limits in air 6–16%. Possible carcinogen.
[Health Hazard]

Exposures to ethylene dichloride cause CNS depression (dizziness, drowsiness, trembling, unconsciousness), nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, skin irritation, dermatitis, eye irritation, corneal opacity, blurred vision, headache, sore throat, cough, bronchitis, pulmonary edema (may be delayed), liver, kidney, cardiovascular system damage, cardiac arrhythmia, acute abdominal cramps, diarrhea, internal bleeding (hemorrhagic gastritis and colitis), and respiratory failure. Ethylene dichloride involves the kidneys, liver, eyes, skin, CNS, and the cardiovascular system as the target organs. Ethylene dichloride is known to cause systemic effects and has been identifi ed as a priority pollutant in many countries. Prolonged periods of inhalation of the vapors of ethylene dichloride irritate the respiratory tract. Symptoms of severe toxicity are CNS effects, liver damage, kidney damage, adrenal gland damage, cyanosis, weak and rapid pulse, and unconsciousness. Death can occur from respiratory and circulatory failure. The acute effects of ethylene dichloride are similar for all routes of entry: ingestion, inhalation, and skin absorption. Acute exposures result in nausea, vomiting, dizziness, internal bleeding, bluish-purple discoloration of the mucous membranes and skin (cyanosis), rapid but weak pulse, and unconsciousness. Acute exposures can lead to death from respiratory and circulatory failure. Autopsies in such situations have revealed widespread bleeding and damage in most internal organs. Repeated long-term exposures to ethylene dichloride have resulted in neurologic changes, loss of appetite, and other gastrointestinal problems, irritation of the mucous membranes, liver and kidney impairment, and death.
[Health Hazard]

Inhalation of vapors causes nausea, drunkenness, depression. Contact of liquid with eyes may produce corneal injury. Prolonged contact with skin may cause a burn.
[Potential Exposure]

In recent years, 1,2-dichloroethane is used in the production of vinyl chloride and as a leadscavenging agent in petrol; it has found wide use in the manufacture of ethylene glycol, diaminoethylene, polyvinyl chloride; nylon, viscose rayon; styrenebutadiene rubber, and various plastics. It is a solvent for resins, asphalt, bitumen, rubber, cellulose acetate; cellulose ester; and paint; a degreaser in the engineering, textile, and petroleum industries; and an extracting agent for soybean oil and caffeine. It is also used as an antiknock agent in gasoline; a pickling agent; a fumigant; and a dry-cleaning agent. It has found use in photography, xerography, and water softening; and also in the production of adhesives, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, and varnishes.
[First aid]

Move victim to fresh air. Call 911 or emergency medical service. Give artificial respiration if victim is not breathing. Do not use mouth-to-mouth method if victim ingested or inhaled the substance; give artificial respiration with the aid of a pocket mask equipped with a one-way valve or other proper respiratory medical device. Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult. Remove and isolate contaminated clothing and shoes. In case of contact with substance, immediately flush skin or eyes with running water for at least 20 minutes. For minor skin contact, avoid spreading material on unaffected skin. Keep victim warm and quiet. Effects of exposure (inhalation, ingestion or skin contact) to substance may be delayed. Ensure that medical personnel are aware of the material(s) involved and take precautions to protect themselves. Medical observation is recommended for 24 to 48 hours after breathing overexposure, as pulmonary edema may be delayed. As first aid for pulmonary edema, a doctor or authorized paramedic may consider administering a drug or other inhalation therapy.with substance, immediately flush skin or eyes with running water for at least 20 minutes. For minor skin contact, avoid spreading material on unaffected skin. Keep victim warm and quiet. Effects of exposure (inhalation, ingestion or skin contact) to substance may be delayed. Ensure that medical personnel are aware of the material(s) involved and take precautions to protect themselves. Medical observation is recommended for 24 to 48 hours after breathing overexposure, as pulmonary edema may be delayed. As first aid for pulmonary edema, a doctor or authorized paramedic may consider administering a drug or other inhalation therapy.

UN1184 Ethylene dichloride, Hazard Class: 3; Labels: 3-Flammable liquid, 6.1-Poisonous materials. Note: United States DOT 49CFR172.101, Inhalation Hazardous Chemical as 1,2-Dichloroethane

May form explosive mixture with air. Reacts violently with strong oxidizers and caustics; chemically active metals, such as magnesium or aluminum powder, sodium and potassium; alkali metals; alkali amides; liquid ammonia. Decomposes to vinyl chloride and HCl above 600℃. Attacks plastics, rubber, coatings. Attacks many metals in presence of water.
[Waste Disposal]

Incineration, preferably after mixing with another combustible fuel. Care must be exercised to assure complete combustion to prevent the formation of phosgene. An acid scrubber is necessary to remove the halo acids produced
Safety DataBack Directory
[Hazard Codes ]

[Risk Statements ]

R45:May cause cancer.
R11:Highly Flammable.
R22:Harmful if swallowed.
R36/37/38:Irritating to eyes, respiratory system and skin .
R23/25:Toxic by inhalation and if swallowed .
[Safety Statements ]

S53:Avoid exposure-obtain special instruction before use .
S45:In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately (show label where possible) .
S24:Avoid contact with skin .
S16:Keep away from sources of ignition-No smoking .
S7:Keep container tightly closed .

UN 1184 3/PG 2
[WGK Germany ]


[F ]

[HazardClass ]

[PackingGroup ]

[HS Code ]


Ethylene dichloride should be kept protected against physical damage. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated location, away from any area where the fi re hazard may be acute. Outside or detached storage is preferred. Separate from incompatibles. Containers should be bonded and grounded for transfer to avoid static sparks.

Occupational workers should avoid use of ethylene dichloride along with oxidizing agents, strong alkalis, strong caustics, magnesium, sodium, potassium, active amines, ammonia List of Chemical Substances
[Safety Profile]

Confirmed carcinogen with experimental carcinogenic, neoplastigenic, and tumorigenic data. An experimental transplacental carcinogen. A human poison by ingestion. Poison experimentally by intravenous and subcutaneous routes. Moderately toxic by inhalation, skin contact, and intraperitoneal routes. Human systemic effects by ingestion and inhalation: flaccid paralysis without anesthesia (usually neuromuscular blockage), somnolence, cough, jaundce, nausea or vomiting, hypermoulity, diarrhea, ulceration or bleeding from the stomach, fatty liver degeneration, change in cardiac rate, cyanosis, and coma. It may also cause dermatitis, edema of the lungs, toxic effects on the kidneys, and severe corneal effects. A strong narcotic. Experimental teratogenic and reproductive effects. A skin and severe eye irritant, and strong local irritant. Its smell and irritant effects warn of its presence at relatively safe concentrations. Human mutation data reported. if exposed to heat, flame, or oxidizers. Moderately explosive in the form of vapor when exposed to flame. Violent reaction with Al, N2O4, NH3, dimethylaminopropylamine. Can react vigorously with oxidzing materials and emit vinyl chloride and HCl. To fight fire, use water, foam, Co2, dry chemicals. When heated to decomposition it emits highly toxic fumes of Cland phosgene. See also CHLORINATED HYDROCARBONS, ALIPHATIC . Flammable liquid. A dangerous fire hazard
[Hazardous Substances Data]

107-06-2(Hazardous Substances Data)
Raw materials And Preparation ProductsBack Directory
[Raw materials]

Etanol-->Hydrochloric acid-->Chlorine-->Phosphorus trichloride-->ETHYLENE OXIDE-->Aluminum oxide -->2-Chloroethanol-->Chloral-->ETHYLENE-->Petroleum cracking gas
[Preparation Products]

Paclobutrazol-->3-AMINO-5-FLUOROPYRIDINE-->(S)-(-)-2,2'-Bis(diphenylphosphino)-1,1'-binaphthyl-->(5-CHLORO-1-BENZOTHIOPHEN-3-YL)METHANOL-->(5-BROMO-3-BENZO[B]THIENYL)METHANOL-->5-(CHLOROMETHYL)-2-(TRIFLUOROMETHYL)THIAZOLE-->6-O-Benzylguanine-->Orthene-->Triethylenetetramine-->1,2-Bis(diphenylphosphino)ethane nickel(II) chloride-->5-CHLORO-BENZO[B]THIOPHENE-3-CARBOXYLIC ACID-->5-BROMOBENZO[B]THIOPHENE-3-CARBOXYLIC ACID-->Pyrrole-2-carboxylic acid-->1-Boc-4-Methylaminopiperidine-->3-(THIOPHEN-2-YL)ISOXAZOL-5-AMINE-->1'-Acetonaphthone-->7-HYDROXYISOFLAVONE-->PHENYL(PIPERIDIN-4-YL)METHANONE-->1-(5-BROMO-1-BENZOTHIEN-3-YL)ETHANONE-->3-Acetyl benz[b]thiophene-->1-ACETYL-4-BENZOYLPIPERIDINE-->1-(5-CHLOROBENZO[B]THIOPHEN-3-YL)ETHANONE-->2-TRIFLUOROMETHYLQUINOLINE-7-CARBOXYLIC ACID-->sulfonic ion exchange membrane based on polypropylene/poly (ST-DVB)-->VINYL CHLORIDE-->1,5-Diazabicyclo[4.3.0]non-5-ene-->TRIS(2-AMINOETHYL)AMINE-->4-Bromo-1-chloroisoquinoline-->Dazoxiben-->3-AMINO-4-METHOXYPYRIDINE-->1-ACETYLISONIPECOTOYL CHLORIDE-->NITROCYCLOHEXANE-->4-(2-(N-PHENYL-N-ETHYLAMINO)ETHOXY)-3,5-DICHLOROBENZENAMINE-->METHYL CYCLOHEXANEACETATE-->1,1,2-Trichloroethane-->2-(2,6-Dichlorophenoxy)ethylhydrazine-->CHLOROACETYL ISOCYANATE-->1,1-DICHLOROETHANE-->dimethyl(2-phenoxyethyl)amine -->2,6-DICHLORO-(2-CHLOROETHOXY)BENZENE
Material Safety Data Sheet(MSDS)Back Directory
[msds information]

Questions And AnswerBack Directory

1,2-Dichloroethane, also called ethylene dichloride (EDC), is a manufactured chemical that is not found naturally in the environment. It is used principally to synthesize vinyl chloride, which is further used to produce a variety of vinyl based plastics products, such as polyvinyl chloride (PVC) pipes, furniture, automobile upholstery, wall coverings, housewares, and automobile parts. It is used in solvents in closed systems for various extraction and cleaning purposes in organic synthesis. It is used as a leaded gasoline additive to remove lead, but with declining tendency. It is used as a dispersant in rubber and plastics, as a wetting and penetrating agent. It was used in ore flotation, as a metal degreaser, and in textile and PVC cleaning. It was also used as an insect fumigant for stored grains and in mushroom houses, a soil fumigant in peach and apple orchards. But due to its toxicity, it is no longer registered for use as an insect fumigant in the United States (IARC 1999).
1,2-Dichloroethane structure
1,2-Dichloroethane structure

Spectrum DetailBack Directory
[Spectrum Detail]

1,2-Dichloroethane (107-06-2) IR1
1,2-Dichloroethane (107-06-2) Raman
1,2-Dichloroethane (107-06-2) 1H NMR
1,2-Dichloroethane (107-06-2) 13C NMR
1,2-Dichloroethane (107-06-2) MS
1,2-Dichloroethane (107-06-2) IR2
Well-known Reagent Company Product InformationBack Directory
[Acros Organics]

1,2-Dichloroethane, extra pure, 99.8+%(107-06-2)
[Alfa Aesar]

1,2-Dichloroethane, Spectrophotometric Grade, 99+%(107-06-2)
[Sigma Aldrich]

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